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Digest of Education Statistics: 2008
Digest of Education Statistics: 2008

NCES 2009-020
March 2009


Table 399. Selected population and enrollment statistics for countries with populations over 10 million, by continent: Selected years, 1990 through 2006
Country1  Midyear population
(in millions)
Persons per square kilo-meter, 2006 First level2  Second level3  Third level4 
1990 2000 2006 Enrollment (in thousands) Gross enrollment ratio5  Enrollment (in thousands) Gross enrollment ratio5  Enrollment (in thousands) Gross enrollment ratio5 
1990–91 2000–01 2005–06 1990–91 2000–01 2005–06 1990–91 2000–01 2005–06 1990–91 2000–01 2005–06 1990–91 2000–01 2005–06 1990–91 2000–01 2005–06
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23
World total6  5,282 6,085 6,549 50 596,853   653,681   692,551 7  99   101   106 7  315,008   452,143   510,825 7,8  52   61   65 7,8  68,613   98,191   138,183 7,8  14   19   24 7,8 
Africa                                                                                
Algeria9  25 30 33 14 4,189   4,843   4,197   100   108   110   2,176       61       286     818   11     22  
Angola 9 13 12 10 990 10      92       186   355     12   15     7       1      
Burkina Faso 9 11 14 52 504   852   1,391   33   44   60   99   190   320   7   11   15   5     30   1     2  
Cameroon 11 15 18 38 1,964   2,237 11  2,998   101   92 11  107   500   700   698   28   29   24   33   66 8  120   3   5 8  7  
Cote d'Ivoire 12 16 19 61 1,415   1,944   2,112   67   70   71   361   620 8    22   22 8    30 12           
Democratic Rep. of the Congo 37 51 62 28 4,562       70       1,097 12  1,253 8    21 12  18 8    80       2      
Egypt9  56 64 79 79 6,964   7,947 8  9,795   94   101 8  103   5,507   8,028 8    76   83 8    628 13,14      16      
Ethiopia 48 64 77 69 2,466   4,874   10,972   33   63   83   866   2,168   2,993   14   17   27   34   68   180   1   1   2  
Ghana9  15 19 22 97 1,945   2,561   3,131   75   80   92     1,057   1,454   36   37   46   10 15  55   110   1   3   5  
Kenya9  23 30 36 63 5,392   5,035   6,101   95   98   106   618 16  1,909   2,584   24   39   50   35 15  89     2   3    
Madagascar 13 16 19 33 1,571   2,208   3,699   103   100   139   323 16    730   18     24   36   32   50   3   2   3  
Malawi 9 11 13 141 1,401   2,695   2,934   68   139   119   61   487   565   8   32   29   5       1      
Mali 8 11 12 10 395   1,017   1,610   26   53   80   84   258 8  463   7   16 8  28   5   20     1   2    
Morocco9  24 29 33 75 2,484   3,670   3,944   67   93   106   1,194   1,541   2,061   35   39   52   256   276   385   11   9   12  
Mozambique9  14 18 21 26 1,260   2,544   4,173   67   74   105   160   124   367   8   6   16   5 17  12     #   1    
Niger 8 11 13 10 369   579   1,127   29   30   51   77   106 8  217   7   6 8  11       11   1     1  
Nigeria9  96 127 140 154 13,607   18,802 8    91   96 8    2,908       25       208 15,18      4 17,18     
Senegal 8 10 12 64 708   1,108   1,473   59   64   80     250   447 8  16   15   24 8  19       3      
South Africa 37 43 48 39 6,952   7,445     122   107     2,742   4,142     74   85     439 19  645   741   13   14   15  
Sudan9  24 34 39 16 2,043   2,567   3,881   53   51   66   732   980   1,447   24   26   34   60 13  204 8    3   6    
Tunisia 8 10 10 66 1,406   1,414   1,134   113   114   108   565   1,104 8  1,247   45   75 8  85   69   180   325   9   19   31  
Uganda 17 22 29 146 2,470 20,21  6,559   7,364   74   127   117   245 16,21  547     13   16     18   56     1   3    
United Republic of Tanzania 25 34 39 44 3,379   4,382   7,960   70   66   110   167       5       7 12      #      
Zambia 8 10 11 15 1,461   1,590   2,679   99   75   117   190   276     24   22     15   25 8    2   2 8   
Zimbabwe 10 12 12 30 2,116   2,461   2,446   116   98   101   661   844   831   50   42   40   49   49 8    5   4 8   
                                                                                 
Asia                                                                                
Afghanistan9  15 24 31 48 623   749     27   19     182       9       24       2      
Bangladesh 110 130 147 1,101 11,940   17,668     72   109     3,593   10,329     19   50     434   727     4   6    
Cambodia 9 12 14 78 1,330   2,248   2,582   121   106   122   264   351   825   32   17   38   7   22   76   1   2   5  
China 1,155 1,261 1,314 141 122,414     108,925   125     111   52,386   81,488   101,195   49   63   76   3,822   7,364   23,361   3   8   22  
India 851 1,016 1,112 374 99,118   113,613   139,170   97   99   112   54,180 16  71,031     44   48     4,951   9,404   12,853   6   10    
Indonesia 183 210 232 127 29,754   28,202 8  28,983   115   111 8  114   10,965   14,264 8  16,424   44   55 8  64   1,773 12    3,657   9     12  
Iran, Islamic Republic of 59 64 65 40 9,370   8,288   7,274   112   94   118   5,085   9,955     55   78     312 13  1,405   2,399   10   19   17  
Iraq 18 23 27 62 3,328   3,639     111   91     1,024 16  1,224     47   36     170 22  289     12 22  12   27  
Japan 124 127 128 340 9,373   7,529   7,229   100   101   100   11,026   8,782   7,561   97   102   101   2,899 12  3,982   4,085   30   47    
Kazakhstan 17 15 15 6 1,197   1,208   973   87   99   104   2,144   2,003   1,982   98   91   95   537   370   781   40   28   57  
Korea, North (DPR) 20 22 23 192                                   53  
Korea, South (Republic of) 43 47 48 490 4,869   3,946   4,031   105   98   105   4,560   4,177   3,786   90   98   96   1,691   2,838   3,210   39   73    
Malaysia 18 23 24 74 2,456   3,026     94   97     1,456   2,205     56   69     121   549     7   26    
Myanmar 41 46 47 71 5,385   4,858   4,969   106   89   114   1,281   2,268   2,696   23   38   49   196 12  551 8    4   11 8   
Nepal9  19 24 28 198 2,789   3,780 11  4,503   108   117 11  126   709   1,348   1,984 8  33   35   43 8  94   94     5   4   5  
Pakistan 119 138 166 213 11,451 23  13,987 24  16,688   61   71 24  84   4,345     8,421   23     30       820   3     28  
Philippines 61 76 92 309 10,427     13,007   111     110   4,034     6,302   73     83   1,709     2,484   28     91  
Saudi Arabia 16 21 27 13 1,877       73       893       44       154   404   615 8  12   22   29 8 
Sri Lanka9  17 19 21 320 2,112       106       2,082       74       55 12,25      5      
Syrian Arab Republic 12 16 19 103 2,452   2,775   2,280   108   105   126   914   1,069   2,465   52   41   70   222       18      
Taiwan 20 22 23 706                                    
Thailand 56 61 65 126 6,957   6,101   5,844   99   95   108   2,230     4,530   30     78   1,156 17  1,900   2,339   19 17  34   46  
Turkey 56 65 70 91 6,862   7,850 8  7,950 8  99   96 8  94 8  3,808     5,388 8  47     79 8  750   1,588 8  2,343   13   23   35  
Uzbekistan 21 25 27 63 1,778     2,277   81     98   3,295     4,542   99     100   603     281   30     10  
Vietnam 67 79 84 259 8,862   10,063   7,318   103   107     3,236   7,926   9,975   32   65     130   732     2   9    
Yemen 12 18 21 41 2,679 18  2,464 8    79 18  76 8    212 18  1,151 8    23 18  43 8    53 12  173 8  209 8  4 12  10 8  9 8 
                                                                                 
Europe                                                                                
Belgium 10 10 10 343 719   774   733   101   105   102   769   1,058   822   103   145   110   276   356   394   40   57   63  
Czech Republic 10 10 10 133 546   645   473   96   104   100   1,268   958   966   91   88   96   118 26  254   338   16   29   50  
France 57 59 63 99 4,149   3,885   4,052   108   106   110   5,522   5,929   5,994   99   110   114   1,699   2,015   2,201   40   53   56  
Germany27  79 82 82 236 3,431   3,656   3,329   101   105   103   7,398   8,307   8,185   98   98   101   2,049       34      
Greece 10 11 11 82 813   645   645   98   96   102   851   739   705   93   89   103   283   422   653   36   51   95  
Italy9  57 58 58 198 3,056   2,836   2,790   103   101   103   5,118   4,404   4,532   83   93   100   1,452   1,770   2,029   32   49   67  
Netherlands9  15 16 16 487 1,082   1,279   1,277   102   108   107   1,402   1,379   1,423   120   124   118   479   488   580   40   53   60  
Poland9  38 39 39 127 5,189   3,319   2,602   98   99   98   1,888   3,988   3,317   81   100   100   545   1,580   2,146   22   49   66  
Portugal 10 10 11 115 1,020   811   750   123   125   115   670   831   662   67   108   97   186   374   367   23   48   55  
Romania9  23 22 22 97 1,253   1,189   938   91   102   105   2,838   2,226   2,013   92   81   86   193   453   835   10   24   52  
Russian Federation 148 146 142 8 7,596     5,165   109     96   13,956     11,548   93     84   5,100     9,167   52     72  
Serbia 9 10 10 115     312       99 24      623       87 24             
Spain9  39 39 40 81 2,820   2,540   2,501   109   107   105   4,755   3,246   3,091   104   112   119   1,222   1,829   1,789   37   58   67  
Ukraine9  52 50 47 77 3,991   2,079   1,754   89   105   102   3,408   5,204   3,896   93   97   93   1,652   1,812   2,740   47   50   73  
United Kingdom9  58 60 61 251 4,533   4,632   4,518   104   102   105   4,336   5,304   5,358   85   101   98   1,258   2,024   2,336   30   58   59  
                                                                                 
