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Digest of Education Statistics: 2008
Digest of Education Statistics: 2008

NCES 2009-020
March 2009


Table 161. Percentage of students suspended and expelled from public elementary and secondary schools, by sex, race/ethnicity, and state: 2006
State Percent suspended Percent expelled
Total Sex Race/ethnicity Total Sex Race/ethnicity
Male Female White Black Hispanic Asian/ Pacific Islander American Indian/Alaska Native Male Female White Black Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander American Indian/Alaska Native
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
United States 6.9 (0.04) 9.1 (0.06) 4.5 (0.03) 4.8 (0.04) 15.0 (0.14) 6.8 (0.07) 2.7 (0.04) 7.9   (0.49) 0.21   (0.003) 0.31   (0.004) 0.11   (0.002) 0.14   (0.002) 0.47   (0.011) 0.22   (0.004) 0.07   (0.002) 0.26   (0.013)
Alabama 10.1 (0.11) 13.3 (0.15) 6.8 (#) 5.8 (0.10) 18.3 (0.32) 4.3 (0.10) 3.2 (0.14) 4.8   (0.49) 0.18   (0.003) 0.24   (0.006) 0.11   (0.002) 0.09   (0.002) 0.33   (0.009) 0.16   (0.003) #   (†) 0.01   (0.001)
Alaska 5.9 (0.35) 8.0 (0.47) 3.6 (0.21) 4.6 (0.13) 10.0 (0.10) 5.9 (0.29) 4.6 (0.50) 8.2   (1.18) 0.13   (0.005) 0.20   (0.007) 0.07   (0.006) 0.13   (0.004) 0.45   (0.003) 0.16   (0.006) 0.13   (0.011) 0.10   (0.009)
Arizona 5.9 (0.14) 8.4 (0.19) 3.3 (0.09) 4.5 (0.10) 11.8 (0.27) 6.4 (0.14) 2.6 (0.05) 10.0   (2.19) 0.07   (0.004) 0.11   (0.008) 0.03   (0.001) 0.06   (0.008) 0.12   (0.006) 0.08   (0.004) 0.03   (#) 0.08   (0.015)
Arkansas 7.3 (0.30) 10.2 (0.43) 4.3 (0.17) 5.0 (0.28) 15.9 (0.96) 4.9 (0.48) 3.5 (0.35) 4.7   (0.63) 0.10   (0.009) 0.15   (0.012) 0.06   (0.008) 0.10   (0.010) 0.14   (0.016) 0.09 ! (0.025) 0.07 ! (0.031) 0.03   (0.002)
California 7.5 (0.18) 10.5 (0.25) 4.4 (0.12) 6.0 (0.18) 17.1 (0.82) 7.9 (0.22) 3.3 (0.13) 12.2   (2.33) 0.31   (0.010) 0.48   (0.015) 0.13   (0.005) 0.28   (0.013) 0.61   (0.030) 0.32   (0.013) 0.11   (0.006) 0.46   (0.068)
                                        (0.008)           (0.007)                              
Colorado 6.0 (0.09) 8.3 (0.13) 3.7 (0.06) 4.5 (0.09) 13.2 (0.05) 8.1 (0.14) 3.2 (0.03) 8.7   (0.89) 0.28   (0.008) 0.43   (0.012) 0.12   (0.007) 0.20   (0.007) 0.56   (0.005) 0.40   (0.022) 0.12   (0.003) 0.60   (0.138)
Connecticut 6.8 (0.52) 8.9 (0.65) 4.7 (0.39) 4.0 (0.37) 17.2 (2.39) 11.4 (1.39) 2.4 (0.22) 5.2   (0.95) 0.25   (0.026) 0.36   (0.034) 0.14   (0.022) 0.13   (0.016) 0.66   (0.126) 0.45   (0.079) 0.10   (0.017) 0.15 ! (0.069)
Delaware1  10.9 (†) 13.8 (†) 7.9 (†) 6.4 (†) 20.1 (†) 9.2 (†) 3.3 (†) 5.5   (†) 0.20   (†) 0.30   (†) 0.10   (†) 0.17   (†) 0.32   (†) 0.06   (†) 0.06   (†) 0.00   (†)
District of Columbia1  0.4 (†) 0.4 (†) 0.3 (†) 0.2 (†) 0.4 (†) 0.2 (†) 0.0 (†) 0.0   (†) 0.22   (†) 0.25   (†) 0.20   (†) 0.03   (†) 0.25   (†) 0.17   (†) 0.10   (†) 0.00   (†)
Florida 10.5 (0.14) 13.4 (0.17) 7.3 (0.11) 7.9 (0.16) 19.3 (0.34) 7.7 (0.08) 2.9 (0.03) 7.2   (0.59) 0.04   (0.003) 0.06   (0.004) 0.02   (0.001) 0.04   (0.003) 0.06   (0.005) 0.02   (0.001) 0.01   (#) 0.06   (0.012)
                                        (0.008)           (0.007)                              
Georgia 8.8 (0.23) 11.4 (0.29) 6.1 (0.16) 4.8 (0.21) 15.0 (0.36) 5.4 (0.27) 2.1 (0.07) 3.7   (0.21) 0.23   (0.011) 0.33   (0.017) 0.12   (0.006) 0.18   (0.013) 0.32   (0.015) 0.11   (0.011) 0.04   (0.005) 0.08 ! (0.035)
Hawaii1  5.5 (†) 7.2 (†) 3.6 (†) 4.9 (†) 7.0 (†) 5.7 (†) 5.5 (†) 6.0   (†) 0.00   (†) 0.00   (†) 0.00   (†) 0.00   (†) 0.00   (†) 0.00   (†) 0.00   (†) 0.00   (†)
Idaho 3.6 (0.18) 5.3 (0.26) 1.7 (0.10) 3.3 (0.19) 3.5 (0.21) 5.1 (0.29) 1.6 (0.07) 8.6 ! (2.90) 0.09   (0.005) 0.14   (0.008) 0.03   (0.004) 0.07   (0.005) #   (†) 0.20   (0.018) #   (†) 0.37   (0.111)
Illinois 6.4 (0.15) 8.4 (0.20) 4.4 (0.10) 3.8 (0.17) 14.5 (0.53) 6.0 (0.19) 1.7 (0.08) 2.9   (0.41) 0.14   (0.007) 0.20   (0.008) 0.07   (0.006) 0.08   (0.011) 0.32   (0.011) 0.11   (0.004) 0.03   (0.005) 0.07   (0.008)
Indiana 7.4 (0.28) 9.9 (0.37) 4.7 (0.20) 6.0 (0.27) 17.3 (1.18) 7.4 (0.87) 1.8 (0.24) 6.1   (0.70) 0.63   (0.039) 0.85   (0.053) 0.40   (0.028) 0.54   (0.039) 1.24   (0.111) 0.70   (0.077) 0.19   (0.038) 0.60 ! (0.168)
                                        (0.008)           (0.007)                              
Iowa 3.0 (0.11) 4.0 (0.14) 1.9 (0.08) 2.4 (0.11) 11.4 (0.31) 3.2 (0.27) 1.6 (0.18) 5.2   (0.25) 0.04   (0.008) 0.07   (0.013) 0.01   (0.004) 0.04   (0.008) 0.07   (0.012) 0.06 ! (0.022) 0.01   (0.001) 0.11 ! (0.074)
Kansas 5.1 (0.18) 6.9 (0.26) 3.1 (0.11) 3.8 (0.20) 14.6 (0.27) 6.6 (0.22) 2.9 (0.10) 5.8   (0.59) 0.18   (0.014) 0.25   (0.015) 0.10   (0.013) 0.12   (0.017) 0.68   (0.019) 0.19   (0.011) 0.12   (0.013) 0.20 ! (0.090)
Kentucky 6.6 (0.36) 8.7 (0.48) 4.3 (0.24) 5.8 (0.33) 13.3 (1.27) 4.0 (0.33) 1.5 (0.19) 3.8   (0.89) 0.08   (0.017) 0.11   (0.021) 0.05 ! (0.014) 0.07   (0.012) 0.18 ! (0.091) 0.01 ! (0.004) 0.03 ! (0.013) #   (†)
Louisiana 10.3 (0.41) 13.2 (0.51) 7.3 (0.31) 7.1 (0.56) 14.6 (0.48) 4.7 (0.16) 2.6 (0.14) 6.8 ! (2.24) 0.89   (0.037) 1.23   (0.054) 0.52   (0.021) 0.45   (0.039) 1.42   (0.056) 0.47   (0.020) 0.17   (0.011) 0.39   (0.109)
Maine 4.6 (0.28) 6.6 (0.41) 2.4 (0.15) 4.5 (0.28) 9.0 (0.38) 5.7 (1.11) 2.9 (0.18) 6.4   (1.13) 0.09   (0.012) 0.13   (0.015) 0.04 ! (0.011) 0.09   (0.012) 0.09 ! (0.022) 0.05   (0.002) 0.07 ! (0.038) #   (†)
                                        (0.008)           (0.007)                              
Maryland1  7.1 (†) 8.9 (†) 5.2 (†) 5.8 (†) 8.2 (†) 12.9 (†) 2.2 (†) 8.5   (†) 0.18   (†) 0.27   (†) 0.09   (†) 0.08   (†) 0.31   (†) 0.27   (†) 0.03   (†) 0.09   (†)
Massachusetts 5.6 (0.28) 7.1 (0.35) 3.9 (0.22) 4.2 (0.25) 10.3 (0.50) 12.0 (1.18) 2.5 (0.25) 5.0   (0.63) 0.06   (0.004) 0.09   (0.006) 0.03   (0.003) 0.03   (0.005) 0.24   (0.013) 0.13   (0.009) 0.02   (0.003) 0.04   (0.003)
Michigan 8.2 (0.34) 10.8 (0.43) 5.4 (0.27) 6.1 (0.27) 17.8 (1.48) 7.4 (0.83) 2.2 (0.34) 6.8   (1.08) 0.13   (0.010) 0.19   (0.014) 0.07   (0.006) 0.09   (0.007) 0.32   (0.040) 0.15   (0.023) 0.06   (0.012) 0.12 ! (0.041)
Minnesota 3.7 (0.10) 5.0 (0.14) 2.4 (0.07) 2.4 (0.09) 14.4 (0.33) 5.4 (0.28) 2.5 (0.05) 10.0   (1.43) 0.03   (0.002) 0.05   (0.004) 0.01   (0.001) 0.02   (0.002) 0.08   (0.002) 0.04   (0.007) 0.01   (0.002) 0.14 ! (0.048)
Mississippi 10.2 (0.33) 13.3 (0.41) 7.0 (0.24) 5.5 (0.26) 14.8 (0.55) 4.3 (0.44) 3.0 (0.47) 12.7 ! (3.08) 0.29   (0.015) 0.42   (0.025) 0.16   (0.006) 0.12   (0.020) 0.46   (0.019) 0.07   (0.007) 0.08   (0.013) 0.09   (0.009)
                                        (0.008)           (0.007)                              
Missouri 7.3 (0.24) 9.8 (0.32) 4.6 (0.16) 4.6 (0.19) 20.2 (1.07) 5.4 (0.32) 2.9 (0.10) 7.0   (0.51) 0.03   (0.004) 0.05   (0.005) 0.01   (0.003) 0.03   (0.005) 0.04   (0.003) 0.02   (0.001) 0.01   (#) #   (†)
Montana 4.5 (0.18) 6.1 (0.24) 2.7 (0.12) 3.7 (0.17) 4.9 (0.27) 3.5 (0.19) 2.3 (0.16) 9.6   (1.05) 0.07   (0.007) 0.12   (0.013) 0.02   (0.005) 0.05   (0.007) #   (†) #   (†) #   (†) 0.24   (0.040)
Nebraska 3.7 (0.08) 4.9 (0.11) 2.4 (0.05) 2.6 (0.06) 12.6 (0.05) 5.0 (0.30) 1.9 (0.04) 6.7   (0.89) 0.23   (0.005) 0.32   (0.008) 0.12   (0.002) 0.13   (0.004) 0.92   (0.004) 0.32   (0.018) 0.13   (0.001) 0.76   (0.121)
Nevada1  7.4 (†) 9.5 (†) 5.2 (†) 5.1 (†) 15.5 (†) 8.5 (†) 3.9 (†) 6.6   (†) 0.36   (†) 0.55   (†) 0.16   (†) 0.26   (†) 0.86   (†) 0.35   (†) 0.22   (†) 0.36   (†)
New Hampshire 5.6 (0.32) 7.2 (0.46) 3.9 (0.18) 5.4 (0.33) 8.7 (0.32) 12.1 (0.23) 2.2 (0.19) 4.8   (0.45) 0.06 ! (0.021) 0.08 ! (0.024) 0.04 ! (0.020) 0.06 ! (0.021) 0.28   (0.065) 0.07   (0.001) 0.03   (0.001) 0.17   (0.011)
                                        (0.008)           (0.007)                              
New Jersey 5.7 (0.26) 7.5 (0.33) 3.7 (0.19) 3.7 (0.30) 12.4 (0.79) 6.9 (0.51) 1.4 (0.13) 3.7   (0.70) 0.02 ! (0.008) 0.03 ! (0.016) #   (†) 0.01 ! (0.006) 0.03 ! (0.009) 0.03 ! (0.015) 0.01 ! (0.008) #   (†)
New Mexico 5.3 (0.20) 6.9 (0.26) 3.5 (0.14) 4.0 (0.19) 7.0 (0.21) 5.4 (0.31) 2.5 (0.12) 8.3   (0.47) 0.07   (0.005) 0.12   (0.009) 0.03   (0.002) 0.03   (0.003) 0.13   (0.002) 0.06   (0.006) 0.17   (0.006) 0.22   (0.030)
New York 3.8 (0.14) 5.1 (0.17) 2.5 (0.11) 3.4 (0.14) 7.3 (0.45) 2.8 (0.15) 0.7 (0.05) 4.5   (0.97) 0.03   (0.006) 0.05   (0.010) 0.01   (0.003) 0.04   (0.010) 0.04 ! (0.014) 0.01   (0.002) #   (†) 0.07 ! (0.044)
North Carolina 10.8 (0.52) 14.3 (0.66) 7.0 (0.37) 6.5 (0.33) 20.0 (1.06) 7.2 (0.40) 2.7 (0.19) 14.9 ! (8.53) 0.14 ! (0.060) 0.21 ! (0.081) 0.07 ! (0.038) 0.04   (0.007) 0.37 ! (0.193) 0.05   (0.007) 0.03   (0.004) 0.09 ! (0.050)
North Dakota 2.2 (0.17) 2.9 (0.21) 1.4 (0.13) 1.5 (0.10) 5.0 (0.16) 3.1 (0.35) 2.0 (0.12) 8.0   (1.80) 0.02   (0.006) 0.05   (0.008) #   (†) 0.01   (0.002) 0.05   (0.001) #   (†) #   (†) 0.12 ! (0.061)
                                        (0.008)           (0.007)                              
Ohio 6.2 (0.24) 8.2 (0.30) 4.2 (0.17) 4.6 (0.21) 14.6 (0.99) 6.0 (0.83) 2.1 (0.24) 3.7   (0.45) 0.47   (0.020) 0.61   (0.026) 0.32   (0.014) 0.20   (0.016) 1.69   (0.091) 0.72   (0.078) 0.09   (0.014) 0.21 ! (0.038)
Oklahoma 4.9 (0.17) 6.7 (0.24) 3.0 (0.11) 3.9 (0.18) 12.1 (0.60) 5.3 (0.18) 1.8 (0.07) 4.0   (0.24) 0.34   (0.013) 0.47   (0.019) 0.21   (0.008) 0.28   (0.014) 0.94   (0.039) 0.23   (0.014) 0.16   (0.039) 0.29   (0.021)
Oregon 4.9 (0.18) 7.1 (0.26) 2.7 (0.15) 4.8 (0.19) 8.8 (0.24) 5.5 (0.37) 2.1 (0.08) 7.2   (0.57) 0.34   (0.025) 0.52   (0.044) 0.15   (0.010) 0.32   (0.026) 0.58   (0.093) 0.41   (0.015) 0.18   (0.028) 0.47   (0.070)
Pennsylvania 6.8 (0.37) 8.7 (0.45) 4.8 (0.29) 4.2 (0.23) 18.9 (1.41) 8.7 (0.79) 2.7 (0.46) 3.4   (0.64) 0.16   (0.008) 0.22   (0.011) 0.10   (0.005) 0.09   (0.007) 0.52   (0.031) 0.21   (0.017) 0.06   (0.013) 0.04   (0.002)
Rhode Island 8.4 (0.74) 10.7 (1.00) 5.9 (0.47) 6.7 (0.83) 14.6 (2.07) 12.6 (0.65) 7.2 (0.73) 11.8   (2.92) #   (†) #   (†) #   (†) #   (†) #   (†) #   (†) #   (†) #   (†)
                                        (0.008)           (0.007)                              
South Carolina 11.9 (0.44) 15.1 (0.56) 8.6 (0.33) 6.9 (0.36) 19.2 (0.89) 6.5 (1.05) 2.9 (0.31) 9.6 ! (4.26) 0.73   (0.043) 1.03   (0.063) 0.40   (0.026) 0.37   (0.029) 1.26   (0.091) 0.20   (0.035) 0.19   (0.047) 0.42 ! (0.169)
South Dakota 2.7 (0.16) 3.7 (0.22) 1.6 (0.11) 1.9 (0.12) 7.1 (0.24) 4.3 (0.16) 3.0 (0.19) 6.8   (1.19) 0.11 ! (0.045) 0.16 ! (0.066) 0.05 ! (0.024) 0.04 ! (0.025) 0.08 ! (0.038) 0.20 ! (0.107) #   (†) 0.55 ! (0.221)
Tennessee 7.2 (0.26) 9.6 (0.35) 4.8 (0.17) 5.5 (0.27) 12.8 (0.38) 5.4 (0.22) 2.7 (0.15) 3.4   (0.36) 0.32   (0.010) 0.47   (0.016) 0.15   (0.006) 0.19   (0.011) 0.70   (0.011) 0.29   (0.011) 0.17   (0.009) 0.29   (0.014)
Texas 5.6 (0.06) 7.4 (0.08) 3.6 (0.04) 2.9 (0.06) 12.7 (0.24) 5.7 (0.08) 1.6 (0.01) 3.1   (0.10) 0.26   (0.005) 0.39   (0.008) 0.13   (0.002) 0.16   (0.007) 0.58   (0.016) 0.26   (0.005) 0.08   (#) 0.20   (0.004)
Utah 3.2 (0.04) 4.5 (0.05) 1.9 (0.03) 2.4 (0.03) 7.8 (0.04) 6.7 (0.07) 4.2 (0.04) 6.9   (0.09) 0.05   (0.001) 0.07   (0.002) 0.02   (#) 0.04   (0.001) 0.22   (0.001) 0.06   (0.002) 0.09   (#) 0.19   (0.020)
                                        (0.008)           (0.007)                              
Vermont 4.0 (0.18) 5.5 (0.25) 2.4 (0.12) 4.0 (0.18) 5.8 (0.50) 4.1 (0.55) 1.8 (0.23) 5.7   (0.77) 0.05 ! (0.019) 0.08 ! (0.031) 0.02 ! (0.006) 0.05 ! (0.020) 0.06 ! (0.033) 0.12 ! (0.069) #   (†) #   (†)
Virginia 7.2 (0.24) 9.4 (0.31) 4.9 (0.18) 4.7 (0.17) 13.9 (0.73) 5.6 (0.21) 2.1 (0.06) 4.0   (0.34) 0.09   (0.014) 0.15   (0.025) 0.03   (0.003) 0.08 ! (0.022) 0.12   (0.013) 0.09   (0.005) 0.06   (0.003) 0.10 ! (0.045)
Washington 5.9 (0.15) 8.6 (0.21) 3.2 (0.08) 5.3 (0.17) 12.0 (0.09) 7.2 (0.39) 3.7 (0.05) 11.3   (1.36) 0.34   (0.014) 0.53   (0.021) 0.14   (0.007) 0.31   (0.016) 0.48   (0.010) 0.50   (0.035) 0.16   (0.002) 0.69   (0.130)
West Virginia 10.2 (1.02) 13.8 (1.31) 6.4 (0.70) 9.7 (0.91) 21.5 (4.03) 11.2 (3.07) 2.4 (0.54) 8.2   (1.98) 0.07   (0.012) 0.09   (0.015) 0.04   (0.010) 0.07   (0.011) 0.09 ! (0.034) 0.07 ! (0.053) #   (†) #   (†)
Wisconsin 5.0 (0.16) 6.3 (0.20) 3.6 (0.13) 2.7 (0.12) 19.7 (0.60) 7.5 (0.18) 2.1 (0.07) 13.5 ! (5.23) 0.17   (0.008) 0.23   (0.012) 0.10   (0.006) 0.12   (0.009) 0.47   (0.016) 0.22   (0.020) 0.06   (0.008) 0.30 ! (0.105)
Wyoming 2.8 (0.34) 4.0 (0.33) 1.6 (0.88) 2.7 (0.34) 3.2 (0.26) 3.1 (0.43) 1.7 (0.26) 6.4 ! (1.37) 0.11   (0.018) 0.18   (0.027) 0.03 ! (0.010) 0.11   (0.021) 0.23   (0.006) 0.09   (0.005) 0.10   (0.007) #   (†)
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution.
1 Data are based on universe counts of schools and school districts; therefore, these figures do not have standard errors.
NOTE: Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Standard errors appear in parentheses.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights, Civil Rights Data Collection: 2006. (This table was prepared May 2008.)