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Digest of Education Statistics: 2008
Digest of Education Statistics: 2008

NCES 2009-020
March 2009


Table 404. Mean scores and percentage distribution of 15-year-olds scoring at each mathematics literacy proficiency level, by country: 2006
Country or other jurisdiction Mean score Percentage distribution at levels of proficiency1 
Below level 1 Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Level 5 Level 6
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
OECD total2 484 (1.2) 10.2 (0.35) 16.2 (0.31) 23.2 (0.40) 22.8 (0.40) 16.7 (0.29) 8.3 (0.21) 2.6 (0.10)
OECD average3 498 (0.5) 7.7 (0.14) 13.6 (0.15) 21.9 (0.17) 24.3 (0.16) 19.1 (0.16) 10.0 (0.12) 3.3 (0.09)
                                 
Australia 520 (2.2) 3.3 (0.28) 9.7 (0.41) 20.5 (0.62) 26.9 (0.57) 23.2 (0.54) 12.1 (0.48) 4.3 (0.47)
Austria 505 (3.7) 7.5 (0.95) 12.5 (1.09) 19.5 (1.06) 23.3 (0.90) 21.3 (1.12) 12.3 (0.79) 3.5 (0.50)
Belgium 520 (3.0) 7.1 (0.85) 10.2 (0.71) 17.0 (0.69) 21.4 (0.67) 21.9 (0.79) 16.0 (0.68) 6.4 (0.40)
Canada 527 (2.0) 2.8 (0.29) 8.0 (0.52) 18.6 (0.65) 27.5 (0.73) 25.1 (0.66) 13.6 (0.58) 4.4 (0.37)
Czech Republic 510 (3.6) 7.2 (0.72) 11.9 (0.84) 20.5 (0.99) 23.0 (0.92) 19.1 (1.06) 12.3 (0.75) 6.0 (0.67)
                                 
Denmark 513 (2.6) 3.6 (0.54) 10.0 (0.67) 21.4 (0.78) 28.8 (0.88) 22.5 (0.85) 10.9 (0.58) 2.8 (0.39)
Finland 548 (2.3) 1.1 (0.21) 4.8 (0.53) 14.4 (0.70) 27.2 (0.73) 28.1 (0.83) 18.1 (0.76) 6.3 (0.50)
France 496 (3.2) 8.4 (0.82) 13.9 (1.00) 21.4 (1.16) 24.2 (1.01) 19.6 (0.95) 9.9 (0.67) 2.6 (0.47)
Germany 504 (3.9) 7.3 (1.01) 12.5 (0.80) 21.2 (1.13) 24.0 (1.07) 19.4 (0.90) 11.0 (0.78) 4.5 (0.50)
Greece 459 (3.0) 13.3 (1.10) 19.0 (1.19) 26.8 (0.94) 23.2 (1.12) 12.6 (1.05) 4.2 (0.47) 0.9 (0.17)
                                 
Hungary 491 (2.9) 6.7 (0.56) 14.5 (0.80) 25.1 (1.01) 26.5 (0.94) 16.9 (1.07) 7.7 (0.72) 2.6 (0.47)
Iceland 506 (1.8) 5.1 (0.41) 11.7 (0.68) 22.3 (0.88) 26.6 (1.00) 21.7 (0.88) 10.1 (0.65) 2.5 (0.32)
Ireland 501 (2.8) 4.1 (0.50) 12.3 (0.93) 24.1 (1.00) 28.6 (0.90) 20.6 (0.94) 8.6 (0.67) 1.6 (0.25)
Italy 462 (2.3) 13.5 (0.72) 19.3 (0.69) 25.5 (0.75) 22.1 (0.67) 13.3 (0.56) 5.0 (0.36) 1.3 (0.27)
Japan 523 (3.3) 3.9 (0.59) 9.1 (0.71) 18.9 (0.89) 26.1 (1.00) 23.7 (1.03) 13.5 (0.79) 4.8 (0.51)
                                 
Korea, Republic of 547 (3.8) 2.3 (0.52) 6.5 (0.71) 15.2 (0.69) 23.5 (1.07) 25.5 (0.99) 18.0 (0.78) 9.1 (1.29)
Luxembourg 490 (1.1) 8.3 (0.55) 14.5 (0.67) 23.2 (0.72) 25.2 (0.83) 18.2 (1.02) 8.2 (0.54) 2.3 (0.28)
Mexico 406 (2.9) 28.4 (1.37) 28.1 (0.88) 25.2 (0.85) 13.1 (0.64) 4.3 (0.40) 0.8 (0.19) 0.1 (0.04)
Netherlands 531 (2.6) 2.4 (0.61) 9.1 (0.82) 18.9 (0.94) 24.3 (0.88) 24.1 (1.06) 15.8 (0.76) 5.4 (0.64)
New Zealand 522 (2.4) 4.0 (0.32) 10.0 (0.79) 19.5 (0.99) 25.5 (1.13) 22.1 (1.02) 13.2 (0.75) 5.7 (0.50)
                                 
Norway 490 (2.6) 7.3 (0.73) 14.9 (0.97) 24.3 (0.81) 25.6 (1.01) 17.4 (0.85) 8.3 (0.74) 2.1 (0.25)
Poland 495 (2.4) 5.7 (0.42) 14.2 (0.70) 24.7 (0.80) 26.2 (0.69) 18.6 (0.78) 8.6 (0.67) 2.0 (0.29)
Portugal 466 (3.1) 12.0 (1.05) 18.7 (0.87) 25.1 (0.90) 24.0 (0.92) 14.4 (0.81) 4.9 (0.45) 0.8 (0.20)
Slovak Republic 492 (2.8) 8.1 (0.72) 12.8 (0.86) 24.1 (1.03) 25.3 (0.97) 18.8 (0.87) 8.6 (0.69) 2.4 (0.41)
Spain 480 (2.3) 8.6 (0.52) 16.1 (0.85) 25.2 (0.94) 26.2 (0.61) 16.8 (0.54) 6.1 (0.43) 1.2 (0.18)
                                 
Sweden 502 (2.4) 5.4 (0.60) 12.9 (0.83) 23.0 (0.82) 26.0 (0.97) 20.1 (0.89) 9.7 (0.61) 2.9 (0.37)
Switzerland 530 (3.2) 4.6 (0.49) 9.0 (0.60) 17.4 (0.96) 23.2 (0.82) 23.2 (0.91) 15.9 (0.72) 6.8 (0.63)
Turkey 424 (4.9) 24.0 (1.37) 28.1 (1.35) 24.3 (1.25) 12.8 (0.80) 6.7 (0.95) 3.0 (0.77) 1.2 (0.55)
United Kingdom 495 (2.1) 5.9 (0.60) 13.8 (0.70) 24.7 (0.79) 26.3 (0.71) 18.1 (0.60) 8.7 (0.48) 2.5 (0.27)
United States4  474 (4.0) 9.9 (1.15) 18.2 (0.91) 26.1 (1.21) 23.1 (1.09) 15.1 (0.99) 6.4 (0.66) 1.3 (0.24)
Reporting partner economies                                
Argentina 381 (6.2) 39.4 (2.72) 24.7 (1.46) 20.4 (1.66) 10.6 (1.05) 3.8 (0.56) 0.9 (0.31) 0.1 (0.11)
Azerbaijan 476 (2.3) 0.2 (0.10) 10.4 (0.99) 47.6 (1.64) 34.4 (1.59) 6.6 (0.86) 0.6 (0.26) 0.2 (0.13)
Brazil 370 (2.9) 46.6 (1.40) 25.9 (1.25) 16.6 (0.90) 7.1 (0.58) 2.8 (0.42) 0.8 (0.25) 0.2 (0.10)
Bulgaria 413 (6.1) 29.4 (2.18) 23.9 (1.12) 22.0 (1.04) 14.9 (1.08) 6.7 (0.82) 2.5 (0.57) 0.6 (0.28)
Chile 411 (4.6) 28.2 (1.94) 26.9 (1.20) 23.9 (1.14) 13.9 (1.03) 5.6 (0.71) 1.3 (0.34) 0.1 (0.07)
                                 
Colombia 370 (3.8) 44.6 (1.76) 27.3 (1.13) 18.2 (1.27) 7.6 (0.67) 1.9 (0.44) 0.4 (0.18) # (†)
Croatia 467 (2.4) 9.3 (0.69) 19.3 (0.92) 28.9 (1.06) 24.3 (0.86) 13.6 (0.67) 4.0 (0.47) 0.8 (0.21)
Estonia 515 (2.7) 2.7 (0.46) 9.4 (0.82) 21.9 (0.91) 30.2 (1.01) 23.3 (1.11) 10.0 (0.63) 2.6 (0.36)
Hong Kong-China 547 (2.7) 2.9 (0.45) 6.6 (0.63) 14.4 (0.84) 22.7 (1.07) 25.6 (0.90) 18.7 (0.78) 9.0 (0.82)
Indonesia 391 (5.6) 35.2 (2.21) 30.5 (1.58) 20.4 (0.99) 10.6 (2.04) 2.8 (0.74) 0.4 (0.16) # (†)
                                 
Israel 442 (4.3) 22.2 (1.54) 19.8 (1.01) 21.8 (1.03) 18.4 (0.93) 11.8 (0.76) 4.8 (0.54) 1.3 (0.24)
Jordan 384 (3.3) 36.9 (1.44) 29.4 (1.00) 21.9 (0.91) 9.3 (0.79) 2.2 (0.41) 0.2 (0.13) # (†)
Kyrgyzstan 311 (3.4) 72.9 (1.54) 16.5 (1.01) 7.1 (0.65) 2.8 (0.46) 0.7 (0.22) # (†) # (†)
Latvia 486 (3.0) 6.4 (0.62) 14.3 (0.92) 26.3 (0.90) 29.0 (0.96) 17.4 (1.05) 5.5 (0.49) 1.1 (0.28)
Liechtenstein 525 (4.2) 4.0 (1.10) 9.2 (1.98) 18.2 (2.97) 26.4 (3.78) 23.7 (2.92) 12.6 (2.05) 5.8 (1.21)
                                 
Lithuania 486 (2.9) 7.8 (0.64) 15.2 (0.77) 25.1 (0.97) 25.1 (1.06) 17.8 (0.83) 7.3 (0.84) 1.8 (0.37)
Macao-China 525 (1.3) 2.6 (0.26) 8.3 (0.63) 20.0 (0.92) 27.3 (0.89) 24.4 (0.76) 13.6 (0.56) 3.8 (0.41)
Montenegro 399 (1.4) 31.6 (0.85) 28.4 (0.80) 23.3 (0.85) 11.8 (0.62) 4.0 (0.38) 0.8 (0.18) 0.1 (0.07)
Qatar 318 (1.0) 71.7 (0.53) 15.5 (0.50) 7.5 (0.59) 3.3 (0.29) 1.4 (0.18) 0.5 (0.10) 0.1 (0.05)
Romania 415 (4.2) 24.7 (2.17) 28.0 (1.88) 26.5 (1.77) 14.1 (1.09) 5.4 (0.83) 1.1 (0.29) 0.1 (0.06)
                                 
Russian Federation 476 (3.9) 9.1 (0.94) 17.6 (1.15) 27.0 (1.42) 24.2 (0.93) 14.7 (1.02) 5.7 (0.63) 1.7 (0.30)
Serbia 435 (3.5) 19.6 (1.31) 23.0 (1.06) 26.8 (0.86) 18.7 (0.98) 9.1 (0.66) 2.4 (0.36) 0.4 (0.14)
Slovenia 504 (1.0) 4.6 (0.31) 13.1 (0.75) 23.5 (0.77) 26.0 (0.78) 19.2 (0.79) 10.3 (0.82) 3.4 (0.45)
Chinese Taipei 549 (4.1) 3.6 (0.58) 8.3 (0.73) 14.3 (0.86) 19.4 (0.70) 22.4 (0.84) 20.1 (0.89) 11.8 (0.83)
Thailand 417 (2.3) 23.3 (1.26) 29.7 (1.39) 26.4 (0.92) 14.0 (0.70) 5.3 (0.43) 1.1 (0.22) 0.2 (0.07)
                                 
Tunisia 365 (4.0) 48.5 (1.75) 24.0 (1.12) 16.5 (1.06) 8.1 (0.94) 2.4 (0.56) 0.5 (0.23) # (†)
Uruguay 427 (2.6) 24.4 (1.05) 21.7 (0.98) 24.3 (0.84) 18.3 (1.08) 8.2 (0.69) 2.6 (0.36) 0.6 (0.16)
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
1 Level 1: Able to answer questions involving familiar contexts where all relevant information is present and the questions are clearly defined. Level 2: Able to interpret and recognize situations in contexts that require no more than direct inference, extract relevant information from a single source, and employ direct reasoning for literal interpretations of results. Level 3: Able to execute clearly described procedures, interpret and use representations based on different information sources, and develop short communications reporting their inter­pretations, results, and reasoning. Level 4: Able to work effectively with explicit models for complex concrete situations that may involve constraints or call for making assumptions, select and integrate different representations, reason with some insight, and construct and communicate explanations and arguments based on their interpretations and actions. Level 5: Able to develop and work with models for complex situations, work strategically using broad, well-developed thinking and reasoning skills, and communicate their interpretations and reasoning. Level 6: Able to conceptualize, generalize, and utilize information, link differ­ent information sources and representations, and formulate and precisely communicate actions and reflections regarding findings and interpretations.
2 Illustrates how a country compares with the OECD area as a whole. Computed by taking the OECD countries as a single entity to which each country contributes in proportion to the number of 15-year-olds enrolled in its schools.
3 Refers to the mean of the data values for all OECD countries, to which each country con­tributes equally, regardless of the absolute size of the student population of each country.
4 As a result of a printing error, the mean performance in mathematics may be misestimated by approximately 1 score point. The impact is below one standard error.
NOTE: Possible scores range from 0 to 1,000. Standard errors appear in parentheses. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), 2006, PISA 2006 Science Competencies for Tomorrow's World. (This table was prepared July 2008.)