North America                                                                                
Canada 28 31 33 4 2,376   2,456     103   99     2,292   2,621     101   107     1,917   1,212     95   59    
Cuba 11 11 11 103 888   1,046   890   98   105   101   1,002   790   928   89   83   94   242   159   682   21   22   88  
Guatemala 9 11 12 115 1,165   1,909   2,405   78   104   114   295 12  504   809   23 12  38   53   70 17    112 24  8 17    9 24 
Mexico 83 98 107 56 14,402   14,766   14,595   114   109   113   6,704   9,094   10,883   53   72   87   1,311   1,963   2,447   15   19   26  
United States 254 282 298 33 22,429   24,973   24,319   102   101   98   19,270   22,594   24,552   93   94   94   13,819   15,312   17,487   75   80   82  
                                                                                 
South America                                                                                
Argentina 33 37 40 15 4,965   4,898     106   118     2,160   3,832     71   97     1,008 12  1,767 8    38 12  53 8   
Brazil 148 170 191 23 28,944   20,212     106   151     3,499   26,097     38   104     1,540 29  2,781     11   16    
Chile 13 15 16 22 1,991   1,799   1,695   100   100   104   720   1,391   1,634   73   83   91   262 12  452   661   21 12  37   47  
Colombia 33 42 44 42 4,247   5,221   5,296   102   112   116   2,378 12  3,569   4,484   50   70   82   487   934   1,315   13   23   31  
Ecuador 10 13 14 49 1,846   1,925   2,006   116   115   117   786 16,28  917   1,103   55   57   68   207       20      
Peru 22 26 28 22 3,855   4,338   4,026   118   121   116   1,698   2,374   2,760   67   86   94   678     952 8  30     35 8 
Venezuela 20 24 26 29 4,053   3,328   3,452   96   102   104   281   1,543   2,105   35   59   77   550   668   1,381 24  29   28 8  52 24 
                                                                                 
Oceania                                                                                
Australia9  17 19 20 3 1,583   1,906   1,939   108   99   105   1,278   2,589   2,537   82   159   150   485 30  845   1,040   36   65   73  
— Not available.
# Rounds to zero.
1 Selection based on total population for midyear 2006.
2 First-level enrollment consists of elementary school, typically corresponding to grades 1–6 in the United States.
3 Second-level enrollment includes general education, teacher training (at the second level), and technical and vocational education. This level generally corresponds to secondary education in the United States, grades 7–12.
4 Third-level enrollment includes college and university enrollment, and technical and vocational education beyond the high school level. There is considerable variation in reporting from country to country.
5 Data represent the total enrollment of all ages in the school level divided by the population of the specific age groups that correspond to the school level. Adjustments have been made for the varying lengths of first and second level programs. Ratios may exceed 100 because some countries have many students from outside the normal age range.
6 Enrollment totals and ratios exclude Democratic People's Republic of Korea. Data do not include adult education or special Education provided outside regular schools.
7 World total data for 2004–05.
8 Estimated by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics.
9 Classification or data coverage of levels has been revised. Data by level may not be comparable over time.
10 Data for 1994–95.
11 Policy change in 2000–01: introduction of free universal primary education.
12 Data for 1991–92.
13 Excludes private institutions. .
14 Data refer to universities and exclude Al Azhar.
15 Excludes nonuniversity institutions (such as teacher training colleges and technical colleges) and excludes distance-learning uni­versities.
16 General education enrollment only. Excludes teacher training and vocational education enrollments.
17 Data for 1992–93.
18 Data for 1993–94.
19 Not including the former Independent States of Transke, Bophuthatswana, Venda, and Ciskei.
20 Estimated.
21 Data refer to government aided and maintained schools only.
22 Data for 1985–86.
23 Includes preprimary education.
24 National estimation.
25 Excludes some nonuniversity institutions.
26 Includes full-time students only.
27 Data include both former East and West Germany.
28 Including vocational education.
29 Not including former ISCED level 7.
30 Data do not include Vocational Education and Training Institutes (VETS).
NOTE: Some data have been revised from previously published figures. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), Statistical Yearbook, 1999; Global Education Digest, 2003 and 2007; unpublished tabulations; and tables 3B, 5, and 14, retrieved July 11, 2008, from http://stats.uis.unesco.org/unesco/ReportFolders/ReportFolders.aspx. World Bank, World Development Indicators, 2000 and World Development Report, 2002. U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, International Data Base, retrieved July 9, 2008, from http://www.census.gov/ipc/www/idb/index.html. (This table was prepared July 2008.)