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Digest of Education Statistics
2008 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 414. Instructional practices and time spent teaching science in eighth grade, by country: 2003
Country or
other jurisdiction
Percent of students who reported doing activity about half the lessons or more Students' average yearly instructional time in hours
Watch the teacher demonstrate an experiment or investigation Design or plan an experiment or investigation Conduct an experiment or investigation Work in small groups on an experiment or investigation Write explanations about what was observed and why it happened Relate what is being learned in science to our daily lives General integrated science Earth science Chemistry Biology Physics
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
International average 64   (0.2) 49   (0.2) 57   (0.3) 59   (0.3) 66   (0.2) 57   (0.2) 117   (0.7) 55   (0.6) 61   (0.8) 61   (0.8) 68   (0.6)
Australia 54   (1.6) 49   (1.7) 60   (2.2) 68   (2.1) 75   (1.5) 42   (1.1) 132 1  (3.6)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Bahrain 83   (0.8) 63   (0.8) 64   (0.8) 66   (1.1) 68   (0.9) 64   (0.9) 119   (1.1)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Belgium (Flemish)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 52 1  (3.2)   (†) 55 1  (3.3) 58 1  (2.7)
Botswana 61   (0.9) 45   (0.8) 48   (1.0) 50   (1.1) 61   (0.9) 71   (0.8)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Bulgaria   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 53 2  (2.2) 63 2  (2.9) 65 1  (3.2) 64 2  (3.3)
                                                                   
Chile 57   (1.3) 56   (1.4) 54   (1.5) 61   (1.4) 69   (1.0) 62   (0.7) 118 2  (2.2)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Chinese Taipei 48 3  (1.1) 24 3  (0.9) 36 3  (1.3) 37 3  (1.5) 37 3  (1.1) 40 3  (1.0)   (†)   (†) 4  (†)   (†) 134 4  (2.0)
Cyprus   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 53 1  (0.7) 34 1  (1.6)   (†) 52 1  (0.8)
Egypt 80   (0.7) 61   (1.0) 62   (1.0) 60   (0.8) 71   (0.7) 73   (0.7)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
England   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
                                                                   
Estonia   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 55   (2.9) 65   (3.9) 80   (4.8) 59   (1.8)
Ghana 73   (1.2) 54   (1.3) 55   (1.3) 54   (1.5) 64   (1.5) 75   (1.0)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Hong Kong, SAR5  66   (1.2) 35   (1.0) 71   (1.5) 75   (1.2) 67   (1.2) 61   (0.8) 103 1  (4.0)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Hungary   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 58 1  (2.5) 59 1  (2.1) 61 1  (2.8) 57 1  (2.5)
Indonesia   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 93 1  (3.6) 93 1  (3.3)
                                                                   
Iran, Islamic Republic of 87   (1.0) 66   (1.4) 77   (1.2) 73   (1.5) 78   (1.0) 70   (1.0) 106 1  (3.7)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Israel 73   (1.6) 56   (1.4) 63   (1.6) 52   (1.8) 76   (1.3) 56   (1.0)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Italy 26   (1.3) 16   (0.9) 13   (0.8) 12   (0.8) 32   (1.4) 35   (1.1) 69 1  (1.1)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Japan 66   (1.5) 51   (1.7) 75   (1.7) 79   (1.6) 69   (1.5) 27   (1.1) 99 2  (1.5)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Jordan 67   (1.5) 56   (1.4) 55   (1.7) 53   (1.6) 66   (1.3) 70   (1.1) 135   (0.8)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
                                                                   
Korea, Republic of 31   (1.0) 14   (0.8) 20   (1.1) 39   (1.3) 44   (1.3) 36   (0.9) 103 1  (2.7)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Latvia   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 64 1  (4.2) 56 1  (4.1)
Lebanon   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Lithuania   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 59 2  (0.4) 65 2  (1.2) 46 2  (3.5) 60 2  (0.8)
Macedonia   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 53 2  (1.4) 64 2  (2.5) 59 2  (2.0) 79 2  (1.5)
                                                                   
Malaysia 83   (1.1) 46   (1.3) 71   (1.7) 77   (1.3) 73   (1.0) 72   (1.0) 119   (1.8)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Moldova, Republic of   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Morocco 82   (1.2) 62   (1.3) 61 2  (1.2) 50   (1.3) 74   (1.0) 65 2  (1.2)   (†) 6  (†) 4  (†) 6  (†) 4  (†)
Netherlands   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 54 1  (1.7) 4  (†) 58 1  (1.8) 68 2.4  (2.4)
New Zealand 60   (2.0) 50   (2.1) 56   (2.5) 66   (2.3) 73   (1.8) 45   (1.3) 132   (2.4)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
                                                                   
Norway 40   (1.5) 34   (1.6) 49   (2.2) 49   (2.2) 56   (1.9) 31   (0.9) 92   (2.5)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Palestinian National Authority 70   (1.2) 56   (1.2) 57   (1.0) 54   (1.5) 66   (1.2) 69   (0.9) 101 1  (1.8)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Philippines7  74   (0.9) 58   (1.2) 57   (1.0) 62   (1.1) 72   (1.0) 76   (0.8) 202   (4.2)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Romania   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 60 2  (1.1) 67 2  (2.4) 38 2  (2.6) 67 2  (2.4)
Russian Federation   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 49 2  (0.7) 59 2  (1.2) 49 2  (0.8) 49 2  (0.9)
                                                                   
Saudi Arabia 68   (1.3) 50   (1.3) 51   (1.4) 43   (1.4) 60   (1.3) 67   (1.0) 106 1  (1.6)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Scotland 69   (1.4) 54   (1.3) 74   (1.4) 81   (1.2) 83   (1.1) 47   (1.0)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Serbia   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 53 2  (2.2) 61 1  (3.7) 53 1  (1.0) 56 1  (2.5)
Singapore 49   (0.9) 31   (0.6) 55   (1.0) 57   (0.8) 68   (0.8) 58   (0.7) 107   (1.9)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Slovak Republic   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 66 2  (3.9) 76 2  (3.8) 72 2  (5.2) 70 2  (4.5)
                                                                   
Slovenia   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 59   (1.1) 56   (0.7) 57 2  (0.5)
South Africa 72   (1.1) 64   (1.2) 63   (1.1) 70   (1.1) 73   (0.7) 77   (0.7)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Sweden   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 131 2  (7.6)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Tunisia 79   (0.7) 65   (1.0) 69   (1.0) 55   (1.2) 73   (0.8) 54   (0.9)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
United States 57   (1.3) 48   (1.2) 55   (1.4) 65   (1.5) 65   (1.4) 51   (0.9) 135 1  (2.2)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1 Data are available for at least 50 but less than 70 percent of the students.
2 Data are available for at least 70 but less than 85 percent of the students.
3 Students in Chinese Taipei were asked about natural science; data pertain to grade 8 physics/chemistry course.
4 Data reported in physics column are for grade 8 physics/chemistry.
5 SAR = Special Administrative Region.
6 Data reported in biology column are for grade 8 biology/earth science.
7 Students study only biology at grade 8.
NOTE: Data are for eighth grade or equivalent in most countries. Standard errors appear in parentheses. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 2003, TIMSS 2003 International Science Report, by Michael O. Martin et al. (This table was pre­pared April 2005.)

2008 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest