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Digest of Education Statistics: 2008
Digest of Education Statistics: 2008

NCES 2009-020
March 2009


Table 390. Current postsecondary education and employment status, wages earned, and living arrangements of special education students out of secondary school up to 4 years, by type of disability: 2005
Type of disability Percentage attending postsecondary institutions Percentage competitively employed2  Mean
hourly wage
at current job3 
Percentage living independently4 
Any post-secondary1  4-year 2-year Vocational/ technical
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
All disabilities5 23.4   (2.62) 7.8   (1.66) 12.9   (2.08) 6.3   (1.51) 69.5 (3.51) $8.30 (0.32) 28.1   (2.94)
Specific learning disability 25.0   (3.99) 8.8   (2.61) 13.1   (3.12) 6.3 ! (2.24) 77.2 (4.85) 8.30 (0.38) 31.8   (4.53)
Mental retardation 12.0   (3.44) 1.4 ! (1.24) 7.8 ! (2.85) 5.3 ! (2.38) 36.3 (6.04) 7.40 (0.65) 13.7   (3.82)
Emotional disturbance 11.8   (2.95) 2.1 ! (1.31) 8.2 ! (2.54) 4.3 ! (1.86) 64.5 (5.56) 8.90 (0.75) 25.2   (4.21)
Speech or language impairment 36.0   (4.80) 19.6   (3.98) 19.6   (3.98) 6.7 ! (2.51) 71.0 (5.37) 8.00 (0.53) 31.4   (4.85)
Multiple disabilities 25.7   (6.64) 6.7 ! (3.82) 12.5 ! (5.07) 6.7 ! (3.81) 39.8 (8.76) 8.80 (1.17) 6.6 ! (3.91)
Other health impairment 33.3   (4.54) 8.8 ! (2.74) 23.1   (4.09) 11.9   (3.14) 76.2 (4.80) 8.10 (0.38) 20.4   (4.08)
Hearing impairment6  50.7   (5.88) 21.2   (4.89) 26.0   (5.22) 12.9 ! (3.99) 56.3 (6.95) 7.70 (0.55) 29.4   (5.66)
Orthopedic impairment 35.8   (5.37) 12.6   (3.72) 22.9   (4.75) 7.5 ! (2.96) 32.0 (6.13) 7.80 (0.97) 25.4   (5.15)
Visual impairment 63.9   (7.60) 34.4   (7.52) 31.7   (7.47) 5.2 ! (3.52) 59.5 (8.79) 9.60 (1.95) 39.9   (8.21)
Autism 35.8   (8.23) 16.1 ! (6.36) 19.0 ! (6.76) 5.1 ! (3.80) 56.0 (9.64) 6.90 (0.69) 17.1 ! (6.51)
Deaf-blindness 24.6 ! (8.26) 12.2 ! (6.42) 8.5 ! (5.47) 8.2 ! (5.26) 37.0 (9.96) (†) 24.4 ! (8.64)
Traumatic brain injury 17.0 ! (7.57) 4.5 ! (4.20) 11.1 ! (6.33) 5.3 ! (4.54) 50.2 (11.68) 7.80 (0.78) 28.0 ! (9.64)
† Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1 Includes 2- and 4-year colleges, and vocational/technical schools.
2 Competitively employed refers to those receiving more than minimum wage and working in an environment where the majority of workers are not disabled.
3 Includes wages from noncompetitive jobs.
4 Living independently includes living alone, with a spouse or roommate, in a college dormi­tory, in Job Corps housing, or in military housing as a service member.
5 Includes disability categories with less than 30 youths in the sample, which are not shown separately.
6 Includes deaf and hard of hearing.
NOTE: Data based on students who had been out of secondary school up to 4 years and had attended special or regular schools in the 1999–2000 or 2000–01 school year. Stan­dard errors appear in parentheses.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2), Wave 3 parent/youth telephone interview/mail survey, 2005. (This table was prepared August 2006.)