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Digest of Education Statistics: 2006
Digest of Education Statistics: 2006

NCES 2007-017
July 2007


Table 427. Percentage of workers, 18 years old and over, using computers on the job, by type of computer application and selected characteristics: 1993, 1997, and 2003 
Selected characteristic Percent using computers at work, 1993 Percent using computers at work, 1997 2003
Percent using computers at work Number using computers at work (in thousands) Percent of on-the-job computer users using specific computer applications1  
Spreadsheets/ databases Internet/e-mail Calendar/schedule Graphics/design Programming Word processing/desktop publishing Other uses only Using 4 or more categories
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
Total 45.8 49.4 (0.24) 56.1 (0.19) 76,570 64.4 (0.30) 75.4 (0.27) 57.0 (0.31) 29.7 (0.29) 16.4 (0.23) 67.8 (0.29) 8.2 (0.17) 45.3 (0.31)
Age                                            
18 to 24 34.4 37.1 (0.66) 38.5 (0.55) 6,575 56.0 (1.06) 62.1 (1.03) 48.9 (1.07) 21.7 (0.88) 12.4 (0.70) 57.9 (1.05) 14.2 (0.74) 33.0 (1.00)
25 to 29 48.3 52.5 (0.70) 56.9 (0.57) 8,203 66.2 (0.90) 75.6 (0.82) 58.3 (0.94) 30.3 (0.88) 18.8 (0.75) 67.8 (0.89) 8.5 (0.53) 47.2 (0.95)
30 to 39 50.7 53.3 (0.46) 59.0 (0.37) 19,225 68.0 (0.58) 78.3 (0.51) 61.8 (0.61) 31.7 (0.58) 18.0 (0.48) 69.8 (0.57) 6.8 (0.31) 49.6 (0.62)
40 to 49 51.3 54.9 (0.47) 60.8 (0.35) 21,772 66.9 (0.55) 77.1 (0.49) 59.0 (0.58) 31.8 (0.55) 17.7 (0.45) 69.7 (0.54) 7.1 (0.30) 48.4 (0.59)
50 to 59 43.9 50.7 (0.61) 60.1 (0.42) 15,423 62.5 (0.67) 76.5 (0.59) 54.6 (0.69) 29.7 (0.64) 15.1 (0.50) 68.1 (0.65) 8.0 (0.38) 43.7 (0.69)
60 or older 27.2 32.6 (0.88) 48.5 (0.67) 5,373 53.8 (1.18) 71.2 (1.07) 46.1 (1.18) 23.5 (1.00) 10.6 (0.72) 63.7 (1.13) 11.1 (0.74) 35.0 (1.12)
                                             
Educational attainment and sex                                            
Not high school completer 10.0 11.9 (0.48) 15.6 (0.50) 2,149 44.1 (1.85) 49.7 (1.86) 40.4 (1.83) 15.3 (1.34) 11.7 (1.20) 43.2 (1.85) 21.6 (1.53) 21.4 (1.53)
High school completer 34.2 36.4 (0.40) 40.4 (0.35) 16,914 53.3 (0.66) 61.4 (0.65) 47.7 (0.66) 18.5 (0.52) 11.8 (0.43) 52.4 (0.66) 14.6 (0.47) 29.3 (0.60)
Some college 50.4 53.6 (0.53) 55.7 (0.42) 15,060 61.5 (0.68) 70.2 (0.64) 53.6 (0.70) 25.3 (0.61) 14.5 (0.50) 62.5 (0.68) 10.0 (0.42) 39.6 (0.69)
Associate's degree 58.2 60.7 (0.81) 62.9 (0.59) 7,813 61.1 (0.95) 71.7 (0.88) 54.4 (0.97) 26.1 (0.86) 15.4 (0.71) 62.6 (0.95) 9.9 (0.58) 39.8 (0.96)
Bachelor's degree 68.8 73.9 (0.50) 82.0 (0.30) 22,540 73.3 (0.51) 85.6 (0.40) 64.2 (0.55) 37.4 (0.56) 20.1 (0.46) 78.0 (0.48) 3.7 (0.22) 57.3 (0.57)
Master's degree 71.2 78.7 (0.81) 87.2 (0.43) 8,292 73.8 (0.83) 90.0 (0.57) 64.9 (0.91) 43.3 (0.94) 20.4 (0.77) 85.6 (0.67) 1.8 (0.25) 62.2 (0.92)
Doctor's or professional degree 66.9 74.6 (1.24) 85.4 (0.67) 3,803 68.8 (1.30) 88.0 (0.91) 66.1 (1.33) 37.5 (1.36) 19.3 (1.11) 81.7 (1.08) 2.9 (0.47) 56.9 (1.39)
                                             
Male 40.3 44.1 (0.31) 50.5 (0.25) 36,976 67.2 (0.42) 77.7 (0.37) 58.6 (0.44) 33.8 (0.42) 21.4 (0.37) 65.6 (0.43) 7.8 (0.24) 48.8 (0.45)
Not high school completer 8.5 9.8 (0.53) 12.5 (0.55) 1,095 44.4 (2.59) 48.7 (2.61) 39.4 (2.55) 18.2 (2.01) 13.6 (1.79) 39.7 (2.56) 23.3 (2.21) 20.5 (2.11)
High school completer 24.2 27.1 (0.49) 31.9 (0.45) 7,305 52.1 (1.01) 60.1 (0.99) 45.0 (1.01) 21.6 (0.83) 14.9 (0.72) 45.0 (1.01) 16.1 (0.74) 28.3 (0.91)
Some college 42.8 46.0 (0.71) 49.2 (0.58) 6,718 62.0 (1.02) 71.4 (0.95) 53.0 (1.05) 29.3 (0.96) 18.7 (0.82) 58.2 (1.04) 10.6 (0.65) 40.8 (1.04)
Associate's degree 52.6 55.2 (1.16) 56.9 (0.86) 3,326 64.8 (1.43) 74.1 (1.31) 53.5 (1.49) 33.2 (1.41) 22.1 (1.24) 60.5 (1.46) 9.9 (0.90) 43.7 (1.49)
Bachelor's degree 69.8 74.3 (0.65) 82.5 (0.39) 11,787 77.6 (0.66) 88.4 (0.51) 68.0 (0.74) 40.4 (0.78) 25.6 (0.69) 76.9 (0.67) 2.6 (0.25) 61.7 (0.77)
Master's degree 75.4 79.8 (1.05) 88.0 (0.57) 4,186 78.7 (1.09) 92.1 (0.72) 69.0 (1.23) 44.9 (1.33) 26.8 (1.18) 83.5 (0.99) 1.3 (0.31) 66.2 (1.26)
Doctor's or professional degree 66.5 73.4 (1.43) 85.5 (0.78) 2,559 70.9 (1.55) 88.9 (1.08) 66.5 (1.61) 38.7 (1.66) 21.7 (1.41) 80.1 (1.36) 2.5 (0.53) 58.5 (1.68)
                                             
Female 52.4 56.5 (0.32) 62.5 (0.24) 39,594 61.7 (0.42) 73.3 (0.38) 55.5 (0.43) 26.0 (0.38) 11.8 (0.28) 69.8 (0.40) 8.6 (0.24) 42.2 (0.43)
Not high school completer 12.5 15.4 (0.80) 21.0 (0.83) 1,054 43.7 (2.64) 50.7 (2.66) 41.4 (2.62) 12.4 (1.75) 9.7 (1.58) 46.8 (2.66) 19.8 (2.12) 22.3 (2.21)
High school completer 45.2 46.9 (0.56) 50.7 (0.47) 9,609 54.2 (0.88) 62.4 (0.85) 49.7 (0.88) 16.2 (0.65) 9.5 (0.52) 58.0 (0.87) 13.4 (0.60) 30.1 (0.81)
Some college 58.6 61.5 (0.68) 62.4 (0.52) 8,341 61.2 (0.92) 69.3 (0.87) 54.2 (0.94) 22.2 (0.79) 11.1 (0.59) 66.0 (0.90) 9.6 (0.56) 38.5 (0.92)
Associate's degree 63.7 65.4 (0.99) 68.3 (0.70) 4,487 58.4 (1.27) 70.0 (1.18) 55.1 (1.28) 20.7 (1.05) 10.4 (0.79) 64.2 (1.24) 9.9 (0.77) 36.9 (1.24)
Bachelor's degree 67.6 73.5 (0.67) 81.5 (0.40) 10,752 68.7 (0.77) 82.6 (0.63) 60.1 (0.82) 34.1 (0.79) 14.0 (0.58) 79.2 (0.68) 4.9 (0.36) 52.5 (0.83)
Master's degree 66.5 77.5 (1.10) 86.3 (0.58) 4,106 68.9 (1.25) 87.7 (0.88) 60.7 (1.32) 41.7 (1.33) 13.9 (0.93) 87.7 (0.89) 2.3 (0.41) 58.0 (1.33)
Doctor's or professional degree 68.2 77.6 (2.06) 85.1 (1.09) 1,244 64.5 (2.34) 86.2 (1.69) 65.3 (2.33) 34.9 (2.34) 14.3 (1.72) 85.0 (1.75) 3.9 (0.95) 53.6 (2.44)
                                             
Race/ethnicity                                            
White 48.7 53.8 (0.28) 61.6 (0.21) 59,806 65.5 (0.34) 76.6 (0.30) 56.7 (0.35) 30.7 (0.33) 16.0 (0.26) 68.6 (0.33) 7.8 (0.19) 46.2 (0.35)
Black 36.2 40.0 (0.74) 46.5 (0.61) 6,556 55.4 (1.09) 67.8 (1.02) 56.8 (1.08) 24.2 (0.94) 16.7 (0.82) 61.7 (1.06) 11.6 (0.70) 38.0 (1.06)
Hispanic 29.3 30.2 (0.80) 31.2 (0.61) 5,421 58.9 (1.32) 68.1 (1.25) 56.5 (1.33) 24.8 (1.16) 15.6 (0.97) 63.0 (1.29) 10.4 (0.82) 39.6 (1.31)
Other (†) 59.4 (0.86) 4,786 68.7 (1.32) 79.2 (1.16) 60.9 (1.39) 31.3 (1.32) 22.9 (1.20) 71.1 (1.29) 6.6 (0.71) 51.0 (1.43)
                                             
Occupational group                                            
Management, business, and financial [2] [2] (2) 80.8 (0.36) 15,840 79.8 (0.55) 88.0 (0.45) 69.1 (0.63) 35.8 (0.66) 18.5 (0.53) 79.9 (0.55) 2.8 (0.23) 61.3 (0.67)
Professional and related occupations [2] [2] (2) 78.8 (0.31) 22,517 64.4 (0.55) 81.9 (0.44) 58.7 (0.57) 38.9 (0.56) 22.1 (0.48) 74.8 (0.50) 5.2 (0.25) 51.8 (0.58)
Service occupations 23.2 26.4 (0.51) 28.2 (0.48) 5,898 48.8 (1.12) 58.4 (1.11) 48.9 (1.12) 20.0 (0.90) 12.0 (0.73) 55.3 (1.12) 15.7 (0.82) 29.7 (1.03)
Sales and related occupations 44.5 51.7 (0.68) 61.1 (0.53) 9,464 61.4 (0.86) 73.0 (0.79) 53.6 (0.89) 26.4 (0.78) 11.7 (0.57) 60.9 (0.87) 11.5 (0.57) 41.0 (0.87)
Office and administrative support [2] [2] (2) 73.9 (0.41) 14,206 63.2 (0.70) 70.4 (0.66) 54.4 (0.72) 19.3 (0.57) 11.5 (0.46) 66.0 (0.69) 8.5 (0.40) 37.5 (0.70)
Farming, fishing, and forestry 7.9 8.6 (0.80) 10.8 (1.46) 132 55.5 (7.49) 57.7 (7.44) 42.2 (7.44) 20.7 (6.10) 6.5 (3.71) 55.3 (7.49) 9.4 (4.39) 26.1 (6.61)
Construction and extraction 16.4 18.7 (0.73) 19.0 (0.68) 1,585 56.7 (2.15) 66.0 (2.06) 44.0 (2.15) 25.8 (1.90) 12.7 (1.44) 61.1 (2.12) 9.9 (1.30) 31.8 (2.02)
Installation, maintenance, and repair 11.7 12.6 (0.79) 42.0 (0.98) 2,229 50.8 (1.83) 61.4 (1.78) 44.5 (1.82) 21.1 (1.49) 18.3 (1.41) 44.4 (1.82) 17.9 (1.40) 29.7 (1.67)
Production occupations 21.8 23.7 (0.60) 29.6 (0.70) 2,869 52.4 (1.61) 54.9 (1.61) 43.0 (1.60) 26.0 (1.41) 14.9 (1.15) 42.0 (1.59) 17.4 (1.22) 27.5 (1.44)
Transportation and material moving 11.8 15.1 (0.80) 22.1 (0.71) 1,830 46.4 (2.01) 51.5 (2.02) 43.4 (2.00) 14.5 (1.42) 11.2 (1.27) 40.1 (1.98) 23.1 (1.70) 21.7 (1.66)
                                             
Family income3                                             
Less than $20,000 25.1 26.7 (0.51) 30.1 (0.62) 3,814 51.6 (1.40) 60.1 (1.37) 44.2 (1.39) 22.6 (1.17) 14.0 (0.97) 54.9 (1.39) 16.0 (1.03) 30.6 (1.29)
$20,000 to $29,999 38.4 38.4 (0.61) 38.8 (0.63) 4,944 56.6 (1.22) 63.2 (1.18) 46.8 (1.23) 21.4 (1.01) 12.9 (0.82) 59.4 (1.21) 12.8 (0.82) 32.0 (1.15)
$30,000 to $39,999 45.7 45.8 (0.62) 47.0 (0.59) 6,775 57.5 (1.04) 68.0 (0.98) 49.9 (1.05) 23.5 (0.89) 13.4 (0.72) 61.0 (1.02) 12.0 (0.68) 36.5 (1.01)
$40,000 to $49,999 51.9 52.3 (0.71) 54.3 (0.64) 6,290 61.6 (1.06) 70.9 (0.99) 52.9 (1.09) 26.6 (0.96) 14.4 (0.76) 63.9 (1.05) 9.8 (0.65) 39.3 (1.06)
$50,000 to $74,999 60.6 59.9 (0.50) 62.2 (0.41) 16,195 63.6 (0.65) 74.8 (0.59) 56.1 (0.67) 28.5 (0.61) 16.5 (0.50) 65.4 (0.65) 8.3 (0.38) 43.6 (0.67)
$75,000 or more 65.9 69.7 (0.51) 75.0 (0.30) 26,732 72.4 (0.47) 84.3 (0.38) 64.3 (0.51) 36.4 (0.51) 19.2 (0.42) 76.4 (0.45) 4.5 (0.22) 56.3 (0.52)
—Not available.
†Not applicable.
1 Individuals may be counted in more than one computer activity.
2 Due to changes in occupational definitions, older data are not comparable to 2003 data.
3 Excludes persons whose income data were not available.
NOTE: Data are based on a sample survey of households and are subject to sampling and nonsampling error. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic origin. Standard errors appear in parentheses.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Current Population Survey (CPS), October 1993, October 1997, and October 2003, unpublished tabulations. (This table was prepared May 2005.)