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Digest of Education Statistics
2007 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 254. Percentage of full-time instructional staff with tenure for degree-granting institutions with a tenure system, by academic rank, sex, and control and type of institution: Selected years, 1993-94 through 2005-06
Academic year, control and type of institution Percent with tenure
Total Professor Associate professor Assistant professor Instructor Lecturer No aca-demic rank
Total Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
1993–94                              
All institutions 56.2 62.6 42.7 91.9 92.8 87.7 76.8 77.5 75.1 14.4 13.6 15.5 38.3 10.8 26.0
Public institutions 58.9 65.4 45.6 92.6 93.6 87.5 80.8 81.6 78.9 17.1 16.1 18.5 45.5 7.2 28.6
4-year 56.3 63.5 39.3 94.3 94.7 92.0 80.4 81.2 78.4 13.8 13.0 14.8 4.4 5.4 6.1
Doctoral1  54.5 62.1 35.0 94.2 94.7 90.1 81.3 82.1 79.2 7.3 6.7 8.3 2.8 2.1 5.4
Master's2  60.5 67.7 46.1 95.4 95.5 95.0 79.3 80.0 77.7 23.0 23.0 22.9 6.4 11.7 11.0
Other 51.1 56.3 40.0 88.4 88.8 86.4 76.5 77.3 74.8 22.7 22.8 22.6 4.6 15.0 6.4
2-year 69.9 75.4 63.0 80.7 83.7 75.5 84.2 86.4 81.5 47.7 51.1 44.6 68.9 39.9 65.7
Not-for-profit institutions 49.5 56.0 35.5 90.3 90.8 88.1 67.6 68.1 66.5 9.0 8.7 9.4 6.1 21.9 18.9
4-year 49.5 56.0 35.4 90.3 90.8 88.0 67.6 68.1 66.5 9.0 8.7 9.4 5.5 21.6 15.7
Doctoral1  47.6 53.5 31.9 90.5 90.8 88.5 62.5 63.4 60.0 3.7 3.7 3.7 8.9 29.2 15.4
Master's2  51.8 59.2 38.2 90.8 91.1 89.8 71.3 72.2 69.6 13.4 13.6 13.1 2.6 0.7 10.5
Other 50.4 57.4 37.2 89.4 90.4 85.1 70.6 70.9 70.2 11.9 11.9 11.9 3.9 3.4 20.0
2-year 47.9 54.5 38.5 88.0 84.3 94.3 63.8 65.1 62.7 12.0 12.3 11.9 20.0 86.7 68.6
For-profit institutions 33.8 39.0 27.8 95.2 94.1 100.0 32.9
                               
1999–2000                              
All institutions 53.7 59.6 43.2 92.8 93.1 91.2 76.8 76.9 76.7 11.8 11.0 12.9 34.1 3.4 18.3
Public institutions 55.9 62.0 45.6 93.9 94.4 91.9 81.0 81.2 80.7 14.1 13.1 15.4 39.8 4.1 21.2
4-year 53.2 60.3 39.3 94.2 94.6 92.5 80.8 81.0 80.3 10.0 9.5 10.6 3.9 3.0 4.0
Doctoral1  50.4 58.0 34.5 92.9 93.6 89.3 79.9 80.2 79.4 4.7 4.4 5.2 2.1 1.5 1.4
Master's2  59.1 66.0 48.0 96.9 96.9 96.8 82.7 83.0 82.1 18.1 17.8 18.5 6.4 5.9 25.3
Other 54.7 61.2 43.2 94.9 95.1 94.0 80.7 81.3 79.7 21.8 24.1 18.8 5.8 7.2 49.3
2-year 67.7 70.6 64.5 91.2 92.2 89.7 83.3 83.6 83.1 53.8 56.0 52.0 60.4 21.2 64.4
Not-for-profit institutions 48.2 54.2 36.8 90.3 90.5 89.7 68.0 67.8 68.4 7.5 6.8 8.2 1.8 1.2 7.4
4-year 48.1 54.1 36.7 90.3 90.5 89.7 68.0 67.8 68.5 7.4 6.8 8.1 1.6 1.2 4.1
Doctoral1  43.4 49.6 29.6 88.6 88.7 87.6 62.6 62.8 62.2 3.0 2.8 3.2 1.0 1.3 0.5
Master's2  52.3 59.4 41.4 91.2 91.6 90.0 72.0 73.0 70.3 12.1 11.9 12.3 0.9 0.8 22.3
Other 53.5 59.3 44.0 93.5 93.8 92.8 73.1 71.2 76.0 9.9 9.4 10.5 3.6 1.6 23.5
2-year 59.7 63.3 53.6 96.0 96.0 96.0 57.1 61.3 54.3 31.6 36.7 28.3 30.2 65.8
For-profit institutions 77.4 77.2 77.6 47.4 50.0 33.3 86.1 71.9
                               
2003–04                              
All institutions 50.4 56.0 41.5 91.8 92.0 91.1 74.6 74.2 75.3 9.0 8.2 9.9 30.7 2.1 22.5
Public institutions 53.0 58.6 44.2 93.6 93.8 92.9 78.9 78.7 79.4 11.1 10.2 12.1 35.7 2.6 28.6
4-year 50.2 56.9 38.5 93.9 94.0 93.7 78.7 78.4 79.2 7.5 7.0 8.2 2.4 1.7 4.4
Doctoral1  48.9 56.0 35.2 92.7 92.9 91.9 77.9 77.9 77.9 3.9 3.6 4.3 1.3 1.2 2.3
Master's2  52.9 59.2 43.9 96.5 96.6 96.3 79.8 79.0 81.0 12.7 11.9 13.6 3.4 2.5 10.4
Other 51.2 57.0 43.0 95.1 95.1 95.0 81.9 81.7 82.2 18.9 20.3 17.2 5.2 3.7 37.0
2-year 65.2 68.3 62.2 90.5 91.3 89.6 81.3 82.1 80.6 45.9 48.8 43.5 57.2 22.0 69.8
Not-for-profit institutions 44.6 50.2 34.9 88.2 88.5 87.2 66.2 65.5 67.3 5.2 4.6 5.9 4.0 0.7 3.3
4-year 44.6 50.3 34.9 88.2 88.5 87.1 66.2 65.5 67.3 5.2 4.6 5.9 3.7 0.7 2.8
Doctoral1  40.1 46.3 27.7 86.8 87.2 84.8 60.8 60.8 60.6 2.1 2.0 2.2 0.4 0.6 0.3
Master's2  48.7 54.6 40.5 88.4 88.9 86.8 69.8 69.4 70.4 9.1 8.2 9.9 0.8 1.0 23.0
Other 51.9 57.2 44.0 92.1 91.9 92.6 73.7 72.4 75.6 6.7 6.2 7.2 14.9 1.3 15.5
2-year 47.7 43.0 51.9 92.2 87.5 96.3 65.4 61.9 67.7 15.6 14.3 16.7 38.6 37.5 55.6
For-profit institutions 69.2 78.1 57.6 76.5 70.0 85.7 69.4 81.7
                               
2005–06                              
All institutions 49.6 55.2 41.0 91.3 91.6 90.5 73.6 73.0 74.5 8.0 7.4 8.6 28.4 1.8 26.1
Public institutions 51.5 57.1 43.3 92.8 93.1 91.8 77.7 77.3 78.4 9.8 9.1 10.6 33.8 2.3 29.9
4-year 48.7 55.4 37.8 93.1 93.3 92.7 77.7 77.3 78.5 6.1 5.8 6.6 2.1 1.6 3.8
Doctoral1  47.2 54.2 34.5 91.6 92.0 90.1 75.9 75.7 76.4 2.7 2.6 2.8 1.2 1.3 2.1
Master's2  52.3 58.7 43.6 96.5 96.6 96.5 81.0 80.3 82.0 11.4 10.9 11.9 2.9 2.1 5.1
Other 49.1 54.0 42.2 95.4 95.0 96.2 82.6 83.0 81.9 17.6 18.3 16.8 4.9 2.3 34.3
2-year 64.1 67.2 61.2 89.5 90.7 88.2 77.9 77.8 77.9 44.1 46.8 41.8 56.2 22.4 70.3
Not-for-profit institutions 45.1 51.1 35.5 88.3 88.5 87.6 65.4 64.7 66.6 4.6 4.3 4.9 0.7 0.5 9.8
4-year 45.1 51.1 35.4 88.3 88.5 87.6 65.4 64.7 66.6 4.6 4.3 4.9 0.4 0.5 9.4
Doctoral1  40.7 47.2 28.3 86.2 86.7 84.1 57.7 57.5 58.1 1.8 1.8 1.8 0.2 0.3 1.8
Master's2  49.1 55.0 41.1 89.7 90.2 88.3 71.6 71.6 71.6 8.5 8.1 8.8 0.7 1.1 20.9
Other 52.5 57.8 44.8 92.7 92.3 93.9 74.5 73.5 75.9 5.5 5.4 5.6 0.7 1.5 45.7
2-year 45.2 50.0 41.2 86.3 91.7 81.5 69.7 92.9 52.6 15.4 8.6 20.9 34.5 50.0
For-profit institutions 69.3 67.1 72.5 70.3 65.6 100.0 78.9
— Not available.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1 Institutions that awarded 20 or more doctor's degrees during the previous academic year.
2 Institutions that awarded 20 or more master's degrees, but less than 20 doctor's degrees, during the previous academic year.
NOTE: The coverage of this table differs from similar tables published in editions of the Digest prior to 2003. Previous tenure tabulations included only instructional staff classified as full-time faculty; this table includes all staff with full-time instructional duties, including faculty and other instructional staff. Data for 1993–94 are for institutions of higher education, while later data are for degree-granting institutions. Degree-granting institutions grant associate's or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. The degree-granting classification is very similar to the earlier higher education classification, but it includes more 2-year colleges and excludes a few higher education institutions that did not grant degrees. (See Guide to Sources for details.) Some data have been revised from previously published figures
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, 1993–94 through 2005–06 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, "Fall Staff Survey" (IPEDS-S:93–99), Winter 2003–04, and Winter 2005–06. (This table was prepared August 2007.)

2007 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest