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Digest of Education Statistics: 2013
Digest of Education Statistics: 2013

NCES 2015-011
May 2015


Table 106.20. Expenditures of educational institutions, by level and control of institution: Selected years, 1899-1900 through 2012-13
[In millions]  
School year Current dollars Constant 2012-13 dollars1
Total Elementary and secondary schools Degree-granting postsecondary institutions Total Elementary and secondary schools Degree-
granting post-
secondary
institutions
Total Public Private2 Total Public Private Total Public
1 2 3 4 5 6 7   8 9 10 11 12
1899-1900 $215        
1909-10 426        
1919-20 1,036       $12,578  
1929-30 2,317 $632   $292   $341   31,314 $8,545  
1939-40 2,344 758   392   367   38,805 12,556  
1949-50 $8,494 $6,249 5,838 $411 2,246   1,154   1,092   $82,978 $61,041 57,026 21,937  
1959-60 22,314 16,713 15,613 1,100 5,601   3,131   2,470   175,693 131,595 122,934 44,099  
                               
1969-70 64,227 43,183 40,683 2,500 21,043   13,250   7,794   393,354 264,476 249,165 128,878  
1970-71 71,575 48,200 45,500 2,700 23,375   14,996   8,379   416,842 280,708 264,984 136,133  
1971-72 76,510 50,950 48,050 2,900 25,560   16,484   9,075   430,151 286,451 270,147 143,700  
1972-73 82,908 54,952 51,852 3,100 27,956   18,204   9,752   448,068 296,985 280,231 151,084  
1973-74 91,084 60,370 56,970 3,400 30,714   20,336   10,377   451,956 299,556 282,685 152,400  
                               
1974-75 103,903 68,846 64,846 4,000 35,058   23,490   11,568   464,131 307,531 289,663 156,600  
1975-76 114,004 75,101 70,601 4,500 38,903   26,184   12,719   475,585 313,294 294,522 162,291  
1976-77 121,793 79,194 74,194 5,000 42,600   28,635   13,965   480,085 312,165 292,456 167,920  
1977-78 132,515 86,544 80,844 5,700 45,971   30,725   15,246   489,481 319,675 298,621 169,806  
1978-79 143,733 93,012 86,712 6,300 50,721   33,733   16,988   485,443 314,138 292,860 171,305  
                               
1979-80 160,075 103,162 95,962 7,200 56,914   37,768   19,146   477,036 307,429 285,972 169,607  
1980-81 176,378 112,325 104,125 8,200 64,053   42,280   21,773   471,058 299,990 278,090 171,068  
1981-82 190,825 120,486 111,186 9,300 70,339   46,219   24,120   469,119 296,199 273,336 172,920  
1982-83 204,661 128,725 118,425 10,300 75,936   49,573   26,363   482,411 303,421 279,143 178,990  
1983-84 220,993 139,000 127,500 11,500 81,993   53,087   28,907   502,316 315,946 289,807 186,370  
                               
1984-85 239,351 149,400 137,000 12,400 89,951   58,315   31,637   523,551 326,794 299,670 196,757  
1985-86 259,336 161,800 148,600 13,200 97,536   63,194   34,342   551,365 343,997 315,933 207,367  
1986-87 280,964 175,200 160,900 14,300 105,764   67,654   38,110   584,372 364,396 334,654 219,976  
1987-88 301,786 187,999 172,699 15,300 113,787   72,641   41,145   602,708 375,459 344,903 227,249  
1988-89 333,245 209,377 192,977 16,400 123,867   78,946   44,922   636,154 399,696 368,388 236,459  
                               
1989-90 365,825 231,170 212,770 18,400 134,656   85,771   48,885   666,544 421,197 387,672 245,346  
1990-91 395,318 249,230 229,430 19,800 146,088   92,961   53,127   682,942 430,564 396,358 252,378  
1991-92 417,944 261,755 241,055 20,700 156,189   98,847   57,342   699,613 438,162 403,511 261,451  
1992-93 439,676 274,435 252,935 21,500 165,241   104,570   60,671   713,699 445,473 410,574 268,226  
1993-94 460,757 287,407 265,307 22,100 173,351   109,310   64,041   729,034 454,749 419,782 274,284  
                               
1994-95 485,169 302,200 279,000 23,200 182,969   115,465   67,504   746,269 464,833 429,148 281,436  
1995-96 508,523 318,046 293,646 24,400 190,476   119,525   70,952   761,474 476,250 439,713 285,224  
1996-97 538,854 338,951 313,151 25,800 199,903 2  125,978   73,925 2  784,510 493,474 455,912 291,036 2 
1997-98 570,471 361,615 334,315 27,300 208,856 2  132,846   76,010 2  815,989 517,246 478,196 298,743 2 
1998-99 603,847 384,638 355,838 28,800 219,209   140,539   78,670   849,030 540,815 500,321 308,216  
                               
1999-2000 649,322 412,538 381,838 30,700 236,784   152,325   84,459   887,355 563,769 521,815 323,586  
2000-01 705,017 444,811 410,811 34,000 260,206   170,345   89,861   931,551 587,736 542,812 343,814  
2001-02 752,780 472,064 435,364 36,700 280,715   183,436   97,280   977,356 612,895 565,247 364,461  
2002-03 795,691 492,807 454,907 37,900 302,884   197,026   105,858   1,010,855 626,067 577,919 384,788  
2003-04 830,293 513,542 474,242 39,300 316,751   205,069   111,682   1,032,230 638,442 589,583 393,789  
                               
2004-05 875,988 540,969 499,569 41,400 335,019   215,794   119,225   1,057,225 652,892 602,927 404,333  
2005-06 925,246 571,669 528,269 43,400 353,577   226,550   127,027   1,075,709 664,633 614,176 411,076  
2006-07 984,034 608,495 562,195 46,300 375,539   238,829   136,710   1,115,217 689,614 637,142 425,603  
2007-08 1,054,904 646,414 597,314 49,100 408,490   261,046   147,444   1,152,819 706,413 652,756 446,406  
2008-09 1,089,670 658,926 610,326 48,600 430,744   273,030   157,714   1,174,414 710,171 657,791 464,243  
                               
2009-10 1,100,902 654,418 607,018 47,400 446,484   281,368   165,115   1,175,149 698,553 647,957 476,595  
2010-11 1,123,424 652,215 604,215 48,000 471,209   296,114   175,095   1,176,000 682,000 632,000 493,000  
2011-123 1,140,000 652,000 605,000 47,000 488,444   305,534   182,910   1,159,000 663,000 615,000 497,000  
2012-132 1,165,000 669,000 621,000 47,000 496,000   310,000   186,000   1,165,000 669,000 621,000 496,000  
—Not available.
1 Constant dollars based on the Consumer Price Index, prepared by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, adjusted to a school-year basis.
2 Estimated by the National Center for Education Statistics based on teacher and enrollment data, and actual expenditures for prior years.
3 Data for elementary and secondary education are estimated; data for degree-granting institutions are actual.
NOTE: Total expenditures for public elementary and secondary schools include current expenditures, interest on school debt, and capital outlay. Expenditures for public and private colleges and universities in 1929-30 and 1939-40 include current-fund expenditures and additions to plant value. Public and private degree-granting institutions data for 1949-50 through 1995-96 are for current-fund expenditures. Data for private degree-granting institutions for 1996-97 and later years are for total expenditures. Data for public degree-granting institutions for 1996-97 through 2000-01 are for current expenditures; data for later years are for total expenditures. Postsecondary data through 1995-96 are for institutions of higher education, while later data are for degree-granting institutions. Degree-granting institutions grant associate’s or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. The degree-granting classification is very similar to the earlier higher education classification, but i
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Annual Report of the Commissioner of Education, 1899-1900 and 1909-10; Biennial Survey of Education in the United States, 1919-20 through 1949-50; Statistics of State School Systems, 1959-60 and 1969-70; Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary Education, 1970-71 through 1986-87; Common Core of Data (CCD), "National Public Education Financial Survey," 1987-88 through 2010-11; Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS), Financial Statistics of Institutions of Higher Education, 1965-66 through 1985-86; Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), "Finance Survey," (IPEDS-F:FY87-99); IPEDS Spring 2001 through Spring 2013, Finance component; and unpublished tabulations. (This table was prepared February 2014.)