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Digest of Education Statistics: 2008
Digest of Education Statistics: 2008

NCES 2009-020
March 2009


Table 128. Average civics scale score and percentage of students attaining civics achievement levels, by grade level and selected student characteristics: 1998 and 2006
Selected student characteristic Average scale score1  Percent of students attaining achievement levels
At or above Basic2  At or above Proficient3  At Advanced4 
19985  2006 19985  2006 19985  2006 19985  2006
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
4th-graders 150 (0.7) 154 (1.0) 69 (1.0) 73 (1.2) 23 (0.9) 24 (1.0) 2 (0.3) 1 (0.2)
Sex                                
Male 149 (1.0) 153 (1.1) 68 (1.2) 72 (1.3) 22 (1.2) 24 (1.2) 2 (0.4) 1 (0.3)
Female 151 (0.9) 155 (1.1) 70 (1.0) 75 (1.4) 23 (1.2) 24 (1.2) 1 (0.4) 1 (0.2)
                                 
Race/ethnicity                                
White 158 (0.9) 164 (0.9) 78 (1.3) 85 (1.0) 29 (1.2) 34 (1.4) 2 (0.4) 2 (0.3)
Black 130 (1.1) 140 (1.5) 45 (1.7) 57 (2.3) 7 (1.1) 10 (1.2) 1 (0.3) # (†)
Hispanic 123 (2.2) 138 (1.3) 40 (2.8) 55 (2.0) 6 (1.1) 10 (1.1) # (†) # (0.1)
Asian/Pacific Islander 147 (4.0) 154 (3.8) 66 (5.5) 75 (4.5) 20 (3.5) 24 (4.0) 2 (0.9) 1 (0.6)
American Indian/Alaska Native (†) 124 (7.6) (†) 38 (11.3) (†) 7 (3.9) (†) # (†)
                                 
Free/reduced-price lunch eligibility                                
Eligible 132 (0.9) 139 (1.1) 49 (1.3) 56 (1.6) 9 (0.9) 9 (0.8) # (†) # (†)
Not eligible 160 (1.1) 166 (0.8) 80 (1.4) 87 (0.9) 30 (1.3) 36 (1.4) 2 (0.5) 2 (0.3)
Not available 154 (2.2) 167 (2.1) 72 (3.1) 88 (2.2) 27 (2.5) 37 (4.0) 2 (0.9) 3 (1.4)
                                 
8th-graders 150 (0.7) 150 (0.8) 70 (0.9) 70 (1.1) 22 (0.8) 22 (0.8) 2 (0.2) 2 (0.2)
Sex                                
Male 148 (0.9) 149 (1.0) 67 (1.1) 68 (1.3) 22 (1.0) 23 (0.9) 2 (0.3) 2 (0.3)
Female 152 (0.8) 151 (0.8) 73 (1.2) 72 (1.2) 22 (1.1) 21 (0.9) 1 (0.3) 1 (0.2)
                                 
Race/ethnicity                                
White 158 (0.9) 161 (0.8) 78 (1.1) 82 (0.9) 28 (1.0) 30 (1.0) 2 (0.3) 2 (0.3)
Black 131 (1.2) 133 (1.5) 49 (1.7) 50 (2.0) 7 (1.0) 9 (1.1) # (†) # (0.2)
Hispanic 127 (1.3) 131 (1.1) 44 (2.3) 50 (2.2) 7 (1.0) 8 (1.0) # (0.2) # (†)
Asian/Pacific Islander 151 (8.9) 154 (3.2) 69 (9.5) 73 (4.0) 25 (5.8) 27 (3.2) 3 (1.3) 3 (0.9)
American Indian/Alaska Native (†) 127 (7.3) (†) 46 (9.5) (†) 7 (2.9) (†) # (†)
                                 
Parents' highest level of education                                
Not high school graduate (†) 129 (1.6) (†) 47 (3.3) (†) 6 (1.0) (†) # (†)
Graduated high school (†) 140 (1.3) (†) 59 (1.8) (†) 11 (1.0) (†) # (0.2)
Some college (†) 153 (1.0) (†) 75 (1.7) (†) 20 (1.3) (†) 1 (0.3)
Graduated college (†) 162 (0.9) (†) 82 (0.9) (†) 33 (1.2) (†) 3 (0.4)
                                 
Free/reduced-price lunch eligibility                                
Eligible 131 (1.1) 132 (1.0) 48 (1.6) 51 (1.5) 8 (0.8) 8 (0.5) # (0.2) # (0.1)
Not eligible 157 (1.0) 160 (0.8) 78 (1.2) 82 (1.0) 27 (1.2) 29 (0.9) 2 (0.3) 2 (0.3)
Not available 156 (2.2) 171 (2.4) 76 (2.7) 90 (2.2) 29 (2.1) 44 (4.1) 3 (0.6) 5 (1.8)
                                 
12th-graders 150 (0.8) 151 (0.9) 65 (0.9) 66 (1.1) 26 (0.9) 27 (1.0) 4 (0.4) 5 (0.4)
Sex                                
Male 148 (1.1) 150 (1.1) 62 (1.2) 64 (1.5) 27 (1.2) 28 (1.2) 5 (0.6) 5 (0.5)
Female 152 (0.8) 152 (1.0) 68 (1.2) 67 (1.2) 26 (1.1) 26 (1.2) 3 (0.4) 4 (0.5)
                                 
Race/ethnicity                                
White 157 (1.0) 158 (1.0) 73 (1.1) 74 (1.2) 32 (1.3) 34 (1.2) 5 (0.6) 6 (0.6)
Black 130 (1.6) 131 (1.4) 41 (2.0) 42 (1.9) 9 (1.3) 9 (1.1) 1 (0.3) 1 (0.3)
Hispanic 132 (1.1) 134 (1.1) 45 (1.9) 46 (1.7) 10 (1.2) 12 (1.2) 1 (0.3) 1 (0.3)
Asian/Pacific Islander 149 (5.2) 155 (3.1) 63 (4.8) 68 (3.7) 27 (6.6) 33 (3.9) 5 (2.3) 8 (1.6)
American Indian/Alaska Native (†) 131 (3.5) (†) 42 (8.0) (†) 9 (3.0) (†) # (†)
                                 
Parents' highest level of education                                
Not high school graduate (†) 126 (1.8) (†) 35 (3.0) (†) 8 (1.4) (†) 1 (0.5)
Graduated high school (†) 138 (1.0) (†) 52 (1.6) (†) 13 (1.2) (†) 1 (0.3)
Some college (†) 150 (0.9) (†) 66 (1.4) (†) 23 (1.2) (†) 3 (0.5)
Graduated college (†) 162 (1.1) (†) 77 (1.2) (†) 39 (1.4) (†) 8 (0.7)
                                 
Free/reduced-price lunch eligibility                                
Eligible 130 (1.4) 133 (1.0) 42 (2.1) 45 (1.5) 10 (1.7) 11 (1.1) 1 (0.4) 1 (0.4)
Not eligible 153 (1.0) 156 (1.0) 69 (1.1) 71 (1.2) 29 (1.3) 31 (1.2) 5 (0.5) 6 (0.5)
Not available 153 (1.3) 160 (2.4) 68 (1.6) 76 (3.1) 29 (1.5) 34 (2.8) 5 (0.7) 7 (1.3)
— Not available.
# Rounds to zero.
† Not applicable.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1 Scale ranges from 0 to 300.
2 Basic denotes partial mastery of the knowledge and skills that are fundamental for proficient work at a given grade.
3 Proficient represents solid academic performance. Students reaching this level have demonstrated competency over challenging subject matter.
4 Advanced signifies superior performance for a given grade.
5 Accommodations were not permitted for this assessment.
NOTE: Includes public and private schools. Excludes students unable to be tested due to limited proficiency in English or due to a disability (if the accommodations provided were not sufficient to enable the test to properly reflect the students' proficiency in civics). Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Totals include other racial/ethnic groups not shown separately. Standard errors appear in parentheses.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 1998 and 2006 Civics Assessments, retrieved July 3, 2007, from the NAEP Data Explorer (http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/nde/). (This table was prepared July 2007.)