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Digest of Education Statistics: 2008
Digest of Education Statistics: 2008

NCES 2009-020
March 2009


Table 396. Percentage of 18- to 25-year-olds reporting substance abuse during the past 30 days and the past year, by drug used and selected characteristics: 2000 and 2006
Year and selected characteristic Percent reporting substance abuse during past 30 days Percent reporting substance abuse during past year
Illicit drug use Alcohol Cigarettes Illicit drug use Alcohol Cigarettes
Any1  Marijuana Cocaine Any1  Marijuana Cocaine
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
2000                                        
Total 15.9 (0.36) 13.6 (0.34) 1.4 (0.11) 56.8 (0.51) 38.3 (0.48) 27.9 (0.46) 23.7 (0.43) 4.4 (0.18) 74.5 (0.46) 45.8 (0.49)
Sex                                        
Male 19.0 (0.52) 16.7 (0.48) 1.7 (0.16) 62.5 (0.67) 41.6 (0.65) 31.9 (0.62) 27.6 (0.58) 5.4 (0.27) 77.2 (0.60) 49.3 (0.66)
Female 12.7 (0.42) 10.6 (0.40) 1.1 (0.13) 51.3 (0.68) 35.0 (0.61) 23.9 (0.57) 19.8 (0.53) 3.4 (0.23) 71.8 (0.59) 42.4 (0.64)
Race/ethnicity                                        
White 17.6 (0.46) 15.2 (0.43) 1.4 (0.12) 63.3 (0.58) 43.9 (0.59) 30.7 (0.55) 26.4 (0.53) 5.2 (0.23) 80.1 (0.49) 51.9 (0.58)
Black 14.5 (0.79) 13.1 (0.76) 0.4 (0.12) 43.9 (1.11) 25.9 (1.10) 24.7 (1.06) 21.8 (0.93) 1.3 (0.27) 62.5 (1.08) 31.5 (1.09)
Hispanic 10.8 (0.82) 8.3 (0.73) 2.1 (0.44) 44.7 (1.32) 26.5 (1.05) 20.2 (1.02) 15.5 (0.92) 4.1 (0.51) 63.9 (1.26) 34.5 (1.16)
Asian 7.2 (1.22) 5.7 (1.09) 0.5 (0.34) 39.4 (2.15) 22.0 (2.08) 14.0 (1.61) 9.7 (1.40) 1.2 (0.55) 58.4 (2.42) 27.4 (2.01)
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander (†) 6.8 (2.60) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 1.9 (1.15) (†) (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native 17.0 (3.98) 15.1 (3.86) 0.7 (0.35) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 75.9 (4.37) (†)
More than one race 27.0 (3.88) 22.8 (3.44) 1.5 (0.82) 59.1 (3.93) 54.9 (3.98) 43.3 (4.20) 36.4 (3.89) 6.4 (1.73) 79.3 (3.61) 61.9 (3.82)
Education                                        
Less than high school 18.8 (0.77) 16.1 (0.71) 2.2 (0.30) 44.3 (0.97) 45.0 (1.01) 30.3 (0.89) 25.4 (0.84) 5.6 (0.43) 64.1 (0.95) 51.9 (1.00)
High school graduate 15.3 (0.54) 13.1 (0.51) 1.3 (0.17) 52.2 (0.75) 40.9 (0.75) 27.0 (0.69) 22.6 (0.63) 4.4 (0.32) 72.4 (0.67) 47.8 (0.76)
Some college 16.6 (0.68) 14.2 (0.62) 1.1 (0.15) 64.0 (0.84) 35.3 (0.81) 29.2 (0.84) 25.0 (0.79) 4.2 (0.33) 79.6 (0.72) 43.8 (0.82)
College graduate 10.3 (0.78) 9.1 (0.71) 0.9 (0.23) 74.4 (1.26) 26.2 (1.11) 23.0 (1.20) 20.1 (1.11) 2.9 (0.37) 85.7 (1.11) 34.6 (1.23)
Employment status                                        
Full-time 14.9 (0.46) 12.6 (0.41) 1.4 (0.15) 62.0 (0.65) 41.8 (0.64) 27.2 (0.60) 22.8 (0.56) 4.6 (0.26) 78.8 (0.56) 49.3 (0.63)
Part-time 16.6 (0.77) 14.7 (0.73) 1.4 (0.20) 56.0 (1.02) 33.4 (0.91) 29.0 (0.89) 25.2 (0.85) 4.3 (0.38) 74.7 (0.90) 42.1 (0.91)
Unemployed 25.2 (1.64) 21.8 (1.54) 2.8 (0.65) 53.7 (1.99) 53.0 (2.02) 39.4 (1.89) 33.9 (1.82) 7.4 (1.10) 74.5 (1.69) 59.5 (2.03)
Other2  15.3 (0.71) 13.1 (0.67) 1.0 (0.18) 45.1 (1.11) 31.2 (0.95) 25.9 (0.92) 21.7 (0.86) 3.3 (0.31) 62.7 (1.13) 37.9 (1.04)
2006                                        
Total 19.8 (0.37) 16.3 (0.35) 2.2 (0.12) 61.9 (0.51) 38.4 (0.47) 34.4 (0.48) 28.0 (0.46) 6.9 (0.24) 78.8 (0.43) 47.0 (0.48)
Sex                                        
Male 23.7 (0.54) 19.9 (0.53) 2.6 (0.20) 65.9 (0.65) 41.9 (0.66) 38.4 (0.64) 31.7 (0.62) 8.4 (0.38) 80.5 (0.58) 50.8 (0.66)
Female 15.8 (0.48) 12.5 (0.44) 1.8 (0.16) 57.9 (0.69) 34.9 (0.60) 30.3 (0.64) 24.2 (0.61) 5.4 (0.28) 77.2 (0.58) 43.1 (0.64)
Race/ethnicity                                        
White 22.7 (0.49) 18.9 (0.45) 2.6 (0.17) 69.3 (0.54) 44.4 (0.59) 38.9 (0.58) 32.2 (0.56) 8.5 (0.33) 85.1 (0.42) 53.4 (0.59)
Black 17.3 (0.86) 14.5 (0.82) 0.5 (0.14) 46.9 (1.14) 27.5 (1.06) 29.2 (1.13) 24.8 (1.10) 1.6 (0.28) 66.7 (1.16) 33.0 (1.15)
Hispanic 13.9 (0.83) 10.1 (0.71) 2.6 (0.34) 51.5 (1.26) 28.8 (1.11) 25.0 (1.08) 17.9 (0.95) 6.1 (0.56) 69.4 (1.15) 38.3 (1.17)
Asian 9.0 (1.79) 6.7 (1.65) 0.7 (0.41) 49.9 (2.90) 25.0 (2.22) 20.5 (2.22) 15.3 (2.04) 2.6 (0.85) 67.3 (2.74) 33.1 (2.27)
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native 28.5 (4.22) 24.9 (3.72) 3.3 (1.65) 53.1 (4.58) (†) 45.7 (4.97) 39.6 (4.26) 10.4 (2.68) 73.6 (3.83) (†)
More than one race 22.4 (3.26) 20.4 (3.22) 2.6 (0.90) 65.6 (3.60) 46.6 (4.12) 40.2 (3.89) 34.0 (3.84) 9.0 (2.40) 87.1 (2.30) 52.5 (4.14)
Education                                        
Less than high school 22.6 (0.84) 18.5 (0.78) 2.7 (0.31) 47.2 (1.07) 46.4 (1.08) 35.5 (0.98) 27.8 (0.93) 8.4 (0.58) 67.6 (0.99) 53.1 (1.09)
High school graduate 20.3 (0.62) 16.7 (0.57) 2.2 (0.22) 56.5 (0.76) 42.0 (0.74) 34.4 (0.75) 28.1 (0.70) 7.1 (0.39) 75.6 (0.69) 50.0 (0.75)
Some college 19.7 (0.62) 16.3 (0.61) 2.3 (0.22) 69.5 (0.79) 33.8 (0.78) 35.8 (0.78) 29.7 (0.77) 6.6 (0.42) 84.1 (0.64) 43.9 (0.82)
College graduate 14.4 (0.88) 11.7 (0.83) 1.3 (0.27) 79.8 (1.00) 28.5 (1.19) 28.9 (1.15) 23.9 (1.11) 5.0 (0.59) 91.3 (0.73) 37.6 (1.24)
Employment status                                        
Full-time 19.5 (0.52) 15.5 (0.47) 2.3 (0.19) 67.1 (0.65) 42.0 (0.67) 33.6 (0.64) 26.6 (0.61) 7.5 (0.35) 82.9 (0.56) 50.1 (0.68)
Part-time 20.1 (0.74) 17.1 (0.73) 2.2 (0.25) 63.3 (0.93) 32.7 (0.87) 35.8 (0.93) 30.2 (0.92) 6.2 (0.46) 80.2 (0.74) 42.3 (0.93)
Unemployed 26.1 (1.39) 22.3 (1.34) 2.7 (0.47) 56.7 (1.51) 50.2 (1.58) 40.7 (1.53) 34.5 (1.51) 9.0 (0.88) 75.7 (1.35) 56.1 (1.58)
Other2  17.6 (0.83) 14.5 (0.76) 1.9 (0.26) 49.3 (1.21) 32.2 (0.94) 31.9 (1.06) 25.9 (1.05) 5.4 (0.48) 68.0 (1.08) 41.6 (1.04)
† Not applicable.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1 Includes other illegal drug use not shown separately.
2 Includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in labor force.
NOTE: Marijuana includes hashish usage. Standard errors appear in parentheses.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2000 and 2006. Retrieved July 10, 2008, from www.oas.samhsa.gov/NSDUH/2k6NSDUH/tabs/TOC.htm. (This table was prepared July 2008.)