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Digest of Education Statistics
2007 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 20. Household income and poverty rates, by state: 1990, 2000, and 2004–06

[In millions]
State Median household income, in constant 2006 dollars1  Percent of persons in poverty Poverty status of related children 5 through 17 years old2 
19903  20004  2004–06
(3-year average)
19903  20004  2004–06
(3-year average)
19903  20004  2006
Number in poverty (in thousands) Percent in poverty Number in poverty (in thousands) Percent in poverty Number in poverty (in thousands) Percent in poverty
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
United States $47,188 $50,815 $47,790 (192.0) 13.1 12.4 12.5 (0.12) 7,545 (7.8) 17.0 (0.02) 7,974 (5.8) 15.4 (0.01) 8,399 (175) 15.9 (0.3)
Alabama 37,047 41,305 38,473 (859.6) 18.3 16.1 16.0 (0.91) 178 (1.2) 23.2 (0.16) 165 (1.2) 20.3 (0.11) 130 (23) 16.3 (2.7)
Alaska 65,010 62,404 57,639 (1,182.1) 9.0 9.4 9.3 (0.79) 11 (0.3) 9.6 (0.27) 14 (0.3) 10.3 (0.18) 14 (3) 10.4 (2.3)
Arizona 43,238 49,077 46,729 (883.8) 15.7 13.9 14.7 (0.85) 136 (1.0) 20.3 (0.15) 171 (1.3) 17.8 (0.11) 210 (32) 18.2 (2.5)
Arkansas 33,201 38,942 37,420 (765.3) 19.1 15.8 15.6 (0.97) 107 (0.9) 23.8 (0.20) 98 (0.6) 20.1 (0.13) 106 (17) 21.2 (3.0)
California 56,202 57,469 53,770 (430.8) 12.5 14.2 12.9 (0.30) 894 (3.3) 17.2 (0.06) 1,217 (4.6) 18.5 (0.04) 1,175 (76) 17.0 (1.0)
                                         
Colorado 47,319 57,118 54,039 (1,052.3) 11.7 9.3 10.4 (0.85) 82 (0.8) 13.7 (0.13) 79 (0.7) 10.0 (0.08) 93 (21) 10.9 (2.4)
Connecticut 65,502 65,264 59,972 (1,301.4) 6.8 7.9 9.1 (0.79) 50 (0.8) 9.8 (0.15) 58 (0.7) 9.6 (0.10) 51 (13) 8.6 (2.2)
Delaware 54,753 57,334 52,214 (1,003.0) 8.7 9.2 9.2 (0.79) 12 (0.3) 11.0 (0.27) 15 (0.4) 10.9 (0.22) 16 (4) 10.5 (2.4)
District of Columbia 48,241 48,556 47,108 (1,395.8) 16.9 20.2 18.8 (1.22) 18 (0.4) 24.1 (0.59) 24 (0.4) 30.4 (0.44) 25 (4) 30.7 (4.4)
Florida 43,148 46,973 44,448 (507.1) 12.7 12.5 11.4 (0.43) 344 (2.0) 17.5 (0.10) 434 (2.0) 16.6 (0.07) 380 (41) 12.9 (1.3)
                                         
Georgia 45,563 51,346 46,841 (648.2) 14.7 13.0 13.3 (0.61) 228 (1.6) 18.9 (0.14) 248 (1.4) 16.1 (0.09) 308 (36) 18.3 (2.0)
Hawaii 60,961 60,285 60,681 (1,067.0) 8.3 10.7 8.8 (0.73) 20 (0.5) 10.5 (0.25) 27 (0.6) 12.9 (0.18) 19 (5) 9.0 (2.2)
Idaho 39,653 45,464 46,395 (950.0) 13.3 11.8 9.8 (0.79) 32 (0.5) 14.4 (0.23) 33 (0.6) 12.6 (0.14) 33 (7) 11.8 (2.3)
Illinois 50,635 56,376 49,280 (717.1) 11.9 10.7 11.5 (0.49) 328 (1.6) 15.9 (0.08) 309 (1.5) 13.4 (0.05) 320 (38) 14.0 (1.6)
Indiana 45,211 50,298 44,806 (835.8) 10.7 9.5 11.6 (0.73) 132 (1.1) 12.8 (0.10) 119 (1.4) 10.6 (0.08) 130 (24) 11.3 (2.0)
                                         
Iowa 41,179 47,760 47,489 (1,042.8) 11.5 9.1 10.8 (0.85) 65 (0.7) 12.6 (0.14) 50 (0.6) 9.5 (0.09) 65 (14) 13.0 (2.7)
Kansas 42,847 49,157 44,264 (960.8) 11.5 9.9 12.2 (0.91) 59 (0.7) 12.8 (0.15) 53 (0.6) 10.4 (0.10) 79 (15) 16.4 (2.9)
Kentucky 35,378 40,745 38,466 (758.8) 19.0 15.8 16.5 (0.97) 161 (1.1) 23.2 (0.16) 137 (1.0) 19.4 (0.10) 163 (26) 22.6 (3.2)
Louisiana 34,460 39,407 37,943 (952.5) 23.6 19.6 17.4 (1.03) 267 (1.6) 30.4 (0.19) 223 (1.1) 25.3 (0.11) 175 (27) 23.0 (3.2)
Maine 43,730 45,062 45,040 (1,071.8) 10.8 10.9 11.5 (0.91) 27 (0.4) 12.3 (0.20) 27 (0.5) 12.0 (0.15) 24 (6) 10.9 (2.6)
                                         
Maryland 61,836 63,973 62,372 (1,144.6) 8.3 8.5 9.3 (0.67) 82 (1.0) 10.5 (0.12) 96 (0.9) 9.8 (0.09) 91 (20) 9.1 (2.0)
Massachusetts 58,014 61,110 56,236 (1,319.2) 8.9 9.3 10.5 (0.67) 112 (1.1) 12.2 (0.12) 122 (1.3) 11.4 (0.08) 130 (23) 12.2 (2.1)
Michigan 48,701 54,049 47,064 (659.1) 13.1 10.5 12.9 (0.61) 288 (1.5) 16.7 (0.09) 238 (1.1) 12.7 (0.05) 323 (37) 17.8 (1.9)
Minnesota 48,527 57,007 57,363 (853.8) 10.2 7.9 7.7 (0.67) 93 (0.8) 11.4 (0.10) 81 (0.7) 8.7 (0.06) 89 (20) 9.9 (2.1)
Mississippi 31,613 37,911 35,261 (963.4) 25.2 19.9 19.8 (1.03) 177 (1.2) 32.6 (0.21) 146 (1.0) 26.0 (0.13) 160 (21) 29.6 (3.3)
                                         
Missouri 41,388 45,902 44,651 (826.1) 13.3 11.7 11.7 (0.73) 150 (1.1) 16.2 (0.12) 148 (1.1) 14.4 (0.08) 156 (26) 15.8 (2.5)
Montana 36,091 39,961 38,629 (642.6) 16.1 14.6 13.8 (0.91) 29 (0.5) 18.4 (0.30) 29 (0.5) 17.1 (0.20) 22 (5) 15.2 (2.9)
Nebraska 40,845 47,495 48,126 (1,028.5) 11.1 9.7 9.7 (0.79) 37 (0.6) 12.0 (0.18) 36 (0.6) 11.1 (0.12) 38 (8) 12.3 (2.6)
Nevada 48,687 53,945 50,819 (1,057.6) 10.2 10.5 10.4 (0.85) 23 (0.5) 11.7 (0.26) 44 (0.7) 12.3 (0.16) 50 (12) 11.0 (2.4)
New Hampshire 57,036 59,858 60,489 (1,192.5) 6.4 6.5 5.5 (0.61) 12 (0.3) 6.4 (0.16) 15 (0.3) 6.7 (0.12) 11 (4) 4.9 (1.7)
                                         
New Jersey 64,255 66,730 64,169 (1,361.7) 7.6 8.5 7.9 (0.49) 134 (1.2) 10.8 (0.10) 158 (1.3) 10.5 (0.07) 169 (28) 11.1 (1.7)
New Mexico 37,816 41,303 40,827 (1,112.8) 20.6 18.4 17.1 (1.09) 83 (0.8) 26.3 (0.25) 87 (0.7) 23.6 (0.17) 85 (14) 21.6 (3.2)
New York 51,755 52,508 48,201 (625.3) 13.0 14.6 14.5 (0.49) 531 (2.5) 18.1 (0.09) 640 (2.6) 19.1 (0.06) 632 (54) 18.9 (1.5)
North Carolina 41,836 47,415 42,061 (630.6) 13.0 12.3 13.8 (0.67) 180 (1.2) 16.0 (0.11) 207 (1.2) 14.9 (0.07) 278 (35) 17.9 (2.1)
North Dakota 36,444 41,873 42,162 (928.9) 14.4 11.9 10.8 (0.85) 20 (0.4) 15.9 (0.30) 15 (0.2) 12.2 (0.17) 12 (3) 11.4 (2.5)
                                         
Ohio 45,068 49,559 45,837 (660.2) 12.5 10.6 12.0 (0.55) 321 (1.6) 16.2 (0.08) 268 (1.5) 12.9 (0.05) 315 (37) 16.1 (1.7)
Oklahoma 37,016 40,416 40,001 (1,008.4) 16.7 14.7 13.9 (0.91) 119 (1.0) 19.9 (0.16) 113 (1.0) 17.7 (0.11) 126 (21) 19.2 (3.0)
Oregon 42,782 49,511 45,485 (931.1) 12.4 11.6 11.9 (0.91) 68 (0.8) 13.4 (0.15) 77 (0.7) 12.8 (0.11) 92 (19) 15.2 (2.9)
Pennsylvania 45,638 48,530 47,791 (636.2) 11.1 11.0 11.3 (0.49) 284 (1.5) 14.5 (0.08) 292 (1.5) 13.6 (0.05) 311 (37) 15.6 (1.7)
Rhode Island 50,524 50,931 52,003 (1,253.9) 9.6 11.9 11.3 (0.91) 19 (0.5) 12.3 (0.30) 28 (0.7) 15.6 (0.25) 27 (6) 15.3 (3.0)
                                         
South Carolina 41,222 44,871 40,822 (860.8) 15.4 14.1 13.7 (0.91) 131 (1.2) 20.0 (0.19) 130 (1.2) 17.9 (0.12) 106 (21) 14.1 (2.6)
South Dakota 35,329 42,693 44,624 (971.6) 15.9 13.2 12.0 (0.79) 26 (0.5) 18.7 (0.33) 23 (0.3) 15.5 (0.21) 18 (3) 13.3 (2.5)
Tennessee 38,947 43,998 40,676 (743.7) 15.7 13.5 15.2 (0.79) 169 (1.2) 19.5 (0.13) 166 (1.2) 16.6 (0.10) 207 (30) 19.1 (2.5)
Texas 42,415 48,314 43,425 (427.7) 18.1 15.4 16.4 (0.49) 791 (3.1) 23.4 (0.09) 806 (2.6) 19.3 (0.06) 909 (67) 20.4 (1.4)
Utah 46,268 55,331 55,179 (948.0) 11.4 9.4 9.5 (0.73) 49 (0.7) 10.9 (0.16) 44 (0.6) 8.9 (0.09) 63 (12) 11.5 (2.0)
                                         
Vermont 46,773 49,438 51,622 (927.9) 9.9 9.4 7.7 (0.79) 11 (0.3) 10.7 (0.26) 11 (0.2) 9.9 (0.16) 8 (2) 8.1 (2.3)
Virginia 52,325 56,482 55,108 (933.1) 10.2 9.6 9.1 (0.61) 129 (1.2) 12.4 (0.12) 142 (1.3) 11.4 (0.08) 135 (24) 11.0 (1.9)
Washington 48,957 55,391 53,439 (803.7) 10.9 10.6 9.9 (0.67) 111 (0.9) 12.8 (0.10) 132 (1.4) 12.2 (0.09) 112 (23) 10.4 (2.0)
West Virginia 32,648 35,934 37,227 (829.6) 19.7 17.9 15.0 (0.91) 80 (0.8) 24.0 (0.23) 67 (0.6) 22.9 (0.17) 59 (10) 20.2 (3.0)
Wisconsin 46,224 52,989 48,874 (883.3) 10.7 8.7 10.9 (0.73) 121 (0.9) 13.3 (0.10) 100 (1.1) 10.0 (0.07) 137 (24) 14.7 (2.5)
Wyoming 42,540 45,851 47,227 (1,008.5) 11.9 11.4 10.2 (0.85) 12 (0.3) 12.6 (0.33) 12 (0.3) 12.5 (0.24) 11 (3) 12.0 (2.7)
1 Adjusted by the Consumer Price Index research series using current methods (CPI-U-RS).
2 Related children in a family include own children and all other children in the household who are related to the householder by birth, marriage, or adoption.
3 Based on 1989 incomes collected in the 1990 census. Data may differ from figures derived from the Current Population Survey.
4 Based on 1999 incomes collected in the 2000 census. Data may differ from figures derived from the Current Population Survey.
NOTE: Standard errors appear in parentheses. Standard errors in columns 12 and 13 cannot be shown with greater precision due to data source limitations.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, 1990 Summary Tape File 3 (STF 3), "Median Household Income in 1989" and "Poverty Status in 1989 by Family Type and Age," retrieved May 12, 2005, from http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/DTGeoSearchByListServlet?ds_name=DEC_1990_STF3_&_lang=en&_ts=134048804959; Decennial Census, 1990, Minority Economic Profiles, unpublished data; Decennial Census, 2000, Summary of Social, Economic, and Housing Characteristics; Census 2000 Summary File 4 (SF 4), "Poverty Status in 1999 of Related Children Under 18 Years by Family Type and Age," retrieved March 28, 2005, from http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/DTGeoSearchByListServlet?ds_name=DEC_2000_SF4_U&_lang=en&_ts=134049420077; Current Population Reports, Series P-60, Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2006; "Poverty Status by State: 2006," retrieved September 1, 2007, from http://pubdb3.census.gov/macro/032007/pov/new46_100125_02.htm; "Poverty 2006," retrieved September 1, 2007, from http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/poverty06/state.html; and "Income 2006," retrieved September 1, 2007, from http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/income/income06/statemhi3.html. (This table was prepared September 2007.)

2007 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest