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Digest of Education Statistics: 2008
Digest of Education Statistics: 2008

NCES 2009-020
March 2009


Table 408. Percentage of lesson time spent on various mathematics activities, yearly mathematics instructional time, and mathematics instructional time as a percentage of total instructional time in eighth grade, by country: 2003
Country or other jurisdiction Percentage of time in mathematics lessons students spend on various activities in a typical week Students'
average yearly mathematics instructional
time, in hours
Mathematics instructional time
as a percent of
total instructional time
Reviewing homework Listening to lecture- style presentations Working
problems with teacher's guidance
Working problems on their own without teacher's guidance Listening to
teachers re-
teach and
clarify
content/
procedures
Taking tests
and quizzes
Participating
in classroom management
tasks not related
to the lesson's
content/purpose
Other
student activities
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
International average 11   (0.1) 19   (0.1) 22   (0.2) 18   (0.2) 11   (0.1) 10   (0.1) 5   (0.1) 4   (0.1) 123   (0.4) 12   (#)
                                                             
Armenia 10 1  (0.5) 14 1  (0.8) 26 1  (1.1) 19 1  (0.9) 13 1  (0.6) 11 1  (0.6) 4 1  (0.3) 4 1  (0.3)   (†)   (†)
Australia 8   (0.5) 15   (0.8) 23   (1.2) 28   (1.2) 9   (0.4) 7   (0.4) 7   (0.6) 3   (0.4) 136 1  (2.9) 13 1  (0.3)
Bahrain 13   (0.5) 24   (0.9) 17   (0.5) 12   (0.5) 12   (0.3) 13   (0.5) 6   (0.5) 6   (0.3) 142   (0.8) 16   (0.1)
Belgium (Flemish) 7   (0.4) 14   (1.0) 26   (1.0) 20   (0.9) 16   (0.8) 11   (0.4) 4   (0.3) 2   (0.2) 123 2  (2.2) 13   (0.3)
Botswana 13 1  (0.9) 16 1  (1.1) 19 1  (1.1) 21 1  (1.2) 11 1  (0.8) 10 1  (0.7) 6 1  (0.5) 5 1  (0.4)   (†)   (†)
                                                             
Bulgaria 10   (0.6) 18   (1.3) 26   (1.0) 16   (0.8) 17   (0.9) 8   (0.5) 3   (0.4) 2   (0.3) 96 1  (1.7) 11 1  (0.2)
Chile 10   (0.4) 18   (0.8) 21   (0.9) 18   (0.8) 14   (0.7) 11   (0.5) 6   (0.4) 3   (0.3) 160 1  (4.1) 14 1  (0.4)
Chinese Taipei 12   (0.5) 42   (1.3) 13   (0.6) 7   (0.5) 9   (0.4) 10   (0.4) 4   (0.3) 3   (0.3) 141   (2.0) 13   (0.2)
Cyprus 22 1   (0.4) 16 1   (0.5) 20 1   (0.5) 14 1  (0.4) 12 1  (0.4) 10 1  (0.5) 5 1  (0.2) 2 1  (0.2) 75 2  (0.4) 8   (0.1)
Egypt 11   (0.4) 18   (1.0) 17   (0.8) 15   (0.7) 15   (0.8) 11   (0.4) 6   (0.3) 7   (0.4)   (†)   (†)
                                                             
England3  ‡  2  (†) ‡  2  (†) ‡  2  (†) ‡  2  (†) ‡  2  (†) ‡  2  (†) ‡  2  (†) ‡  2  (†)   (†)   (†)
Estonia 10   (0.4) 12   (0.6) 25   (1.0) 25   (0.8) 11   (0.5) 13   (0.6) 3   (0.3) 2   (0.3) 125   (1.2) 12   (0.2)
Ghana 11 1  (0.4) 16 1  (0.9) 20 1  (0.8) 18 1  (0.7) 12 1  (0.7) 12 1  (0.4) 7 1  (0.4) 6 1  (0.3)   (†)   (†)
Hong Kong, SAR4,5  8   (0.4) 36   (1.5) 18   (0.7) 16   (0.8) 9   (0.7) 6   (0.3) 4   (0.5) 4   (0.4) 145 2  (5.2) 15   (0.5)
Hungary 12   (0.4) 13   (0.7) 25   (0.9) 25   (1.0) 10   (0.4) 10   (0.4) 3   (0.3) 3   (0.3) 112 2  (2.0) 11   (0.2)
                                                             
Indonesia6  12 1  (0.5) 25 1  (1.1) 20 1  (0.9) 14 1  (0.9) 12 1  (0.5) 12 1  (0.7) 3 1  (0.4) 3 1  (0.5) 169 2  (4.4) 13   (0.4)
Iran, Islamic Republic of 12   (0.6) 17   (0.8) 18   (0.7) 14   (0.7) 15   (0.7) 11   (0.5) 6   (0.3) 6   (0.6) 115 2  (3.5) 12   (0.4)
Israel7  14 1  (0.6) 15 1  (0.8) 22 1  (0.7) 21 1  (0.8) 11 1  (0.4) 10 1  (0.5) 5 1  (0.5) 3 1  (0.3)   (†)   (†)
Italy 15   (0.6) 22   (0.6) 19   (0.6) 13   (0.6) 13   (0.4) 11   (0.5) 4   (0.3) 2   (0.3) 132 1  (1.7) 13 1  (0.2)
Japan 7   (0.6) 29   (1.3) 28   (1.1) 11   (1.0) 15   (0.9) 6   (0.4) 2   (0.2) 2   (0.4) 107   (2.6) 10   (0.2)
                                                             
Jordan 15   (0.7) 23   (1.0) 17   (0.8) 13   (0.8) 11   (0.5) 9   (0.4) 6   (0.4) 6   (0.5) 110   (0.9) 12   (0.2)
Korea, Republic of8  6 2  (0.3) 30 2  (1.2) 19 2  (0.6) 20 2  (0.7) 9 2  (0.4) 8 2  (0.4) 5 2  (0.3) 3 2  (0.5) 109 2  (1.2) 9   (0.1)
Latvia 8 1  (0.6) 12 1  (0.7) 25 1  (1.1) 22 1  (0.9) 11 1  (0.6) 15 1  (0.7) 2 1  (0.2) 4 1  (0.4) 122 2  (1.4) 13   (0.3)
Lebanon 24 2  (1.6) 17 2  (0.9) 23 2  (1.1) 8 2  (0.8) 10 2  (0.6) 11 2  (0.6) 4 2  (0.4) 4 2  (0.4)   (†)   (†)
Lithuania6  9   (0.5) 7   (0.6) 30   (1.2) 26   (0.9) 11   (0.7) 14   (0.6) 1   (0.2) 2   (0.2) 122 1  (0.9) 11 1  (0.2)
                                                             
Macedonia, Republic of7  7   (0.3) 37   (1.1) 19   (0.7) 15   (0.7) 6   (0.4) 8   (0.4) 3   (0.3) 4   (0.3) 80 1  (1.2) 9 1  (0.2)
Malaysia 13   (0.7) 21   (1.0) 21   (0.9) 16   (0.8) 9   (0.5) 8   (0.4) 6   (0.4) 6   (0.4) 120   (1.4) 12   (0.1)
Moldova, Republic of 9 2  (0.6) 15 2  (1.0) 23 2  (1.0) 18 2  (0.9) 11 2  (0.8) 14 2  (0.8) 4 2  (0.7) 5 2  (0.6)   (†)   (†)
Morocco6,9    (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Netherlands4  15   (1.1) 13   (0.7) 21   (2.0) 28   (2.5) 7   (0.5) 8   (0.5) 5   (0.5) 4   (0.4) 94 2  (1.4) 9   (0.1)
                                                             
New Zealand 7   (0.4) 17   (0.8) 24   (1.1) 23   (1.3) 9   (0.4) 8   (0.4) 7   (0.5) 4   (0.5) 136   (1.7) 14   (0.2)
Norway 8   (0.4) 19   (0.6) 26   (1.2) 25   (1.5) 10   (0.4) 6   (0.3) 4   (0.3) 3   (0.4) 114   (2.3) 13   (0.3)
Palestinian National Authority 13 1  (0.6) 23 1  (1.0) 18 1  (0.8) 16 1  (0.9) 11 1  (0.5) 9 1  (0.3) 6 1  (0.3) 6 1  (0.4) 127 2  (2.3) 14   (0.3)
Philippines 9 1  (0.4) 20 1  (0.9) 16 1  (0.8) 15 1  (1.0) 11 1  (0.5) 16 1  (0.7) 7 1  (0.3) 6 1  (0.4) 193   (3.6) 17   (0.4)
Romania 9   (0.4) 24   (0.8) 29   (1.0) 15   (0.7) 10   (0.4) 9   (0.5) 3   (0.3) 2   (0.2) 120 1  (2.1) 13 1  (0.3)
                                                             
Russian Federation 11   (0.2) 20   (0.7) 20   (0.7) 18   (0.7) 8   (0.4) 18   (0.5) 1   (0.2) 3   (0.3) 128 1  (2.1) 15 1  (0.3)
Saudi Arabia 15 1  (1.0) 16 1  (1.6) 13 1  (1.0) 8 1  (0.7) 23 1  (2.2) 12 1  (1.0) 6 1  (0.4) 7 1  (0.8) 110 2  (1.0) 11   (0.2)
Scotland4  8 1  (0.3) 22 1  (0.7) 26 1  (1.3) 22 1  (1.5) 8 1  (0.5) 4 1  (0.3) 6 1  (0.5) 3 1  (0.5) 142 2  (2.2) 14   (0.2)
Serbia6  7   (0.4) 25   (1.4) 23   (1.2) 20   (1.2) 9   (0.5) 7   (0.4) 3   (0.3) 5   (0.5) 107 2  (1.5) 13   (0.2)
Singapore 11   (0.4) 27   (0.7) 19   (0.6) 15   (0.5) 9   (0.3) 8   (0.3) 6   (0.4) 4   (0.4) 114   (1.6) 13   (0.2)
                                                             
Slovak Republic 8   (0.3) 17   (0.7) 27   (0.9) 17   (0.7) 13   (0.5) 12   (0.4) 3   (0.3) 3   (0.3) 126 1  (1.9) 14 1  (0.3)
Slovenia 11   (0.4) 21   (0.8) 24   (0.7) 22   (0.9) 10   (0.6) 6   (0.3) 2   (0.2) 4   (0.4) 116   (1.3) 11   (0.1)
South Africa 15 2  (0.9) 13 2  (0.7) 19 2  (0.9) 18 2  (0.9) 11 2  (0.6) 12 2  (0.6) 7 2  (0.4) 5 2  (0.4)   (†)   (†)
Sweden 4   (0.4) 11   (0.6) 37   (1.8) 28   (1.8) 9   (0.3) 6   (0.3) 3   (0.3) 3   (0.4) 91 1  (1.6) 10 1  (0.2)
Tunisia 18 1  (0.9) 14 1  (1.0) 17 1  (0.9) 18 1  (0.9) 14 1  (0.8) 13 1  (0.7) 4 1  (0.4) 4 1  (0.5)   (†)   (†)
United States9  13   (0.5) 18   (0.7) 21   (0.6) 18   (0.6) 11   (0.3) 11   (0.4) 5   (0.3) 4   (0.4) 135 2  (2.2) 13   (0.2)
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1 Data available for at least 70 but less than 85 percent of students, with missing data having not been explicitly accounted for in the analysis.
2 Data available for at least 50 but less than 70 percent of students, with missing data having not been explicitly accounted for in the analysis.
3 Did not satisfy guidelines for sample participation rates.
4 Met guidelines for sample participation rates only after replacement schools were included.
5 SAR = Special Administrative Region.
6 National Desired Population does not cover all of International Desired Population.
7 National Defined Population covers less than 90 percent of National Desired Population.
8 Korea tested the same cohort of students as other countries, but later in 2003, at the beginning of the next school year.
9 Nearly satisfied guidelines for sample participation rates only after replacement schools were included.
NOTE: Percentage of time in mathematics lessons students spend on various activities in a typical week provided by teachers. Mathematics instructional time provided by teachers and total instructional time provided by schools. Data are for eighth grade or equivalent in most countries. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Standard errors appear in parentheses.
SOURCE: International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), 2003, TIMSS 2003 International Mathematics Report, by Ina V.S. Mullis et al. (This table was prepared April 2005.)