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Digest of Education Statistics: 2008
Digest of Education Statistics: 2008

NCES 2009-020
March 2009


Table 417. Percentage of graduate degrees awarded in mathematics and science, by field and country: Selected years, 1985 through 2005
Country All mathematics and science degrees1  Natural sciences2  Mathematics and computer science3  Engineering
1985 1990 1996 2000 2004 2005 1985 1990 1996 2000 2004 2005 1985 1990 1996 2000 2004 2005 1985 1990 1996 2000 2004 2005
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
OECD countries                                                
Australia 14.0 15.2 17.9 20.0 5.4 4.0 2.4 3.1 3.8 4.9 9.3 8.7 4.7 6.3 6.1 8.1
Austria 43.3 37.7 38.8 39.2 34.0 38.6 14.2 12.3 17.5 16.7 12.4 15.0 7.3 4.6 4.7 4.7 5.4 6.6 21.7 20.8 16.6 17.7 16.2 16.9
Belgium (Flemish) 19.7 19.1 18.7 12.7 9.6 9.3 4.8 3.3 7.0 4.6 6.2
Canada 19.7 20.0 22.3 22.4 16.6 18.8 7.5 7.8 7.7 7.4 5.5 5.0 2.8 3.4 3.5 4.1 3.1 4.0 9.4 8.8 11.2 10.9 8.0 9.8
Czech Republic (4) (4) 21.0 11.8 26.1 (4) (4) 5.3 3.2 8.3 (4) (4) 7.9 2.6 5.6 (4) (4) 7.7 6.0 12.3
                                                 
Denmark 16.0 22.2 12.3 27.8 24.2 23.4 4.1 5.8 3.1 9.8 7.3 7.5 2.7 4.8 1.5 2.5 9.2 9.2 9.2 11.6 7.8 15.4 7.7 6.7
Finland 47.6 30.6 28.3 28.7 29.6 30.5 24.0 14.7 11.6 11.3 12.1 11.6 6.3 5.4 4.0 2.4 3.0 4.1 17.2 10.5 12.7 14.9 14.5 14.8
France 26.4 34.4 28.4 13.5 17.1 12.5 5.6 8.5 7.0 7.3 8.8 8.9
Germany5  27.7 33.2 38.6 38.1 35.1 30.9 18.7 23.5 25.5 24.9 22.1 14.8 1.8 2.3 3.5 3.7 4.0 4.8 7.2 7.4 9.5 9.5 9.1 11.3
Greece 49.3 42.8 24.8 22.3 11.4 5.3 13.1 15.2
                                                 
Hungary 9.9 5.6 6.4 1.7 1.8 1.8 0.7 1.4 1.7 7.5 2.3 2.9
Iceland 35.9 15.9 23.0 19.4 8.8 9.5 # 3.4 3.0 16.5 3.7 10.5
Ireland 31.4 34.5 23.1 28.1 17.5 16.8 18.9 19.5 10.9 6.9 4.8 4.1 2.6 5.8 3.0 15.2 6.5 6.3 9.9 9.3 9.2 6.0 6.2 6.4
Italy 11.7 13.7 15.9 0.3 3.4 3.5 5.8 3.5 3.5 5.7 6.8 8.9
Japan 50.1 54.6 9.5 9.5 10.2 40.5 45.1 44.4 41.9 38.0 38.0
                                                 
Korea, Republic of 48.4 45.4 43.9 8.5 9.7 9.5 5.7 3.3 2.0 34.3 32.4 32.4
Mexico 31.4 16.1 14.7 18.9 3.4 3.3 4.1 3.6 3.2 8.4 9.2 8.2
Netherlands 28.9 18.6 22.5 18.2 20.6 17.7 4.4 6.7 4.1 1.5 3.7 1.3 2.3 7.5 9.7 10.6 1.2 14.4 11.9
New Zealand 45.1 22.6 16.7 20.5 17.2 16.6 24.6 13.8 12.7 11.6 7.4 7.2 5.4 4.7 1.1 1.4 5.6 5.2 15.1 4.0 3.0 7.5 4.1 4.2
Norway 40.1 33.4 38.3 22.0 16.5 25.8 17.9 8.0 8.7 14.9 7.6 7.8 3.5 2.1 1.9 4.6 5.8 11.9 18.7 23.3 27.7 2.5 3.0 6.1
                                                 
Poland 3.3 4.9 8.7 0.7 1.0 1.5 0.7 1.4 3.7 1.9 2.4 3.5
Portugal 39.3 40.7 33.8 11.7 15.2 12.0 9.4 10.9 10.0 18.2 14.6 11.9
Slovak Republic (4) (4) 38.1 34.5 36.8 (4) (4) 12.6 12.1 10.8 (4) (4) 4.7 4.4 4.2 (4) (4) 20.9 18.0 21.8
Spain 35.6 26.9 36.0 36.1 34.9 37.5 28.6 19.7 24.8 23.9 22.7 23.8 1.8 1.4 4.1 5.4 4.8 4.6 5.1 5.7 7.1 6.8 7.4 9.1
Sweden 48.0 48.5 32.3 40.5 32.5 23.7 21.2 19.4 9.2 14.3 10.6 8.0 6.8 9.2 5.9 4.0 4.2 2.8 20.0 19.9 17.1 22.2 17.7 12.9
                                                 
Switzerland 30.7 30.2 40.1 42.7 26.6 32.0 20.3 22.0 25.8 11.7 10.6 11.7 2.8 1.7 4.1 19.5 2.4 3.4 7.6 6.5 10.1 11.6 13.6 16.9
Turkey 35.8 24.0 25.7 19.9 21.4 6.6 7.6 7.6 6.1 6.7 2.8 3.3 3.0 2.8 3.4 26.3 13.2 15.2 10.9 11.2
United Kingdom 21.7 19.8 20.3 7.4 5.7 5.5 5.0 5.9 5.7 9.2 8.2 9.0
United States 13.5 14.5 13.8 13.0 12.5 13.5 4.5 4.2 4.0 3.4 1.9 3.3 2.8 3.4 3.2 3.4 3.8 3.5 6.3 6.9 6.7 6.2 6.8 6.7
Reporting partner economies                                                
Brazil
Chile 8.5 2.2 1.6 4.6
Estonia (4) (4) 23.9 (4) (4) 10.0 (4) (4) 5.0 (4) (4) 8.9
Israel 18.1 17.7 17.9 9.2 8.9 8.9 2.8 3.3 3.2 6.1 5.5 5.9
Russian Federation (4) (4) (4) (4) (4) (4) (4) (4)
Slovenia (4) (4) 24.2 (4) (4) 6.4 (4) (4) 4.2 (4) (4) 13.6
— Not available.
# Rounds to zero.
1 Includes life sciences, physical sciences, mathematics/statistics, computer science, and engineering.
2 Includes life sciences and physical sciences.
3 Includes mathematics/statistics and computer science.
4 Country did not exist in its current form in the given year .
5 Data for 1985 are for the former West Germany.
NOTE: Data in this table refer to degrees classified by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) as International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) level 5A, second award, and as ISCED 6. ISCED 5A, second award, corresponds to master's and first-professional degrees in the United States, and ISCED 6 corresponds to doctor's degrees. Data for Luxembourg are not shown because tertiary students study for only 1 year in Luxembourg. Some data have been revised from pre­viously published figures .
SOURCE: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Education Online Database. Retrieved July 14, 2008, from http://stats.oecd.org/WBOS/Default.aspx. (This table was prepared July 2008.)