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Digest of Education Statistics: 2006
Digest of Education Statistics: 2006

NCES 2007-017
July 2007


Table 422. Public schools and instructional rooms with access to the Internet, by selected school characteristics: 1994 through 2003 
Schools, computers,
instructional rooms, and access
All public schools Instructional level1  Size of school enrollment Metropolitan status Percent of students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch2 
Elementary Secondary Less than 300 300 to 999 1,000 or more City Urban fringe Town Rural Less than 35 percent 35 to 49 percent 50 to 74 percent 75 percent or more
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
Estimated total number of schools                                                
1995 77,853   57,705   18,083   20,673 50,044   7,136   17,906 18,464   19,539   21,944   37,450 13,627   12,808   13,166
1997 79,125   59,695   19,430   20,540 51,169   7,416   21,071 23,419   12,637   21,998   37,525 12,250   16,302   12,864
1998 78,791   59,173   19,193   20,095 50,655   8,041   20,698 26,265   11,306   20,522   38,156 12,088   13,967   14,541
1999 78,399   59,575   17,110   20,018 50,389   7,992   21,034 26,245   11,235   19,885   35,653 13,908   16,099   11,993
2000 80,127   59,782   18,414   20,067 51,887   8,173   21,115 26,584   11,879   20,550   36,563 12,414   17,030   13,912
2001 81,066   61,640   17,627   20,665 51,968   8,433   17,997 26,260   10,180   26,628   34,928 14,753   16,627   14,710
2002 82,036   62,134   17,608   21,429 51,876   8,731   18,550 26,431   10,774   26,280   34,989 13,243   19,040   14,765
2003 82,232   62,298   17,889   21,623 51,952   8,657   18,803 26,485   10,597   26,347   32,501 14,869   18,577   16,285
                                                 
1998 (standard error) (333)   (293)   (220)   (479) (467)   (165)   (88) (98)   (182)   (273)   (1,530) (1,185)   (991)   (1,263)
1999 (standard error) (665)   (722)   (521)   (1,263) (681)   (291)   (605) (514)   (343)   (506)   (1,211) (977)   (1,067)   (949)
2000 (standard error) (650)   (569)   (359)   (697) (206)   (217)   (1,380) (1,746)   (1,323)   (1,478)   (1,215) (792)   (1,071)   (923)
2001 (standard error) (492)   (527)   (414)   (589) (274)   (139)   (1,416) (1,002)   (746)   (1,087)   (1,191) (1,203)   (995)   (814)
2002 (standard error) (780)   (647)   (371)   (761) (253)   (145)   (963) (922)   (1,080)   (1,289)   (1,194) (1,050)   (1,134)   (862)
2003 (standard error) (763)   (759)   (396)   (697) (448)   (154)   (1,160) (1,060)   (1,098)   (1,422)   (1,381) (1,111)   (1,095)   (999)
                                                 
Percent of schools having access to the Internet                                                
1994 35   30   49   30 35   58   40 38   29   35   39 35   32   18
1995 50   46   65   39 52   69   47 59   47   48   60 48   41   31
1996 65   61   77   57 66   80   64 75   61   60   74 59   53   53
1997 78   75   89   75 78   89   74 78   84   79   86 81   71   62
1998 89   88   94   87 89   95   92 85   90   92   92 93   88   79
1999 95   94   98   96 94   96   93 96   94   96   95 98   96   89
2000 98   97   100 3  96 98   99   96 98   98   99   99 99   97   94
2001 99   99   100 3  99 99   100 3  97 99   100 3  100 3  99 100 3  99   97
2002 99   99   100 3  99 100 3  100 3  99 100 3  98   98   98 100 3  100 3  99
2003 100 3  100 3  100   100 100 3  100   100 100 3  100   100   100 100   100   99
                                                 
1998 (standard error) (1.3)   (1.6)   (2.1)   (3.4) (1.4)   (2)   (2) (2.8)   (3.2)   (3.4)   (2.0) (2.2)   (3.0)   (3.7)
1999 (standard error) (0.8)   (1.0)   (0.8)   (1.5) (1.0)   (2)   (2) (1.2)   (2.5)   (1.4)   (1.1) (0.9)   (1.7)   (3.1)
2000 (standard error) (0.5)   (0.7)   (†)   (1.7) (0.5)   (1)   (1) (1.2)   (1.2)   (0.9)   (0.7) (0.7)   (1.3)   (1.7)
2001 (standard error) (0.3)   (0.4)   (†)   (1.0) (0.4)   (†)   (1) (0.5)   (†)   (†)   (0.6) (†)   (0.5)   (1.1)
2002 (standard error) (0.5)   (0.6)   (†)   (1.7) (†)   (†)   (1) (†)   (2.2)   (1.0)   (1.0) (†)   (†)   (0.9)
2003 (standard error) (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) (†)   (†)   (†) (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) (†)   (†)   (0.8)
                                                 
Number of computers for instructional purposes, in thousands                                                
19954  5,621   3,453   2,021   850 3,600   1,171   1,497 1,526   1,404   1,195   2,905 806   950   882
1997 5,959   3,701   2,258   839 3,767   1,353   1,727 2,084   934   1,214   3,154 886   1,013   890
1998 7,111   4,519   2,549   952 4,414   1,744   2,148 2,606   1,047   1,311   3,630 1,105   1,127   1,235
1999 7,806   4,923   2,728   1,021 4,952   1,834   2,320 2,975   1,022   1,489   3,900 1,245   1,429   1,170
2000 8,776   5,296   3,271   1,135 5,524   2,117   2,537 3,396   1,155   1,689   4,394 1,373   1,606   1,384
2001 10,058   6,165   3,654   1,085 6,273   2,700   2,685 3,791   1,134   2,448   4,781 1,707   1,862   1,698
2002 10,711   6,775   3,705   1,347 6,533   2,831   2,662 4,043   1,320   2,686   4,982 1,673   2,265   1,792
2003 11,180   6,879   4,087   1,275 6,709   3,196   2,825 4,188   1,357   2,810   5,049 1,923   2,248   1,960
                                                 
1998 (standard error) (183)   (145)   (94)   (53) (136)   (106)   (74) (129)   (58)   (77)   (198) (114)   (89)   (155)
1999 (standard error) (147)   (114)   (103)   (76) (127)   (101)   (113) (121)   (50)   (75)   (152) (115)   (116)   (98)
2000 (standard error) (174)   (149)   (113)   (73) (121)   (103)   (179) (213)   (132)   (131)   (147) (93)   (112)   (107)
2001 (standard error) (180)   (165)   (98)   (57) (140)   (85)   (192) (168)   (78)   (142)   (206) (120)   (132)   (117)
2002 (standard error) (237)   (187)   (105)   (101) (181)   (101)   (158) (173)   (172)   (164)   (170) (172)   (137)   (136)
2003 (standard error) (265)   (234)   (115)   (77) (179)   (118)   (163) (177)   (139)   (220)   (252) (165)   (139)   (110)
                                                 
Average number of instructional computers per school                                                
19954  72   60   112   41 72   164   84 83   72   54   78 59   74   67
1997 75   62   116   41 74   183   82 89   74   55   84 72   62   69
1998 90   76   133   47 87   217   104 99   93   64   95 91   81   85
1999 100   83   159   51 98   229   110 113   91   75   109 90   89   98
2000 110   89   178   57 106   259   120 128   97   82   120 111   94   99
2001 124   100   207   52 121   320   149 144   111   92   137 116   112   115
2002 131   109   210   63 126   324   144 153   123   102   142 126   119   122
2003 136   110   228   59 129   369   150 158   128   107   155 129   121   120
                                                 
1998 (standard error) (2.3)   (2.4)   (4.9)   (2.6) (2.5)   (13.0)   (3.6) (4.9)   (5.2)   (3.6)   (3.7) (6.1)   (4.5)   (7.7)
1999 (standard error) (2.2)   (2.2)   (6.4)   (2.5) (2.3)   (10.7)   (4.7) (4.2)   (4.2)   (3.6)   (2.8) (6.8)   (5.6)   (5.2)
2000 (standard error) (2.0)   (2.4)   (5.3)   (3.1) (2.3)   (9.0)   (4.9) (4.3)   (5.6)   (3.6)   (3.4) (5.9)   (5.7)   (5.5)
2001 (standard error) (2.3)   (2.7)   (6.2)   (2.5) (2.6)   (10.1)   (6.4) (4.7)   (6.0)   (4.0)   (4.9) (5.8)   (6.0)   (5.0)
2002 (standard error) (2.8)   (2.9)   (6.4)   (4.1) (3.5)   (10.8)   (6.4) (5.2)   (9.3)   (4.5)   (4.7) (8.5)   (5.3)   (5.9)
2003 (standard error) (2.6)   (3.1)   (4.9)   (2.9) (3.2)   (11.0)   (6.1) (5.6)   (6.7)   (4.9)   (5.9) (7.0)   (5.6)   (5.1)
                                                 
Number of instructional computers with access to the Internet, in thousands                                                
19954  447   232   187   59 315   73   96 131   126   94   286 46   57   36
1998 3,569   2,100   1,450   407 2,276   887   1,026 1,334   481   727   2,064 608   439   458
1999 4,809   2,773   1,945   663 2,988   1,158   1,265 1,887   691   966   2,762 778   810   428
2000 6,759   3,813   2,779   882 4,191   1,686   1,782 2,688   955   1,335   3,608 1,064   1,215   858
2001 8,500   4,936   3,357   874 5,229   2,396   2,175 3,178   1,008   2,139   4,225 1,447   1,529   1,289
2002 9,658   5,912   3,525   1,214 5,827   2,618   2,329 3,677   1,222   2,431   4,586 1,474   2,049   1,549
2003 10,361   6,225   3,935   1,156 6,169   3,036   2,593 3,887   1,264   2,616   4,751 1,724   2,121   1,726
                                                 
1998 (standard error) (173)   (148)   (79)   (38) (140)   (73)   (87) (105)   (46)   (73)   (151) (79)   (48)   (78)
1999 (standard error) (145)   (111)   (89)   (60) (132)   (68)   (94) (93)   (50)   (70)   (140) (59)   (79)   (55)
2000 (standard error) (174)   (136)   (113)   (69) (114)   (97)   (148) (178)   (111)   (91)   (139) (80)   (93)   (87)
2001 (standard error) (176)   (144)   (92)   (61) (139)   (89)   (164) (150)   (74)   (137)   (196) (105)   (114)   (101)
2002 (standard error) (236)   (183)   (105)   (97) (183)   (102)   (145) (160)   (162)   (148)   (167) (158)   (129)   (122)
2003 (standard error) (270)   (237)   (117)   (71) (186)   (122)   (160) (168)   (128)   (217)   (244) (158)   (134)   (107)
                                                 
Percent of instructional computers with access to the Internet                                                
19954  8   7   9   7 9   6   6 9   9   8   10 6   6   4
1998 50   46   57   43 52   51   48 51   46   55   57 55   39   37
1999 62   56   71   65 60   63   55 63   68   65   71 62   57   37
2000 77   72   85   78 76   80   70 79   83   79   82 77   76   62
2001 85   80   92   81 83   89   81 84   89   87   88 85   82   76
2002 90   87   95   90 89   92   87 91   93   90   92 88   90   86
2003 93   90   96   91 92   95   92 93   93   93   95 90   94   88
                                                 
1998 (standard error) (1.7)   (2.5)   (2.1)   (3.4) (2.2)   (3.4)   (3.0) (2.8)   (4.1)   (3.4)   (2.0) (4.2)   (2.9)   (4.6)
1999 (standard error) (1.4)   (1.6)   (2.4)   (3.0) (1.7)   (3.6)   (2.6) (2.4)   (3.1)   (2.7)   (2.2) (3.6)   (2.8)   (3.6)
2000 (standard error) (1.1)   (1.5)   (1.2)   (2.6) (1.3)   (1.8)   (2.1) (1.7)   (2.5)   (2.1)   (1.2) (2.9)   (2.6)   (3.1)
2001 (standard error) (0.8)   (1.2)   (0.8)   (2.8) (1.2)   (1.4)   (2.1) (1.5)   (2.1)   (1.3)   (1.2) (2.0)   (2.5)   (2.2)
2002 (standard error) (0.8)   (1.1)   (0.6)   (1.8) (0.9)   (1.3)   (1.6) (1.2)   (1.9)   (1.4)   (1.1) (2.0)   (1.5)   (1.6)
2003 (standard error) (0.6)   (0.8)   (0.8)   (1.9) (0.8)   (1.0)   (1.0) (1.1)   (1.6)   (1.3)   (0.8) (2.3)   (1.0)   (1.5)
                                                 
Number of public school students per instructional computer with access to the Internet                                                
1998 12.1   13.6   9.9   9.1 12.3   13.0   14.1 12.4   12.2   8.6   10.6 10.9   15.8   16.8
1999 9.1   10.6   7.0   5.7 9.4   10.0   11.4 9.1   8.2   6.6   7.6 9.0   10.0   16.8
2000 6.6   7.8   5.2   3.9 7.0   7.2   8.2 6.6   6.2   5.0   6.0 6.3   7.2   9.1
2001 5.4   6.1   4.3   4.1 5.6   5.4   5.9 5.7   5.0   4.6   4.9 5.2   5.6   6.8
2002 4.8   5.2   4.1   3.1 5.0   5.1   5.5 4.9   4.4   4.0   4.6 4.5   4.7   5.5
2003 4.4   4.9   3.8   3.2 4.7   4.3   5.0 4.6   4.1   3.8   4.2 4.4   4.4   5.1
                                                 
1998 (standard error) (0.6)   (0.9)   (0.4)   (0.7) (0.7)   (1.0)   (1.2) (0.9)   (1.2)   (0.8)   (0.6) (1.2)   (1.4)   (2.5)
1999 (standard error) (0.3)   (0.4)   (0.3)   (0.4) (0.4)   (0.6)   (0.8) (0.4)   (0.6)   (0.4)   (0.3) (0.4)   (0.8)   (2.2)
2000 (standard error) (0.1)   (0.2)   (0.2)   (0.3) (0.2)   (0.3)   (0.4) (0.2)   (0.3)   (0.3)   (0.2) (0.4)   (0.4)   (0.7)
2001 (standard error) (0.1)   (0.2)   (0.1)   (0.3) (0.1)   (0.2)   (0.2) (0.2)   (0.3)   (0.1)   (0.2) (0.2)   (0.3)   (0.3)
2002 (standard error) (0.1)   (0.2)   (0.1)   (0.2) (0.2)   (0.2)   (0.2) (0.2)   (0.4)   (0.2)   (0.1) (0.3)   (0.2)   (0.3)
2003 (standard error) (0.1)   (0.2)   (0.1)   (0.2) (0.1)   (0.2)   (0.2) (0.2)   (0.2)   (0.2)   (0.1) (0.3)   (0.2)   (0.2)
                                                 
Number of instructional rooms,5  in thousands                                                
1997 2,625   1,720   906   335 1,725   566   830 902   388   505   1,336 375   462   447
1998 2,709   1,772   916   349 1,740   620   839 981   390   498   1,372 413   451   471
1999 2,811   1,830   926   360 1,805   645   857 1,049   375   530   1,325 477   541   437
2000 2,905   1,864   972   377 1,871   657   866 1,086   413   541   1,380 465   570   482
2001 2,851   1,854   929   332 1,829   690   726 1,068   339   718   1,299 486   551   510
2002 2,988   2,006   919   396 1,896   696   748 1,101   378   761   1,368 451   648   520
2003 3,004   1,998   952   378 1,919   707   777 1,104   375   748   1,281 524   626   512
                                                 
1998 (standard error) (41)   (29)   (25)   (15) (34)   (21)   (22) (24)   (14)   (17)   (60) (39)   (29)   (42)
1999 (standard error) (36)   (33)   (29)   (26) (39)   (30)   (29) (33)   (16)   (23)   (46) (34)   (42)   (34)
2000 (standard error) (35)   (28)   (24)   (22) (23)   (23)   (56) (61)   (47)   (39)   (46) (28)   (36)   (29)
2001 (standard error) (31)   (30)   (18)   (17) (23)   (15)   (49) (46)   (24)   (36)   (48) (34)   (35)   (29)
2002 (standard error) (37)   (30)   (19)   (25) (20)   (16)   (36) (39)   (40)   (48)   (45) (38)   (38)   (33)
2003 (standard error) (47)   (44)   (20)   (18) (33)   (16)   (45) (51)   (38)   (54)   (51) (39)   (38)   (34)
                                                 
Percent of instructional rooms5  with access to the Internet                                                
1994 3   3   4   3 3   3   4 4   3   3   3 2   4   2
1995 8   8   8   9 8   4   6 8   8   8   9 6   6   3
1996 14   13   16   15 13   16   12 16   14   14   17 12   11   5
1997 27   24   32   27 28   25   20 29   34   30   33 33   20   14
1998 51   51   52   54 53   45   47 50   55   57   57 60   41   38
1999 64   62   67   71 64   58   52 67   72   71   73 69   61   38
2000 77   76   79   83 78   70   66 78   87   85   82 81   77   60
2001 87   86   88   87 87   86   82 87   91   89   90 89   87   79
2002 92   92   91   91 93   89   88 92   96   93   93 90   91   89
2003 93   93   94   93 93   94   90 94   97   94   95 93   94   90
                                                 
1998 (standard error) (1.8)   (2.3)   (2.1)   (3.7) (2.2)   (3.9)   (3.2) (2.9)   (4.0)   (3.6)   (2.4) (5.1)   (3.9)   (4.3)
1999 (standard error) (1.6)   (1.8)   (2.6)   (3.2) (1.9)   (3.0)   (2.6) (2.5)   (3.4)   (3.0)   (2.3) (3.4)   (3.1)   (4.4)
2000 (standard error) (1.1)   (1.5)   (1.6)   (2.8) (1.5)   (2.2)   (2.2) (2.0)   (2.6)   (1.7)   (1.5) (2.9)   (2.8)   (3.3)
2001 (standard error) (0.9)   (1.1)   (1.2)   (2.1) (1.1)   (1.7)   (2.1) (1.3)   (2.2)   (1.3)   (1.2) (2.2)   (2.4)   (2.4)
2002 (standard error) (0.6)   (0.8)   (1.0)   (1.9) (0.7)   (1.7)   (1.6) (0.9)   (1.1)   (1.0)   (0.8) (2.1)   (1.4)   (1.9)
2003 (standard error) (0.5)   (0.7)   (0.9)   (1.6) (0.7)   (1.1)   (1.0) (0.9)   (0.9)   (1.2)   (1.0) (1.4)   (1.1)   (1.5)
†Not applicable.
1 Excludes combined elementary/secondary schools because of small sample size.
2 Excludes schools with missing data for free and reduced-price lunch participation.
3 This estimate fell between 99.5 percent and 100.0 percent and therefore was rounded to 100 percent.
4 Includes computers used for instructional or administrative purposes.
5 Includes all classrooms, computer labs, and library/media centers.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Standard errors appear in parentheses. Standard errors for some years were not available.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Fast Response Survey System (FRSS), Internet Access in U.S. Public Schools and Classrooms: 19942003; and unpublished tabulations. (This table was prepared April 2005.)