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Digest of Education Statistics: 2008
Digest of Education Statistics: 2008

NCES 2009-020
March 2009


Table 233. Graduate enrollment in science and engineering programs in degree-granting institutions, by discipline division: Fall 1994 through fall 2006
Discipline of engineering or science 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Percent change, 1994 to 2006
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
Total, all sciences and engineering 504,399 499,640 494,079 487,208 485,627 493,256 493,311 509,607 540,404 567,121 574,463 582,226 597,643 18.5
Engineering 113,024 107,201 103,224 101,148 100,038 101,691 104,112 109,493 119,668 127,377 123,566 120,565 123,041 8.9
Aerospace 3,715 3,343 3,208 3,083 3,137 3,349 3,407 3,451 3,685 4,048 4,089 4,170 4,482 20.6
Agricultural 1,061 1,037 1,012 941 975 986 943 947 952 1,058 1,041 1,059 1,073 1.1
Biomedical 2,750 2,732 2,732 2,847 2,855 3,069 3,197 3,599 4,338 5,301 5,807 6,067 6,482 135.7
Chemical 7,639 7,452 7,408 7,288 7,093 6,883 7,056 6,913 7,414 7,516 7,452 7,173 7,261 -4.9
Civil 19,925 19,218 18,528 17,193 16,517 16,226 16,451 16,665 17,713 18,890 18,561 18,114 17,802 -10.7
Electrical 33,020 30,861 29,941 30,787 31,384 31,822 33,611 36,100 39,948 41,763 38,995 37,450 38,265 15.9
Engineering science 2,089 1,955 1,751 1,647 1,701 1,627 1,632 1,798 2,121 2,240 2,198 1,951 2,046 -2.1
Industrial/manufacturing 13,992 13,475 12,675 11,957 11,221 11,803 12,119 12,940 14,033 14,313 13,852 13,650 13,829 -1.2
Mechanical 17,761 16,363 15,509 15,045 14,696 14,956 15,235 15,852 17,139 18,393 17,852 17,373 17,919 0.9
Metallurgical/materials 5,228 4,956 4,747 4,688 4,680 4,481 4,377 4,721 4,992 5,131 5,059 5,160 5,268 0.8
Mining 424 373 371 348 304 328 287 240 267 278 308 279 244 -42.5
Nuclear 1,246 1,154 980 868 821 830 792 801 795 885 971 1,013 1,099 -11.8
Petroleum 624 610 562 561 571 642 627 656 766 849 845 808 813 30.3
Other engineering 3,550 3,672 3,800 3,895 4,083 4,689 4,378 4,810 5,505 6,712 6,536 6,298 6,458 81.9
                             
All sciences 391,375 392,439 390,855 386,060 385,589 391,565 389,199 400,114 420,736 439,744 450,897 461,661 474,602 21.3
                             
Physical sciences 34,466 33,399 32,333 31,105 30,575 30,691 30,385 31,038 32,341 34,298 35,761 36,375 36,901 7.1
                             
Astronomy 973 912 874 778 820 832 888 916 990 1,080 1,119 1,191 1,211 24.5
Chemistry 19,803 19,570 19,334 18,774 18,482 18,416 18,105 18,366 19,045 20,049 20,776 21,101 21,351 7.8
Physics 13,162 12,425 11,728 11,147 10,809 10,869 10,841 11,248 11,701 12,555 13,298 13,472 13,722 4.3
Other physical sciences 528 492 397 406 464 574 551 508 605 614 568 611 617 16.9
                             
Earth, atmospheric, and ocean sciences 15,957 15,716 15,183 14,548 14,258 14,083 13,941 13,841 14,240 14,620 15,131 14,836 14,920 -6.5
Atmospheric sciences 1,109 1,072 1,086 1,092 965 913 963 924 1,036 1,150 1,086 1,146 1,079 -2.7
Geosciences 7,713 7,582 7,304 6,959 6,687 6,637 6,596 6,544 6,712 6,889 7,358 7,212 7,177 -6.9
Oceanography 2,870 2,723 2,615 2,479 2,562 2,624 2,668 2,585 2,618 2,695 2,801 2,760 2,770 -3.5
Other environmental sciences 4,265 4,339 4,178 4,018 4,044 3,909 3,714 3,788 3,874 3,886 3,886 3,718 3,894 -8.7
                             
Mathematical sciences 19,573 18,504 18,008 16,719 16,485 16,257 15,650 16,651 18,163 19,465 19,931 20,210 20,815 6.3
Mathematics and applied mathematics 16,457 15,386 14,948 14,027 13,827 13,521 12,823 13,569 14,702 15,569 15,964 16,106 16,649 1.2
Statistics 3,116 3,118 3,060 2,692 2,658 2,736 2,827 3,082 3,461 3,896 3,967 4,104 4,166 33.7
                             
Computer sciences 34,158 33,458 34,626 35,991 38,027 42,478 47,350 52,196 55,269 53,696 50,016 47,978 47,653 39.5
                             
Life sciences 143,560 148,286 148,948 148,486 149,634 151,345 148,080 150,252 159,356 170,374 178,600 185,553 194,313 35.4
                             
Agricultural sciences 12,242 12,768 12,301 12,203 12,168 12,312 12,023 12,235 12,698 13,197 13,445 13,123 13,016 6.3
                             
Biological sciences 58,033 58,344 57,749 56,705 56,695 56,959 56,282 57,639 61,088 64,701 66,565 68,479 69,941 20.5
Anatomy 1,018 850 878 856 785 749 795 735 906 908 897 938 961 -5.6
Biochemistry 5,615 5,562 5,275 5,102 5,148 5,101 4,966 4,917 5,190 5,552 5,612 5,814 5,824 3.7
Biology 14,208 14,280 14,611 14,646 14,277 13,989 13,407 13,352 13,822 14,770 15,458 15,681 16,463 15.9
Biometry/epidemiology 2,710 2,810 3,005 2,896 3,514 3,704 3,615 3,817 4,071 4,439 4,674 4,805 4,789 76.7
Biophysics 794 845 833 748 737 710 751 877 953 1,032 1,180 1,183 1,203 51.5
Botany 2,748 2,295 2,213 2,082 2,042 1,974 1,904 1,921 1,973 1,901 1,831 1,860 1,850 -32.7
Cell biology 3,829 4,174 4,207 4,300 4,379 4,637 4,820 4,911 5,375 5,689 5,830 6,177 6,553 71.1
Ecology 1,566 1,702 1,632 1,640 1,670 1,704 1,762 1,888 1,967 2,230 2,185 2,165 2,162 38.1
Entomology/parasitology 1,263 1,241 1,234 1,161 1,168 1,145 1,104 1,170 1,191 1,206 1,241 1,126 1,114 -11.8
Genetics 1,699 1,712 1,741 1,776 1,727 1,783 1,712 1,841 1,909 2,073 2,129 2,155 2,154 26.8
Microbiology, immunology, and virology 5,094 5,026 4,912 4,805 4,773 4,815 4,814 4,798 5,208 5,256 5,375 5,401 5,324 4.5
Nutrition 4,791 5,071 4,918 4,604 4,486 4,508 4,413 4,429 4,539 4,695 4,771 4,817 5,042 5.2
Pathology 1,707 1,670 1,656 1,674 1,580 1,580 1,531 1,637 1,613 1,541 1,557 1,593 1,612 -5.6
Pharmacology 2,839 2,710 2,663 2,597 2,730 2,757 2,963 3,140 3,234 3,357 3,122 3,114 2,985 5.1
Physiology 2,378 2,540 2,377 2,298 2,151 2,083 2,015 1,967 2,076 2,328 2,409 2,399 2,416 1.6
Zoology 2,028 1,958 1,808 1,627 1,586 1,523 1,445 1,411 1,349 1,301 1,236 1,264 1,145 -43.5
Other biosciences 3,746 3,898 3,786 3,893 3,942 4,197 4,265 4,828 5,712 6,423 7,058 7,987 8,344 122.7
                             
Health fields 73,285 77,174 78,898 79,578 80,771 82,074 79,775 80,378 85,570 92,476 98,590 103,951 111,356 51.9
Medical fields 15,065 15,538 15,363 15,470 16,643 17,276 16,407 17,363 19,166 20,574 20,866 21,414 23,441 55.6
Other health fields 58,220 61,636 63,535 64,108 64,128 64,798 63,368 63,015 66,404 71,902 77,724 82,537 87,915 51.0
Dentistry 1,298 1,338 1,388 1,491 1,518 1,467 1,430 1,494 1,446 1,654 1,946 1,748 1,614 24.3
Nursing 26,997 28,405 27,388 26,861 25,591 25,074 23,457 23,609 24,715 26,649 29,781 31,670 35,846 32.8
Pharmaceutical sciences 2,887 2,808 2,846 2,710 2,882 3,422 3,611 3,679 4,538 5,493 5,218 6,091 6,315 118.7
Speech pathology/audiology 11,356 11,982 12,857 13,212 13,198 13,600 13,636 13,193 13,368 13,694 14,045 14,821 14,847 30.7
Veterinary sciences 922 975 997 1,224 1,288 1,314 1,367 1,476 1,691 1,719 1,732 1,970 2,067 124.2
Other health related 14,760 16,128 18,059 18,610 19,651 19,921 19,867 19,564 20,646 22,693 25,002 26,237 27,226 84.5
                             
Psychology 54,554 53,641 53,122 53,126 52,557 51,727 50,466 50,454 51,152 52,162 54,126 57,282 57,653 5.7
Psychology, general 18,356 12,519 12,787 13,098 12,733 12,798 12,488 12,488 12,609 13,118 13,771 14,283 13,947 -24.0
Clinical psychology 12,684 17,647 16,833 17,249 17,098 16,238 15,429 15,638 14,969 15,364 16,089 16,620 16,622 31.0
Other psychology 23,514 23,475 23,502 22,779 22,726 22,691 22,549 22,328 23,574 23,680 24,266 26,379 27,084 15.2
                             
Social sciences 89,107 89,435 88,635 86,085 84,053 84,984 83,327 85,682 90,215 95,129 97,332 99,427 102,347 14.9
Agricultural economics 2,289 2,338 2,117 2,043 1,995 2,014 2,079 2,161 2,187 2,318 2,195 2,127 2,158 -5.7
Anthropology 7,665 7,693 7,773 7,560 7,577 7,633 7,626 7,491 7,481 7,789 7,826 7,750 8,150 6.3
Economics (except agricultural) 12,913 12,673 12,080 11,097 10,701 10,562 10,748 11,408 12,009 12,316 12,318 11,805 12,132 -6.0
Geography 4,502 4,371 4,331 4,287 4,326 4,250 4,036 4,304 4,383 4,721 4,809 4,800 4,750 5.5
History and philosophy of science 387 401 409 443 508 557 532 571 663 737 994 965 968 150.1
Linguistics 3,279 3,194 3,156 3,068 2,935 2,799 2,674 2,744 2,875 3,028 2,941 3,187 3,074 -6.3
Political science 34,317 34,298 33,252 32,083 30,828 31,372 31,131 31,805 34,934 36,880 39,023 40,780 41,784 21.8
Sociology 9,498 9,564 9,425 9,413 9,058 8,966 8,652 8,812 8,946 9,127 8,874 9,108 9,035 -4.9
Sociology/anthropology 987 941 923 948 857 741 745 808 719 773 839 848 837 -15.2
Other social sciences 13,270 13,962 15,169 15,143 15,268 16,090 15,104 15,578 16,018 17,440 17,513 18,147 19,459 46.6
NOTE: The survey on which this table is based includes institutions in other jurisdictions, including Guam, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Some data have been revised from previously published figures. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Studies, Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering, 1994 through 2006. (This table was prepared September 2008.)