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Digest of Education Statistics
2007 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 37. Number and percentage of homeschooled students ages 5 through 17 with a grade equivalent of kindergarten through 12th grade, by selected child, parent, and household characteristics: 1999 and 2003
Selected characteristic 1999 2003
Number of students1 (in thousands) Number homeschooled (in thousands) Percent homeschooled Number of students1 (in thousands) Number homeschooled (in thousands) Percent homeschooled
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Total 50,188 (72.7) 850 (71.1) 1.7 (0.14) 50,707 (89.3) 1,096 (92.3) 2.2 (0.18)
Sex of child                        
Male 25,515 (233.9) 417 (43.9) 1.6 (0.17) 25,819 (286.8) 569 (61.9) 2.2 (0.24)
Female 24,673 (238.7) 434 (46.1) 1.8 (0.19) 24,888 (277.7) 527 (58.2) 2.1 (0.23)
                         
Race/ethnicity of child                        
White 32,474 (168.2) 640 (62.3) 2.0 (0.19) 31,584 (187.2) 843 (77.5) 2.7 (0.25)
Black 8,047 (102.3) 84 (24.8) 1.0 (0.31) 7,985 (45.7) 103 (33.9) 1.3 (0.42)
Hispanic 7,043 (85.5) 77 (17.7) 1.1 (0.25) 8,075 (35.1) 59 (21.1) 0.7 (0.26)
Other 2,623 (114.2) 49 (17.2) 1.9 (0.65) 3,063 (161.1) 91 (31.5) 3.0 (1.02)
                         
Grade equivalent2                         
Kindergarten through 5th grade 24,428 (20.5) 428 (48.1) 1.8 (0.20) 24,269 (24.7) 472 (55.3) 1.9 (0.23)
Kindergarten 3,790 (20.0) 92 (19.7) 2.4 (0.52) 3,643 (24.7) 98 (23.5) 2.7 (0.64)
Grades 1 through 3 12,692 (6.2) 199 (36.7) 1.6 (0.29) 12,098 (#) 214 (33.3) 1.8 (0.28)
Grades 4 through 5 7,946 (1.3) 136 (22.5) 1.7 (0.28) 8,528 (#) 160 (30.1) 1.9 (0.35)
Grades 6 through 8 11,788 (3.4) 186 (28.0) 1.6 (0.24) 12,472 (6.5) 302 (44.9) 2.4 (0.36)
Grades 9 through 12 13,954 (70.5) 235 (33.2) 1.7 (0.24) 13,958 (81.8) 315 (47.0) 2.3 (0.33)
                         
Number of children in the household                        
One child 8,226 (153.8) 120 (20.3) 1.5 (0.24) 8,033 (218.1) 110 (22.3) 1.4 (0.28)
Two children 19,883 (211.4) 207 (27.1) 1.0 (0.14) 20,530 (319.4) 306 (45.1) 1.5 (0.22)
Three or more children 22,078 (241.2) 523 (65.2) 2.4 (0.30) 22,144 (362.8) 679 (80.2) 3.1 (0.36)
                         
Number of parents in the household                        
Two parents 33,007 (203.8) 683 (68.3) 2.1 (0.21) 35,936 (315.1) 886 (82.7) 2.5 (0.23)
One parent 15,454 (209.4) 142 (25.0) 0.9 (0.16) 13,260 (319.2) 196 (42.6) 1.5 (0.32)
Nonparental guardians 1,727 (86.0) 25 (14.4) 1.4 (0.82) 1,511 (100.1) 14 (11.1) 0.9 (0.74)
                         
Parent participation in the labor force                        
Two parents—both in labor force 22,880 (241.5) 237 (39.8) 1.0 (0.17) 25,108 (373.1) 274 (44.1) 1.1 (0.18)
Two parents—one in labor force 9,628 (194.4) 444 (53.8) 4.6 (0.55) 10,545 (297.2) 594 (73.7) 5.6 (0.67)
One parent in labor force 13,907 (220.0) 98 (21.8) 0.7 (0.16) 12,045 (267.9) 174 (39.8) 1.4 (0.33)
No parent participation in labor force 3,773 (162.3) 71 (18.8) 1.9 (0.48) 3,008 (171.4) 54 (23.7) 1.8 (0.78)
                         
Highest education level of parents                        
High school diploma or less 18,334 (217.3) 160 (26.5) 0.9 (0.15) 16,106 (272.3) 269 (51.6) 1.7 (0.32)
Vocational/technical or some college 15,177 (215.2) 287 (37.3) 1.9 (0.25) 16,068 (323.4) 338 (57.7) 2.1 (0.36)
Bachelor's degree 8,269 (182.5) 213 (36.2) 2.6 (0.42) 9,798 (277.3) 274 (47.2) 2.8 (0.48)
Graduate/professional degree 8,407 (207.1) 190 (39.8) 2.3 (0.46) 8,734 (238.1) 215 (44.2) 2.5 (0.51)
                         
Household income                        
$25,000 or less 16,776 (116.9) 262 (45.0) 1.6 (0.27) 12,375 (53.6) 283 (56.0) 2.3 (0.45)
$25,001 to $50,000 15,220 (232.7) 278 (36.7) 1.8 (0.24) 13,220 (270.2) 311 (49.9) 2.4 (0.37)
$50,001 to $75,000 8,576 (189.3) 162 (25.5) 1.9 (0.30) 10,961 (282.2) 264 (51.1) 2.4 (0.46)
Over $75,000 9,615 (211.2) 148 (26.5) 1.5 (0.28) 14,150 (261.7) 238 (45.8) 1.7 (0.33)
                         
Urbanicity3                         
Urban 37,415 (185.2) 575 (51.0) 1.5 (0.15) 40,180 (187.2) 794 (76.6) 2.0 (0.22)
Rural 12,773 (112.6) 275 (39.8) 2.2 (0.31) 10,527 (56.3) 302 (58.0) 2.9 (0.55)
                         
Region                        
Northeast 10,220 (103.7) 114 (30.1) 1.1 (0.30) 9,220 (42.6) 168 (53.3) 1.8 (0.58)
South 17,366 (122.5) 355 (48.4) 2.0 (0.28) 17,232 (55.0) 445 (66.7) 2.6 (0.39)
Midwest 12,040 (114.1) 166 (28.6) 1.4 (0.24) 11,949 (61.3) 238 (43.9) 2.0 (0.37)
West 10,560 (97.3) 215 (35.9) 2.0 (0.34) 12,305 (39.8) 245 (42.3) 2.0 (0.34)
# Rounds to zero.
1 Refers to all students in public and private schools and homeschooled students.
2 Students whose grade-equivalent was "ungraded" were excluded from the grade analysis. The percentage of students with an "ungraded" grade equivalent was 0.03 percent in 1999 and 0.02 percent in 2003.
3 Urbanicity is based on a U.S. Census Bureau classification of places. Urban is a place with at least 50,000 people. Rural is a place not classified as urban.
NOTE: The number and percentage of homeschoolers exclude students who were enrolled in school for more than 25 hours a week and students who were only homeschooled due to a temporary illness. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Standard errors appear in parentheses.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Home­schooling in the United States: 2003, Parent Survey (Parent:1999) and Parent and Family Involvement in Education Survey (PFI:2003) of the National Household Education Surveys Program. (This table was prepared September 2006.)

2007 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest