Skip Navigation
Digest of Education Statistics
2008 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 280. First-professional degrees conferred by degree-granting institutions, by sex of student, control of institution, and field of study: Selected years, 1985–86 through 2006–07
Control of institution and field of study 1985–86 1990–91 1995–96 1997–98 1998–99 1999– 2000 2000–01 2001–02 2002–03 2003–04 2004–05 2005–06 2006–07
Total Males Females Total Males Females Total Males Females
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
Total, all institutions 73,910 71,948 76,734 78,598 78,439 80,057 79,707 80,698 80,897 83,041 87,289 43,849 43,440 87,655 44,038 43,617 90,064 45,057 45,007
Dentistry (D.D.S. or D.M.D.) 5,046 3,699 3,697 4,032 4,144 4,250 4,391 4,239 4,345 4,335 4,454 2,505 1,949 4,389 2,435 1,954 4,596 2,548 2,048
Medicine (M.D.) 15,938 15,043 15,341 15,424 15,562 15,286 15,403 15,237 15,034 15,442 15,461 8,151 7,310 15,455 7,900 7,555 15,730 7,987 7,743
Optometry (O.D.) 1,029 1,115 1,231 1,274 1,285 1,293 1,289 1,280 1,281 1,275 1,252 482 770 1,198 490 708 1,311 493 818
Osteopathic medicine (D.O.) 1,547 1,459 1,895 2,110 2,135 2,236 2,450 2,416 2,596 2,722 2,762 1,482 1,280 2,718 1,434 1,284 2,992 1,475 1,517
Pharmacy (Pharm.D.) 903 1,244 2,555 3,660 3,992 5,669 6,324 7,076 7,474 8,221 8,885 2,889 5,996 9,292 3,032 6,260 10,439 3,394 7,045
Podiatry (Pod.D. or D.P.) or podiatric medicine (D.P.M.) 612 589 650 594 578 569 528 474 439 382 343 195 148 347 191 156 331 173 158
Veterinary medicine (D.V.M.) 2,270 2,032 2,109 2,193 2,226 2,251 2,248 2,289 2,354 2,228 2,354 574 1,780 2,370 535 1,835 2,443 537 1,906
Chiropractic (D.C. or D.C.M.) 3,395 2,640 3,379 3,735 3,639 3,809 3,796 3,284 2,718 2,730 2,560 1,665 895 2,564 1,615 949 2,525 1,617 908
Law (LL.B. or J.D.) 35,844 37,945 39,828 39,331 39,167 38,152 37,904 38,981 39,067 40,209 43,423 22,297 21,126 43,440 22,597 20,843 43,486 22,777 20,709
Theology (M. Div., M.H.L., B.D., or Ord. and M.H.L./Rav.) 7,283 5,695 5,879 5,873 5,558 6,129 5,026 5,195 5,360 5,332 5,533 3,565 1,968 5,666 3,760 1,906 5,990 4,000 1,990
Other 43 487 170 372 153 413 348 227 229 165 262 44 218 216 49 167 221 56 165
Total, public institutions 29,568 29,554 29,882 31,233 31,693 32,247 32,633 33,439 33,549 34,499 35,768 17,175 18,593 36,269 17,268 19,001 36,855 17,471 19,384
Dentistry (D.D.S. or D.M.D.) 2,827 2,308 2,198 2,468 2,479 2,512 2,477 2,525 2,493 2,498 2,577 1,488 1,089 2,669 1,515 1,154 2,769 1,586 1,183
Medicine (M.D.) 9,991 9,364 9,370 9,474 9,515 9,389 9,408 9,390 9,276 9,418 9,536 5,069 4,467 9,650 4,944 4,706 9,733 4,993 4,740
Optometry (O.D.) 441 477 499 537 488 493 497 503 481 476 477 159 318 462 185 277 518 198 320
Osteopathic medicine (D.O.) 486 493 528 568 548 535 562 538 571 586 568 285 283 585 284 301 637 301 336
Pharmacy (Pharm.D.) 473 808 1,557 2,212 2,503 3,485 3,876 4,382 4,558 4,930 5,352 1,768 3,584 5,523 1,861 3,662 5,903 1,966 3,937
Podiatry (Pod.D. or D.P.) or podiatric medicine (D.P.M.) 0 0 0 103 97 84 84 75 81 64 64 40 24 65 31 34 66 32 34
Veterinary medicine (D.V.M.) 1,931 1,814 1,889 1,971 1,989 2,021 2,017 2,052 2,023 1,912 2,033 473 1,560 2,048 482 1,566 2,116 474 1,642
Chiropractic (D.C. or D.C.M.) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Law (LL.B. or J.D.) 13,419 14,290 13,841 13,900 14,074 13,728 13,712 13,974 14,066 14,615 15,161 7,893 7,268 15,267 7,966 7,301 15,113 7,921 7,192
Theology (M. Div., M.H.L., B.D., or Ord. and M.H.L./Rav.) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total, private institutions 44,342 42,394 46,852 47,365 46,746 47,810 47,074 47,259 47,348 48,542 51,521 26,674 24,847 51,386 26,770 24,616 53,209 27,586 25,623
Dentistry (D.D.S. or D.M.D.) 2,219 1,391 1,499 1,564 1,665 1,738 1,914 1,714 1,852 1,837 1,877 1,017 860 1,720 920 800 1,827 962 865
Medicine (M.D.) 5,947 5,679 5,971 5,950 6,047 5,897 5,995 5,847 5,758 6,024 5,925 3,082 2,843 5,805 2,956 2,849 5,997 2,994 3,003
Optometry (O.D.) 588 638 732 737 797 800 792 777 800 799 775 323 452 736 305 431 793 295 498
Osteopathic medicine (D.O.) 1,061 966 1,367 1,542 1,587 1,701 1,888 1,878 2,025 2,136 2,194 1,197 997 2,133 1,150 983 2,355 1,174 1,181
Pharmacy (Pharm.D.) 430 436 998 1,448 1,489 2,184 2,448 2,694 2,916 3,291 3,533 1,121 2,412 3,769 1,171 2,598 4,536 1,428 3,108
Podiatry (Pod.D. or D.P.) or podiatric medicine (D.P.M.) 612 589 650 491 481 485 444 399 358 318 279 155 124 282 160 122 265 141 124
Veterinary medicine (D.V.M.) 339 218 220 222 237 230 231 237 331 316 321 101 220 322 53 269 327 63 264
Chiropractic (D.C. or D.C.M.) 3,395 2,640 3,379 3,735 3,639 3,809 3,796 3,284 2,718 2,730 2,560 1,665 895 2,564 1,615 949 2,525 1,617 908
Law (LL.B. or J.D.) 22,425 23,655 25,987 25,431 25,093 24,424 24,192 25,007 25,001 25,594 28,262 14,404 13,858 28,173 14,631 13,542 28,373 14,856 13,517
Theology (M. Div., M.H.L., B.D., or Ord. and M.H.L./Rav.) 7,283 5,695 5,879 5,873 5,558 6,129 5,026 5,195 5,360 5,332 5,533 3,565 1,968 5,666 3,760 1,906 5,990 4,000 1,990
Other 43 487 170 372 153 413 348 227 229 165 262 44 218 216 49 167 221 56 165
NOTE: Includes degrees that require at least 6 years of college work for completion (including at least 2 years of preprofes­sional training).
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS), "Degrees and Other Formal Awards Conferred," 1985–86; and 1990–91 through 2006–07 Integrated Post­secondary Education Data System, "Completions Survey" (IPEDS-C:91–99), and Fall 2000 through Fall 2007. (This table was prepared June 2008.)

2008 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest