Skip Navigation
Digest of Education Statistics: 2008
Digest of Education Statistics: 2008

NCES 2009-020
March 2009


Table 51. Percentage distribution of students 6 to 21 years old served under Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, Part B, by educational environment and type of disability: Selected years, fall 1989 through fall 2006
Type of disability All environments Regular school, time
outside regular class
Separate school for students with disabilities Separate
residential facility
Parentally placed in regular private schools Homebound/
hospital placement
Correctional facility
Less than
21 percent
21–60
percent
More than
60 percent
Public Private Public Private
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
All students with disabilities                            
1989 100.0 31.7 37.5 24.9 3.2   1.3 0.7   0.3   0.6
1990 100.0 33.1 36.4 25.0 2.9   1.3 0.6   0.3   0.5
1994 100.0 44.8 28.5 22.4 2.0   1.0 0.5   0.3   0.6
1995 100.0 45.7 28.5 21.5 2.1   1.0 0.4   0.3   0.5
1996 100.0 46.1 28.3 21.4 2.0   1.0 0.4   0.3   0.5
1997 100.0 46.8 28.8 20.4 1.8   1.0 0.4   0.3   0.5
1998 100.0 46.0 29.9 20.0 1.8   1.1 0.4   0.3   0.5
1999 100.0 45.9 29.8 20.3 1.9   1.0 0.4   0.3   0.5
2000 100.0 46.5 29.8 19.5 1.9   1.1 0.4   0.3   0.5
2001 100.0 48.2 28.5 19.2 1.7   1.2 0.4   0.4   0.4
2002 100.0 48.2 28.7 19.0 1.7   1.2 0.3   0.4   0.5
2003 100.0 49.9 27.7 18.5 1.7   1.1 0.3   0.4   0.5
  2004
All students with disabilities 100.0 51.9 26.5 17.6 1.8   1.2 0.3   0.3   0.4
Specific learning disabilities 100.0 51.2 35.8 12.0 0.3   0.4 0.1   0.1   0.2
Speech or language impairments 100.0 88.3 6.5 4.7 0.1   0.2 #   #   0.1
Mental retardation 100.0 13.1 29.7 50.8 4.4   1.0 0.3   0.3   0.4
Emotional disturbance 100.0 32.3 22.0 28.4 7.2   5.8 1.2   2.0   1.2
Multiple disabilities 100.0 12.8 16.9 45.2 12.7   8.1 0.9   1.3   2.2
Hearing impairments 100.0 46.9 18.8 20.9 4.3   2.6 5.9   0.4   0.2
Orthopedic impairments 100.0 48.2 19.5 25.8 4.0   0.8 0.1   0.1   1.5
Other health impairments1  100.0 53.7 29.3 13.6 0.8   0.8 0.1   0.2   1.4
Visual impairments 100.0 56.1 16.1 15.0 3.7   2.1 5.7   0.8   0.5
Autism 100.0 29.1 17.8 41.8 5.5   4.7 0.1   0.7   0.3
Deaf-blindness 100.0 19.4 15.6 35.1 8.5   6.9 7.6   2.9   3.9
Traumatic brain injury 100.0 37.5 28.4 25.9 2.7   3.1 0.2   0.6   1.5
Developmental delay 100.0 56.8 25.2 16.7 0.7   0.2 0.1   #   0.2
  2005
All students with disabilities 100.0 54.2 25.1 16.7 1.8   1.2 0.3   0.3   0.5
Specific learning disabilities 100.0 54.5 33.7 10.9 0.3   0.3 0.1   0.1   0.2
Speech or language impairments 100.0 88.7 6.2 4.6 0.1   0.3 #   #   0.1
Mental retardation 100.0 14.1 29.1 50.2 4.6   1.0 0.2   0.3   0.5
Emotional disturbance 100.0 34.7 21.6 26.8 6.9   5.7 1.2   1.8   1.3
Multiple disabilities 100.0 13.3 16.9 45.1 12.2   8.0 0.9   1.3   2.3
Hearing impairments 100.0 48.8 18.3 19.5 4.8   2.3 5.8   0.4   0.2
Orthopedic impairments 100.0 49.5 18.1 25.7 4.1   0.8 0.1   0.1   1.6
Other health impairments1  100.0 56.0 28.0 12.8 0.8   0.8 0.1   0.2   1.3
Visual impairments 100.0 58.2 15.2 14.2 4.1   1.6 5.4   0.7   0.6
Autism 100.0 31.4 18.2 39.8 5.1   4.4 0.1   0.6   0.4
Deaf-blindness 100.0 22.8 15.1 33.6 10.1   7.3 6.6   3.2   1.4
Traumatic brain injury 100.0 40.0 27.5 24.5 2.8   3.0 0.2   0.5   1.5
Developmental delay 100.0 59.5 23.4 15.8 0.7   0.3 0.1   #   0.2
  2006
All students with disabilities 100.0 53.7 23.7 17.6 2.9 2 (2) 0.4 2 (2) 1.0 3 0.4 0.4
Specific learning disabilities 100.0 54.8 31.4 11.8 0.7 2 (2) 0.1 2 (2) 0.7 3 0.2 0.4
Speech or language impairments 100.0 84.2 6.1 6.8 0.3 2 (2) # 2 (2) 2.5 3 0.1 #
Mental retardation 100.0 16.0 28.7 48.4 5.6 2 (2) 0.4 2 (2) 0.2 3 0.5 0.3
Emotional disturbance 100.0 35.1 20.8 26.6 12.3 2 (2) 2.1 2 (2) 0.2 3 1.2 1.7
Multiple disabilities 100.0 13.4 16.7 44.4 20.5 2 (2) 2.0 2 (2) 0.4 3 2.3 0.3
Hearing impairments 100.0 48.8 17.8 19.8 8.2 2 (2) 4.2 2 (2) 1.0 3 0.2 0.1
Orthopedic impairments 100.0 47.0 19.0 26.3 5.3 2 (2) 0.2 2 (2) 0.7 3 1.4 #
Other health impairments1  100.0 54.8 26.5 14.9 1.6 2 (2) 0.2 2 (2) 0.8 3 1.0 0.2
Visual impairments 100.0 57.2 14.7 15.9 6.4 2 (2) 4.4 2 (2) 0.9 3 0.5 0.1
Autism 100.0 32.3 18.4 38.7 9.0 2 (2) 0.7 2 (2) 0.5 3 0.3 #
Deaf-blindness 100.0 21.0 13.5 34.8 20.7 2 (2) 7.6 2 (2) 0.6 3 1.8 #
Traumatic brain injury 100.0 41.7 26.1 23.7 5.7 2 (2) 0.6 2 (2) 0.6 3 1.4 0.2
Developmental delay 100.0 58.8 21.3 18.4 0.8 2 (2) 0.1 2 (2) 0.4 3 0.2 #
— Not available.
# Rounds to zero.
1 Other health impairments include having limited strength, vitality, or alertness due to chronic or acute health problems such as a heart condition, tuberculosis, rheumatic fever, nephritis, asthma, sickle cell anemia, hemophilia, epilepsy, lead poisoning, leukemia, or diabetes.
2 Data for 2006 combine public and private schools and combine public and private residential facilities.
3 Students who are enrolled by their parents or guardians in regular private schools and have their basic education paid through private resources, but receive special education services at public expense. These students are not included under "Regular school, time outside general class" (columns 3 through 5).
NOTE: Data are for the 50 United States, the District of Columbia, and the Bureau of Indian Education schools taken on the Child Count date of the last Friday in October or December 1. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs, Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) database. Retrieved April 17, 2008, from https://www.ideadata.org/tables30th/ar_2-2.xls. (This table was prepared August 2008.)