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Digest of Education Statistics
2008 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 163. Percentage of 12- to 17-year-olds reporting substance abuse during the past 30 days and the past year, by drug used, sex, and race/ethnicity: Selected years, 1982 through 2006
Year, sex, and race/ethnicity Percent reporting substance abuse during past 30 days Percent reporting substance abuse during past year
Illicit drug use Alcohol Cigarettes Illicit drug use Alcohol Cigarettes
Any1  Marijuana Cocaine Any1  Marijuana Cocaine
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
1982 (†) 9.9 (—) 1.9 (—) 34.9 (—) (†) (†) 17.7 (—) 3.7 (—) 46.1 (—) (†)
1985 13.2 (—) 10.2 (—) 1.5 (—) 41.2 (—) 29.4 (—) 20.7 (—) 16.7 (—) 3.4 (—) 52.7 (—) 29.9 (—)
1988 8.1 (—) 5.4 (—) 1.2 (—) 33.4 (—) 22.7 (—) 14.9 (—) 10.7 (—) 2.5 (—) 45.5 (—) 26.8 (—)
1990 7.1 (—) 4.4 (—) 0.6 (—) 32.5 (—) 22.4 (—) 14.1 (—) 9.6 (—) 1.9 (—) 41.8 (—) 26.2 (—)
1993 5.7 (—) 4.0 (—) 0.4 (—) 23.9 (—) 18.5 (—) 11.9 (—) 8.5 (—) 0.7 (—) 35.9 (—) 22.5 (—)
                                         
1994 8.2 (—) 6.0 (—) 0.3 (—) 21.6 (—) 18.9 (—) 15.5 (—) 11.4 (—) 1.1 (—) 36.2 (—) 24.5 (—)
1995 10.9 (—) 8.2 (—) 0.8 (—) 21.1 (—) 20.2 (—) 18.0 (—) 14.2 (—) 1.7 (—) 35.1 (—) 26.6 (—)
1996 9.0 (—) 7.1 (—) 0.6 (—) 18.8 (—) 18.3 (—) 16.7 (—) 13.0 (—) 1.4 (—) 32.7 (—) 24.2 (—)
1997 11.4 (—) 9.4 (—) 1.0 (—) 20.5 (—) 19.9 (—) 18.8 (—) 15.8 (—) 2.2 (—) 34.0 (—) 26.4 (—)
1998 9.9 (—) 8.3 (—) 0.8 (—) 19.1 (—) 18.2 (—) 16.4 (—) 14.1 (—) 1.7 (—) 31.8 (—) 23.8 (—)
                                         
1999 9.8 (0.23) 7.2 (0.20) 0.5 (0.06) 16.5 (0.30) 14.9 (0.31) 19.8 (0.32) 14.2 (0.29) 1.6 (0.10) 34.1 (0.41) 23.4 (0.37)
2000 9.7 (0.24) 7.2 (0.21) 0.6 (0.07) 16.4 (0.29) 13.4 (0.28) 18.6 (0.31) 13.4 (0.27) 1.7 (0.12) 33.0 (0.39) 20.8 (0.34)
2001 10.8 (0.26) 8.0 (0.24) 0.4 (0.06) 17.3 (0.33) 13.0 (0.28) 20.8 (0.36) 15.2 (0.32) 1.5 (0.10) 33.9 (0.39) 20.0 (0.35)
2002 11.6 (0.29) 8.2 (0.24) 0.6 (0.07) 17.6 (0.32) 13.0 (0.30) 22.2 (0.38) 15.8 (0.32) 2.1 (0.13) 34.6 (0.42) 20.3 (0.35)
2003 11.2 (0.27) 7.9 (0.24) 0.6 (0.06) 17.7 (0.33) 12.2 (0.29) 21.8 (0.36) 15.0 (0.31) 1.8 (0.11) 34.3 (0.42) 19.0 (0.36)
2004 10.6 (0.27) 7.6 (0.23) 0.5 (0.06) 17.6 (0.32) 11.9 (0.30) 21.0 (0.34) 14.5 (0.31) 1.6 (0.11) 33.9 (0.41) 18.4 (0.35)
                                         
2005 9.9 (0.25) 6.8 (0.22) 0.6 (0.06) 16.5 (0.32) 10.8 (0.28) 19.9 (0.35) 13.3 (0.30) 1.7 (0.11) 33.3 (0.41) 17.3 (0.36)
Sex                                        
Male 10.1 (0.38) 7.5 (0.33) 0.6 (0.10) 15.9 (0.44) 10.7 (0.41) 19.7 (0.51) 13.9 (0.43) 1.6 (0.15) 32.0 (0.58) 16.9 (0.51)
Female 9.7 (0.35) 6.2 (0.29) 0.5 (0.08) 17.2 (0.47) 10.8 (0.39) 20.0 (0.48) 12.8 (0.40) 1.7 (0.15) 34.7 (0.61) 17.8 (0.49)
Race/ethnicity                                        
White 10.1 (0.31) 7.2 (0.27) 0.7 (0.09) 18.5 (0.42) 12.8 (0.36) 20.5 (0.43) 14.3 (0.36) 2.0 (0.15) 36.0 (0.50) 19.8 (0.44)
Black 11.0 (0.75) 7.2 (0.61) # (0.01) 11.6 (0.73) 6.5 (0.62) 20.4 (0.99) 13.0 (0.78) # (0.02) 25.2 (1.01) 10.6 (0.74)
Hispanic 9.4 (0.74) 6.3 (0.64) 0.6 (0.19) 16.7 (0.94) 9.1 (0.76) 19.6 (1.01) 12.3 (0.84) 2.0 (0.32) 34.5 (1.18) 16.8 (0.94)
Asian 3.3 (0.81) 1.5 (0.51) 0.2 (0.16) 7.0 (1.23) 3.0 (0.76) 7.6 (1.28) 3.5 (0.79) 0.4 (0.25) 18.1 (1.87) 6.4 (1.35)
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native 19.2 (3.64) 14.9 (3.45) (†) 12.2 (2.53) 18.0 (3.26) 29.6 (3.48) 22.2 (3.32) 5.1 (2.37) 32.1 (3.49) 25.0 (3.77)
More than one race 9.7 (1.42) 6.8 (1.19) 1.1 (0.57) 13.0 (1.55) 11.0 (1.53) 21.7 (2.23) 13.6 (1.71) 2.0 (0.69) 34.0 (2.82) 16.7 (2.00)
                                         
2006 9.8 (0.27) 6.7 (0.21) 0.4 (0.05) 16.6 (0.32) 10.4 (0.26) 19.6 (0.37) 13.2 (0.31) 1.6 (0.11) 32.9 (0.42) 17.0 (0.35)
Sex                                        
Male 9.8 (0.36) 6.8 (0.30) 0.4 (0.07) 16.3 (0.44) 10.0 (0.36) 19.5 (0.50) 13.4 (0.42) 1.4 (0.14) 32.2 (0.57) 16.7 (0.46)
Female 9.7 (0.36) 6.4 (0.29) 0.5 (0.08) 17.0 (0.47) 10.7 (0.37) 19.7 (0.49) 12.9 (0.41) 1.9 (0.16) 33.7 (0.58) 17.4 (0.48)
Race/ethnicity                                        
White 10.0 (0.31) 7.1 (0.26) 0.5 (0.07) 19.2 (0.42) 12.4 (0.35) 20.2 (0.42) 13.9 (0.35) 2.0 (0.15) 36.7 (0.50) 19.5 (0.42)
Black 10.2 (0.66) 6.5 (0.51) 0.2 (0.11) 10.5 (0.71) 6.0 (0.50) 18.6 (0.91) 12.2 (0.71) 0.4 (0.15) 24.1 (0.95) 10.8 (0.69)
Hispanic 8.9 (0.66) 5.8 (0.53) 0.5 (0.14) 15.3 (0.84) 8.2 (0.59) 18.8 (0.98) 12.3 (0.80) 1.7 (0.29) 31.3 (1.10) 15.1 (0.84)
Asian 6.7 (1.52) 3.2 (0.92) 0.1 (0.11) 7.6 (1.86) 5.2 (1.16) 13.7 (2.02) 7.3 (1.33) 0.6 (0.52) 20.2 (2.45) 11.0 (2.06)
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native 18.7 (4.38) 11.3 (2.47) 0.1 (0.10) 20.5 (3.96) 21.2 (3.63) (†) (†) 2.2 (1.00) 33.2 (3.97) (†)
More than one race 11.8 (1.96) 8.4 (1.74) 1.2 (0.73) 16.2 (2.36) 12.7 (1.90) 24.3 (3.09) 17.7 (2.91) 3.0 (1.25) 31.2 (2.74) 19.2 (2.32)
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1 Includes other illegal drug use not shown separately.
NOTE: Marijuana includes hashish usage for 1996 and later years. Due to changes in the survey instrument and administration and to improve comparability with new data, estimates for 1982 through 1993 have been adjusted and may differ from those reported in previous years. Data for 1999 have been revised from previously published figures. Data for 1999 and later years were gathered using Computer Assisted Interviewing (CAI) and may not be directly comparable to previous years. Race categories exclude per-sons of Hispanic ethnicity. Standard errors appear in parentheses.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse: Main Findings, selected years, 1982 through 2001, and National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 through 2006. Retrieved July 2, 2008, from www.oas.samhsa.gov/NSDUH/2k6NSDUH/tabs/TOC.htm. (This table was prepared July 2008.)

2008 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest