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Digest of Education Statistics
2007 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 27. Amount and percentage distribution of direct general expenditures of state and local governments, by function: Selected years, 1970–71 through 2004–05
Function 1970–71 1980–81 1990–91 1994–95 1998–99 1999–
2000
2000–01 2001–02 2002–03 2003–04 2004–05
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
  Amount (in millions of current dollars)
Total direct general expenditures $150,674 $407,449 $908,108 $1,146,188 $1,398,533 $1,502,768 $1,621,757 $1,732,478 $1,817,513 $1,903,194 $2,009,644  
Education and libraries 60,174 147,649 313,744 383,557 490,100 528,767 571,374 602,954 630,246 664,561 699,247  
                         
Social services and income maintenance 30,376 92,555 214,919 303,208 338,964 365,226 396,086 433,685 467,625 501,116 537,983  
Public welfare 18,226 54,121 130,402 193,110 215,190 233,350 257,380 281,176 306,463 335,257 362,007  
Hospitals and health 11,205 36,101 81,110 105,946 119,361 127,342 134,010 147,065 154,878 159,676 170,244  
Employment security administration1  945 2,276 3,250 3,946 4,130 4,178 4,359 5,082 5,267 4,679 4,383  
Veterans' services 57 157 206 283 357 337 361 1,017 1,504 1,349  
                         
Transportation 19,819 39,231 75,410 88,938 110,163 118,974 130,422 136,824 142,255 141,959 147,629 2 
                         
Public safety 9,416 31,233 79,932 101,157 128,743 137,809 146,544 156,702 162,279 166,056 177,524  
Police and fire protection 7,531 21,283 46,568 58,064 74,629 79,900 84,554 90,456 95,215 98,037 105,398  
Correction 1,885 7,393 27,356 35,857 45,598 48,805 52,370 54,615 55,471 56,521 59,253  
Protective inspection and regulation 2,557 6,008 7,236 8,516 9,104 9,620 11,631 11,593 11,498 12,873  
                         
Environment and housing 11,832 35,223 76,167 93,221 109,930 117,123 124,203 134,033 141,571 146,895 153,451  
Natural resources, parks, and recreation 5,191 13,239 28,505 33,140 41,649 45,272 50,082 52,101 54,573 53,766 55,804  
Housing and community development 2,554 7,086 16,648 21,509 25,234 26,590 27,402 31,623 35,275 37,221 39,995  
Sewerage and sanitation 4,087 14,898 31,014 38,573 43,047 45,261 46,718 50,309 51,723 55,908 57,652  
                         
Governmental administration 6,703 20,001 48,461 60,018 76,699 81,659 85,910 92,779 98,658 100,741 106,601  
Financial administration 2,271 7,230 16,995 22,380 27,593 29,300 30,007 32,660 34,911 36,163 36,549  
General control3  4,432 12,771 31,466 37,638 49,106 52,360 55,903 60,119 63,747 64,579 70,052  
                         
Interest on general debt 5,089 17,131 52,234 56,970 67,294 69,814 73,836 75,287 77,277 81,723 80,980  
                         
Other direct general expenditures, not elsewhere classified 7,265 24,426 47,242 59,119 76,640 83,395 93,382 100,215 97,602 100,143 106,231  
  Percentage distribution
Total direct general expenditures 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0  
Education and libraries 39.9 36.2 34.5 33.5 35.0 35.2 35.2 34.8 34.7 34.9 34.8  
                         
Social services and income maintenance 20.2 22.7 23.7 26.5 24.2 24.3 24.4 25.0 25.7 26.3 26.8  
Public welfare 12.1 13.3 14.4 16.8 15.4 15.5 15.9 16.2 16.9 17.6 18.0  
Hospitals and health 7.4 8.9 8.9 9.2 8.5 8.5 8.3 8.5 8.5 8.4 8.5  
Employment security administration1  0.6 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2  
Veterans' services # # # # # # # 0.1 0.1 0.1  
                         
Transportation 13.2 9.6 8.3 7.8 7.9 7.9 8.0 7.9 7.8 7.5 7.3 2 
                         
Public safety 6.2 7.7 8.8 8.8 9.2 9.2 9.0 9.0 8.9 8.7 8.8  
Police and fire protection 5.0 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.2  
Correction 1.3 1.8 3.0 3.1 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9  
Protective inspection and regulation 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6  
                         
Environment and housing 7.9 8.6 8.4 8.1 7.9 7.8 7.7 7.7 7.8 7.7 7.6  
Natural resources, parks, and recreation 3.4 3.2 3.1 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.8 2.8  
Housing and community development 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.0  
Sewerage and sanitation 2.7 3.7 3.4 3.4 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.9 2.9  
                         
Governmental administration 4.4 4.9 5.3 5.2 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.3  
Financial administration 1.5 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8  
General control3  2.9 3.1 3.5 3.3 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.5  
                         
Interest on general debt 3.4 4.2 5.8 5.0 4.8 4.6 4.6 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.0  
                         
Other direct general expenditures, not elsewhere classified 4.8 6.0 5.2 5.2 5.5 5.5 5.8 5.8 5.4 5.3 5.3  
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
1 Previously called social insurance administration.
2 No longer includes transit subsidies.
3 Includes judicial and legal expenditures and expenditures on general public buildings and other governmental administration.
NOTE: Excludes monies paid by states to the federal government. Some data have been revised from previously published figures. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Governmental Finances. Retrieved on July 20, 2007, from http://www.census.gov/govs/www/estimate05.html. (This table was prepared July 2007.)

2007 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest