Skip Navigation
Digest of Education Statistics
2008 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 134. Average mathematics scale score, percentage attaining mathematics achievement levels, and selected statistics on mathematics education of 4th-graders in public schools, by state or jurisdiction: Selected years, 1992 through 2007
State or jurisdiction Average scale score1  Percent of students, 2007 Percent of students spending 30 minutes or more on math homework each day,5  2003
1992 2000 2003 2005 2007 Attaining mathematics achievement levels Having 5 or more hours
of math instruction each week
Below Basic At or above Basic2 At or above Proficient3 At Advanced4
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
United States 219 (0.8) 224 (1.0) 234 (0.2) 237 (0.2) 239 (0.2) 19 (0.2) 81 (0.2) 39 (0.3) 5 (0.1) 88 (0.4) 49 (0.2)
Alabama 208 (1.6) 217 (1.2) 223 (1.2) 225 (0.9) 229 (1.3) 30 (1.7) 70 (1.7) 26 (1.7) 3 (0.5) 91 (1.6) 47 (1.0)
Alaska (†) (†) 233 (0.8) 236 (1.0) 237 (1.0) 21 (1.2) 79 (1.2) 38 (1.5) 6 (0.6) 88 (2.0) (†)
Arizona 215 (1.1) 219 (1.3) 229 (1.1) 230 (1.1) 232 (1.0) 26 (1.4) 74 (1.4) 31 (1.2) 4 (0.4) 85 (2.2) 51 (1.0)
Arkansas 210 (0.9) 216 (1.1) 229 (0.9) 236 (0.9) 238 (1.1) 19 (1.5) 81 (1.5) 37 (1.6) 4 (0.5) 94 (1.0) 52 (1.3)
California6  208 (1.6) 213 (1.6) 227 (0.9) 230 (0.6) 230 (0.7) 30 (0.8) 70 (0.8) 30 (0.9) 4 (0.4) 90 (1.2) 56 (1.3)
                                             
Colorado 221 (1.0) (†) 235 (1.0) 239 (1.1) 240 (1.0) 18 (1.3) 82 (1.3) 41 (1.6) 6 (0.6) 90 (2.0) 50 (1.2)
Connecticut 227 (1.1) 234 (1.1) 241 (0.8) 242 (0.8) 243 (1.1) 16 (1.3) 84 (1.3) 45 (1.6) 7 (0.8) 91 (1.9) 42 (1.1)
Delaware 218 (0.8) (†) 236 (0.5) 240 (0.5) 242 (0.4) 13 (0.9) 87 (0.9) 40 (0.9) 4 (0.5) 91 (0.4) 48 (0.9)
District of Columbia 193 (0.5) 192 (1.1) 205 (0.7) 211 (0.8) 214 (0.8) 51 (1.4) 49 (1.4) 14 (0.7) 3 (0.4) 93 (0.5) 52 (0.9)
Florida 214 (1.5) (†) 234 (1.1) 239 (0.7) 242 (0.8) 14 (0.8) 86 (0.8) 37 (0.9) 3 (0.3) 93 (1.1) 50 (1.3)
                                             
Georgia 216 (1.2) 219 (1.1) 230 (1.0) 234 (1.0) 235 (0.8) 21 (1.0) 79 (1.0) 32 (1.3) 4 (0.6) 90 (1.9) 48 (1.2)
Hawaii 214 (1.3) 216 (1.0) 227 (1.0) 230 (0.8) 234 (0.8) 23 (1.0) 77 (1.0) 33 (1.2) 4 (0.5) 90 (1.8) 58 (1.1)
Idaho6  222 (1.0) 224 (1.4) 235 (0.7) 242 (0.7) 241 (0.7) 15 (0.9) 85 (0.9) 40 (1.3) 5 (0.6) 85 (2.2) 49 (1.2)
Illinois6  (†) 223 (1.9) 233 (1.1) 233 (1.0) 237 (1.1) 21 (1.2) 79 (1.2) 36 (1.6) 6 (0.8) 80 (2.1) 51 (1.2)
Indiana6  221 (1.0) 233 (1.1) 238 (0.9) 240 (0.9) 245 (0.8) 11 (0.9) 89 (0.9) 46 (1.5) 6 (0.8) 77 (3.3) 50 (1.3)
                                             
Iowa6  230 (1.0) 231 (1.2) 238 (0.7) 240 (0.7) 243 (0.8) 13 (1.0) 87 (1.0) 43 (1.3) 5 (0.7) 79 (3.2) 46 (1.3)
Kansas6  (†) 232 (1.6) 242 (1.0) 246 (1.0) 248 (0.9) 11 (0.8) 89 (0.8) 51 (1.7) 9 (0.7) 93 (1.5) 48 (1.4)
Kentucky 215 (1.0) 219 (1.4) 229 (1.1) 232 (0.9) 235 (0.9) 21 (1.0) 79 (1.0) 31 (1.4) 3 (0.6) 78 (2.9) 49 (1.2)
Louisiana 204 (1.5) 218 (1.4) 226 (1.0) 230 (0.9) 230 (1.0) 27 (1.4) 73 (1.4) 24 (1.3) 2 (0.3) 94 (1.8) 43 (1.2)
Maine6  232 (1.0) 230 (1.0) 238 (0.7) 241 (0.8) 242 (0.8) 15 (1.0) 85 (1.0) 42 (1.3) 6 (0.7) 86 (2.0) 46 (1.1)
                                             
Maryland 217 (1.3) 222 (1.2) 233 (1.3) 238 (1.0) 240 (0.9) 20 (1.3) 80 (1.3) 40 (1.3) 8 (0.7) 94 (1.5) 42 (1.2)
Massachusetts 227 (1.2) 233 (1.2) 242 (0.8) 247 (0.8) 252 (0.8) 7 (0.7) 93 (0.7) 58 (1.5) 11 (0.9) 92 (2.1) 46 (1.0)
Michigan6  220 (1.7) 229 (1.6) 236 (0.9) 238 (1.2) 238 (1.3) 20 (1.5) 80 (1.5) 37 (1.6) 5 (0.6) 85 (2.8) 46 (1.2)
Minnesota6  228 (0.9) 234 (1.3) 242 (0.9) 246 (1.0) 247 (1.0) 13 (1.1) 87 (1.1) 51 (1.6) 9 (0.9) 85 (2.4) 48 (1.3)
Mississippi 202 (1.1) 211 (1.1) 223 (1.0) 227 (0.9) 228 (1.0) 30 (1.8) 70 (1.8) 21 (1.3) 1 (0.2) 92 (1.8) 51 (1.4)
                                             
Missouri 222 (1.2) 228 (1.2) 235 (0.9) 235 (0.9) 239 (0.9) 18 (1.0) 82 (1.0) 38 (1.5) 5 (0.7) 87 (2.7) 49 (1.2)
Montana6  (†) 228 (1.7) 236 (0.8) 241 (0.8) 244 (0.8) 12 (0.8) 88 (0.8) 44 (1.4) 5 (0.7) 85 (2.1) 48 (1.1)
Nebraska 225 (1.2) 225 (1.8) 236 (0.8) 238 (0.9) 238 (1.1) 20 (1.4) 80 (1.4) 38 (1.6) 5 (0.5) 79 (2.9) 50 (1.2)
Nevada (†) 220 (1.0) 228 (0.8) 230 (0.8) 232 (0.9) 26 (1.3) 74 (1.3) 30 (1.4) 3 (0.4) 94 (1.2) 47 (1.5)
New Hampshire 230 (1.2) (†) 243 (0.9) 246 (0.9) 249 (0.8) 9 (0.7) 91 (0.7) 52 (1.5) 7 (0.7) 85 (2.4) 45 (1.1)
                                             
New Jersey 227 (1.5) (†) 239 (1.1) 244 (1.1) 249 (1.1) 10 (0.9) 90 (0.9) 52 (2.0) 9 (1.0) 89 (2.7) 45 (1.2)
New Mexico 213 (1.4) 213 (1.5) 223 (1.1) 224 (0.8) 228 (0.9) 30 (1.4) 70 (1.4) 24 (1.3) 2 (0.4) 88 (2.2) 55 (1.2)
New York6  218 (1.2) 225 (1.4) 236 (0.9) 238 (0.9) 243 (0.8) 15 (0.9) 85 (0.9) 43 (1.5) 6 (0.6) 87 (2.0) 47 (1.3)
North Carolina 213 (1.1) 230 (1.1) 242 (0.8) 241 (0.9) 242 (0.8) 15 (1.0) 85 (1.0) 41 (1.4) 6 (0.5) 90 (1.4) 50 (1.3)
North Dakota 229 (0.8) 230 (1.2) 238 (0.7) 243 (0.5) 245 (0.5) 9 (0.7) 91 (0.7) 46 (1.2) 5 (0.5) 77 (2.0) 48 (1.2)
                                             
Ohio6  219 (1.2) 230 (1.5) 238 (1.0) 242 (1.0) 245 (1.0) 13 (1.1) 87 (1.1) 46 (1.6) 7 (0.8) 83 (3.4) 45 (1.2)
Oklahoma 220 (1.0) 224 (1.0) 229 (1.0) 234 (1.0) 237 (0.8) 18 (1.0) 82 (1.0) 33 (1.4) 3 (0.4) 84 (2.9) 49 (1.0)
Oregon6  (†) 224 (1.8) 236 (0.9) 238 (0.8) 236 (1.0) 21 (1.1) 79 (1.1) 35 (1.5) 4 (0.5) 76 (2.7) 49 (1.2)
Pennsylvania 224 (1.3) (†) 236 (1.1) 241 (1.2) 244 (0.8) 15 (0.9) 85 (0.9) 47 (1.3) 7 (0.7) 87 (2.5) 42 (1.4)
Rhode Island 215 (1.5) 224 (1.1) 230 (1.0) 233 (0.9) 236 (0.9) 20 (1.1) 80 (1.1) 34 (1.2) 3 (0.4) 91 (1.8) 44 (1.3)
                                             
South Carolina 212 (1.1) 220 (1.4) 236 (0.9) 238 (0.9) 237 (0.8) 20 (1.0) 80 (1.0) 36 (1.2) 5 (0.5) 89 (1.8) 48 (1.2)
South Dakota (†) (†) 237 (0.7) 242 (0.5) 241 (0.7) 14 (1.0) 86 (1.0) 41 (1.1) 4 (0.5) 81 (2.5) 55 (1.0)
Tennessee 211 (1.4) 220 (1.4) 228 (1.0) 232 (1.2) 233 (0.9) 24 (1.3) 76 (1.3) 29 (1.2) 3 (0.4) 82 (2.6) 50 (1.2)
Texas 218 (1.2) 231 (1.1) 237 (0.9) 242 (0.6) 242 (0.7) 13 (0.8) 87 (0.8) 40 (1.2) 5 (0.4) 92 (1.4) 52 (1.4)
Utah 224 (1.0) 227 (1.3) 235 (0.8) 239 (0.8) 239 (0.9) 17 (1.0) 83 (1.0) 39 (1.6) 4 (0.5) 83 (2.4) 47 (1.3)
                                             
Vermont6  (†) 232 (1.6) 242 (0.8) 244 (0.5) 246 (0.5) 11 (0.7) 89 (0.7) 49 (1.3) 7 (0.6) 88 (0.9) 47 (1.1)
Virginia 221 (1.3) 230 (1.0) 239 (1.1) 241 (0.9) 244 (0.9) 13 (0.8) 87 (0.8) 42 (1.5) 7 (0.8) 85 (2.7) 46 (1.3)
Washington (†) (†) 238 (1.0) 242 (0.9) 243 (1.0) 16 (1.2) 84 (1.2) 44 (1.4) 7 (0.9) 94 (1.4) 50 (1.1)
West Virginia 215 (1.1) 223 (1.3) 231 (0.8) 231 (0.7) 236 (0.9) 19 (1.1) 81 (1.1) 33 (1.4) 3 (0.4) 96 (1.3) 47 (1.2)
Wisconsin6  229 (1.1) (†) 237 (0.9) 241 (0.9) 244 (0.9) 15 (1.0) 85 (1.0) 47 (1.5) 7 (0.7) 87 (2.1) 49 (1.2)
Wyoming 225 (0.9) 229 (1.1) 241 (0.6) 243 (0.6) 244 (0.5) 12 (0.7) 88 (0.7) 44 (1.0) 5 (0.5) 91 (0.3) 57 (1.1)
                                             
Department of Defense
  dependents schools7 
(†) 227 (0.6) 237 (0.4) 239 (0.5) 240 (0.4) 14 (0.8) 86 (0.8) 37 (0.9) 3 (0.3) 84 (0.3) 52 (0.7)
                                             
Other jurisdictions                                            
American Samoa (†) 152 (2.5) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
Guam 193 (0.8) 184 (1.7) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
Puerto Rico8  (†) (†) 179 (1.0) 183 (0.9) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 61 (1.0)
U.S. Virgin Islands (†) 181 (1.8) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1 Scale ranges from 0 to 500.
2 Basic denotes partial mastery of prerequisite knowledge and skills that are fundamental for proficient work at the 4th-grade level.
3 Proficient represents solid academic performance for 4th-graders. Students reaching this level have demonstrated competency over challenging subject matter.
4 Advanced signifies superior performance.
5 Percentage of students who report spending 30 minutes, 45 minutes, 1 hour, and over 1 hour on mathematics homework each day.
6 Did not meet one or more of the guidelines for school participation in 2000. Data are subject to appreciable nonresponse bias.
7 Prior to 2005, NAEP divided the Department of Defense (DoD) schools into two jurisdictions, domestic and overseas. In 2005, NAEP began combining the DoD domestic and overseas schools into a single jurisdiction. Data shown in this table for years prior to 2005 were recalculated for comparability.
8 Because of modifications to the 2005 Puerto Rico administration, results from 2003 should not be compared to results from 2005. Although parallel changes were not made in the nation in 2005, within-year comparisons between Puerto Rico and the nation are valid.
NOTE: With the exception of 1992, includes students for whom accommodations were permitted. Excludes students unable to be tested (even with accommodations) due to limited proficiency in English or due to a disability. Some data have been revised from previously published figures. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Standard errors appear in parentheses.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 1992, 2000, 2003, 2005, and 2007 Mathematics Assessments, retrieved May 19, 2008, from the NAEP Data Explorer (http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/nde/). (This table was prepared May 2008.)

2008 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest