Skip Navigation
Digest of Education Statistics: 2008
Digest of Education Statistics: 2008

NCES 2009-020
March 2009


Table 411. Average mathematics scores at the end of secondary school, by sex, average time spent studying mathematics out of school, and country: 1995
Country Average score in mathematics Amount of daily out-of-school study time in mathematics
Total Males Females Less than 1 hour 1 to 2 hours 3 or more hours Average hours1 
Percent Mean score Percent Mean score Percent Mean score
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
Australia2  522 (9.3) 540 (10.3) 510 (9.3) 59 (2.2) 521 (8.3) 36 (2.2) 557 (10.2) 5 (0.8) 534 (13.4) 1.0 (0.04)
Austria2  518 (5.3) 545 (7.2) 503 (5.5) 77 (1.7) 526 (5.8) 19 (1.6) 533 (9.4) 4 (0.8) 502 (13.7) 0.6 (0.04)
Canada2  519 (2.8) 537 (3.8) 504 (3.5) 56 (2.1) 539 (5.1) 38 (1.9) 547 (5.0) 7 (1.0) 526 (14.6) 1.1 (0.05)
Cyprus2  446 (2.5) 454 (4.9) 439 (3.7) 63 (2.1) 435 (4.3) 29 (1.8) 471 (4.8) 8 (1.3) 451 (9.0) 1.0 (0.05)
Czech Republic 466 (12.3) 488 (11.3) 443 (16.8) 92 (1.5) 464 (13.8) 8 (1.4) 482 (17.8) # (†) (†) 0.4 (0.03)
                                         
Denmark2  547 (3.3) 575 (4.0) 523 (4.0) 68 (2.0) 571 (4.9) 28 (1.6) 563 (4.7) 4 (0.7) 562 (11.9) 0.9 (0.04)
France2  523 (5.1) 544 (5.6) 506 (5.3) 59 (2.3) 517 (5.1) 35 (2.3) 539 (6.7) 5 (0.7) 505 (14.7) 1.0 (0.04)
Germany2  495 (5.9) 509 (8.7) 480 (8.8) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
Hungary 483 (3.2) 485 (4.9) 481 (4.8) 74 (0.9) 480 (3.2) 24 (0.8) 496 (5.5) 2 (0.2) (†) 0.7 (0.02)
Iceland2  534 (2.0) 558 (3.4) 514 (2.2) 79 (1.1) 553 (3.2) 19 (1.1) 542 (7.0) 2 (0.4) (†) 0.7 (0.02)
                                         
Italy2  476 (5.5) 490 (7.4) 464 (6.0) 55 (2.6) 479 (6.3) 40 (2.2) 486 (7.2) 5 (0.9) 477 (11.2) 1.0 (0.05)
Lithuania2  469 (6.1) 485 (7.3) 461 (7.7) 67 (1.8) 472 (5.8) 29 (1.7) 480 (5.2) 4 (0.5) 484 (11.5) 0.8 (0.03)
Netherlands2  560 (4.7) 585 (5.6) 533 (5.9) 82 (1.7) 606 (6.2) 16 (1.6) 581 (11.1) 1 (0.3) (†) 0.7 (0.03)
New Zealand 522 (4.5) 536 (4.9) 507 (6.2) 75 (1.4) 544 (6.1) 23 (1.4) 552 (5.9) 2 (0.3) (†) 0.7 (0.03)
Norway2  528 (4.1) 555 (5.3) 501 (4.8) 85 (1.4) 541 (5.1) 14 (1.3) 558 (9.5) 1 (0.3) (†) 0.5 (0.03)
                                         
Russian Federation2  471 (6.2) 488 (6.5) 460 (6.6) 56 (2.0) 463 (5.9) 33 (1.4) 484 (7.5) 11 (1.2) 494 (8.1) 1.2 (0.06)
Slovenia2  512 (8.3) 535 (12.7) 490 (8.0) 72 (2.7) 521 (9.4) 25 (2.6) 518 (9.5) 2 (0.6) (†) 0.7 (0.05)
South Africa2  356 (8.3) 365 (9.3) 348 (10.8) 33 (1.8) 394 (17.1) 51 (1.8) 375 (10.9) 17 (1.2) 344 (7.2) 1.7 (0.05)
Sweden 552 (4.3) 573 (5.9) 531 (3.9) 90 (0.9) 579 (5.4) 9 (0.9) 580 (7.8) 1 (0.2) (†) 0.4 (0.02)
Switzerland 540 (5.8) 555 (6.4) 522 (7.4) 67 (1.6) 569 (4.9) 28 (1.3) 550 (5.6) 5 (0.9) 522 (10.6) 0.9 (0.04)
United States2  461 (3.2) 466 (4.1) 456 (3.6) 76 (1.5) 475 (3.8) 22 (1.5) 486 (5.9) 2 (0.2) (†) 0.7 (0.02)
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
1 Average hours based on: No time = 0; Less than 1 hour = 0. 5; 1–2 hours = 1.5; 3–5 hours = 4; More than 5 hours = 7.
2 Countries did not meet all International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement sampling specifications.
NOTE: End of secondary school is equivalent to 12th grade in the United States and a few other countries, but ranges from 9th to 14th grades among the survey countries. Possible scores range from 0 to 1,000. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Standard errors appear in parentheses.
SOURCE: International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), 1995, Mathematics and Science Achievement in the Final Year of Secondary School, by Ina V. S. Mullis et al. (This table was prepared October 1998.)