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Digest of Education Statistics: 2008
Digest of Education Statistics: 2008

NCES 2009-020
March 2009


Table 382. Unemployment rate of persons 16 years old and over, by age, sex, race/ethnicity, and educational attainment: 2005, 2006, and 2007
Sex, race/ethnicity, and educational attainment Unemployment rate, 2005 Unemployment rate, 2006 Unemployment rate, 2007
16- to 24-year-olds1  25 years
old and over
16- to 24-year-olds1  25 years
old and over
16- to 24-year-olds1  25 years
old and over
Total 16 to 19 years 20 to 24 years Total 16 to 19 years 20 to 24 years Total 16 to 19 years 20 to 24 years
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
All persons, all education levels 11.3 (0.16) 16.6 (0.34) 8.8 (0.18) 4.0 (0.04) 10.5 (0.16) 15.4 (0.29) 8.2 (0.17) 3.6 (0.04) 10.5 (0.16) 15.7 (0.30) 8.2 (0.17) 3.6 (0.04)
Less than high school completion 18.5 (0.39) 19.6 (0.49) 16.2 (0.66) 7.6 (0.18) 16.6 (0.38) 17.5 (0.41) 14.3 (0.64) 6.8 (0.17) 17.3 (0.39) 18.3 (0.43) 15.3 (0.67) 7.1 (0.18)
High school completion, no college 12.1 (0.31) 15.6 (0.65) 10.7 (0.34) 4.7 (0.08) 12.0 (0.31) 15.7 (0.57) 10.5 (0.34) 4.3 (0.08) 11.6 (0.30) 15.5 (0.57) 10.1 (0.34) 4.4 (0.08)
Some college, no degree 7.0 (0.24) 9.1 (0.61) 6.5 (0.26) 4.2 (0.10) 6.3 (0.23) 8.1 (0.53) 5.9 (0.25) 3.9 (0.10) 6.5 (0.24) 8.4 (0.54) 6.1 (0.25) 3.8 (0.10)
Associate's degree 6.2 (0.56) (†) 6.1 (0.56) 3.3 (0.12) 5.2 (0.50) (†) 5.1 (0.50) 3.0 (0.12) 4.5 (0.46) (†) 4.4 (0.47) 3.0 (0.12)
Bachelor's or higher degree 5.0 (0.37) (†) 5.0 (0.38) 2.3 (0.06) 5.1 (0.37) (†) 5.1 (0.37) 2.0 (0.05) 5.5 (0.37) (†) 5.4 (0.37) 2.0 (0.05)
                                                 
Male, all education levels 12.4 (0.23) 18.6 (0.49) 9.6 (0.25) 3.8 (0.06) 11.2 (0.22) 16.9 (0.42) 8.7 (0.24) 3.5 (0.05) 11.6 (0.22) 17.6 (0.44) 8.9 (0.24) 3.6 (0.05)
Less than high school completion 19.0 (0.51) 21.7 (0.69) 14.5 (0.75) 6.4 (0.21) 16.4 (0.48) 18.7 (0.58) 12.3 (0.71) 6.1 (0.20) 17.7 (0.52) 19.9 (0.61) 13.8 (0.77) 6.6 (0.21)
High school completion, no college 12.5 (0.40) 17.1 (0.93) 11.0 (0.44) 4.6 (0.11) 12.3 (0.40) 17.0 (0.81) 10.6 (0.43) 4.3 (0.11) 12.2 (0.40) 17.6 (0.83) 10.3 (0.43) 4.4 (0.11)
Some college, no degree 8.0 (0.37) 10.2 (0.96) 7.5 (0.40) 3.9 (0.14) 6.8 (0.34) 9.5 (0.88) 6.3 (0.36) 3.5 (0.13) 7.3 (0.35) 9.5 (0.88) 6.9 (0.38) 3.6 (0.13)
Associate's degree 6.0 (0.79) (†) 6.0 (0.81) 3.3 (0.18) 6.4 (0.79) (†) 6.5 (0.81) 3.0 (0.17) 4.9 (0.70) (†) 4.8 (0.70) 3.0 (0.17)
Bachelor's or higher degree 5.7 (0.61) (†) 5.8 (0.61) 2.3 (0.08) 5.7 (0.60) (†) 5.7 (0.60) 1.9 (0.07) 6.4 (0.60) (†) 6.4 (0.61) 1.9 (0.07)
                                                 
Female, all education levels 10.1 (0.21) 14.5 (0.43) 7.9 (0.24) 4.2 (0.06) 9.7 (0.21) 13.8 (0.40) 7.6 (0.23) 3.7 (0.06) 9.4 (0.21) 13.8 (0.40) 7.3 (0.23) 3.6 (0.06)
Less than high school completion 17.9 (0.56) 17.2 (0.64) 19.8 (1.18) 9.7 (0.32) 16.8 (0.55) 16.3 (0.58) 18.7 (1.19) 7.9 (0.29) 16.9 (0.56) 16.5 (0.60) 18.5 (1.21) 8.2 (0.30)
High school completion, no college 11.5 (0.44) 14.2 (0.85) 10.2 (0.50) 4.8 (0.12) 11.5 (0.45) 14.2 (0.80) 10.3 (0.52) 4.3 (0.11) 10.9 (0.43) 13.2 (0.78) 9.8 (0.50) 4.3 (0.11)
Some college, no degree 6.0 (0.30) 8.2 (0.74) 5.5 (0.32) 4.5 (0.15) 5.9 (0.29) 7.1 (0.65) 5.5 (0.32) 4.3 (0.14) 5.9 (0.29) 7.6 (0.67) 5.4 (0.32) 4.1 (0.14)
Associate's degree 6.4 (0.72) (†) 6.2 (0.73) 3.3 (0.16) 4.1 (0.58) (†) 3.9 (0.58) 3.1 (0.15) 4.0 (0.57) (†) 4.0 (0.58) 3.1 (0.15)
Bachelor's or higher degree 4.5 (0.44) (†) 4.5 (0.44) 2.4 (0.08) 4.7 (0.44) (†) 4.6 (0.44) 2.1 (0.07) 4.8 (0.43) (†) 4.6 (0.42) 2.1 (0.07)
                                                 
White, all education levels 9.2 (0.18) 13.5 (0.37) 7.0 (0.20) 3.3 (0.05) 8.9 (0.18) 12.8 (0.32) 6.8 (0.20) 3.0 (0.04) 8.9 (0.18) 13.1 (0.33) 6.9 (0.20) 3.0 (0.04)
Less than high school completion 16.1 (0.48) 16.0 (0.54) 16.7 (1.10) 7.1 (0.29) 14.9 (0.47) 14.7 (0.46) 15.5 (1.09) 6.5 (0.28) 15.7 (0.49) 15.4 (0.48) 17.0 (1.16) 7.3 (0.30)
High school completion, no college 10.0 (0.36) 12.9 (0.74) 8.7 (0.40) 4.0 (0.09) 10.3 (0.37) 12.9 (0.65) 9.2 (0.42) 3.7 (0.09) 9.8 (0.36) 12.5 (0.64) 8.6 (0.41) 3.8 (0.09)
Some college, no degree 5.7 (0.26) 7.4 (0.65) 5.3 (0.29) 3.5 (0.11) 5.4 (0.26) 6.9 (0.57) 5.0 (0.28) 3.3 (0.11) 5.8 (0.27) 7.4 (0.60) 5.4 (0.29) 3.3 (0.11)
Associate's degree 4.6 (0.57) (†) 4.6 (0.58) 3.0 (0.13) 4.0 (0.51) (†) 3.9 (0.51) 2.7 (0.13) 3.7 (0.50) (†) 3.7 (0.50) 2.6 (0.13)
Bachelor's or higher degree 4.5 (0.40) (†) 4.5 (0.40) 2.1 (0.06) 4.9 (0.42) (†) 4.8 (0.42) 1.9 (0.06) 5.0 (0.40) (†) 5.0 (0.41) 1.9 (0.06)
                                                 
Black, all education levels 23.0 (0.67) 34.0 (1.40) 18.6 (0.73) 7.6 (0.18) 20.5 (0.63) 29.9 (1.15) 16.4 (0.70) 6.8 (0.17) 19.4 (0.63) 29.7 (1.20) 15.3 (0.67) 6.2 (0.17)
Less than high school completion 38.4 (1.53) 40.4 (1.98) 35.3 (2.40) 14.5 (0.74) 32.2 (1.46) 33.6 (1.61) 29.5 (2.44) 13.0 (0.72) 32.2 (1.54) 32.9 (1.70) 31.4 (2.59) 12.4 (0.73)
High school completion, no college 23.7 (1.13) 30.1 (2.48) 21.6 (1.26) 8.7 (0.32) 22.2 (1.09) 31.5 (2.18) 19.1 (1.19) 8.0 (0.32) 20.8 (1.05) 29.3 (2.09) 18.1 (1.15) 7.4 (0.30)
Some college, no degree 12.7 (0.98) 21.4 (3.10) 11.1 (1.01) 7.7 (0.41) 11.7 (0.94) 14.1 (2.26) 11.2 (1.01) 6.7 (0.38) 10.8 (0.92) 17.3 (2.73) 10.0 (0.95) 5.9 (0.35)
Associate's degree 14.4 (2.82) (†) 15.0 (2.92) 5.2 (0.50) 15.3 (2.80) (†) 14.2 (2.78) 5.3 (0.49) 8.0 (2.22) (†) 7.6 (2.19) 4.9 (0.47)
Bachelor's or higher degree 8.4 (1.83) (†) 8.6 (1.87) 3.4 (0.27) 8.7 (1.76) (†) 8.4 (1.75) 2.8 (0.23) 8.8 (1.77) (†) 8.1 (1.71) 2.9 (0.24)
                                                 
Hispanic, all education levels 11.3 (0.43) 18.4 (0.98) 8.6 (0.44) 4.8 (0.14) 9.7 (0.40) 15.9 (0.81) 7.2 (0.41) 4.2 (0.13) 10.7 (0.41) 18.1 (0.84) 7.8 (0.42) 4.6 (0.13)
Less than high school completion 14.5 (0.76) 21.7 (1.40) 9.6 (0.82) 6.2 (0.26) 13.1 (0.73) 18.4 (1.14) 9.3 (0.82) 5.5 (0.24) 14.5 (0.77) 21.1 (1.21) 9.5 (0.84) 6.0 (0.25)
High school completion, no college 10.3 (0.71) 16.4 (1.79) 8.4 (0.52) 4.5 (0.25) 9.2 (0.67) 13.9 (1.43) 7.7 (0.71) 4.1 (0.23) 10.2 (0.69) 17.3 (1.57) 8.0 (0.71) 4.4 (0.23)
Some college, no degree 8.6 (0.82) 10.0 (1.94) 8.2 (0.91) 4.1 (0.34) 6.2 (0.70) 10.3 (1.81) 5.2 (0.71) 3.9 (0.32) 6.9 (0.72) 8.8 (1.55) 6.5 (0.79) 4.4 (0.34)
Associate's degree 7.9 (1.86) (†) 7.5 (1.87) 4.0 (0.50) 4.5 (1.46) (†) 4.5 (1.49) 2.9 (0.41) 5.7 (1.52) (†) 5.7 (1.54) 3.5 (0.43)
Bachelor's or higher degree 3.5 (1.42) (†) 3.6 (1.46) 2.9 (0.28) 3.7 (1.33) (†) 4.1 (1.41) 2.2 (0.24) 6.5 (1.63) (†) 5.3 (1.50) 2.3 (0.24)
                                                 
Asian, all education levels 7.9 (0.81) 12.6 (2.08) 6.5 (0.85) 3.5 (0.19) 7.4 (0.81) 13.7 (2.21) 5.6 (0.81) 2.6 (0.16) 7.0 (0.78) 11.9 (2.08) 5.6 (0.79) 2.8 (0.16)
Less than high school completion 12.9 (2.62) 14.7 (3.15) 5.4 (3.71) 5.5 (0.84) 13.5 (2.85) (†) (†) 3.8 (0.71) 16.9 (3.12) (†) (†) 3.0 (0.65)
High school completion, no college 7.6 (1.59) 11.7 (4.16) 6.6 (1.68) 4.6 (0.52) 8.8 (1.90) (†) 5.4 (1.81) 3.1 (0.42) 5.7 (1.66) (†) 4.1 (1.63) 3.2 (0.41)
Some college, no degree 6.8 (1.28) 8.3 (3.48) 6.4 (1.37) 3.6 (0.61) 5.9 (1.20) (†) 5.4 (1.26) 3.8 (0.63) 5.6 (1.14) (†) 5.0 (1.20) 3.6 (0.58)
Associate's degree (†) (†) 6.5 (3.07) 2.7 (0.64) (†) (†) 6.7 (3.53) 2.3 (0.56) (†) (†) (†) 4.0 (0.74)
Bachelor's or higher degree (†) (†) 6.7 (1.74) 3.0 (0.23) (†) (†) 5.1 (1.43) 2.1 (0.19) 6.7 (1.54) (†) 6.1 (1.49) 2.3 (0.20)
† Not applicable.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1 Excludes persons enrolled in school.
NOTE: The unemployment rate is the percentage of individuals in the labor force who are not working and who made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the prior 4 weeks. The labor force includes both employed and unemployed persons. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Standard errors appear in parentheses.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Office of Employment and Unemployment Statistics, unpublished 2005, 2006, and 2007 annual average data from the Current Population Survey (CPS). (This table was prepared August 2008.)