Skip Navigation
Digest of Education Statistics
2008 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 39. Percentage distribution of students ages 5 through 17 attending kindergarten through 12th grade, by school type or participation in homeschooling and selected child, parent, and household characteristics: 1999 and 2003
Selected characteristic 1999 2003
Public school Private school Homeschooled1 Public school Private school Homeschooled1
Assigned Chosen Assigned Chosen
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Total 76.1 (0.46) 12.3 (0.32) 10.0 (0.28) 1.7 (0.14) 72.1 (0.57) 15.0 (0.41) 10.8 (0.39) 2.2 (0.18)
Sex of child                                
Male 76.8 (0.62) 11.9 (0.43) 9.7 (0.34) 1.6 (0.17) 72.1 (0.70) 15.0 (0.56) 10.7 (0.48) 2.2 (0.24)
Female 75.3 (0.58) 12.6 (0.42) 10.3 (0.41) 1.8 (0.19) 72.1 (0.78) 14.9 (0.54) 10.8 (0.51) 2.1 (0.23)
                                 
Race/ethnicity of child                                
White 77.2 (0.56) 9.0 (0.33) 11.9 (0.39) 2.0 (0.19) 72.7 (0.67) 12.4 (0.47) 12.2 (0.48) 2.7 (0.25)
Black 71.7 (1.17) 21.0 (1.14) 6.2 (0.47) 1.0 (0.31) 66.6 (1.49) 23.4 (1.45) 8.6 (0.85) 1.3 (0.42)
Hispanic 77.8 (1.02) 15.9 (0.90) 5.2 (0.40) 1.1 (0.25) 77.2 (1.17) 15.0 (0.99) 7.1 (0.66) 0.7 (0.26)
Other 71.0 (2.14) 16.1 (1.89) 11.0 (1.35) 1.9 (0.65) 67.1 (2.59) 18.7 (1.94) 11.3 (1.61) 3.0 (1.02)
                                 
Disability status of child as reported by parent                                
Has a disability 77.1 (0.90) 13.1 (0.74) 8.0 (0.49) 1.9 (0.27) 72.4 (1.12) 16.2 (0.75) 9.2 (0.70) 2.2 (0.35)
Does not have a disability 75.8 (0.50) 12.0 (0.32) 10.5 (0.34) 1.7 (0.16) 72.0 (0.67) 14.5 (0.51) 11.3 (0.44) 2.1 (0.21)
                                 
Grade equivalent2                                 
Kindergarten through 5th grade 73.7 (0.67) 12.9 (0.46) 11.6 (0.41) 1.8 (0.20) 70.1 (0.70) 16.2 (0.56) 11.8 (0.53) 1.9 (0.23)
Kindergarten 68.1 (1.65) 13.6 (1.06) 15.9 (1.29) 2.4 (0.52) 69.0 (1.50) 15.5 (1.18) 12.8 (1.21) 2.7 (0.64)
Grades 1 through 3 74.5 (0.89) 13.1 (0.66) 10.9 (0.53) 1.6 (0.29) 70.0 (1.18) 16.2 (0.96) 12.1 (0.73) 1.8 (0.28)
Grades 4 through 5 75.3 (1.17) 12.3 (0.81) 10.7 (0.77) 1.7 (0.28) 70.7 (1.12) 16.5 (0.96) 10.9 (0.76) 1.9 (0.35)
Grades 6 through 8 79.1 (0.76) 9.8 (0.59) 9.5 (0.47) 1.6 (0.24) 73.3 (1.03) 14.1 (0.81) 10.2 (0.59) 2.4 (0.36)
Grades 9 through 12 77.5 (0.73) 13.2 (0.56) 7.5 (0.44) 1.7 (0.24) 74.6 (0.97) 13.6 (0.76) 9.5 (0.63) 2.3 (0.33)
                                 
Number of parents in the household                                
Two parents 76.4 (0.56) 10.1 (0.34) 11.5 (0.37) 2.1 (0.21) 71.8 (0.67) 13.6 (0.51) 12.1 (0.47) 2.5 (0.23)
One parent 75.6 (0.75) 16.1 (0.51) 7.3 (0.47) 0.9 (0.16) 72.9 (1.08) 18.1 (0.97) 7.6 (0.67) 1.5 (0.32)
Nonparental guardians 74.2 (2.48) 19.3 (2.44) 5.1 (0.84) 1.4 (0.82) 73.9 (2.88) 19.3 (2.42) 5.9 (1.27) 0.9 (0.74)
                                 
Highest education level of parents                                
Less than a high school diploma 80.7 (1.33) 16.4 (1.39) 2.7 (0.51) 0.2 (0.10) 76.9 (2.06) 18.9 (1.76) 2.9 (1.18) 1.3 (0.73)
High school diploma or GED 80.6 (0.83) 12.7 (0.70) 5.6 (0.44) 1.1 (0.19) 77.8 (1.01) 15.5 (0.89) 4.9 (0.45) 1.8 (0.34)
Vocational/technical or some college 78.0 (0.70) 12.4 (0.58) 7.7 (0.40) 1.9 (0.25) 74.0 (0.97) 15.5 (0.74) 8.3 (0.58) 2.1 (0.36)
Bachelor's degree 70.7 (1.12) 10.6 (0.69) 16.1 (0.76) 2.6 (0.42) 67.0 (1.12) 13.0 (0.89) 17.2 (0.94) 2.8 (0.48)
Graduate/professional degree 67.8 (1.09) 10.6 (0.72) 19.3 (0.82) 2.3 (0.46) 64.2 (1.43) 13.7 (1.05) 19.7 (1.16) 2.5 (0.51)
                                 
Poverty status of household                                
Below poverty 77.0 (1.15) 16.9 (1.02) 4.3 (0.49) 1.9 (0.40) 76.2 (1.35) 17.6 (1.11) 3.6 (0.70) 2.7 (0.65)
Between poverty and 200 percent of poverty 78.0 (1.10) 13.8 (0.82) 5.7 (0.68) 2.4 (0.49) 75.7 (1.91) 16.3 (1.71) 4.7 (0.83) 3.3 (0.79)
At or above 200 percent of poverty 75.3 (0.49) 10.3 (0.29) 12.9 (0.40) 1.5 (0.13) 70.7 (0.65) 14.2 (0.50) 13.2 (0.50) 1.9 (0.19)
                                 
Urbanicity3                                 
Urban 73.2 (0.53) 13.6 (0.36) 11.7 (0.33) 1.5 (0.15) 70.1 (0.61) 15.6 (0.46) 12.4 (0.42) 2.0 (0.22)
Rural 84.6 (0.73) 8.3 (0.57) 5.0 (0.46) 2.2 (0.31) 79.9 (1.35) 12.6 (1.16) 4.6 (0.69) 2.9 (0.55)
                                 
Region                                
Northeast 75.1 (1.00) 11.1 (0.76) 12.6 (0.63) 1.1 (0.30) 71.6 (1.42) 11.9 (1.02) 14.6 (1.03) 1.8 (0.58)
South 77.1 (0.64) 11.6 (0.48) 9.3 (0.43) 2.0 (0.28) 74.2 (0.88) 14.9 (0.72) 8.3 (0.58) 2.6 (0.39)
Midwest 76.5 (0.80) 11.2 (0.66) 10.9 (0.61) 1.4 (0.24) 69.9 (1.27) 14.4 (0.92) 13.8 (1.04) 2.0 (0.37)
West 74.8 (0.97) 15.7 (0.74) 7.5 (0.49) 2.0 (0.34) 71.9 (1.07) 17.9 (0.97) 8.3 (0.59) 2.0 (0.34)
1 Excludes students who were enrolled in school for more than 25 hours a week and students who were only homeschooled due to a temporary illness.
2 Students whose grade-equivalent was "ungraded" were excluded from the grade analysis. The percentage of students with an "ungraded" grade equivalent was 0.03 percent in 1999 and 0.02 percent in 2003.
3 Urbanicity is based on a U.S. Census Bureau classification of places. Urban is a place with at least 50,000 people. Rural is a place not classified as urban.
NOTE: Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Standard errors appear in parentheses.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Parent Survey (Parent:1999) and Parent and Family Involvement in Education Survey (PFI:2003) of the National Household Education Surveys Program. (This table was prepared May 2007.)

2008 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest