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Table 102.50. Official and supplemental measures of poverty status for all persons, persons in families, and related children under age 18, by race/ethnicity: Selected years, 1960 through 2012
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Race/ethnicity, type of poverty measure,1  and year Number below the poverty level (in thousands) Percent below the poverty level
All persons In all families In families with female householder, no husband present All persons In all families In families with female householder, no husband present
Total House-holder2 Related children under 183 Total Related children under 183 Total House-holder2 Related children under 183 Total Related children under 183
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
Total, official poverty measure4                                                 
1960 39,851 (644.0) 34,925 (493.6) 8,243 (177.2) 17,288 (290.6) 7,247 (163.6) 4,095 (116.6) 22.2 (0.34) 20.7 (0.17) 18.1 (0.30) 26.5 (0.29) 48.9 (0.69) 68.4 (1.01)
1965 33,185 (595.4) 28,358 (419.2) 6,721 (156.2) 14,388 (255.6) 7,524 (167.4) 4,562 (124.1) 17.3 (0.30) 15.8 (0.14) 13.9 (0.26) 20.7 (0.26) 46.0 (0.66) 64.2 (0.96)
1970 25,420 (431.8) 20,330 (266.6) 5,260 (110.1) 10,235 (166.2) 7,503 (136.5) 4,689 (102.9) 12.6 (0.21) 10.9 (0.10) 10.1 (0.18) 14.9 (0.19) 38.1 (0.48) 53.0 (0.73)
1975 25,877 (435.2) 20,789 (271.0) 5,450 (112.4) 10,882 (173.0) 8,846 (151.3) 5,597 (114.2) 12.3 (0.20) 10.9 (0.10) 9.7 (0.17) 16.8 (0.20) 37.5 (0.43) 52.7 (0.67)
1980 29,272 (460.0) 22,601 (288.2) 6,217 (121.7) 11,114 (175.4) 10,120 (165.0) 5,866 (117.5) 13.0 (0.20) 11.5 (0.10) 10.3 (0.17) 17.9 (0.21) 36.7 (0.40) 50.8 (0.64)
1985 33,064 (513.3) 25,729 (336.0) 7,223 (141.0) 12,483 (200.4) 11,600 (190.8) 6,716 (134.8) 14.0 (0.21) 12.6 (0.11) 11.4 (0.18) 20.1 (0.23) 37.6 (0.40) 53.6 (0.65)
1990 33,585 (534.4) 25,232 (342.9) 7,098 (144.4) 12,715 (210.0) 12,578 (208.5) 7,363 (147.7) 13.5 (0.21) 12.0 (0.11) 10.7 (0.18) 19.9 (0.24) 37.2 (0.40) 53.4 (0.64)
1995 36,425 (553.5) 27,501 (366.1) 7,532 (149.8) 13,998 (224.2) 14,205 (226.5) 8,362 (159.9) 13.8 (0.21) 12.3 (0.10) 10.8 (0.18) 20.2 (0.23) 36.5 (0.37) 50.3 (0.58)
2000 31,581 (538.4) 22,347 (324.8) 6,400 (140.7) 11,005 (198.1) 10,926 (197.1) 6,300 (139.4) 11.3 (0.19) 9.6 (0.10) 8.7 (0.16) 15.6 (0.21) 28.5 (0.36) 40.1 (0.61)
                                                 
2001 32,907 (548.1) 23,215 (334.2) 6,813 (146.2) 11,175 (200.1) 11,223 (200.6) 6,341 (140.0) 11.7 (0.20) 9.9 (0.10) 9.2 (0.17) 15.8 (0.21) 28.6 (0.36) 39.3 (0.60)
2002 34,570 (399.9) 24,534 (248.6) 7,229 (108.2) 11,646 (146.7) 11,657 (146.8) 6,564 (102.0) 12.1 (0.14) 10.4 (0.07) 9.6 (0.12) 16.3 (0.15) 28.8 (0.25) 39.6 (0.42)
2003 35,861 (407.8) 25,684 (257.4) 7,607 (111.6) 12,340 (152.5) 12,413 (153.1) 7,085 (106.9) 12.5 (0.14) 10.8 (0.07) 10.0 (0.12) 17.2 (0.16) 30.0 (0.25) 41.8 (0.42)
2004 37,040 (465.3) 26,544 (405.3) 7,835 (128.6) 12,473 (203.6) 12,832 (262.7) 7,152 (153.5) 12.7 (0.16) 11.0 (0.17) 10.2 (0.16) 17.3 (0.28) 30.5 (0.56) 41.9 (0.73)
2005 36,950 (466.0) 26,068 (410.7) 7,657 (124.4) 12,335 (215.9) 13,153 (303.2) 7,210 (178.4) 12.6 (0.16) 10.8 (0.17) 9.9 (0.15) 17.1 (0.30) 31.1 (0.62) 42.8 (0.86)
2006 36,460 (421.7) 25,915 (378.2) 7,668 (113.2) 12,299 (205.6) 13,199 (290.2) 7,341 (170.5) 12.3 (0.14) 10.6 (0.15) 9.8 (0.14) 16.9 (0.28) 30.5 (0.53) 42.1 (0.70)
2007 37,276 (511.9) 26,509 (441.4) 7,623 (136.3) 12,802 (241.1) 13,478 (317.4) 7,546 (193.5) 12.5 (0.17) 10.8 (0.18) 9.8 (0.17) 17.6 (0.33) 30.7 (0.61) 43.0 (0.87)
2008 39,829 (479.0) 28,564 (422.6) 8,147 (127.9) 13,507 (224.3) 13,812 (291.9) 7,587 (180.9) 13.2 (0.16) 11.5 (0.17) 10.3 (0.16) 18.5 (0.31) 31.4 (0.58) 43.5 (0.81)
                                                 
2009 43,569 (487.0) 31,197 (439.7) 8,792 (131.7) 14,774 (233.1) 14,746 (307.2) 7,942 (178.2) 14.3 (0.16) 12.5 (0.18) 11.1 (0.16) 20.1 (0.32) 32.5 (0.61) 44.4 (0.80)
2010 46,180 (511.9) 33,007 (442.0) 9,221 (130.6) 15,730 (223.9) 15,895 (290.2) 8,648 (174.9) 15.1 (0.17) 13.2 (0.18) 11.7 (0.16) 21.5 (0.31) 34.2 (0.55) 46.9 (0.71)
2011 46,247 (462.7) 33,126 (442.9) 9,497 (132.7) 15,539 (229.0) 16,451 (326.0) 9,026 (196.8) 15.0 (0.15) 13.1 (0.18) 11.8 (0.16) 21.4 (0.32) 34.2 (0.59) 47.6 (0.80)
2012 46,496 (546.4) 33,198 (500.1) 9,520 (140.0) 15,435 (262.1) 15,957 (384.6) 8,664 (224.6) 15.0 (0.18) 13.1 (0.20) 11.8 (0.17) 21.3 (0.36) 33.9 (0.65) 47.2 (0.87)
                                                 
Total,
   Supplemental Poverty Measure5 
                                               
2009 46,086 (529.0) 34,152 (482.7) 10,169 (138.8) 12,425 (234.8) 12,976 (322.7) 5,889 (169.2) 15.2 (0.17) 13.7 (0.20) 12.9 (0.17) 16.9 (0.32) 28.6 (0.65) 32.9 (0.82)
2010 48,732 (562.1) 35,698 (494.2) 10,558 (144.6) 13,014 (226.2) 14,217 (310.2) 6,564 (160.8) 15.9 (0.18) 14.3 (0.20) 13.4 (0.18) 17.8 (0.31) 30.6 (0.56) 35.6 (0.73)
2011 49,725 (543.4) 36,828 (509.5) 11,099 (153.3) 13,044 (223.0) 14,960 (303.7) 6,861 (166.0) 16.1 (0.18) 14.6 (0.20) 13.8 (0.18) 18.0 (0.31) 31.1 (0.58) 36.2 (0.78)
2012 49,690 (555.1) 36,709 (505.3) 11,118 (148.3) 12,945 (216.8) 14,105 (348.3) 6,477 (184.1) 16.0 (0.18) 14.5 (0.20) 13.7 (0.18) 17.8 (0.30) 30.0 (0.62) 35.3 (0.79)
                                                 
White, official poverty measure4                                                 
19706  17,484 (363.3) 13,323 (198.0) 3,708 (90.0) 6,138 (120.7) 3,761 (90.7) 2,247 (68.2) 9.9 (0.20) 8.1 (0.09) 8.0 (0.17) 10.5 (0.17) 28.4 (0.54) 43.1 (0.94)
19756  17,770 (366.1) 13,799 (202.8) 3,838 (91.7) 6,748 (127.9) 4,577 (101.5) 2,813 (77.1) 9.7 (0.20) 8.3 (0.09) 7.7 (0.16) 12.5 (0.20) 29.4 (0.50) 44.2 (0.86)
19806 19,699 (384.1) 14,587 (210.7) 4,195 (96.5) 6,817 (128.7) 4,940 (106.1) 2,813 (77.1) 10.2 (0.20) 8.6 (0.09) 8.0 (0.16) 13.4 (0.21) 28.0 (0.46) 41.6 (0.82)
19856 22,860 (435.1) 17,125 (249.2) 4,983 (112.8) 7,838 (148.3) 5,990 (125.8) 3,372 (90.2) 11.4 (0.21) 9.9 (0.10) 9.1 (0.18) 15.6 (0.24) 29.8 (0.47) 45.2 (0.84)
1990 16,622 (388.2) 11,086 (191.7) 3,442 (94.4) 5,106 (118.4) 4,284 (106.9) 2,411 (77.5) 8.8 (0.20) 7.0 (0.10) 6.6 (0.16) 11.6 (0.23) 25.0 (0.50) 39.6 (0.94)
1995 16,267 (384.2) 10,599 (186.1) 3,384 (93.5) 4,745 (113.5) 4,183 (105.5) 2,299 (75.5) 8.5 (0.20) 6.6 (0.09) 6.4 (0.16) 10.6 (0.22) 22.8 (0.47) 33.5 (0.86)
2000 14,366 (375.9) 8,664 (169.7) 2,896 (89.0) 3,715 (102.4) 3,412 (097.6) 1,832 (69.4) 7.4 (0.19) 5.5 (0.09) 5.4 (0.15) 8.5 (0.21) 18.8 (0.45) 28.0 (0.87)
                                                 
2001 15,271 (386.8) 9,122 (175.4) 3,051 (91.7) 3,887 (105.0) 3,661 (101.5) 1,953 (71.8) 7.8 (0.20) 5.7 (0.09) 5.7 (0.16) 8.9 (0.21) 19.9 (0.46) 29.0 (0.87)
2002 15,567 (278.6) 9,389 (127.5) 3,208 (67.3) 3,848 (74.5) 3,733 (73.2) 1,949 (51.2) 8.0 (0.14) 5.9 (0.07) 6.0 (0.11) 8.9 (0.15) 20.0 (0.33) 29.2 (0.62)
2003 15,902 (281.9) 9,658 (129.8) 3,270 (68.0) 3,957 (75.7) 3,959 (75.7) 2,033 (52.4) 8.2 (0.14) 6.1 (0.07) 6.1 (0.11) 9.3 (0.16) 21.1 (0.33) 30.7 (0.63)
2004 16,908 (303.2) 10,323 (254.5) 3,505 (92.4) 4,190 (120.4) 4,116 (154.0) 2,114 (84.1) 8.7 (0.16) 6.5 (0.16) 6.5 (0.17) 9.9 (0.28) 21.7 (0.70) 31.5 (1.02)
2005 16,227 (303.1) 9,604 (247.5) 3,285 (80.6) 3,973 (127.3) 4,278 (163.7) 2,158 (93.8) 8.3 (0.16) 6.0 (0.15) 6.1 (0.14) 9.5 (0.30) 22.6 (0.77) 33.1 (1.17)
2006 16,013 (280.1) 9,676 (239.5) 3,372 (79.5) 3,930 (123.5) 4,353 (151.2) 2,206 (85.3) 8.2 (0.14) 6.1 (0.15) 6.2 (0.14) 9.5 (0.30) 22.5 (0.66) 32.9 (1.00)
2007 16,032 (329.9) 9,553 (257.4) 3,184 (86.4) 3,996 (132.7) 4,099 (172.5) 2,101 (100.7) 8.2 (0.17) 6.0 (0.16) 5.9 (0.16) 9.7 (0.32) 21.4 (0.79) 32.4 (1.27)
2008 17,024 (313.4) 10,138 (255.5) 3,383 (83.7) 4,059 (130.7) 4,046 (154.6) 1,985 (88.5) 8.6 (0.16) 6.4 (0.16) 6.2 (0.15) 10.0 (0.32) 21.5 (0.73) 31.7 (1.17)
                                                 
2009 18,530 (358.3) 11,211 (298.4) 3,797 (101.6) 4,518 (137.6) 4,532 (158.8) 2,144 (89.4) 9.4 (0.18) 7.1 (0.19) 7.0 (0.18) 11.2 (0.34) 23.8 (0.71) 33.5 (1.11)
2010 19,599 (342.7) 11,740 (281.8) 3,922 (96.1) 4,675 (134.0) 4,802 (165.2) 2,269 (83.1) 9.9 (0.17) 7.4 (0.18) 7.3 (0.17) 11.7 (0.33) 24.8 (0.78) 34.8 (1.03)
2011 19,171 (333.4) 11,562 (287.9) 3,955 (92.2) 4,554 (149.5) 4,746 (160.0) 2,321 (89.9) 9.8 (0.17) 7.4 (0.19) 7.3 (0.17) 11.9 (0.39) 23.8 (0.66) 35.5 (1.03)
2012 18,940 (361.6) 11,387 (298.3) 3,835 (93.5) 4,510 (140.5) 4,655 (164.0) 2,245 (91.8) 9.7 (0.19) 7.3 (0.20) 7.1 (0.18) 11.8 (0.37) 24.3 (0.75) 36.5 (1.17)
                                                 
White,
   Supplemental Poverty Measure5 
                                               
2009 20,463 (351.1) 13,432 (300.1) 4,807 (103.9) 3,830 (123.3) 4,055 (164.0) 1,577 (77.5) 10.4 (0.18) 8.5 (0.19) 8.8 (0.19) 9.5 (0.31) 21.3 (0.76) 24.7 (1.05)
2010 21,779 (372.5) 14,002 (305.0) 4,928 (109.3) 3,913 (122.4) 4,269 (162.7) 1,677 (72.5) 11.0 (0.19) 8.9 (0.20) 9.1 (0.20) 9.8 (0.31) 22.1 (0.73) 25.7 (0.99)
2011 21,457 (344.6) 13,994 (306.2) 4,998 (104.9) 3,800 (123.2) 4,304 (156.3) 1,678 (75.1) 11.0 (0.18) 9.0 (0.19) 9.2 (0.19) 9.9 (0.32) 21.6 (0.66) 25.7 (0.96)
2012 20,923 (357.6) 13,561 (289.1) 4,870 (102.4) 3,582 (113.1) 3,972 (147.3) 1,510 (69.0) 10.7 (0.18) 8.7 (0.19) 9.0 (0.19) 9.4 (0.30) 20.7 (0.69) 24.6 (0.98)
                                                 
Black, official poverty measure4                                                 
19706  7,548 (219.8) 6,683 (134.2) 1,481 (55.3) 3,922 (96.3) 3,656 (92.3) 2,383 (72.0) 33.5 (0.89) 32.2 (0.45) 29.5 (0.88) 41.5 (0.70) 58.7 (0.86) 67.7 (1.08)
19756  7,545 (219.8) 6,533 (132.3) 1,513 (56.0) 3,884 (95.7) 4,168 (99.9) 2,724 (77.7) 31.3 (0.85) 30.1 (0.43) 27.1 (0.82) 41.4 (0.70) 54.3 (0.78) 66.0 (1.01)
19806 8,579 (230.2) 7,190 (140.8) 1,826 (62.1) 3,906 (96.0) 4,984 (111.4) 2,944 (81.3) 32.5 (0.82) 31.1 (0.42) 28.9 (0.78) 42.1 (0.70) 53.4 (0.71) 64.8 (0.97)
19856 8,926 (246.7) 7,504 (153.2) 1,983 (68.7) 4,057 (103.9) 5,342 (123.1) 3,181 (89.9) 31.3 (0.82) 30.5 (0.43) 28.7 (0.79) 43.1 (0.74) 53.2 (0.72) 66.9 (0.99)
1990 9,653 (262.0) 7,993 (165.4) 2,153 (74.4) 4,309 (111.5) 5,877 (135.3) 3,460 (97.8) 31.8 (0.83) 30.9 (0.43) 29.3 (0.80) 44.0 (0.75) 50.4 (0.70) 64.6 (0.98)
1995 9,562 (261.2) 7,924 (164.4) 2,063 (72.7) 4,481 (114.2) 6,391 (142.8) 3,848 (104.2) 29.0 (0.78) 28.2 (0.40) 26.2 (0.75) 41.1 (0.71) 48.1 (0.65) 61.3 (0.92)
2000 7,680 (249.9) 5,957 (134.8) 1,617 (64.9) 3,342 (96.4) 4,593 (115.6) 2,793 (87.3) 22.4 (0.73) 21.0 (0.38) 19.1 (0.67) 30.7 (0.69) 38.2 (0.69) 49.0 (1.03)
                                                 
2001 7,752 (251.1) 6,076 (136.4) 1,744 (67.6) 3,248 (94.9) 4,490 (114.1) 2,610 (84.1) 22.4 (0.72) 21.1 (0.38) 20.4 (0.68) 29.7 (0.68) 37.0 (0.68) 46.1 (1.04)
2002 8,259 (183.3) 6,464 (101.0) 1,837 (49.6) 3,420 (69.7) 4,799 (84.6) 2,762 (61.9) 24.0 (0.53) 22.6 (0.28) 21.3 (0.49) 32.1 (0.50) 38.1 (0.48) 47.5 (0.73)
2003 8,463 (194.7) 6,609 (102.4) 1,921 (50.8) 3,599 (71.7) 4,947 (86.2) 2,927 (63.9) 24.3 (0.53) 23.0 (0.28) 22.3 (0.50) 33.5 (0.51) 38.8 (0.48) 49.7 (0.73)
2004 8,697 (207.2) 6,891 (192.5) 1,956 (58.6) 3,562 (107.3) 5,076 (171.6) 2,864 (102.9) 24.7 (0.59) 23.8 (0.66) 22.7 (0.65) 33.4 (0.99) 39.4 (1.06) 49.0 (1.34)
2005 8,850 (236.5) 6,917 (227.2) 1,922 (63.9) 3,615 (124.6) 5,127 (200.0) 2,897 (118.9) 24.9 (0.66) 23.8 (0.78) 22.0 (0.70) 34.2 (1.15) 39.3 (1.33) 50.2 (1.63)
2006 8,653 (196.5) 6,749 (184.3) 1,914 (56.2) 3,531 (107.1) 4,945 (162.5) 2,859 (103.1) 24.1 (0.55) 22.9 (0.63) 21.4 (0.62) 33.0 (0.99) 38.9 (1.00) 49.9 (1.30)
2007 8,821 (220.6) 6,966 (207.3) 1,941 (63.5) 3,646 (119.6) 5,181 (181.3) 2,950 (115.4) 24.3 (0.61) 23.5 (0.69) 21.7 (0.64) 34.1 (1.09) 39.3 (1.20) 49.9 (1.53)
2008 8,979 (225.6) 7,003 (221.1) 1,971 (70.4) 3,586 (124.7) 5,278 (198.0) 2,961 (119.8) 24.6 (0.62) 23.6 (0.74) 21.8 (0.72) 34.4 (1.17) 40.3 (1.22) 51.8 (1.50)
                                                 
2009 9,419 (239.9) 7,223 (207.8) 2,036 (67.4) 3,682 (114.2) 5,179 (192.2) 2,853 (115.1) 25.5 (0.64) 24.2 (0.70) 22.5 (0.67) 35.3 (1.08) 39.6 (1.18) 50.8 (1.51)
2010 10,122 (240.9) 7,681 (217.0) 2,173 (69.1) 4,021 (119.7) 5,546 (171.4) 3,103 (106.3) 27.3 (0.64) 25.8 (0.74) 24.0 (0.69) 39.3 (1.17) 40.7 (1.15) 53.2 (1.51)
2011 10,108 (245.2) 7,665 (235.9) 2,175 (75.3) 3,872 (124.5) 5,540 (200.1) 3,053 (116.6) 27.3 (0.66) 25.9 (0.78) 23.8 (0.77) 38.7 (1.21) 41.9 (1.24) 54.2 (1.55)
2012 10,148 (245.0) 7,636 (245.4) 2,169 (78.0) 3,797 (132.4) 5,344 (211.9) 2,936 (123.5) 27.0 (0.66) 25.5 (0.80) 23.4 (0.78) 38.0 (1.30) 41.1 (1.28) 53.5 (1.61)
                                                 
Black,
   Supplemental Poverty Measure5 
                                               
2009 8,504 (214.3) 6,538 (191.2) 1,916 (56.0) 2,676 (96.3) 4,307 (169.2) 2,000 (90.3) 23.1 (0.58) 21.9 (0.64) 21.2 (0.56) 25.7 (0.94) 33.0 (1.07) 35.6 (1.35)
2010 9,373 (230.9) 7,127 (212.7) 2,090 (66.0) 2,966 (105.6) 4,785 (170.0) 2,249 (95.0) 25.3 (0.62) 23.9 (0.72) 23.1 (0.67) 29.0 (1.04) 35.1 (1.13) 38.6 (1.42)
2011 9,400 (244.9) 7,113 (230.8) 2,070 (70.4) 2,912 (117.2) 4,746 (188.3) 2,248 (104.5) 25.4 (0.66) 24.0 (0.77) 22.7 (0.72) 29.1 (1.16) 35.9 (1.18) 39.9 (1.57)
2012 9,623 (235.6) 7,348 (233.0) 2,213 (72.2) 2,877 (114.0) 4,633 (190.7) 2,147 (103.3) 25.6 (0.63) 24.6 (0.77) 23.8 (0.73) 28.8 (1.13) 35.6 (1.24) 39.1 (1.54)
                                                 
Hispanic,
   official poverty measure4 
                                               
1975 2,991 (176.8) 2,755 (90.2) 627 (41.3) 1,619 (67.7) 1,053 (54.0) 694 (43.5) 26.9 (1.41) 26.3 (0.70) 25.1 (1.41) 33.1 (1.09) 57.2 (1.88) 68.4 (2.37)
1980 3,491 (189.8) 3,143 (97.0) 751 (45.3) 1,718 (69.8) 1,319 (60.7) 809 (47.1) 25.7 (1.26) 25.1 (0.63) 23.2 (1.21) 33.0 (1.06) 54.5 (1.65) 65.0 (2.20)
1985 5,236 (202.8) 4,605 (107.7) 1,074 (48.7) 2,512 (76.6) 1,983 (67.4) 1,247 (52.7) 29.0 (1.01) 28.3 (0.51) 25.5 (0.98) 39.6 (0.89) 55.7 (1.21) 72.4 (1.57)
1990 6,006 (222.4) 5,091 (118.2) 1,244 (54.4) 2,750 (83.3) 2,115 (72.2) 1,314 (56.0) 28.1 (0.95) 26.9 (0.49) 25.0 (0.92) 37.7 (0.85) 53.0 (1.19) 68.4 (1.60)
1995 8,574 (256.1) 7,341 (147.4) 1,695 (64.1) 3,936 (101.9) 3,053 (88.3) 1,870 (67.6) 30.3 (0.85) 29.2 (0.43) 27.0 (0.84) 39.3 (0.73) 52.8 (0.99) 65.7 (1.34)
2000 7,747 (247.8) 6,430 (141.1) 1,540 (63.3) 3,342 (96.4) 2,444 (81.1) 1,407 (60.3) 21.5 (0.70) 20.3 (0.35) 19.2 (0.69) 27.6 (0.63) 37.8 (0.94) 49.8 (1.47)
                                                 
2001 7,997 (251.7) 6,674 (144.4) 1,649 (65.6) 3,433 (97.9) 2,585 (83.6) 1,508 (62.6) 21.4 (0.68) 20.2 (0.34) 19.4 (0.67) 27.4 (0.62) 37.8 (0.92) 49.3 (1.41)
2002 8,555 (186.7) 7,184 (107.8) 1,792 (48.9) 3,653 (72.3) 2,554 (59.3) 1,501 (44.5) 21.8 (0.48) 20.8 (0.24) 19.7 (0.47) 28.2 (0.44) 36.4 (0.64) 47.9 (0.99)
2003 9,051 (192.6) 7,637 (111.9) 1,925 (50.8) 3,982 (76.0) 2,861 (63.1) 1,727 (48.0) 22.5 (0.48) 21.5 (0.24) 20.8 (0.47) 29.5 (0.44) 38.4 (0.63) 50.6 (0.95)
2004 9,122 (215.6) 7,705 (205.4) 1,953 (54.5) 3,985 (115.8) 3,072 (135.0) 1,840 (85.4) 21.9 (0.52) 21.1 (0.56) 20.5 (0.54) 28.6 (0.83) 39.3 (1.39) 51.9 (1.67)
2005 9,368 (202.4) 7,767 (192.2) 1,948 (51.0) 3,977 (113.4) 3,069 (120.9) 1,774 (76.7) 21.8 (0.47) 20.6 (0.51) 19.7 (0.48) 27.7 (0.78) 39.0 (1.22) 50.2 (1.59)
2006 9,243 (216.1) 7,650 (214.8) 1,922 (61.3) 3,959 (115.1) 3,189 (152.6) 1,848 (88.9) 20.6 (0.48) 19.5 (0.54) 18.9 (0.56) 26.6 (0.76) 36.9 (1.41) 47.2 (1.66)
2007 9,890 (244.8) 8,248 (229.3) 2,045 (60.4) 4,348 (134.9) 3,527 (158.7) 2,092 (98.1) 21.5 (0.53) 20.6 (0.58) 19.7 (0.56) 28.3 (0.87) 39.6 (1.32) 51.6 (1.59)
2008 10,987 (249.6) 9,303 (237.9) 2,239 (60.3) 4,888 (129.2) 3,751 (144.1) 2,218 (86.9) 23.2 (0.53) 22.3 (0.57) 21.3 (0.54) 30.3 (0.79) 40.5 (1.24) 51.9 (1.48)
                                                 
2009 12,350 (267.3) 10,345 (254.8) 2,369 (62.7) 5,419 (138.6) 4,176 (169.1) 2,437 (100.1) 25.3 (0.55) 24.2 (0.59) 22.7 (0.56) 32.5 (0.83) 40.6 (1.33) 52.2 (1.61)
2010 13,243 (254.4) 11,188 (242.8) 2,557 (64.4) 5,881 (139.4) 4,643 (167.5) 2,715 (107.1) 26.6 (0.51) 25.6 (0.55) 24.0 (0.54) 34.5 (0.81) 44.5 (1.24) 57.0 (1.49)
2011 13,244 (263.5) 11,143 (253.2) 2,651 (59.5) 5,820 (146.1) 4,996 (182.1) 2,955 (120.5) 25.3 (0.50) 24.3 (0.56) 22.9 (0.50) 33.7 (0.84) 44.0 (1.22) 56.8 (1.57)
2012 13,616 (278.2) 11,358 (276.3) 2,807 (71.8) 5,773 (145.5) 4,816 (187.7) 2,809 (114.9) 25.6 (0.52) 24.6 (0.59) 23.5 (0.54) 33.3 (0.84) 42.8 (1.19) 54.7 (1.49)
                                                 
Hispanic,
   Supplemental Poverty Measure5 
                                               
2009 13,390 (282.3) 11,294 (272.3) 2,686 (64.7) 4,913 (132.8) 3,845 (168.2) 1,956 (89.2) 27.4 (0.58) 26.4 (0.63) 25.8 (0.59) 29.5 (0.80) 37.4 (1.36) 41.9 (1.57)
2010 13,864 (278.0) 11,686 (261.4) 2,793 (63.2) 5,122 (135.5) 4,340 (160.0) 2,236 (93.6) 27.8 (0.56) 26.7 (0.59) 26.2 (0.53) 30.0 (0.79) 41.6 (1.19) 46.9 (1.51)
2011 14,652 (305.0) 12,478 (286.2) 3,097 (72.0) 5,261 (133.8) 4,918 (180.6) 2,482 (99.6) 28.0 (0.58) 27.3 (0.63) 26.7 (0.62) 30.5 (0.77) 43.3 (1.24) 47.7 (1.44)
2012 14,799 (273.5) 12,443 (264.0) 3,170 (69.8) 5,212 (127.6) 4,492 (172.7) 2,315 (99.3) 27.9 (0.52) 26.9 (0.56) 26.5 (0.52) 30.1 (0.74) 39.9 (1.16) 45.1 (1.49)
                                                 
Asian, official poverty measure4                                                 
19907  851 (88.5) 706 (40.5) 167 (19.5) 352 (28.4) 127 (17.0) 77 (13.2) 12.2 (1.22) 11.3 (0.60) 11.0 (1.20) 16.9 (1.24) 20.1 (2.40) 31.2 (4.45)
19957  1,379 (111.1) 1,087 (50.7) 258 (24.3) 520 (34.7) 253 (24.1) 139 (17.8) 14.6 (1.12) 12.9 (0.55) 12.3 (1.08) 18.5 (1.10) 28.7 (2.29) 41.8 (4.07)
20007  1,210 (108.8) 863 (46.8) 227 (23.7) 390 (31.2) 272 (26.0) 151 (19.3) 9.8 (0.86) 8.0 (0.41) 7.8 (0.77) 12.3 (0.91) 22.8 (1.90) 37.0 (3.74)
                                                 
20017  1,242 (110.2) 854 (46.5) 225 (23.6) 344 (29.2) 190 (21.6) 99 (15.6) 10.2 (0.89) 8.1 (0.42) 7.7 (0.77) 11.2 (0.89) 14.7 (1.54) 26.3 (3.54)
2002 1,143 (75.4) 751 (31.0) 207 (16.1) 297 (19.3) 152 (13.8) 83 (10.2) 10.1 (0.65) 7.7 (0.30) 7.4 (0.55) 11.4 (0.69) 15.3 (1.28) 30.3 (3.09)
2003 1,372 (82.1) 992 (35.8) 305 (19.6) 313 (19.9) 226 (16.9) 107 (11.5) 11.7 (0.68) 9.7 (0.33) 10.0 (0.61) 11.7 (0.70) 22.6 (1.48) 35.5 (3.07)
2004 1,184 (76.3) 799 (70.5) 228 (21.4) 256 (32.4) 126 (23.6) 47 (11.9) 9.8 (0.64) 7.5 (0.67) 7.3 (0.69) 9.2 (1.16) 12.6 (2.20) 17.0 (4.09)
2005 1,391 (85.4) 960 (80.0) 286 (23.6) 309 (34.1) 182 (30.1) 65 (15.1) 11.2 (0.68) 8.9 (0.73) 9.0 (0.73) 11.1 (1.19) 17.9 (2.77) 26.2 (5.06)
2006 1,301 (95.4) 881 (86.5) 252 (24.1) 335 (42.0) 186 (34.5) 89 (20.7) 10.0 (0.73) 7.8 (0.76) 7.6 (0.72) 11.7 (1.45) 18.0 (2.99) 36.8 (6.58)
2007 1,329 (80.5) 916 (79.6) 255 (23.2) 340 (39.2) 205 (36.6) 95 (21.5) 10.2 (0.62) 8.1 (0.70) 7.8 (0.70) 11.8 (1.33) 16.8 (2.77) 32.2 (5.77)
2008 1,528 (89.1) 1,154 (88.6) 334 (24.8) 410 (41.7) 205 (34.2) 85 (18.7) 11.8 (0.68) 10.1 (0.76) 9.8 (0.71) 14.1 (1.41) 16.1 (2.38) 25.5 (4.53)
                                                 
2009 1,684 (96.8) 1,201 (87.4) 327 (23.6) 434 (39.7) 227 (36.1) 88 (16.0) 12.3 (0.70) 10.0 (0.72) 9.3 (0.65) 13.7 (1.24) 17.4 (2.64) 25.8 (4.25)
2010 1,672 (95.0) 1,211 (90.2) 323 (23.4) 434 (42.0) 281 (45.4) 118 (19.6) 11.9 (0.68) 9.9 (0.74) 9.3 (0.66) 13.7 (1.31) 21.7 (3.09) 35.1 (4.61)
2011 1,871 (114.8) 1,317 (99.8) 385 (29.4) 422 (44.2) 295 (58.4) 124 (34.0) 12.2 (0.74) 9.8 (0.74) 9.6 (0.72) 12.7 (1.32) 20.6 (3.53) 34.4 (6.88)
2012 1,813 (113.6) 1,268 (109.7) 361 (29.4) 422 (46.4) 257 (45.0) 95 (21.9) 11.4 (0.70) 9.2 (0.78) 9.0 (0.69) 12.5 (1.37) 18.3 (2.81) 28.8 (5.46)
                                                 
Asian,
   Supplemental Poverty Measure5 
                                               
2009 2,403 (109.7) 1,894 (102.8) 529 (28.1) 547 (42.3) 308 (43.0) 107 (17.7) 17.6 (0.78) 15.8 (0.84) 15.0 (0.76) 17.3 (1.30) 23.5 (3.00) 31.5 (4.46)
2010 2,264 (113.2) 1,748 (113.4) 504 (29.8) 441 (42.4) 347 (50.0) 106 (17.1) 16.2 (0.80) 14.3 (0.91) 14.5 (0.84) 13.9 (1.32) 26.8 (3.25) 31.5 (4.30)
2011 2,618 (125.6) 2,006 (114.5) 620 (34.5) 475 (40.5) 357 (52.5) 94 (21.3) 17.0 (0.80) 14.9 (0.84) 15.5 (0.84) 14.2 (1.20) 25.0 (3.27) 26.1 (5.25)
2012 2,628 (127.7) 2,018 (123.4) 556 (33.6) 556 (48.0) 368 (49.0) 122 (23.4) 16.5 (0.79) 14.7 (0.87) 13.9 (0.78) 16.5 (1.43) 26.2 (2.80) 37.1 (5.47)
1 All data for 2008 and earlier years are based on the official poverty measure. Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM) data are available only for 2009 and later years.
2 Refers to the person who owns or rents (maintains) the housing unit.
3 Refers to all children in the household who are related to the householder by birth, marriage, or adoption (except a child who is the spouse of the householder). For 1960 and 1965 only, the data exclude related children who have ever been married.
4 The official poverty measure consists of a set of thresholds for families of different sizes and compositions that are compared to before-tax cash income to determine a family’s poverty status. For more information about how the Census Bureau determines who is in poverty, see http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/about/overview/measure.html.
5 The Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM) extends the information provided by the official poverty measure by adding to family income the value of benefits from many government programs designed to assist low-income families, subtracting taxes and necessary expenses such as child care costs (for working families) and medical expenses, and adjusting poverty thresholds for differences in housing costs. To match the population included in the current official poverty measure, SPM estimates presented in this table exclude unrelated children under age 15. For more information about the SPM, see http://www.census.gov/hhes/povmeas/methodology/supplemental/research/Short_ResearchSPM2011.pdf.
6 Includes persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
7 Includes Pacific Islanders as well as Asians.
NOTE: Data are from the Current Population Survey and may differ from data shown in other tables obtained from the Decennial Census and the American Community Survey. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity except where otherwise noted.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, Series P-60, Poverty in the United States, selected years, 1960 through 2002; Current Population Survey (CPS), Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 1991 through 2013; and Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM) Research Files, 2009 through 2012. (This table was prepared January 2014.)
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