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Digest of Education Statistics: 2008
Digest of Education Statistics: 2008

NCES 2009-020
March 2009


Table 133. Mathematics performance of 17-year-olds, by highest mathematics course taken, sex, and race/ethnicity: Selected years, 1978 through 2004
Selected characteristic Percent
of students
Average scale score by highest mathematics course taken Percent of students at or above score levels
All areas Prealgebra or general mathematics Algebra I Geometry Algebra II Precalculus or calculus 200 250 300 350
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
1978                                            
All students 100 (†) 300 (1.0) 267 (0.8) 286 (0.7) 307 (0.7) 321 (0.7) 334 (1.4) 100 (†) 92 (0.5) 52 (1.1) 7 (0.4)
Sex                                            
Male 49 (0.5) 304 (1.0) 269 (1.0) 289 (0.9) 310 (1.0) 325 (0.8) 337 (2.0) 100 (†) 93 (0.5) 55 (1.2) 10 (0.6)
Female 51 (0.5) 297 (1.0) 264 (0.9) 284 (1.0) 304 (0.8) 318 (0.9) 329 (1.8) 100 (†) 91 (0.6) 48 (1.3) 5 (0.7)
Race/ethnicity                                            
White 83 (1.3) 306 (0.9) 272 (0.6) 291 (0.6) 310 (0.6) 325 (0.6) 338 (1.1) 100 (†) 96 (0.3) 58 (1.1) 8 (0.5)
Black 12 (1.1) 268 (1.3) 247 (1.6) 264 (1.5) 281 (1.9) 292 (1.4) 297 (6.5) 99 (0.3) 71 (1.7) 17 (1.6) # (†)
Hispanic 4 (0.5) 276 (2.3) 256 (2.3) 273 (2.8) 294 (4.4) 303 (2.9) (†) 99 (0.4) 78 (2.3) 23 (2.7) 1 (0.6)
Other1  1 (0.1) 313 (3.3) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 100 (†) 94 (2.6) 65 (4.9) 15 (3.2)
1990                                            
All students 100 (†) 305 (0.9) 273 (1.1) 288 (1.2) 299 (1.5) 319 (1.0) 344 (2.7) 100 (†) 96 (0.5) 56 (1.4) 7 (0.6)
Sex                                            
Male 49 (0.9) 306 (1.1) 274 (1.7) 291 (1.6) 302 (1.6) 323 (1.2) 347 (2.4) 100 (†) 96 (0.8) 58 (1.4) 9 (0.8)
Female 51 (0.9) 303 (1.1) 271 (1.8) 285 (1.8) 296 (1.8) 316 (1.1) 340 (4.0) 100 (†) 96 (0.8) 55 (1.8) 6 (0.8)
Race/ethnicity                                            
White 73 (0.5) 309 (1.0) 277 (1.1) 292 (1.6) 304 (1.3) 323 (0.9) 347 (2.8) 100 (†) 98 (0.3) 63 (1.6) 8 (0.7)
Black 16 (0.3) 289 (2.8) 264 (2.2) 278 (4.0) 285 (3.5) 302 (3.2) (†) 100 (†) 92 (2.2) 33 (4.5) 2 (1.0)
Hispanic 7 (0.4) 284 (2.9) (†) (†) (†) 306 (3.3) (†) 100 (†) 86 (4.2) 30 (3.1) 2 (0.8)
Other1  4 (0.5) 312 (5.2) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 100 (†) 98 (‡) 62 (7.0) 16 (4.3)
1994                                            
All students 100 (†) 306 (1.0) 272 (1.2) 288 (1.4) 297 (1.7) 316 (1.0) 340 (2.2) 100 (†) 97 (0.5) 59 (1.4) 7 (0.8)
Sex                                            
Male 49 (1.3) 309 (1.4) 274 (1.8) 289 (1.6) 301 (2.1) 320 (1.5) 343 (2.6) 100 (†) 97 (0.6) 60 (2.1) 9 (1.0)
Female 51 (1.3) 304 (1.1) 268 (1.9) 286 (1.9) 293 (1.8) 313 (1.1) 337 (2.8) 100 (†) 96 (0.6) 57 (1.4) 6 (0.9)
Race/ethnicity                                            
White 73 (0.5) 312 (1.1) 275 (1.4) 292 (1.7) 301 (1.5) 320 (1.0) 344 (2.0) 100 (†) 98 (0.4) 67 (1.4) 9 (1.1)
Black 15 (0.3) 286 (1.8) (†) 275 (3.3) 283 (3.8) 297 (2.5) (†) 100 (†) 91 (1.8) 30 (3.4) # (†)
Hispanic 9 (0.3) 291 (3.7) (†) (†) (†) 304 (4.1) (†) 100 (†) 92 (3.6) 38 (5.5) 1 (‡)
Other1  3 (0.3) 313 (4.5) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 100 (†) 97 (‡) 66 (6.6) 12 (3.6)
1996                                            
All students 100 (†) 307 (1.2) 269 (1.9) 283 (1.3) 298 (1.3) 316 (1.3) 339 (1.7) 100 (†) 97 (0.4) 60 (1.7) 7 (0.8)
Sex                                            
Male 50 (1.2) 310 (1.3) 272 (2.5) 286 (1.5) 302 (1.7) 320 (1.7) 342 (2.3) 100 (†) 97 (0.7) 63 (1.8) 9 (1.3)
Female 50 (1.2) 305 (1.4) 265 (2.2) 278 (2.2) 294 (1.5) 313 (1.4) 335 (2.2) 100 (†) 97 (0.6) 58 (2.2) 5 (0.8)
Race/ethnicity                                            
White 71 (0.6) 313 (1.4) 273 (2.3) 287 (2.0) 304 (1.6) 320 (1.4) 342 (1.9) 100 (†) 99 (0.4) 69 (2.2) 9 (1.0)
Black 15 (0.3) 286 (1.7) (†) 272 (2.4) 280 (3.0) 299 (2.2) (†) 100 (†) 91 (1.3) 31 (2.5) 1 (‡)
Hispanic 9 (0.7) 292 (2.1) (†) (†) (†) 306 (2.8) (†) 100 (†) 92 (2.2) 40 (3.5) 2 (‡)
Other1  4 (0.7) 312 (5.7) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 100 (†) 97 (1.2) 64 (7.2) 14 (5.0)
1999                                            
All students 100 (†) 308 (1.0) 278 (2.8) 285 (1.7) 298 (1.2) 315 (0.8) 341 (1.4) 100 (†) 97 (0.5) 61 (1.6) 8 (0.8)
Sex                                            
Male 48 (1.0) 310 (1.4) 281 (3.2) 288 (2.6) 301 (1.8) 317 (1.3) 343 (1.9) 100 (†) 96 (0.8) 63 (2.1) 10 (1.1)
Female 52 (1.0) 307 (1.0) 274 (3.2) 282 (2.5) 295 (1.3) 314 (1.1) 340 (2.0) 100 (†) 97 (0.4) 58 (1.9) 7 (1.1)
Race/ethnicity                                            
White 72 (0.5) 315 (1.1) 282 (3.4) 290 (2.2) 303 (1.5) 320 (0.9) 343 (1.5) 100 (†) 99 (0.4) 70 (2.0) 10 (1.1)
Black 15 (0.4) 283 (1.5) (†) 267 (2.9) 281 (2.5) 293 (1.4) (†) 100 (†) 89 (2.0) 27 (2.7) 1 (‡)
Hispanic 10 (0.5) 293 (2.5) (†) (†) (†) 308 (3.0) (†) 100 (†) 94 (2.2) 38 (4.1) 3 (1.1)
Other1  4 (0.2) 320 (4.0) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 76 (6.3) 14 (4.1)
2004                                            
All students 100 (†) 307 (0.8) 270 (2.6) 282 (1.4) 296 (1.1) 310 (0.7) 336 (1.6) 100 (†) 97 (0.4) 59 (1.3) 7 (0.6)
Sex                                            
Male 48 (1.1) 308 (1.0) 273 (3.3) 286 (1.8) 298 (1.6) 313 (1.0) 339 (2.3) 100 (†) 97 (0.6) 61 (1.6) 9 (1.0)
Female 52 (1.1) 305 (0.9) 267 (3.6) 278 (1.8) 293 (1.5) 308 (0.9) 332 (1.3) 100 (†) 97 (0.5) 57 (1.6) 5 (0.6)
Race/ethnicity                                            
White 69 (1.5) 313 (0.7) 276 (2.9) 287 (1.3) 302 (1.0) 316 (0.8) 338 (1.4) 100 (†) 98 (0.4) 69 (1.3) 9 (0.8)
Black 13 (1.1) 285 (1.6) (†) (†) 279 (2.0) 292 (1.5) (†) 100 (†) 92 (1.9) 26 (2.6) 1 (0.5)
Hispanic 14 (1.2) 289 (1.8) (†) (†) 285 (3.5) 293 (2.5) 321 (2.6) 100 (†) 92 (2.1) 32 (2.1) 1 (0.5)
Other1  5 (0.5) 320 (2.8) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 100 (†) 99 (‡) 73 (4.2) 16 (3.8)
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1 Includes Asians/Pacific Islanders and American Indians/Alaska Natives.
NOTE: Score level 200 indicates ability to perform simple additive reasoning and problem solving. Score level 250 indicates ability to perform simple multiplicative reasoning and two-step problem solving. Score level 300 indicates ability to perform reasoning and problem solving involving fractions, decimals, percents, elementary geometry, and simple algebra. Score level 350 indicates ability to perform reasoning and problem solving involving geometry, algebra, and beginning statistics and probability. Scale ranges from 0 to 500. Excludes persons not enrolled in school and those who were unable to be tested due to limited proficiency in English or due to a disability. Includes public and private schools. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Standard errors appear in parentheses.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), NAEP Trends in Academic Progress, 1996 and 1999; and NAEP Data Explorer (http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/nde/), retrieved August 2005. (This table was prepared February 2006.)