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Digest of Education Statistics: 2008
Digest of Education Statistics: 2008

NCES 2009-020
March 2009


Table 156. Percentage of elementary and secondary school students who do homework outside of school, whose parents check that homework is done, and whose parents help with homework, by frequency and selected student and school characteristics: 2003 and 2007
Year and selected characteristic Percent of students who
do homework outside of school
Average hours per week spent by students who do homework outside of school Distribution of students who do homework outside
of school by how frequently they do homework
Percent of students whose parents1 
check that homework
is done
Distribution of students by how frequently their parents1  help with homework
Less than
once a week
1 to 2 days
per week
3 to 4 days
per week
5 or more
days a week
No help given Less than
once a week
1 to 2 days
per week
3 to 4 days
per week
5 or more
days per week
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
2003                                                            
All students 95.6 (0.23) 9.1 (0.19) 2.9   (0.16) 15.1   (0.45) 43.9   (0.61) 38.2 (0.57) 85.2 (0.33)   (†) (†) (†)   (†)   (†)
All elementary school students
  (kindergarten through grade 8)
96.2 (0.26) 9.2 (0.24) 2.3   (0.18) 12.9   (0.43) 46.5   (0.75) 38.3 (0.73) 94.6 (0.29)   (†) (†) (†)   (†)   (†)
                                                             
Sex                                                            
Male 95.8 (0.41) 9.6 (0.36) 2.7   (0.26) 13.5   (0.58) 47.4   (0.95) 36.4 (0.93) 95.6 (0.38)   (†) (†) (†)   (†)   (†)
Female 96.7 (0.32) 8.7 (0.32) 2.0   (0.23) 12.3   (0.61) 45.5   (1.08) 40.3 (1.09) 93.4 (0.52)   (†) (†) (†)   (†)   (†)
                                                             
Race/ethnicity                                                            
White 95.9 (0.37) 9.4 (0.30) 2.8   (0.27) 14.9   (0.64) 47.5   (0.97) 34.7 (1.05) 93.1 (0.44)   (†) (†) (†)   (†)   (†)
Black 97.8 (0.51) 8.0 (0.44) 1.4   (0.35) 8.1   (1.02) 47.6   (1.66) 42.9 (1.61) 98.0 (0.79)   (†) (†) (†)   (†)   (†)
Hispanic 96.3 (0.50) 8.8 (0.57) 1.5   (0.34) 11.8   (0.87) 41.8   (1.37) 44.9 (1.51) 96.4 (0.45)   (†) (†) (†)   (†)   (†)
Asian 95.1 (1.62) 11.1 (1.44)   (†) 6.9   (1.74) 41.1   (4.96) 51.2 (5.30) 96.6 (1.18)   (†) (†) (†)   (†)   (†)
                                                             
School type                                                            
Public 96.4 (0.25) 9.1 (0.24) 2.5   (0.20) 13.5   (0.47) 47.1   (0.75) 36.9 (0.73) 95.0 (0.28)   (†) (†) (†)   (†)   (†)
Private 94.6 (0.87) 9.6 (0.58) 1.3   (0.31) 8.0   (0.92) 41.8   (1.90) 49.0 (1.81) 91.4 (1.16)   (†) (†) (†)   (†)   (†)
                                                             
Poverty status                                                            
Poor 95.7 (0.71) 9.6 (0.63) 1.3   (0.34) 14.3   (1.33) 42.4   (1.87) 42.0 (1.75) 96.9 (0.77)   (†) (†) (†)   (†)   (†)
Nonpoor 96.3 (0.28) 9.1 (0.25) 2.6   (0.21) 12.6   (0.45) 47.4   (0.77) 37.5 (0.78) 94.0 (0.31)   (†) (†) (†)   (†)   (†)
                                                             
All secondary school students
  (grades 9 through 12)
94.2 (0.52) 8.8 (0.25) 4.1   (0.40) 20.3   (0.94) 37.6   (1.01) 38.0 (1.04) 62.8 (0.86)   (†) (†) (†)   (†)   (†)
                                                             
Sex                                                            
Male 91.3 (0.81) 9.0 (0.42) 6.2   (0.72) 23.6   (1.30) 38.1   (1.45) 32.1 (1.15) 66.6 (1.14)   (†) (†) (†)   (†)   (†)
Female 97.2 (0.56) 8.5 (0.27) 2.1   (0.35) 17.0   (1.23) 37.1   (1.35) 43.8 (1.53) 59.0 (1.47)   (†) (†) (†)   (†)   (†)
                                                             
Race/ethnicity                                                            
White 94.2 (0.64) 8.8 (0.33) 4.4   (0.49) 20.2   (1.21) 36.3   (1.20) 39.0 (1.32) 55.4 (1.12)   (†) (†) (†)   (†)   (†)
Black 95.3 (1.05) 9.3 (0.78) 3.4   (0.82) 21.2   (2.48) 42.9   (2.56) 32.6 (2.49) 80.0 (2.13)   (†) (†) (†)   (†)   (†)
Hispanic 92.2 (1.20) 8.1 (0.45) 4.2   (1.15) 20.9   (2.20) 40.1   (2.39) 34.8 (2.45) 78.6 (1.68)   (†) (†) (†)   (†)   (†)
Asian 100.0 (†) 10.4 (1.48)   (†) 6.7 ! (2.65) 32.8   (5.65) 59.0 (5.76) 52.6 (4.94)   (†) (†) (†)   (†)   (†)
                                                             
School type                                                            
Public 93.9 (0.58) 8.7 (0.27) 4.6   (0.44) 21.7   (1.03) 38.7   (1.06) 35.0 (1.02) 64.3 (0.92)   (†) (†) (†)   (†)   (†)
Private 96.6 (1.06) 9.9 (0.47)   (†) 7.1   (1.90) 26.9   (2.88) 65.9 (2.92) 49.4 (3.51)   (†) (†) (†)   (†)   (†)
                                                             
Poverty status                                                            
Poor 90.1 (1.53) 8.6 (0.74) 4.3   (0.97) 23.2   (3.33) 42.3   (3.16) 30.2 (2.83) 75.3 (2.94)   (†) (†) (†)   (†)   (†)
Nonpoor 95.0 (0.55) 8.8 (0.28) 4.1   (0.43) 19.8   (0.94) 36.7   (1.11) 39.4 (1.05) 60.5 (0.91)   (†) (†) (†)   (†)   (†)
                                                             
Coursework                                                            
Enrolled in AP classes 98.0 (0.47) 9.6 (0.38) 2.2   (0.46) 13.4   (1.10) 31.9   (1.44) 52.5 (1.66) 53.4 (1.32)   (†) (†) (†)   (†)   (†)
Not enrolled in AP classes 91.5 (0.80) 8.2 (0.34) 5.6   (0.67) 25.4   (1.35) 41.8   (1.43) 27.3 (1.30) 69.7 (1.10)   (†) (†) (†)   (†)   (†)
2007                                                            
All students 94.4 (0.30) 5.4 (0.06) 3.1   (0.34) 13.1   (0.47) 43.6   (0.62) 40.2 (0.60) 85.4 (0.46) 10.2   (0.41) 20.3 (0.51) 31.7 (0.64) 25.3   (0.59) 12.4   (0.41)
All elementary school students
  (kindergarten through grade 8)
95.0 (0.37) 4.7 (0.07) 2.1   (0.23) 12.3   (0.56) 46.2   (0.73) 39.4 (0.68) 95.0 (0.34) 4.3   (0.34) 13.1 (0.52) 32.6 (0.77) 32.9   (0.76) 17.0   (0.56)
                                                             
Sex                                                            
Male 94.6 (0.51) 4.6 (0.09) 2.1   (0.31) 12.4   (0.71) 47.9   (1.19) 37.6 (1.09) 95.3 (0.47) 4.3   (0.39) 12.9 (0.63) 32.3 (1.02) 32.7   (1.28) 17.8   (0.85)
Female 95.4 (0.53) 4.9 (0.10) 2.1   (0.31) 12.2   (0.96) 44.4   (1.13) 41.3 (1.08) 94.6 (0.48) 4.3   (0.56) 13.4 (0.76) 32.9 (1.17) 33.2   (1.17) 16.1   (0.79)
                                                             
Race/ethnicity                                                            
White 94.7 (0.48) 4.4 (0.07) 2.7   (0.36) 13.7   (0.74) 48.3   (1.05) 35.3 (0.99) 94.0 (0.42) 3.8   (0.37) 15.7 (0.74) 34.9 (0.94) 31.3   (0.92) 14.3   (0.63)
Black 95.5 (1.07) 5.6 (0.27) 1.3 ! (0.53) 7.0   (1.19) 44.4   (3.40) 47.2 (3.11) 98.1 (0.63) 3.5   (1.03) 7.4 (1.14) 25.2 (2.22) 38.3   (3.36) 25.5   (2.38)
Hispanic 94.8 (0.85) 4.7 (0.11) 1.3   (0.33) 13.5   (1.39) 40.7   (1.94) 44.4 (1.74) 96.1 (0.70) 7.1   (0.95) 10.3 (0.91) 30.1 (1.79) 34.0   (1.78) 18.6   (1.52)
Asian 97.7 (0.97) 5.7 (0.39) 1.0 ! (0.59) 5.1 ! (1.53) 39.1   (4.31) 54.8 (4.48) 88.5 (3.44) 3.1 ! (1.36) 12.8 (2.84) 37.5 (4.52) 30.7   (4.22) 15.9   (2.56)
                                                             
School type                                                            
Public 95.1 (0.38) 4.7 (0.08) 2.0   (0.25) 12.4   (0.62) 46.1   (0.76) 39.4 (0.73) 95.4 (0.36) 4.4   (0.38) 13.1 (0.55) 32.4 (0.86) 32.9   (0.81) 17.2   (0.64)
Private 94.0 (1.01) 4.8 (0.19) 2.7   (0.63) 11.4   (1.96) 46.7   (2.64) 39.2 (2.46) 91.5 (1.19) 3.6   (0.85) 13.6 (1.48) 34.3 (2.10) 33.5   (2.36) 15.2   (1.68)
                                                             
Poverty status                                                            
Poor 94.2 (0.99) 4.7 (0.20) 2.9   (0.72) 16.3   (2.18) 39.0   (2.53) 41.7 (2.21) 97.9 (0.55) 6.1   (1.01) 8.8 (1.29) 28.5 (2.44) 35.2   (2.41) 21.3   (1.90)
Nonpoor 95.2 (0.36) 4.8 (0.08) 1.9   (0.22) 11.3   (0.58) 48.0   (0.80) 38.8 (0.75) 94.2 (0.40) 3.9   (0.33) 14.2 (0.56) 33.7 (0.80) 32.4   (0.72) 15.9   (0.58)
                                                             
Locale                                                            
City 95.2 (0.65) 5.1 (0.13) 1.5   (0.31) 9.1   (0.91) 43.4   (1.58) 46.0 (1.43) 95.4 (0.54) 4.8   (0.67) 11.3 (1.02) 29.1 (1.39) 36.0   (1.41) 18.7   (1.15)
Suburban 95.4 (0.51) 4.9 (0.11) 1.9   (0.37) 9.3   (0.71) 46.1   (1.24) 42.7 (1.19) 93.5 (0.67) 4.4   (0.55) 14.5 (0.85) 33.1 (1.05) 30.8   (1.14) 17.1   (0.91)
Town 93.0 (1.50) 4.1 (0.14) 2.7   (0.79) 18.8   (1.98) 46.4   (2.29) 32.2 (2.08) 96.0 (1.04) 3.2   (0.80) 14.2 (1.62) 35.7 (2.68) 31.1   (2.31) 15.7   (1.62)
Rural 95.0 (0.85) 4.2 (0.15) 3.2   (0.69) 19.5   (1.79) 50.6   (1.90) 26.8 (1.63) 96.3 (0.72) 4.1   (0.94) 13.1 (1.30) 35.5 (2.29) 32.8   (2.23) 14.6   (1.37)
                                                             
All secondary school students
  (grades 9 through 12)
93.0 (0.55) 6.8 (0.11) 5.4   (0.85) 14.8   (0.96) 38.0   (1.15) 41.9 (1.18) 64.6 (1.21) 23.1   (1.08) 35.9 (1.26) 29.7 (1.19) 8.8   (0.81) 2.5   (0.34)
                                                             
Sex                                                            
Male 91.2 (0.80) 6.0 (0.19) 7.4   (1.53) 18.3   (1.59) 38.2   (1.78) 36.0 (1.64) 67.8 (1.88) 24.1   (1.56) 36.9 (1.97) 29.1 (1.84) 8.2   (1.11) 1.8   (0.41)
Female 94.9 (0.79) 7.5 (0.16) 3.3   (0.72) 11.2   (1.10) 37.7   (1.79) 47.9 (1.85) 61.4 (1.78) 22.0   (1.32) 35.0 (1.44) 30.4 (1.35) 9.3   (1.11) 3.3   (0.60)
                                                             
Race/ethnicity                                                            
White 94.5 (0.52) 6.8 (0.13) 4.2   (0.58) 12.9   (0.91) 38.6   (1.51) 44.3 (1.42) 57.2 (1.54) 22.5   (1.28) 41.1 (1.36) 27.7 (1.43) 6.3   (0.66) 2.3   (0.42)
Black 91.8 (1.98) 6.3 (0.38) 9.3 ! (5.06) 20.1   (3.86) 41.0   (4.72) 29.7 (3.43) 83.1 (2.84) 19.5   (2.97) 26.5 (4.77) 34.4 (4.03) 16.7   (4.45) 2.9 ! (1.13)
Hispanic 90.7 (2.11) 6.4 (0.34) 5.9   (1.29) 17.7   (3.55) 36.6   (2.93) 39.9 (3.03) 75.6 (2.71) 26.2   (2.94) 25.8 (2.38) 33.8 (3.49) 11.0   (1.76) 3.3 ! (1.00)
Asian 93.6 (5.45) 10.3 (1.37)   (†) 13.8 ! (5.51) 18.5 ! (6.12) 67.7 (7.18) 59.0 (7.69) 26.4   (7.58) 36.1 (7.55) 26.8 (7.61) 7.6 ! (3.11) 3.1 ! (1.83)
                                                             
School type                                                            
Public 92.3 (0.60) 6.5 (0.11) 5.9   (0.96) 15.9   (1.06) 39.7   (1.26) 38.5 (1.17) 66.1 (1.24) 22.8   (1.16) 35.4 (1.29) 30.0 (1.26) 9.1   (0.87) 2.7   (0.37)
Private 98.5 (0.54) 9.3 (0.39) 0.8 ! (0.35) 5.9   (1.34) 24.0   (2.72) 69.4 (2.89) 53.1 (3.98) 25.0   (2.64) 40.1 (3.68) 27.5 (4.07) 6.1   (1.36) 1.4 ! (0.61)
                                                             
Poverty status                                                            
Poor 89.5 (2.21) 5.5 (0.32) 8.3 ! (4.42) 19.2   (3.62) 38.7   (4.32) 33.7 (3.69) 81.0 (3.03) 24.2   (3.80) 24.0 (4.21) 36.1 (3.76) 14.0   (3.21) 1.7 ! (0.63)
Nonpoor 93.7 (0.58) 7.0 (0.12) 4.8   (0.53) 13.9   (0.91) 37.8   (1.27) 43.6 (1.37) 61.4 (1.30) 22.8   (1.05) 38.3 (1.19) 28.5 (1.24) 7.7   (0.66) 2.7   (0.38)
                                                             
Coursework                                                            
Enrolled in AP classes 96.9 (0.59) 8.5 (0.22) 2.4   (0.70) 7.5   (0.93) 31.9   (1.81) 58.2 (1.97) 56.3 (2.06) 27.4   (1.90) 36.3 (1.69) 28.3 (1.74) 6.0   (0.99) 1.9   (0.43)
Not enrolled in AP classes 90.6 (0.81) 5.7 (0.13) 7.3   (1.31) 19.5   (1.40) 41.9   (1.56) 31.2 (1.42) 70.1 (1.46) 20.2   (1.14) 35.7 (1.70) 30.7 (1.59) 10.5   (1.23) 2.9   (0.51)
                                                             
Locale                                                            
City 92.8 (1.01) 6.8 (0.22) 6.3   (2.46) 14.1   (1.90) 35.9   (2.32) 43.7 (2.53) 71.5 (1.89) 22.6   (1.88) 33.4 (2.64) 29.3 (2.00) 12.0   (1.80) 2.7   (0.55)
Suburban 93.6 (0.95) 7.5 (0.17) 4.8   (0.86) 11.4   (1.27) 36.5   (1.71) 47.4 (2.07) 58.9 (2.00) 23.6   (1.74) 39.1 (1.79) 27.8 (1.68) 7.5   (1.01) 2.0   (0.47)
Town 89.7 (2.16) 6.4 (0.27) 5.4   (1.48) 13.2   (1.74) 45.9   (3.46) 35.5 (3.17) 64.8 (3.12) 24.3   (2.81) 34.4 (2.96) 27.9 (3.41) 9.3   (1.80) 4.2   (1.54)
Rural 93.9 (1.23) 5.6 (0.29) 5.1   (1.20) 22.7   (2.76) 39.6   (3.04) 32.6 (2.79) 65.5 (2.94) 22.1   (2.69) 34.4 (2.71) 34.8 (3.43) 6.2   (1.53) 2.5   (0.88)
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
! Interpret data with caution.
1 Refers to one or more parent or other household adult. Only includes students who had homework outside of school.
NOTE: Includes children enrolled in kindergarten through grade 12 and ungraded students. Data based on responses of the parent most knowledgeable about the student's education. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Standard errors appear in parentheses. Totals include data for other racial/ethnic groups not separately shown.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Parent and Family Involvement in Education Survey of the National Household Education Surveys Program (PFI-NHES:2003 and 2007). (This table was prepared June 2008.)