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Digest of Education Statistics: 2008
Digest of Education Statistics: 2008

NCES 2009-020
March 2009


Table 70. Percentage of public school teachers of grades 9 through 12, by field of main teaching assignment and selected demographic and educational characteristics: 2003–04
Teacher characteristic Total Field of main teaching assignment
Arts and music English or
language arts
Foreign languages Health and
physical education
Mathematics Natural sciences Social sciences Special education Vocational/
technical
All other
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
                                             
Number of teachers
  (in thousands)
988.1 (19.27) 79.5 (2.92) 143.2 (5.13) 56.7 (2.11) 67.0 (2.85) 127.2 (3.53) 109.5 (4.38) 115.5 (3.42) 113.3 (5.03) 137.1 (4.49) 39.0 (1.92)
Total 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†)
                                             
Sex                                            
Male 44.1 (0.46) 45.5 (1.71) 26.1 (1.18) 21.9 (1.82) 63.1 (2.25) 45.1 (1.24) 51.3 (1.40) 65.1 (1.26) 27.9 (1.28) 50.1 (1.31) 47.6 (2.62)
Female 55.9 (0.46) 54.5 (1.71) 73.9 (1.18) 78.1 (1.82) 36.9 (2.25) 54.9 (1.24) 48.7 (1.40) 34.9 (1.26) 72.1 (1.28) 49.9 (1.31) 52.4 (2.62)
                                             
Race/ethnicity                                            
White 84.7 (0.89) 89.1 (1.26) 86.7 (1.10) 72.0 (2.88) 87.9 (1.30) 83.1 (1.48) 85.8 (1.22) 87.1 (1.23) 83.5 (1.69) 85.3 (1.10) 79.1 (1.90)
Black 7.1 (0.40) 5.5 (0.96) 6.9 (0.78) 4.5 (0.98) 6.1 (0.92) 6.8 (0.64) 6.5 (0.66) 5.9 (0.72) 9.4 (1.08) 8.9 (0.91) 9.6 (1.35)
Hispanic 5.4 (0.55) 3.6 (0.87) 3.8 (0.55) 20.8 (2.29) 3.8 (0.89) 6.3 (1.14) 4.0 (0.73) 3.6 (0.76) 4.8 (1.11) 3.9 (0.56) 7.7 (1.61)
Asian 1.3 (0.13) 0.7 (0.25) 1.1 (0.28) 1.5 (0.44) 0.5 (0.16) 2.5 (0.41) 2.0 (0.43) 1.3 (0.35) 0.8 (0.18) 0.4 (0.18) 2.1 (0.63)
Pacific Islander 0.2 (0.04) (†) 0.1 (0.07) (†) 0.2 (0.10) 0.1 (0.07) 0.3 (0.14) 0.3 (0.16) 0.3 (0.16) 0.1 (0.07) (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native 0.6 (0.06) 0.5 (0.12) 0.7 (0.15) 0.2 (0.08) 0.9 (0.34) 0.5 (0.13) 0.4 (0.13) 1.0 (0.35) 0.5 (0.17) 0.8 (0.25) 1.0 (0.30)
More than one race 0.7 (0.06) 0.5 (0.16) 0.7 (0.17) 1.0 (0.31) 0.6 (0.29) 0.7 (0.18) 1.0 (0.20) 0.9 (0.28) 0.7 (0.21) 0.5 (0.13) 0.4 (0.29)
                                             
Age                                            
Under 30 years 15.1 (0.45) 17.3 (1.41) 17.7 (0.93) 15.2 (1.39) 16.2 (1.84) 16.7 (1.00) 15.8 (1.02) 17.4 (1.01) 13.1 (1.15) 9.4 (0.77) 11.8 (1.91)
30 to 39 years 24.5 (0.49) 24.7 (1.56) 24.8 (1.16) 27.5 (1.89) 26.9 (1.60) 27.8 (1.15) 26.6 (1.29) 27.1 (1.37) 22.0 (1.21) 18.8 (0.86) 18.1 (1.95)
40 to 49 years 25.6 (0.41) 26.5 (1.66) 19.6 (1.12) 19.7 (1.70) 28.1 (2.02) 24.4 (1.18) 25.9 (1.45) 21.4 (1.27) 30.6 (1.48) 31.6 (1.17) 30.6 (2.55)
50 to 59 years 29.6 (0.50) 27.1 (1.67) 31.5 (1.18) 32.8 (1.90) 25.5 (1.69) 27.0 (1.24) 25.6 (1.25) 29.8 (1.30) 29.5 (1.48) 34.6 (1.10) 32.2 (2.45)
60 years and over 5.1 (0.19) 4.3 (0.79) 6.4 (0.59) 4.8 (0.72) 3.3 (0.58) 4.2 (0.41) 6.0 (0.74) 4.2 (0.54) 4.8 (0.77) 5.5 (0.54) 7.4 (1.23)
                                             
Age at which first began to teach full time
  or part time
                                           
25 or under 56.0 (0.53) 64.6 (1.67) 56.5 (1.24) 56.2 (2.14) 70.1 (1.98) 61.1 (1.24) 51.4 (1.60) 56.3 (1.54) 53.3 (1.66) 47.5 (1.43) 43.9 (2.35)
26 to 35 28.1 (0.49) 24.2 (1.33) 30.0 (1.21) 26.8 (1.81) 25.2 (1.83) 23.3 (1.18) 32.3 (1.53) 30.9 (1.41) 29.9 (1.48) 28.8 (1.03) 24.6 (1.82)
36 to 45 11.4 (0.30) 9.2 (1.16) 9.8 (0.69) 13.2 (1.62) 3.5 (0.79) 10.6 (0.87) 11.1 (0.94) 9.3 (0.92) 12.1 (0.86) 16.9 (0.92) 20.5 (1.97)
46 to 55 4.1 (0.22) 1.8 (0.52) 3.4 (0.44) 3.4 (0.82) 1.0 (0.47) 4.2 (0.58) 4.6 (0.71) 3.3 (0.52) 4.4 (0.57) 6.2 (0.67) 10.7 (1.50)
56 or over 0.4 (0.06) 0.2 (0.11) 0.3 (0.11) 0.4 (0.22) (†) 0.9 (0.26) 0.6 (0.27) 0.3 (0.08) 0.3 (0.11) 0.7 (0.22) 0.2 (0.20)
                                             
Years of full-time teaching experience                                            
Less than 3 years 12.6 (0.67) 11.9 (1.18) 14.1 (0.98) 13.2 (1.41) 9.8 (1.47) 12.7 (1.30) 13.1 (0.86) 12.3 (0.79) 12.0 (1.58) 12.6 (1.15) 14.5 (1.67)
3 to 9 years 32.2 (0.43) 32.1 (1.86) 33.0 (1.28) 33.8 (1.68) 26.5 (1.56) 32.6 (1.40) 33.4 (1.29) 35.3 (1.30) 32.7 (1.32) 28.2 (1.05) 36.0 (2.50)
10 to 20 years 27.1 (0.41) 27.2 (1.69) 23.3 (0.98) 29.0 (1.91) 29.3 (1.96) 28.7 (1.44) 28.8 (1.14) 23.0 (1.26) 29.4 (1.64) 27.7 (1.09) 28.4 (1.95)
Over 20 years 28.0 (0.54) 28.8 (1.75) 29.6 (1.10) 24.1 (1.81) 34.3 (1.69) 26.0 (1.21) 24.7 (1.30) 29.5 (1.33) 25.9 (1.58) 31.5 (1.41) 21.2 (2.05)
                                             
Highest college degree                                            
Less than bachelor's degree 2.6 (0.20) 0.8 (0.28) 0.3 (0.09) 0.4 (0.15) 0.7 (0.27) 0.3 (0.08) 0.3 (0.14) 0.6 (0.29) 0.6 (0.21) 14.1 (1.17) 6.7 (1.44)
Bachelor's degree 47.9 (0.60) 55.5 (1.86) 49.3 (1.27) 46.3 (2.00) 54.8 (2.09) 50.8 (1.37) 43.5 (1.38) 50.1 (1.46) 43.0 (1.43) 44.0 (1.08) 41.4 (2.53)
Master's degree 42.0 (0.71) 37.4 (1.72) 41.2 (1.29) 46.0 (2.08) 39.4 (2.17) 43.7 (1.32) 46.8 (1.53) 43.1 (1.38) 43.9 (1.56) 36.4 (1.37) 44.8 (2.40)
Education specialist1  5.6 (0.23) 4.7 (0.76) 7.3 (0.77) 5.1 (0.80) 3.9 (0.73) 3.9 (0.48) 5.0 (0.56) 4.2 (0.48) 10.6 (0.97) 4.4 (0.51) 5.7 (1.15)
Doctorate or first professional 2.0 (0.15) 1.6 (0.48) 1.9 (0.35) 2.1 (0.73) 1.2 (0.31) 1.4 (0.27) 4.5 (0.76) 2.1 (0.40) 1.9 (0.42) 1.2 (0.32) 1.4 (0.47)
                                             
Undergraduate field of study2                                             
Arts and music 8.3 (0.21) 87.7 (0.96) 1.9 (0.26) 2.2 (0.79) 0.4 (0.15) 0.8 (0.18) 0.5 (0.19) 0.9 (0.26) 2.1 (0.37) 1.7 (0.38) 3.0 (0.73)
Education, instruction 8.4 (0.24) 2.5 (0.39) 9.8 (0.70) 6.1 (0.71) 1.9 (0.41) 10.0 (0.70) 6.8 (0.68) 10.7 (0.79) 17.6 (1.00) 3.0 (0.36) 13.0 (1.54)
Education, other 5.1 (0.23) 0.6 (0.32) 1.2 (0.23) 1.2 (0.60) 0.5 (0.25) 0.7 (0.18) 0.4 (0.16) 0.3 (0.09) 38.3 (1.55) 0.6 (0.19) 3.2 (0.66)
English and language arts 13.3 (0.35) 3.8 (0.64) 71.0 (1.15) 7.7 (0.91) 1.1 (0.48) 1.4 (0.35) 0.7 (0.28) 3.4 (0.58) 7.5 (0.77) 1.8 (0.33) 11.6 (1.80)
Foreign languages 4.5 (0.21) 0.1 (0.05) 1.2 (0.25) 65.3 (1.88) 0.2 (0.10) 0.3 (0.12) 0.1 (0.10) 1.3 (0.44) 0.9 (0.54) 0.3 (0.14) 5.4 (1.03)
Health and physical education 9.8 (0.30) 0.8 (0.25) 2.1 (0.37) 2.6 (0.85) 85.6 (1.20) 4.5 (0.55) 6.0 (0.72) 6.5 (0.70) 5.9 (0.71) 2.4 (0.37) 11.3 (1.78)
Mathematics and computer science 8.6 (0.21) (†) 0.6 (0.20) 1.0 (0.33) 0.3 (0.15) 61.3 (1.29) 1.4 (0.28) 0.5 (0.21) 0.6 (0.19) 0.8 (0.20) 4.0 (0.96)
Natural sciences 10.7 (0.37) 0.3 (0.12) 0.7 (0.26) 1.3 (0.51) 1.7 (0.52) 8.2 (0.66) 77.5 (1.22) 0.9 (0.25) 1.2 (0.21) 2.2 (0.33) 4.7 (1.00)
Social sciences 14.8 (0.31) 1.8 (0.31) 7.3 (0.65) 8.0 (1.18) 4.0 (0.69) 6.4 (0.65) 3.0 (0.42) 71.4 (1.23) 16.8 (1.09) 4.3 (0.51) 21.1 (1.89)
Vocational/technical education 12.7 (0.30) 1.2 (0.31) 2.3 (0.44) 2.4 (0.77) 3.6 (0.73) 5.3 (0.61) 2.5 (0.44) 2.5 (0.39) 6.4 (0.64) 67.7 (1.50) 11.7 (1.28)
Other 3.9 (0.21) 1.2 (0.37) 2.0 (0.41) 2.4 (0.86) 0.8 (0.27) 0.9 (0.24) 1.0 (0.28) 1.7 (0.47) 2.9 (0.62) 15.2 (1.18) 11.0 (1.74)
† Not applicable.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1 Education specialist degrees or certificates are generally awarded for 1 year's work beyond the master's level.
2 Data are for bachelor's degrees and major fields of study only.
NOTE: Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Standard errors appear in parentheses.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS), "Public Teacher Questionnaire," 2003–04. (This table was prepared July 2006.)