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Digest of Education Statistics: 2008
Digest of Education Statistics: 2008

NCES 2009-020
March 2009


Table 412. Average fourth-grade science scores in content areas and average time spent teaching science in school, by country: 2003
Country or other jurisdiction Average score by content area Average yearly
science instructional
time in hours
Science instruc-
tional time as a
percent of total
instructional
time1 
Science overall Life science Physical science Earth science
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Armenia 437   (4.3) 435   (4.4) 429   (4.3) 450   (3.6)   (†)   (†)
Australia2  521   (4.2) 523   (3.8) 518   (3.9) 518   (4.1) 45 3  (2.6) 5   (0.3)
Belgium (Flemish) 518   (1.8) 524   (1.7) 507   (2.3) 522   (1.7)   (†)   (†)
Chinese Taipei 551   (1.7) 540   (1.6) 554   (2.0) 559   (2.6) 84   (1.0) 11   (0.2)
Cyprus 480   (2.4) 482   (2.1) 479   (2.3) 487   (2.5) 46 3  (1.4) 5   (0.2)
                                     
England2  540   (3.6) 532   (3.1) 546   (3.2) 535   (3.5)   (†)   (†)
Hong Kong, SAR2,4  542   (3.1) 535   (2.6) 548   (2.7) 536   (2.7) 77 3  (5.4) 8   (0.5)
Hungary 530   (3.0) 536   (2.5) 526   (2.7) 526   (3.7) 54 3  (1.0) 6   (0.1)
Iran, Islamic Republic of 414   (4.1) 424   (4.6) 419   (4.5) 428   (3.0)   (†)   (†)
Italy 516   (3.8) 521   (3.5) 512   (3.5) 519   (3.7) 73 5  (2.3) 8 5  (0.3)
                                     
Japan 543   (1.5) 530   (1.3) 557   (1.7) 535   (1.9) 81   (1.2) 8   (0.2)
Latvia 532   (2.5) 531   (2.3) 532   (2.6) 534   (2.9)   (†)   (†)
Lithuania6  512   (2.6) 516   (2.0) 512   (2.5) 503   (3.2) 53   (1.6) 6   (0.2)
Moldova, Republic of 496   (4.6) 504   (3.9) 489   (3.9) 505   (4.9)   (†)   (†)
Morocco 304   (6.7) 300   (6.1) 308   (7.0) 311   (6.1)   (†)   (†)
                                     
Netherlands2  525   (2.0) 547   (1.8) 505   (1.9) 503   (2.3) 33 3  (1.8) 3   (0.2)
New Zealand 520   (2.5) 520   (2.3) 516   (2.3) 522   (2.3) 65 3  (3.5) 7   (0.4)
Norway 466   (2.6) 480   (2.2) 456   (2.3) 473   (2.8) 38 5  (1.8) 4 5  (0.2)
Philippines 332   (9.4) 330   (9.0) 343   (9.6) 324   (9.2) 176 5  (3.2) 16 5  (0.4)
Russian Federation 526   (5.2) 526   (4.7) 527   (5.2) 527   (6.0) 33 3  (1.2) 5   (0.2)
                                     
Scotland2  502   (2.9) 506   (3.1) 503   (2.6) 498   (2.6)   (†)   (†)
Singapore 565   (5.5) 506   (3.1) 503   (2.6) 498   (2.6) 64   (0.6) 7   (0.1)
Slovenia 490   (2.5) 489   (2.9) 497   (2.3) 490   (2.7) 75 5  (2.2) 9 5  (0.3)
Tunisia 314   (5.7) 290   (5.9) 324   (5.3) 336   (4.8)   (†)   (†)
United States2  536   (2.5) 537   (2.2) 531   (2.3) 535   (2.5) 83 5  (3.0) 8 5  (0.3)
† Not applicable.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1 Computed as the ratio of science instructional time to the total instructional time averaged across students.
2 Met guidelines for participation rates only after replacement schools were included.
3 Data are available for at least 50 but less than 70 percent of the students.
4 SAR = Special Administrative Region.
5 Data are available for at least 70 but less than 85 percent of the students.
6 National Desired Population does not cover all of International Desired Population.
NOTE: Data are for fourth grade or equivalent in most countries. Possible scores range from 0 to 1,000. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Standard errors appear in parentheses.
SOURCE: International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), 2003, TIMSS 2003 Interna­tional Science Report, by Michael O. Martin et al. (This table was prepared October 2005.)