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Digest of Education Statistics: 2006
Digest of Education Statistics: 2006

NCES 2007-017
July 2007


Table 418. Collections, staff, and operating expenditures of degree-granting institution libraries: Selected years, 1976–77 through 2001–02 
Collections, staff, and operating expenditures 1976–771  1978–791  1981–82 1984–85 1987–88 1991–92 1994–95 1996–97 1997–98 1999–2000 2001–02
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Number of libraries 3,058 3,122 3,104 3,322 3,438 3,274 3,303 3,408 3,658   3,527 3,568
Number of circulation transactions (in thousands) 231,503 230,733 216,067   193,948 189,248
                       
Enrollment (in thousands)                      
Total enrollment2  11,121 11,392 12,372 12,242 12,767 14,359 14,279 14,300 14,502   14,791 15,928
Full-time-equivalent enrollment2  8,313 8,348 9,015 8,952 9,230 10,361 10,348 10,402 10,615   10,944 11,766
                       
Collections (in thousands)                        
Number of volumes at end of year3  481,442 519,895 567,826 631,727 718,504 749,429 776,447 806,717 878,906   913,547 954,030
Number of volumes added during year 22,367 21,608 19,507 20,658 21,907 20,982 21,544 21,346 24,551   24,436 24,574
Number of serial subscriptions at end of year 4,670 4,775 4,890 6,317 6,416 6,966 6,212 5,709 10,908 4  7,499 9,855
Microform units at end of year 1,062,082   1,111,389 1,143,678
Electronic units at end of year5  465 983 3,473  
                       
Full-time-equivalent (FTE) library staff                        
Total staff in regular positions6  57,087 58,416 58,476 58,476 67,251 67,166 67,433 67,581 68,337   69,123 69,526
Librarians and professional staff 23,308 23,676 23,816 21,822 25,115 26,341 26,726 27,268 30,041   31,001 32,053
Other paid staff 33,779 34,740 34,660 38,026 40,733 40,421 40,381 40,022 38,026   37,893 37,473
Contributed services 1,403 404 326 291 270   229
Student assistants 33,821 29,075 28,411 27,998 28,373   26,518 25,305
FTE student enrollment per FTE staff member 146 143 154 153 137 154 153 154 155   158 169
                       
Hours of student and other assistance (in thousands) 39,950 39,552 40,068 28,360  
                       
Library operating expenditures7                         
Total operating expenditures (in thousands) $1,259,637 $1,502,158 $1,943,769 $2,404,524 $2,770,075 $3,648,654 $4,013,333 $4,301,815 $4,592,657   $5,023,198 $5,416,716
Salaries8  698,090 824,438 1,081,894 1,156,138 1,451,551 1,889,368 2,021,233 2,147,842 2,314,380   2,430,541 2,753,404
Hourly wages 68,683 79,535 100,847  
Fringe benefits 231,209   271,954
Preservation 22,521 25,274 30,351 32,939 34,144 43,126 46,554 45,610 42,919   43,832 46,499
Furniture/equipment 55,915 56,128 57,013   63,459
Computer hardware/software 128,128 157,949 164,379   160,294 155,791
Utilities/networks/consortia 81,106 85,113 89,618   90,264 92,242
Information resources 373,699 450,180 561,199 750,282 891,281 1,197,293 1,348,933 1,499,249 1,600,995   1,822,277 1,944,490
Books and serial backfiles—paper 514,048   552,100 563,007
Books and serial backfiles—electronic 28,061   33,888 44,792
Current serials—paper 849,399   945,958 926,105
Current serials—electronic 125,470   203,371 297,657
Audiovisual materials 23,879 28,753 28,879 30,623   32,039 37,041
Document delivery/interlibrary loan 12,238 17,645 19,309   20,540 22,913
Other collection expenditures 373,699 450,180 561,199 750,282 891,281 1,173,414 1,307,942 1,452,725 34,086   34,381 52,976
Other library operating expenditures 96,643 122,731 169,478 233,957 393,099 518,867 331,463 309,925 323,354   140,579 424,290
Operating expenditures per FTE student 152 180 216 269 300 352 388 414 433   459 460
Operating expenditures per FTE student in                        
constant 2005–06 dollars9  514 523 456 505 516 507 513 518 532   540 514
                       
Operating expenditures (percentage distribution) 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0   100.0 100.0
Salaries8  55.4 54.9 55.7 48.1 52.4 51.8 50.4 49.9 50.4   48.4 50.8
Hourly wages 5.5 5.3 5.2  
Fringe benefits 9.6   5.4
Preservation 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 0.9   0.9 0.9
Information resources 29.7 30.0 28.9 31.2 32.2 32.8 33.6 34.9 34.9   36.3 35.9
Other library operating expenditures10  7.7 8.2 8.7 9.7 14.2 14.2 14.9 14.2 13.8   9.0 12.4
                       
Library operating expenditures as percent of total institutional expenditures for educational and general purposes 3.8 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.2 3.0 2.8  
—Not available.
1 Includes data for U.S. territories.
2 Fall enrollment for the academic year specified.
3 Includes data for schools newly added to the survey system, so end of year figure exceeds total of additions plus end of year value from previous year.
4 Includes microform and electronic serials.
5 Electronic files, formerly labeled "Computer files."
6 Excludes student assistants.
7 Excludes capital outlay.
8 Includes expenditures for fringe benefits (except for 1984–85 and 1987–88), salary equivalents of contributed services staff, and hourly wages for 1996–97 and 1997–98.
9 Constant dollars based on the Consumer Price Index, prepared by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, adjusted to a school-year basis.
10 Includes furniture/equipment, computer hardware/software, and utilities/networks/consortia as well as expenditures classified as "other library operating expenditures."
NOTE: Data through 1995 are for institutions of higher education, while later data are for degree-granting institutions. Degree-granting institutions grant associate's or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. The degree-granting classification is very similar to the earlier higher education classification, but it includes more 2-year colleges and excludes a few higher education institutions that did not grant degrees. (See Guide to Sources for details.) Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Library Statistics of Colleges and Universities, selected years, 1976–77 through 1984–85; 1987–88 through 2001–02 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, "Academic Libraries Survey" (IPEDS-L:88–98), "Fall Enrollment Survey" (IPEDS-EF:87–99), and Spring 2002; and Academic Libraries Survey (ALS), 2000 and 2002. (This table was prepared September 2006.)