Skip Navigation
Digest of Education Statistics
2013 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 106.60. Gross domestic product, state and local expenditures, national income, personal income, disposable personal income, median family income, and population: Selected years, 1929 through 2013
Year Gross domestic product (in billions) State and local direct general expenditures (in millions)1 National income (in billions) Personal income (in billions) Disposable
personal
income (in
billions of
chained
2009
dollars)2
Disposable personal income per capita Median family income Population (in thousands)
Current dollars Chained 2009 dollars2 All direct general expendi- tures Education expendi-tures Current dollars Chained 2009 dollars2 Current dollars Constant 2012 dollars3 Midyear data4 Resident as of July 15
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
1929 $104.6 $1,055.6 $85.3 $843.1 $685 $6,917 121,878 121,767
1939 93.5 1,162.6 73.6 923.2 551 7,046 131,028 130,880
1940 102.9 1,265.0 $9,229 $2,638 79.4 986.2 588 7,464 132,122 132,122
1950 300.2 2,181.9 22,787 7,177 267.0 233.9 1,521.9 1,417 10,033 $3,319 151,684 152,271
1960 543.3 3,105.8 51,876 18,719 479.9 422.5 2,146.9 2,083 11,877 5,620 $38,130 180,760 180,671
                           
1970 1,075.9 4,717.7 131,332 52,718 940.1 864.6 3,413.4 3,713 16,643 9,867 52,068 205,089 205,052
1971 1,167.8 4,873.0 150,674 59,413 1,017.0 932.1 3,570.4 3,998 17,191 10,285 51,996 207,692 207,661
1972 1,282.4 5,128.8 168,550 65,814 1,123.0 1,023.6 3,741.3 4,287 17,822 11,116 54,561 209,924 209,896
1973 1,428.5 5,418.2 181,357 69,714 1,257.0 1,138.5 3,968.6 4,747 18,725 12,051 55,666 211,939 211,909
1974 1,548.8 5,390.2 198,959 75,833 1,350.8 1,249.3 3,923.7 5,135 18,344 12,902 54,179 213,898 213,854
                           
1975 1,688.9 5,379.5 230,721 87,858 1,451.1 1,366.9 4,020.2 5,645 18,614 13,719 53,234 215,981 215,973
1976 1,877.6 5,669.3 256,731 97,216 1,614.8 1,498.1 4,144.0 6,079 19,002 14,958 54,884 218,086 218,035
1977 2,086.0 5,930.6 274,215 102,780 1,798.7 1,654.2 4,274.8 6,613 19,406 16,009 55,253 220,289 220,239
1978 2,356.6 6,260.4 296,984 110,758 2,029.9 1,859.5 4,470.5 7,322 20,080 17,640 56,975 222,629 222,585
1979 2,632.1 6,459.2 327,517 119,448 2,248.2 2,077.9 4,557.8 8,037 20,248 19,587 57,734 225,106 225,055
                           
1980 2,862.5 6,443.4 369,086 133,211 2,426.8 2,316.8 4,590.6 8,861 20,159 21,023 55,775 227,726 227,225
1981 3,210.9 6,610.6 407,449 145,784 2,722.1 2,595.9 4,705.7 9,785 20,459 22,388 54,233 230,008 229,466
1982 3,345.0 6,484.3 436,733 154,282 2,840.4 2,778.8 4,803.4 10,442 20,685 23,433 53,534 232,218 231,664
1983 3,638.1 6,784.7 466,516 163,876 3,060.5 2,969.7 4,971.0 11,170 21,214 24,580 53,856 234,333 233,792
1984 4,040.7 7,277.2 505,008 176,108 3,444.0 3,281.3 5,314.0 12,284 22,480 26,433 55,638 236,394 235,825
                           
1985 4,346.7 7,585.7 553,899 192,686 3,684.2 3,515.9 5,476.3 12,991 22,961 27,735 56,441 238,506 237,924
1986 4,590.1 7,852.1 605,623 210,819 3,848.2 3,725.1 5,687.9 13,661 23,632 29,458 58,881 240,683 240,133
1987 4,870.2 8,123.9 657,134 226,619 4,119.2 3,955.3 5,811.1 14,274 23,930 30,970 59,880 242,843 242,289
1988 5,252.6 8,465.4 704,921 242,683 4,493.4 4,275.3 6,083.9 15,386 24,826 32,191 60,038 245,061 244,499
1989 5,657.7 8,777.0 762,360 263,898 4,782.2 4,618.2 6,268.8 16,380 25,340 34,213 61,170 247,387 246,819
                           
1990 5,979.6 8,945.4 834,818 288,148 5,036.1 4,904.5 6,393.6 17,235 25,556 35,353 60,207 250,181 249,623
1991 6,174.0 8,938.9 908,108 309,302 5,186.1 5,071.1 6,438.5 17,688 25,395 35,939 59,086 253,530 252,981
1992 6,539.3 9,256.7 981,253 324,652 5,499.7 5,410.8 6,714.3 18,684 26,134 36,573 58,642 256,922 256,514
1993 6,878.7 9,510.8 1,033,167 342,287 5,754.8 5,646.8 6,823.6 19,211 26,216 36,959 57,831 260,282 259,919
1994 7,308.7 9,894.7 1,077,665 353,287 6,140.2 5,934.7 7,010.8 19,906 26,611 38,782 59,415 263,455 263,126
                           
