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Digest of Education Statistics: 2008
Digest of Education Statistics: 2008

NCES 2009-020
March 2009


Table 252. Full-time and part-time faculty and instructional staff in degree-granting institutions, by type and control of institution and selected characteristics: Fall 1992, fall 1998, and fall 2003
Selected characteristic Number (in thousands) Fall 2003
Total Research Doctoral Comprehensive Private liberal arts Public 2-year Other
1992 1998 2003 Public Private Public Private Public Private
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
Full-time faculty and instructional staff                                              
Number (in thousands) 528.3 560.4 681.8 681.8 (0.05) 162.1 (0.85) 63.5 (1.58) 51.3 (0.76) 21.7 (0.79) 107.3 (2.98) 41.4 (1.59) 49.6 (1.80) 114.6 (1.09) 70.2 (3.36)
Percentage distribution 100.0 (†) 23.8 (0.12) 9.3 (0.23) 7.5 (0.11) 3.2 (0.12) 15.7 (0.44) 6.1 (0.23) 7.3 (0.26) 16.8 (0.16) 10.3 (0.49)
        Percentage distribution of full-time faculty and instructional staff
Total †  †  †  100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†)
Sex                                              
Male 352.7 356.9 420.4 61.7 (0.35) 69.9 (0.62) 68.8 (0.90) 62.8 (1.29) 66.7 (2.04) 58.8 (0.84) 57.6 (2.03) 59.7 (1.14) 50.5 (1.08) 60.3 (1.41)
Female 175.5 203.5 261.4 38.3 (0.35) 30.1 (0.62) 31.2 (0.90) 37.2 (1.29) 33.3 (2.04) 41.2 (0.84) 42.4 (2.03) 40.3 (1.14) 49.5 (1.08) 39.7 (1.41)
                                               
Race/ethnicity                                              
White 456.7 477.0 547.7 80.3 (0.27) 79.0 (0.50) 77.6 (0.73) 81.3 (1.33) 82.7 (1.55) 78.0 (1.12) 85.6 (1.02) 86.0 (0.81) 80.9 (0.84) 79.8 (1.14)
Black 27.4 28.4 38.1 5.6 (0.17) 3.7 (0.26) 4.9 (0.49) 4.1 (0.50) 5.1 (0.79) 8.7 (0.73) 4.8 (0.65) 6.3 (0.69) 6.9 (0.43) 4.7 (0.81)
Hispanic 13.9 18.5 23.8 3.5 (0.10) 2.9 (0.18) 3.5 (0.36) 2.9 (0.37) 2.2 (0.59) 3.6 (0.23) 2.4 (0.36) 2.3 (0.26) 5.8 (0.44) 3.1 (0.44)
Asian/Pacific Islander 27.7 32.5 62.3 9.1 (0.16) 13.2 (0.45) 12.8 (0.63) 10.1 (1.17) 9.3 (1.40) 7.9 (0.34) 5.9 (0.74) 3.8 (0.33) 4.2 (0.44) 11.3 (0.94)
American Indian/Alaska Native 2.6 4.0 10.0 1.5 (0.11) 1.1 (0.17) 1.2 (0.40) 1.6 (0.35) 0.7 (0.36) 1.8 (0.50) 1.2 (0.38) 1.6 (0.31) 2.2 (0.36) 1.0 (0.32)
                                               
Age                                              
Under 30 7.6 8.8 11.9 1.7 (0.13) 1.7 (0.24) 1.5 (0.28) 1.8 (0.37) 1.3 (0.44) 1.7 (0.29) 2.3 (0.56) 2.1 (0.41) 1.8 (0.36) 1.7 (0.68)
30 to 34 35.4 32.2 47.2 6.9 (0.21) 7.5 (0.44) 8.6 (0.89) 7.2 (0.82) 5.9 (0.73) 6.5 (0.74) 7.0 (0.92) 8.9 (0.73) 5.1 (0.52) 6.4 (0.75)
35 to 39 66.8 60.1 77.1 11.3 (0.29) 12.8 (0.58) 14.3 (1.35) 11.8 (0.95) 8.9 (1.45) 10.1 (0.86) 9.6 (0.88) 12.8 (1.22) 9.0 (0.70) 11.1 (1.05)
40 to 44 90.2 81.9 92.6 13.6 (0.31) 15.3 (0.57) 15.0 (0.75) 11.9 (0.83) 11.8 (1.36) 12.1 (0.78) 14.4 (1.15) 12.3 (0.75) 12.7 (0.88) 14.4 (1.38)
45 to 49 97.7 96.8 105.3 15.4 (0.32) 15.9 (0.53) 14.6 (1.24) 16.5 (1.38) 16.0 (1.89) 15.2 (0.75) 13.0 (1.18) 14.3 (1.10) 14.7 (0.70) 18.0 (1.36)
50 to 54 94.9 104.7 114.4 16.8 (0.34) 16.3 (0.66) 14.6 (0.87) 16.0 (1.09) 14.9 (1.34) 16.6 (0.90) 17.1 (1.26) 16.5 (1.00) 19.3 (0.84) 17.1 (1.35)
55 to 59 67.3 90.2 111.6 16.4 (0.37) 13.9 (0.66) 12.0 (0.61) 15.1 (1.01) 16.5 (1.60) 17.3 (0.89) 16.8 (1.24) 15.6 (0.87) 21.9 (1.05) 16.8 (1.46)
60 to 64 44.6 55.0 78.3 11.5 (0.31) 10.7 (0.58) 10.9 (0.74) 13.8 (0.90) 12.8 (1.54) 13.4 (0.72) 12.9 (1.42) 11.8 (1.10) 10.5 (0.68) 9.4 (0.83)
65 or older 23.8 30.6 43.3 6.3 (0.23) 6.0 (0.40) 8.6 (0.64) 5.9 (0.83) 11.8 (1.53) 7.1 (0.67) 6.8 (0.78) 5.7 (0.80) 4.9 (0.67) 5.2 (0.59)
                                               
Highest degree                                              
Less than bachelor's 6.3 6.7 10.0 1.5 (0.12) 0.2 (0.09) 0.2 (0.14) 0.2 (0.09) (†) 0.1 (0.07) (†) 0.8 (0.26) 6.1 (0.58) 2.4 (0.64)
Bachelor's 20.9 22.5 29.4 4.3 (0.24) 2.0 (0.27) 2.0 (0.41) 2.9 (0.51) 1.6 (0.46) 3.1 (0.63) 2.8 (0.58) 2.1 (0.53) 11.1 (0.97) 6.9 (0.82)
Master's 155.8 156.0 179.8 26.4 (0.39) 12.3 (0.49) 9.9 (0.93) 20.3 (1.19) 12.9 (1.17) 22.7 (1.08) 28.7 (2.10) 27.2 (1.71) 63.3 (1.22) 25.5 (1.68)
First-professional 58.3 51.7 56.1 8.2 (0.30) 11.8 (0.53) 18.4 (1.19) 4.7 (0.49) 9.7 (1.47) 2.0 (0.30) 3.5 (0.89) 0.9 (0.18) 1.6 (0.30) 21.3 (1.99)
Doctoral 283.8 323.5 406.6 59.6 (0.48) 73.7 (0.61) 69.4 (1.45) 71.9 (1.30) 75.4 (2.03) 72.1 (1.34) 65.0 (2.47) 69.1 (1.92) 17.9 (1.13) 43.8 (2.47)
                                               
Academic rank                                              
Professor 160.6 172.2 194.4 28.5 (0.54) 33.8 (0.95) 34.0 (1.15) 27.3 (1.34) 30.3 (2.37) 29.8 (1.23) 24.8 (1.61) 28.5 (1.79) 21.7 (1.89) 22.9 (1.39)
Associate professor 123.7 132.0 149.6 21.9 (0.37) 23.3 (0.63) 22.0 (1.12) 25.9 (1.54) 31.6 (1.73) 23.2 (1.30) 27.0 (1.41) 24.6 (1.27) 12.1 (1.22) 22.3 (1.47)
Assistant professor 124.3 125.0 158.1 23.2 (0.41) 22.5 (0.68) 26.6 (1.38) 23.5 (1.36) 21.6 (1.63) 28.3 (1.08) 31.8 (2.00) 30.3 (1.14) 10.3 (1.12) 25.2 (1.37)
Instructor 73.9 74.9 82.7 12.1 (0.42) 4.3 (0.27) 5.0 (0.79) 9.0 (0.94) 4.5 (0.89) 7.6 (0.81) 6.8 (1.02) 6.6 (0.91) 37.5 (2.13) 13.9 (1.30)
Lecturer 11.9 14.1 21.9 3.2 (0.22) 4.6 (0.34) 4.9 (0.59) 5.4 (0.80) 2.5 (0.40) 5.4 (0.99) 1.9 (0.67) 1.0 (0.23) 0.3 (0.09) 0.9 (0.27)
Other 17.1 26.3 56.5 8.3 (0.32) 10.6 (0.64) 7.1 (0.54) 8.5 (0.59) 8.9 (1.23) 5.7 (0.94) 7.3 (1.12) 8.8 (1.11) 8.3 (0.80) 7.9 (0.90)
No rank 16.9 15.8 18.6 2.7 (0.19) 0.8 (0.14) 0.4 (0.20) 0.5 (0.25) 0.6 (0.45) 0.1 (0.05) 0.5 (0.10) 0.2 (0.10) 9.8 (0.88) 7.0 (1.14)
                                               
Base salary                                              
Under $10,000 13.8 9.7 4.4 0.7 (0.07) 0.8 (0.19) 0.7 (0.31) 0.8 (0.26) (†) 0.5 (0.20) 0.3 (0.18) 0.6 (0.18) 0.6 (0.15) 0.9 (0.35)
$10,000 to 24,999 29.4 19.3 19.0 2.8 (0.15) 2.5 (0.28) 3.0 (0.44) 3.8 (0.55) 1.7 (0.74) 3.1 (0.36) 2.9 (0.45) 2.6 (0.58) 2.9 (0.42) 2.4 (0.59)
$25,000 to 39,999 181.8 123.7 79.7 11.7 (0.42) 8.0 (0.49) 5.6 (0.66) 13.0 (0.65) 6.6 (1.03) 12.2 (1.12) 12.8 (1.85) 15.2 (1.38) 18.0 (1.44) 12.0 (1.28)
$40,000 to 54,999 163.8 171.1 192.4 28.2 (0.45) 19.2 (0.78) 15.5 (1.13) 27.4 (1.10) 21.3 (2.12) 34.0 (1.40) 38.8 (1.63) 39.6 (1.64) 37.1 (1.48) 25.7 (1.55)
$55,000 to 69,999 76.7 106.2 147.7 21.7 (0.52) 18.9 (0.58) 15.4 (0.99) 22.3 (1.05) 26.4 (2.02) 24.1 (1.26) 24.9 (1.78) 23.1 (1.34) 24.3 (1.58) 20.9 (1.43)
$70,000 to 84,999 32.1 57.9 94.8 13.9 (0.32) 15.3 (0.64) 16.0 (1.01) 14.7 (1.03) 15.6 (1.52) 14.7 (1.21) 10.5 (1.18) 11.2 (1.46) 12.9 (1.10) 12.0 (1.38)
$85,000 to 99,999 11.1 28.1 50.7 7.4 (0.29) 11.1 (0.54) 9.8 (0.80) 7.8 (0.79) 10.1 (1.32) 8.1 (0.78) 4.0 (1.15) 3.7 (0.56) 3.6 (0.59) 5.7 (0.58)
$100,000 or more 19.6 44.4 93.1 13.7 (0.34) 24.1 (0.76) 34.0 (1.20) 10.2 (0.82) 18.2 (1.63) 3.3 (0.46) 5.8 (0.90) 4.0 (0.57) 0.8 (0.21) 20.4 (2.00)
                                               
Part-time faculty and instructional staff                                              
Number (in thousands) 376.7 416.0 530.0 530.0 (0.02) 39.7 (0.78) 23.2 (0.96) 20.8 (0.82) 15.4 (0.83) 60.3 (2.49) 53.5 (2.17) 28.4 (2.19) 230.1 (2.00) 58.7 (3.38)
Percentage distribution 100.0 (†) 7.5 (0.15) 4.4 (0.18) 3.9 (0.15) 2.9 (0.16) 11.4 (0.47) 10.1 (0.41) 5.4 (0.41) 43.4 (0.38) 11.1 (0.64)
        Percentage distribution of part-time faculty and instructional staff
Total †  †  †  100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†)
Sex                                              
Male 208.7 217.0 275.9 52.1 (0.45) 50.4 (1.97) 60.2 (1.92) 50.2 (2.26) 58.4 (3.34) 50.0 (1.59) 53.9 (1.53) 50.3 (1.95) 50.7 (0.57) 55.4 (1.66)
Female 168.0 199.1 254.1 47.9 (0.45) 49.6 (1.97) 39.8 (1.92) 49.8 (2.26) 41.6 (3.34) 50.0 (1.59) 46.1 (1.53) 49.7 (1.95) 49.3 (0.57) 44.6 (1.66)
                                               
Race/ethnicity                                              
White 332.8 364.4 451.6 85.2 (0.38) 82.4 (1.63) 85.8 (1.78) 87.9 (2.19) 88.9 (1.99) 87.2 (1.89) 91.0 (0.85) 86.2 (1.59) 83.7 (0.54) 83.0 (1.84)
Black 18.3 18.9 29.7 5.6 (0.20) 2.7 (0.72) 4.1 (1.14) 2.4 (1.01) 2.8 (0.99) 4.7 (1.20) 2.8 (0.40) 8.1 (1.27) 6.9 (0.25) 7.2 (1.02)
Hispanic 11.2 15.5 18.7 3.5 (0.13) 3.2 (0.56) 2.5 (0.78) 4.1 (0.81) 2.8 (0.66) 3.1 (0.39) 2.4 (0.30) 2.1 (0.48) 4.4 (0.21) 3.0 (0.57)
Asian/Pacific Islander 12.2 13.2 20.3 3.8 (0.22) 9.9 (1.39) 6.4 (1.05) 4.5 (1.14) 4.9 (1.79) 3.3 (0.59) 1.9 (0.61) 2.7 (0.63) 2.9 (0.23) 4.7 (1.02)
American Indian/Alaska Native 2.3 4.0 9.7 1.8 (0.22) 1.8 (0.68) (†) 1.1 (0.69) 0.6 (0.35) 1.7 (0.61) 1.9 (0.42) 0.9 (0.35) 2.1 (0.38) 2.1 (0.70)
                                               
Age                                              
Under 30 20.5 15.1 22.8 4.3 (0.30) 5.6 (0.94) 3.1 (1.11) 8.9 (1.75) 4.8 (1.58) 5.7 (1.04) 1.8 (0.51) 3.8 (0.72) 4.4 (0.46) 3.1 (0.72)
30 to 34 35.9 37.1 43.4 8.2 (0.38) 10.0 (1.32) 8.8 (1.79) 6.8 (1.20) 6.5 (1.81) 8.1 (1.11) 7.9 (1.16) 8.9 (1.33) 8.2 (0.68) 7.6 (1.11)
35 to 39 58.9 47.2 54.6 10.3 (0.48) 8.7 (1.36) 9.4 (1.48) 8.3 (1.74) 12.5 (2.38) 11.1 (1.55) 9.7 (0.88) 10.8 (1.78) 10.4 (0.74) 10.8 (1.35)
40 to 44 70.0 60.4 61.0 11.5 (0.44) 12.9 (1.78) 11.4 (1.81) 13.2 (2.26) 11.2 (2.26) 11.9 (1.34) 10.1 (1.18) 12.2 (1.37) 11.3 (0.78) 11.3 (1.40)
45 to 49 68.0 72.1 76.5 14.4 (0.48) 15.6 (1.51) 16.0 (1.54) 16.3 (2.42) 7.9 (1.93) 11.3 (1.17) 14.3 (1.27) 14.0 (1.95) 14.6 (0.75) 17.1 (1.84)
50 to 54 45.1 69.8 82.8 15.6 (0.42) 14.5 (1.39) 12.2 (1.49) 16.3 (2.27) 16.5 (2.76) 13.6 (1.50) 18.5 (1.24) 15.0 (1.66) 15.9 (0.72) 15.8 (1.57)
55 to 59 28.8 47.1 77.0 14.5 (0.48) 12.1 (1.53) 14.4 (2.14) 13.5 (1.99) 14.2 (2.99) 14.8 (1.35) 14.2 (1.32) 13.7 (1.69) 15.3 (0.71) 14.1 (1.59)
60 to 64 22.9 28.8 51.6 9.7 (0.50) 8.4 (1.38) 9.6 (1.78) 8.0 (1.86) 12.5 (2.58) 11.2 (1.30) 10.5 (1.38) 9.5 (1.41) 9.7 (0.85) 8.5 (1.25)
65 or older 26.6 38.4 60.3 11.4 (0.46) 12.3 (1.49) 15.1 (1.95) 8.7 (1.61) 13.8 (2.90) 12.2 (1.19) 13.1 (1.85) 12.1 (1.93) 10.1 (0.77) 11.7 (2.06)
                                               
Highest degree                                              
Less than bachelor's 17.2 20.3 41.1 7.8 (0.59) 2.2 (0.59) 2.5 (1.27) 0.5 (0.28) 2.1 (0.76) 2.1 (0.61) 0.7 (0.28) 0.9 (0.38) 14.3 (1.21) 7.6 (1.51)
Bachelor's 62.7 58.8 83.8 15.8 (0.55) 9.9 (1.32) 10.9 (1.94) 13.9 (2.09) 7.6 (2.48) 13.1 (1.84) 7.5 (1.08) 8.6 (1.52) 21.5 (1.17) 15.9 (1.67)
Master's 190.2 225.1 273.1 51.5 (0.80) 35.6 (2.39) 36.6 (3.36) 53.8 (3.16) 41.7 (3.47) 57.8 (2.32) 64.4 (2.33) 61.0 (2.21) 52.1 (1.63) 44.7 (3.32)
First-professional 39.6 36.0 38.5 7.3 (0.39) 16.7 (1.98) 21.3 (2.68) 7.7 (1.52) 13.6 (2.41) 4.2 (0.79) 4.8 (0.90) 7.2 (1.50) 3.3 (0.49) 14.4 (1.83)
Doctor's 58.9 75.8 93.5 17.6 (0.60) 35.6 (2.56) 28.7 (3.88) 24.1 (3.30) 35.0 (2.65) 22.7 (1.83) 22.6 (1.88) 22.2 (2.09) 8.7 (0.66) 17.4 (2.28)
                                               
Academic rank                                              
Professor 32.3 30.2 23.3 4.4 (0.30) 8.1 (1.54) 5.6 (1.18) 4.6 (1.43) 5.7 (1.40) 5.7 (1.01) 2.4 (0.55) 4.4 (0.85) 3.2 (0.52) 6.0 (1.03)
Associate professor 22.5 19.4 14.6 2.8 (0.22) 4.3 (0.94) 6.0 (1.45) 2.6 (1.14) 2.9 (1.03) 2.1 (0.69) 3.1 (0.79) 4.7 (1.11) 1.5 (0.27) 4.8 (1.07)
Assistant professor 24.2 23.1 19.8 3.7 (0.29) 11.0 (1.49) 11.9 (3.02) 3.3 (0.80) 7.0 (1.73) 2.0 (0.49) 3.0 (0.86) 5.1 (1.81) 0.8 (0.20) 8.3 (1.24)
Instructor 215.4 205.4 187.7 35.4 (0.83) 20.8 (1.72) 18.2 (1.92) 28.7 (2.27) 20.1 (3.25) 25.4 (2.41) 21.9 (1.64) 24.5 (2.13) 48.5 (1.54) 35.2 (2.66)
Lecturer 45.3 46.3 40.9 7.7 (0.41) 21.5 (1.67) 18.6 (2.30) 13.2 (2.07) 9.6 (1.72) 15.8 (2.18) 8.6 (2.32) 6.7 (1.72) 2.7 (0.42) 2.7 (0.80)
Other 27.6 75.2 230.9 43.6 (0.85) 33.3 (2.17) 38.2 (2.49) 45.4 (2.50) 53.4 (3.25) 47.7 (3.01) 59.7 (3.84) 52.2 (3.03) 40.5 (1.38) 38.3 (3.23)
No rank 9.3 16.5 12.8 2.4 (0.20) 1.0 (0.30) 1.6 (1.20) 2.3 (0.80) 1.4 (0.81) 1.2 (0.39) 1.2 (0.32) 2.3 (0.70) 2.8 (0.39) 4.6 (1.10)
                                               
Base salary                                              
Under $10,000 280.5 256.2 340.5 64.2 (0.60) 43.7 (2.35) 54.7 (2.80) 65.1 (2.94) 59.3 (3.10) 66.0 (2.44) 71.8 (2.97) 67.5 (2.75) 66.6 (1.02) 63.5 (1.97)
$10,000 to 24,999 68.1 112.4 140.8 26.6 (0.60) 29.3 (2.32) 27.5 (2.55) 24.7 (2.63) 30.3 (3.38) 26.3 (2.05) 21.4 (2.40) 23.4 (2.00) 28.1 (0.97) 24.6 (1.74)
$25,000 to 39,999 15.8 26.3 27.5 5.2 (0.32) 12.2 (1.38) 7.7 (1.76) 5.7 (1.48) 4.8 (1.72) 4.9 (1.09) 4.4 (1.15) 5.3 (1.24) 4.1 (0.46) 4.7 (0.92)
$40,000 to 54,999 5.3 11.8 9.6 1.8 (0.14) 5.8 (1.05) 5.0 (1.18) 1.9 (0.70) 3.0 (1.00) 1.6 (0.44) 0.9 (0.31) 1.1 (0.55) 0.5 (0.15) 4.0 (0.83)
$55,000 to 69,999 2.2 4.2 4.7 0.9 (0.15) 3.0 (0.65) 2.0 (1.00) 1.4 (0.71) 1.0 (0.65) 0.9 (0.59) 0.8 (0.31) 1.6 (0.65) 0.4 (0.14) 0.3 (0.25)
$70,000 to 84,999 1.1 2.4 1.9 0.4 (0.07) 2.2 (0.57) 0.9 (0.55) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 0.9 (0.30)
$85,000 to 99,999 0.9 # 1.5 0.3 (0.07) 1.0 (0.46) 1.0 (0.51) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 0.2 (0.10) 0.2 (0.12)
$100,000 or more 2.7 # 3.5 0.7 (0.10) 2.9 (0.63) 1.3 (0.72) (†) 1.2 (0.75) (†) 0.4 (0.27) (†) 0.1 (0.07) 1.8 (0.56)
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
NOTE: Totals may differ from figures reported in other tables because of varying survey methodologies. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Standard errors appear in parentheses.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, 1993, 1999, and 2004 National Study of Postsecondary Faculty (NSOPF:93;99;04). (This table was prepared January 2009.)