Skip Navigation
Digest of Education Statistics: 2009
Digest of Education Statistics: 2009

NCES 2010-013
April 2010


Table 382. Unemployment rate of persons 16 years old and over, by age, sex, race/ethnicity, and educational attainment: 2006, 2007, and 2008
Sex, race/ethnicity, and educational attainment Unemployment rate, 2006 Unemployment rate, 2007 Unemployment rate, 2008
16- to 24-year-olds1 25 years
old and
over
16- to 24-year-olds1 25 years old and over 16- to 24-year-olds1 25 years old and over
Total 16 to 19
years
20 to 24
years
Total 16 to 19 years 20 to 24 years Total 16 to 19 years 20 to 24 years
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
                                               
All persons, all education levels 10.5 (0.16) 15.4 (0.29) 8.2 (0.17) 3.6 (0.04) 10.5 (0.16) 15.7 (0.30) 8.2 (0.17) 3.6 (0.04) 12.8 (0.17) 18.7 (0.32) 10.2 (0.19) 4.6 (0.04)
Less than high school completion 16.6 (0.38) 17.5 (0.41) 14.3 (0.64) 6.8 (0.17) 17.3 (0.39) 18.3 (0.43) 15.3 (0.67) 7.1 (0.18) 21.9 (0.45) 22.2 (0.48) 21.1 (0.81) 9.0 (0.20)
High school completion, no college 12.0 (0.31) 15.7 (0.57) 10.5 (0.34) 4.3 (0.08) 11.6 (0.30) 15.5 (0.57) 10.1 (0.34) 4.4 (0.08) 14.5 (0.33) 18.6 (0.61) 12.9 (0.38) 5.7 (0.09)
Some college, no degree 6.3 (0.23) 8.1 (0.53) 5.9 (0.25) 3.9 (0.10) 6.5 (0.24) 8.4 (0.54) 6.1 (0.25) 3.8 (0.10) 8.1 (0.26) 10.2 (0.57) 7.5 (0.28) 5.1 (0.11)
Associate's degree 5.2 (0.50) (†) 5.1 (0.50) 3.0 (0.12) 4.5 (0.46) (†) 4.4 (0.47) 3.0 (0.12) 6.3 (0.55) (†) 6.0 (0.54) 3.7 (0.13)
Bachelor's or higher degree 5.1 (0.37) (†) 5.1 (0.37) 2.0 (0.05) 5.5 (0.37) (†) 5.4 (0.37) 2.0 (0.05) 5.8 (0.37) (†) 5.8 (0.38) 2.6 (0.06)
                                               
Male, all education levels 11.2 (0.22) 16.9 (0.42) 8.7 (0.24) 3.5 (0.05) 11.6 (0.22) 17.6 (0.44) 8.9 (0.24) 3.6 (0.05) 14.4 (0.25) 21.2 (0.48) 11.4 (0.27) 4.8 (0.06)
Less than high school completion 16.4 (0.48) 18.7 (0.58) 12.3 (0.71) 6.1 (0.20) 17.7 (0.52) 19.9 (0.61) 13.8 (0.77) 6.6 (0.21) 22.7 (0.59) 24.3 (0.69) 19.9 (0.94) 8.8 (0.24)
High school completion, no college 12.3 (0.40) 17.0 (0.81) 10.6 (0.43) 4.3 (0.11) 12.2 (0.40) 17.6 (0.83) 10.3 (0.43) 4.4 (0.11) 15.5 (0.44) 21.2 (0.87) 13.5 (0.48) 5.9 (0.12)
Some college, no degree 6.8 (0.34) 9.5 (0.88) 6.3 (0.36) 3.5 (0.13) 7.3 (0.35) 9.5 (0.88) 6.9 (0.38) 3.6 (0.13) 9.3 (0.39) 12.1 (0.93) 8.7 (0.42) 5.0 (0.15)
Associate's degree 6.4 (0.79) (†) 6.5 (0.81) 3.0 (0.17) 4.9 (0.70) (†) 4.8 (0.70) 3.0 (0.17) 6.2 (0.78) (†) 5.9 (0.78) 3.8 (0.18)
Bachelor's or higher degree 5.7 (0.60) (†) 5.7 (0.60) 1.9 (0.07) 6.4 (0.60) (†) 6.4 (0.61) 1.9 (0.07) 6.6 (0.60) (†) 6.7 (0.61) 2.5 (0.08)
                                               
Female, all education levels 9.7 (0.21) 13.8 (0.40) 7.6 (0.23) 3.7 (0.06) 9.4 (0.21) 13.8 (0.40) 7.3 (0.23) 3.6 (0.06) 11.2 (0.23) 16.2 (0.43) 8.8 (0.25) 4.4 (0.06)
Less than high school completion 16.8 (0.55) 16.3 (0.58) 18.7 (1.19) 7.9 (0.29) 16.9 (0.56) 16.5 (0.60) 18.5 (1.21) 8.2 (0.30) 20.7 (0.63) 20.0 (0.66) 23.6 (1.41) 9.4 (0.32)
High school completion, no college 11.5 (0.45) 14.2 (0.80) 10.3 (0.52) 4.3 (0.11) 10.9 (0.43) 13.2 (0.78) 9.8 (0.50) 4.3 (0.11) 13.0 (0.47) 15.4 (0.84) 11.9 (0.55) 5.3 (0.13)
Some college, no degree 5.9 (0.29) 7.1 (0.65) 5.5 (0.32) 4.3 (0.14) 5.9 (0.29) 7.6 (0.67) 5.4 (0.32) 4.1 (0.14) 6.9 (0.31) 8.7 (0.70) 6.4 (0.34) 5.1 (0.15)
Associate's degree 4.1 (0.58) (†) 3.9 (0.58) 3.1 (0.15) 4.0 (0.57) (†) 4.0 (0.58) 3.1 (0.15) 6.4 (0.71) (†) 6.1 (0.71) 3.7 (0.16)
Bachelor's or higher degree 4.7 (0.44) (†) 4.6 (0.44) 2.1 (0.07) 4.8 (0.43) (†) 4.6 (0.42) 2.1 (0.07) 5.2 (0.44) (†) 5.2 (0.44) 2.7 (0.08)
                                               
White, all education levels. 8.9 (0.18) 12.8 (0.32) 6.8 (0.20) 3.0 (0.04) 8.9 (0.18) 13.1 (0.33) 6.9 (0.20) 3.0 (0.04) 10.8 (0.20) 15.6 (0.37) 8.5 (0.22) 3.8 (0.05)
Less than high school completion 14.9 (0.47) 14.7 (0.46) 15.5 (1.09) 6.5 (0.28) 15.7 (0.49) 15.4 (0.48) 17.0 (1.16) 7.3 (0.30) 19.0 (0.56) 18.1 (0.54) 22.7 (1.38) 8.3 (0.33)
High school completion, no college 10.3 (0.37) 12.9 (0.65) 9.2 (0.42) 3.7 (0.09) 9.8 (0.36) 12.5 (0.64) 8.6 (0.41) 3.8 (0.09) 12.9 (0.41) 16.7 (0.73) 11.3 (0.46) 4.9 (0.10)
Some college, no degree 5.4 (0.26) 6.9 (0.57) 5.0 (0.28) 3.3 (0.11) 5.8 (0.27) 7.4 (0.60) 5.4 (0.29) 3.3 (0.11) 6.9 (0.29) 8.1 (0.61) 6.6 (0.31) 4.4 (0.12)
Associate's degree 4.0 (0.51) (†) 3.9 (0.51) 2.7 (0.13) 3.7 (0.50) (†) 3.7 (0.50) 2.6 (0.13) 4.5 (0.55) (†) 4.1 (0.54) 3.3 (0.14)
Bachelor's or higher degree 4.9 (0.42) (†) 4.8 (0.42) 1.9 (0.06) 5.0 (0.40) (†) 5.0 (0.41) 1.9 (0.06) 5.7 (0.42) (†) 5.7 (0.42) 2.3 (0.06)
                                               
Black, all education levels. 20.5 (0.63) 29.9 (1.15) 16.4 (0.70) 6.8 (0.17) 19.4 (0.63) 29.7 (1.20) 15.3 (0.67) 6.2 (0.17) 21.7 (0.66) 31.2 (1.23) 17.9 (0.72) 7.9 (0.18)
Less than high school completion 32.2 (1.46) 33.6 (1.61) 29.5 (2.44) 13.0 (0.72) 32.2 (1.54) 32.9 (1.70) 31.4 (2.59) 12.4 (0.73) 36.0 (1.61) 37.0 (1.80) 34.5 (2.63) 14.9 (0.79)
High school completion, no college 22.2 (1.09) 31.5 (2.18) 19.1 (1.19) 8.0 (0.32) 20.8 (1.05) 29.3 (2.09) 18.1 (1.15) 7.4 (0.30) 21.9 (1.09) 26.8 (2.06) 20.3 (1.22) 9.3 (0.34)
Some college, no degree 11.7 (0.94) 14.1 (2.26) 11.2 (1.01) 6.7 (0.38) 10.8 (0.92) 17.3 (2.73) 10.0 (0.95) 5.9 (0.35) 14.1 (1.02) 21.8 (2.75) 12.7 (1.06) 8.1 (0.40)
Associate's degree 15.3 (2.80) (†) 14.2 (2.78) 5.3 (0.49) 8.0 (2.22) (†) 7.6 (2.19) 4.9 (0.47) 16.8 (2.88) (†) 16.1 (2.88) 6.1 (0.51)
Bachelor's or higher degree 8.7 (1.76) (†) 8.4 (1.75) 2.8 (0.23) 8.8 (1.77) (†) 8.1 (1.71) 2.9 (0.24) 8.0 (1.67) (†) 8.2 (1.70) 3.9 (0.27)
                                               
Hispanic, all education levels. 9.7 (0.40) 15.9 (0.81) 7.2 (0.41) 4.2 (0.13) 10.7 (0.41) 18.1 (0.84) 7.8 (0.42) 4.6 (0.13) 14.7 (0.47) 22.4 (0.90) 11.5 (0.51) 6.1 (0.15)
Less than high school completion 13.1 (0.73) 18.4 (1.14) 9.3 (0.82) 5.5 (0.24) 14.5 (0.77) 21.1 (1.21) 9.5 (0.84) 6.0 (0.25) 21.0 (0.93) 27.5 (1.33) 15.4 (1.12) 8.2 (0.29)
High school completion, no college 9.2 (0.67) 13.9 (1.43) 7.7 (0.71) 4.1 (0.23) 10.2 (0.69) 17.3 (1.57) 8.0 (0.71) 4.4 (0.23) 14.1 (0.78) 19.4 (1.58) 12.2 (0.85) 6.2 (0.26)
Some college, no degree 6.2 (0.70) 10.3 (1.81) 5.2 (0.71) 3.9 (0.32) 6.9 (0.72) 8.8 (1.55) 6.5 (0.79) 4.4 (0.34) 9.2 (0.80) 12.3 (1.71) 8.4 (0.87) 5.4 (0.36)
Associate's degree 4.5 (1.46) (†) 4.5 (1.49) 2.9 (0.41) 5.7 (1.52) (†) 5.7 (1.54) 3.5 (0.43) 8.9 (1.85) (†) 8.6 (1.87) 4.1 (0.45)
Bachelor's or higher degree 3.7 (1.33) (†) 4.1 (1.41) 2.2 (0.24) 6.5 (1.63) (†) 5.3 (1.50) 2.3 (0.24) 5.8 (1.54) (†) 5.9 (1.56) 3.4 (0.28)
                                               
Asian, all education levels. 7.4 (0.81) 13.7 (2.21) 5.6 (0.81) 2.6 (0.16) 7.0 (0.78) 11.9 (2.08) 5.6 (0.79) 2.8 (0.16) 7.6 (0.82) 14.7 (2.29) 5.5 (0.80) 3.5 (0.18)
Less than high school completion 13.5 (2.85) (†) (†) 3.8 (0.71) 16.9 (3.12) (†) (†) 3.0 (0.65) 16.3 (3.03) (†) (†) 6.3 (0.89)
High school completion, no college 8.8 (1.90) (†) 5.4 (1.81) 3.1 (0.42) 5.7 (1.66) (†) 4.1 (1.63) 3.2 (0.41) 11.8 (2.42) (†) 9.5 (2.58) 4.2 (0.46)
Some college, no degree 5.9 (1.20) (†) 5.4 (1.26) 3.8 (0.63) 5.6 (1.14) (†) 5.0 (1.20) 3.6 (0.58) 4.9 (1.08) (†) 3.6 (1.04) 3.7 (0.61)
Associate's degree (†) (†) 6.7 (3.53) 2.3 (0.56) (†) (†) (†) 4.0 (0.74) (†) (†) (†) 3.7 (0.69)
Bachelor's or higher degree (†) (†) 5.1 (1.43) 2.1 (0.19) 6.7 (1.54) (†) 6.1 (1.49) 2.3 (0.20) 4.3 (1.24) (†) 4.6 (1.30) 2.8 (0.21)
†Not applicable.
‡Reporting standards not met.                
1 Excludes persons enrolled in school.                
NOTE: The unemployment rate is the percentage of individuals in the labor force who are not working and who made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the prior 4 weeks. The labor force includes both employed and unemployed persons. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Standard errors appear in parentheses.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Office of Employment and Unemployment Statistics, unpublished 2006, 2007, and 2008 annual average data from the Current Population Survey (CPS). (This table was prepared August 2009.)