1995 7,664.0 10,163.7 1,146,188 378,273 6,479.5 6,276.5 7,245.9 20,753 27,180 40,611 60,754 266,588 266,278
1996 8,100.2 10,549.5 1,189,356 398,859 6,899.4 6,661.9 7,476.2 21,615 27,719 42,300 61,640 269,714 269,394
1997 8,608.5 11,022.9 1,247,436 419,053 7,380.4 7,075.0 7,751.4 22,527 28,398 44,568 63,572 272,958 272,647
1998 9,089.1 11,513.4 1,314,496 450,365 7,857.3 7,587.7 8,208.3 23,759 29,724 46,737 65,748 276,154 275,854
1999 9,665.7 12,071.4 1,398,533 483,259 8,324.4 7,983.8 8,477.8 24,617 30,351 48,831 67,290 279,328 279,040
                           
2000 10,289.7 12,565.2 1,502,768 521,612 8,907.0 8,632.8 8,902.5 26,206 31,525 50,732 67,643 282,398 282,162
2001 10,625.3 12,684.4 1,621,757 563,572 9,184.6 8,987.1 9,149.3 27,179 32,077 51,407 66,671 285,225 284,969
2002 10,980.2 12,909.7 1,732,478 594,694 9,436.8 9,149.5 9,431.7 28,127 32,754 51,680 65,959 287,955 287,625
2003 11,512.2 13,270.0 1,817,513 621,335 9,865.1 9,487.6 9,691.0 29,201 33,345 52,680 65,767 290,626 290,108
2004 12,277.0 13,774.0 1,903,915 655,182 10,541.9 10,049.2 10,036.7 30,700 34,224 54,061 65,715 293,262 292,805
                           
2005 13,095.4 14,235.6 2,007,490 688,314 11,240.8 10,610.3 10,190.5 31,763 34,428 56,194 66,092 295,993 295,517
2006 13,857.9 14,615.2 2,117,161 728,917 12,005.6 11,389.8 10,596.4 33,591 35,461 58,407 66,514 298,818 298,380
2007 14,480.3 14,876.8 2,255,229 773,676 12,322.3 11,995.7 10,821.8 34,829 35,870 61,355 67,944 301,696 301,231
2008 14,720.3 14,833.6 2,401,417 826,061 12,430.8 12,430.6 10,988.4 36,104 36,082 61,521 65,607 304,543 304,094
2009 14,417.9 14,417.9 2,494,986 851,149 12,124.5 12,082.1 10,937.2 35,598 35,598 60,088 64,323 307,240 306,772
                           
2010 14,958.3 14,779.4 2,538,214 858,259 12,739.5 12,435.2 11,060.8 36,296 35,706 60,236 63,434 309,776 309,326
2011 15,533.8 15,052.4 2,583,101 861,131 13,395.7 13,191.3 11,324.6 37,776 36,293 60,974 62,248 312,036 311,588
2012 16,244.6 15,470.7 13,971.6 13,743.8 11,551.6 38,965 36,756 62,241 62,241 314,278 313,914
2013 16,803.0 15,767.1 —- 14,133.5 11,637.8 39,410 36,767 316,524
—Not available.
1 Data for years prior to 1963 include expenditures for government fiscal years ending during that particular calendar year. Data for 1963 and later years are the aggregations of expenditures for government fiscal years that ended on June 30 of the stated year. General expenditures exclude expenditures of publicly owned utilities and liquor stores, and of insurance-trust activities. Intergovernmental payments between state and local governments are excluded. Payments to the federal government are included.
2 Constant dollars based on a chain-price index, which uses the geometric mean of output weights of adjacent time periods compiled over a time series. Chain-price indexes reflect changes in prices, while implicit price deflators reflect both changes in prices and in the composition of output. More information is available at https://www.bea.gov/scb/account_articles/national/0597od/maintext.htm.
3 Data adjusted by the CPU-RS, which is a price index of inflation that incorporates most of the improvements in methodology made to the current CPI-U since 1978 into a single, uniform series. See Census Bureau, Money Income in the United States: 1999 (www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/p60-209.pdf).
4 Population of the United States including armed forces overseas. Includes Alaska and Hawaii beginning in 1960.
5 Resident population of the United States. Includes Alaska and Hawaii beginning in 1958. Data for 1990 and later years include revisions based on the 2000 census. Excludes overseas armed forces personnel.
NOTE: Gross domestic product (GDP) data are adjusted by the GDP chained weight price deflator. Personal income data are adjusted by the personal consumption deflator. Some data have been revised from previously published figures.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance in the United States, retrieved February 5, 2014, from http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/income/data/historical/families/; Population Estimates, retrieved November 1, 2013, from http://www.census.gov/popest/data/national/asrh/2012/2012-nat-detail.html; and State and Local Government Finances, retrieved February 5, 2014, from http://www.census.gov/govs/local/. U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, National Income and Product Accounts Tables, retrieved February 5, 2014, from http://www.bea.gov/iTable/index_nipa.cfm. (This table was prepared February 2014.)

2013 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest