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Digest of Education Statistics: 2006
Digest of Education Statistics: 2006

NCES 2007-017
July 2007


Table 414. Foreign students enrolled in institutions of higher education in the United States and other jurisdictions, by continent, region, and selected countries of origin: Selected years, 1980–81 through 2004–05
Continent, region, and country 1980–81 1985–86 1990–91 1995–96 2000–01 2001–02 2002–03 2003–04 2004–05
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
Total 311,880 100.0 343,780 100.0 407,530 100.0 453,787 100.00 547,867 100.0 582,996 100.0 586,323 100.0 572,509 100.0 565,039 100.0
Africa 38,180 12.2 34,190 9.9 23,800 5.8 20,844 4.59 34,217 6.2 37,724 6.5 40,193 6.9 38,150 6.7 36,100 6.4
Eastern Africa 6,260 2.0 6,730 2.0 7,590 1.9 7,596 1.67 13,516 2.5 15,331 2.6 15,996 2.7 14,831 2.6 13,675 2.4
Central Africa 1,130 0.4 1,540 0.4 1,650 0.4 1,346 0.30 1,859 0.3 1,972 0.3 2,371 0.4 2,331 0.4 2,505 0.4
North Africa 7,310 2.3 5,980 1.7 4,540 1.1 3,422 0.75 5,184 0.9 5,593 1.0 5,218 0.9 4,487 0.8 3,898 0.7
Southern Africa 1,480 0.5 2,360 0.7 2,840 0.7 2,657 0.59 3,304 0.6 3,443 0.6 3,017 0.5 2,679 0.5 2,240 0.4
West Africa 22,000 7.1 17,580 5.1 7,180 1.8 5,818 1.28 10,346 1.9 11,385 2.0 13,590 2.3 13,821 2.4 13,782 2.4
Nigeria 17,350 5.6 13,710 4.0 3,710 0.9 2,093 0.46 3,820 0.7 4,499 0.8 5,816 1.0 6,140 1.1 6,335 1.1
                                     
Asia 94,640 30.3 156,830 45.6 229,830 56.4 259,893 57.27 302,058 55.1 324,812 55.7 332,298 56.7 324,006 56.6 325,112 57.5
East Asia 51,650 16.6 80,720 23.5 146,020 35.8 166,717 36.74 189,371 34.6 196,813 33.8 199,666 34.1 189,874 33.2 192,561 34.1
China 2,770 0.9 13,980 4.1 39,600 9.7 39,613 8.73 59,939 10.9 63,211 10.8 64,757 11.0 61,765 10.8 62,523 11.1
Hong Kong 9,660 3.1 10,710 3.1 12,630 3.1 12,018 2.65 7,627 1.4 7,757 1.3 8,076 1.4 7,353 1.3 7,180 1.3
Japan 13,500 4.3 13,360 3.9 36,610 9.0 45,531 10.03 46,497 8.5 46,810 8.0 45,960 7.8 40,835 7.1 42,215 7.5
Korea, Republic of 6,150 2.0 18,660 5.4 23,360 5.7 36,231 7.98 45,685 8.3 49,046 8.4 51,519 8.8 52,484 9.2 53,358 9.4
Taiwan 19,460 6.2 23,770 6.9 33,530 8.2 32,702 7.21 28,566 5.2 28,930 5.0 28,017 4.8 26,178 4.6 25,914 4.6
South and Central Asia 14,540 4.7 25,800 7.5 42,370 10.4 45,401 10.00 71,765 13.1 86,131 14.8 93,767 16.0 98,138 17.1 97,961 17.3
India 9,250 3.0 16,070 4.7 28,860 7.1 31,743 7.00 54,664 10.0 66,836 11.5 74,603 12.7 79,736 13.9 80,466 14.2
Pakistan 2,990 1.0 5,440 1.6 7,730 1.9 6,427 1.42 6,948 1.3 8,644 1.5 8,123 1.4 7,325 1.3 6,296 1.1
Southeast Asia 28,450 9.1 50,310 14.6 41,440 10.2 47,774 10.53 40,916 7.5 41,868 7.2 38,865 6.6 35,994 6.3 34,590 6.1
Indonesia 3,250 1.0 8,210 2.4 9,520 2.3 12,820 2.83 11,625 2.1 11,614 2.0 10,432 1.8 8,880 1.6 7,760 1.4
Malaysia 6,010 1.9 23,020 6.7 13,610 3.3 14,015 3.09 7,795 1.4 7,395 1.3 6,595 1.1 6,483 1.1 6,142 1.1
Philippines 3,920 1.1 4,270 1.0 3,127 0.69 3,139 0.6 3,295 0.6 3,576 0.6 3,467 0.6 3,531 0.6
Singapore 3,930 1.1 4,500 1.1 4,098 0.90 4,166 0.8 4,141 0.7 4,189 0.7 3,955 0.7 3,769 0.7
Thailand 6,550 2.1 6,940 2.0 7,090 1.7 12,165 2.68 11,187 2.0 11,606 2.0 9,982 1.7 8,937 1.6 8,637 1.5
                                     
Europe 25,330 8.1 34,310 10.0 49,640 12.2 67,358 14.84 80,584 14.7 81,579 14.0 78,001 13.3 74,134 12.9 71,609 12.7
Eastern Europe 1,670 0.5 1,770 0.5 4,780 1.2 18,032 3.97 27,674 5.1 29,591 5.1 29,167 5.0 27,710 4.8 26,553 4.7
Western Europe 23,660 7.6 32,540 9.5 44,860 11.0 49,326 10.87 52,910 9.7 51,988 8.9 48,834 8.3 46,424 8.1 45,056 8.0
France 3,680 1.1 5,630 1.4 5,710 1.26 7,273 1.3 7,401 1.3 7,223 1.2 6,818 1.2 6,555 1.2
Germany1  3,310 1.1 4,730 1.4 7,000 1.7 9,017 1.99 10,128 1.8 9,613 1.6 9,302 1.6 8,745 1.5 8,640 1.5
Greece 3,750 1.2 4,440 1.3 4,360 1.1 3,365 0.74 2,768 0.5 2,599 0.4 2,341 0.4 2,126 0.4 2,035 0.4
Spain 1,740 0.5 4,300 1.1 4,809 1.06 4,156 0.8 4,048 0.7 3,633 0.6 3,631 0.6 3,512 0.6
United Kingdom 4,440 1.4 5,940 1.7 7,300 1.8 7,799 1.72 8,139 1.5 8,414 1.4 8,326 1.4 8,439 1.5 8,236 1.5
                                     
Latin America 49,810 16.0 45,480 13.2 47,580 11.7 47,253 10.41 63,634 11.6 68,358 11.7 68,950 11.8 69,658 12.2 67,818 12.0
Caribbean 10,650 3.4 11,100 3.2 12,610 3.1 10,737 2.37 14,423 2.6 13,879 2.4 14,895 2.5 15,606 2.7 13,898 2.5
Central America 12,970 4.2 12,740 3.7 15,950 3.9 14,220 3.13 16,764 3.1 18,826 3.2 18,856 3.2 19,264 3.4 19,227 3.4
Mexico 6,730 2.2 5,460 1.6 6,740 1.7 8,687 1.91 10,670 1.9 12,518 2.1 12,801 2.2 13,329 2.3 13,063 2.3
South America 26,190 8.4 21,640 6.3 19,020 4.7 22,296 4.91 32,447 5.9 35,653 6.1 35,199 6.0 34,788 6.1 34,693 6.1
Brazil 2,840 0.8 3,900 1.0 5,497 1.21 8,846 1.6 8,972 1.5 8,388 1.4 7,799 1.4 7,244 1.3
Colombia 4,010 1.2 3,180 0.8 3,462 0.76 6,765 1.2 8,068 1.4 7,771 1.3 7,533 1.3 7,334 1.3
Venezuela 11,750 3.8 7,040 2.0 2,890 0.7 4,456 0.98 5,217 1.0 5,627 1.0 5,333 0.9 5,575 1.0 5,279 0.9
                                     
Middle East 84,710 27.2 52,720 15.3 33,420 8.2 30,563 6.74 36,858 6.7 38,545 6.6 34,803 5.9 31,852 5.6 31,248 5.5
Iran 47,550 15.2 14,210 4.1 6,260 1.5 2,628 0.58 1,844 0.3 2,216 0.4 2,258 0.4 2,321 0.4 2,251 0.4
Israel 3,458 0.6 3,521 0.6 3,474 0.6 3,323 0.6
Jordan 6,140 2.0 6,590 1.9 4,320 1.1 2,222 0.49 2,187 0.4 2,417 0.4 2,173 0.4 1,853 0.3 1,752 0.3
Kuwait 2,966 0.5 2,212 0.4 1,846 0.3 1,720 0.3
Lebanon 6,770 2.2 7,090 2.1 3,900 1.0 1,554 0.34 2,005 0.4 2,435 0.4 2,364 0.4 2,179 0.4 2,040 0.4
Saudi Arabia 10,440 3.3 6,900 2.0 3,590 0.9 4,191 0.92 5,273 1.0 5,579 1.0 4,175 0.7 3,521 0.6 3,035 0.5
Turkey 2,460 0.7 4,080 1.0 7,678 1.69 10,983 2.0 12,091 2.1 11,601 2.0 11,398 2.0 12,474 2.2
                                     
North America2  14,790 4.7 16,030 4.7 18,950 4.6 23,644 5.21 25,888 4.7 27,039 4.6 27,227 4.6 27,650 4.8 28,634 5.1
Canada 14,320 4.6 15,410 4.5 18,350 4.5 23,005 5.07 25,279 4.6 26,514 4.5 26,513 4.5 27,017 4.7 28,140 5.0
                                     
Oceania 4,180 1.3 4,030 1.2 4,230 1.0 4,202 0.93 4,624 0.8 4,852 0.8 4,811 0.8 4,534 0.8 4,534 0.8
                                     
Stateless3  240 0.1 190 0.1 80 # 30 # 10 # 87 # 33 # 19 # 37 #
—Not available.
# Rounds to zero.
1 Data for 1980–81 and 1985–86 are for West Germany (Federal Republic of Germany before unification).
2 Excludes Mexico and Central America, which are included with Latin America.
3 Home country unknown or undeclared.
NOTE: Totals and subtotals include other countries not shown separately. Data are for "nonimmigrants" (i.e., students who have not migrated to this country). Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: Institute of International Education, Open Doors: Report on International Educational Exchange, 1981 through 2005 (selected years). (This table was prepared June 2006.)