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Digest of Education Statistics: 2006
Digest of Education Statistics: 2006

NCES 2007-017
July 2007


Table 411. Percentage of graduate degrees awarded in science, by field and country: Selected years, 1985 through 2003 
Country All science degrees1  Natural sciences2  Mathematics and computer science3  Engineering
1985 1990 1996 1999 2000 2003 1985 1990 1996 1999 2000 2003 1985 1990 1996 1999 2000 2003 1985 1990 1996 1999 2000 2003
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
Australia 14.0 17.9 15.2 15.5 5.4 6.3 4.0 3.6 3.8 3.8 4.9 7.2 4.7 7.7 6.3 4.7
Austria 43.3 37.7 38.8 38.4 39.2 35.4 14.2 12.3 17.5 15.0 16.7 14.9 7.3 4.6 4.7 3.6 4.7 5.3 21.7 20.8 16.6 19.8 17.7 15.1
Belgium4  17.6 18.8 7.0 9.5 2.4 4.9 8.3 4.4
Canada 19.7 20.0 22.3 23.0 22.4 7.5 7.8 7.7 7.9 7.4 2.8 3.4 3.5 3.6 4.1 9.4 8.8 11.2 11.5 10.9
Czech Republic 21.3 21.0 12.4 5.6 5.3 3.5 6.3 7.9 2.2 9.3 7.7 6.7
                                                 
Denmark 16.0 22.2 12.3 30.2 27.8 4.1 5.8 3.1 9.8 8.1 2.7 4.8 1.5 2.5 4.1 9.2 11.6 7.8 15.4 15.7
Finland 47.6 30.6 28.3 31.1 28.7 28.1 24.0 14.7 11.6 8.5 11.3 10.3 6.3 5.4 4.0 3.9 2.4 3.5 17.2 10.5 12.7 18.7 14.9 14.3
France 21.0 26.4 34.4 6.4 13.5 17.1 1.6 5.6 8.5 13.0 7.3 8.9
Germany5  27.7 33.2 38.6 38.9 38.1 36.0 18.7 23.5 25.5 25.2 24.9 22.2 1.8 2.3 3.5 4.0 3.7 4.2 7.2 7.4 9.5 9.8 9.5 9.6
Hungary 13.5 9.9 7.7 4.8 1.7 1.7 1.2 0.7 1.1 7.6 7.5 4.9
                                                 
Iceland 30.7 35.9 20.5 20.0 19.4 10.3 1.0 10.7 16.5 9.2
Ireland 31.4 34.5 23.1 24.8 28.1 21.0 18.9 19.5 10.9 4.0 6.9 5.1 2.6 5.8 3.0 16.0 15.2 10.0 9.9 9.3 9.2 4.8 6.0 6.0
Italy 13.1 11.7 12.8 1.0 0.3 2.8 6.5 5.8 3.9 5.6 5.7 6.1
Japan 50.1 54.6 51.7 9.5 9.5 10.2 40.5 45.1 44.4 42.4 41.9 38.5
Korea, Republic of 48.3 48.4 45.6 8.8 8.5 10.2 4.1 5.7 3.1 35.4 34.3 32.3
                                                 
Mexico 22.7 31.4 20.0 14.3 18.9 6.8 2.0 4.1 2.5 6.4 8.4 10.8
Netherlands 28.9 18.6 17.6 24.2 20.6 17.7 4.4 3.9 1.5 3.7 8.7 0.7 7.5 9.7 10.6 8.8 1.2 19.7
New Zealand 45.1 22.6 16.7 24.4 20.5 16.7 24.6 13.8 12.7 13.4 11.6 6.7 5.4 4.7 1.1 1.5 1.4 6.0 15.1 4.0 3.0 9.4 7.5 4.1
Norway 40.1 33.4 38.3 21.0 22.0 22.0 17.9 8.0 8.7 15.0 14.9 11.8 3.5 2.1 1.9 4.3 4.6 5.6 18.7 23.3 27.7 2.5 4.7
Poland 3.1 3.3 4.1 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.6 1.7 1.9 2.7
                                                 
Portugal 39.3 11.7 9.4 18.2
Spain 35.6 26.9 36.0 40.1 36.1 35.8 28.6 19.7 24.8 24.8 23.9 22.7 1.8 1.4 4.1 4.2 5.4 5.7 5.1 5.7 7.1 11.1 6.8 7.3
Sweden 48.0 48.5 32.3 41.5 40.5 32.2 21.2 19.4 9.2 14.4 14.3 11.4 6.8 9.2 5.9 4.1 4.0 3.8 20.0 19.9 17.1 23.0 22.2 17.0
Switzerland 30.7 30.2 40.1 41.5 42.7 32.6 20.3 22.0 25.8 11.4 11.7 9.8 2.8 1.7 4.1 17.0 19.5 12.6 7.6 6.5 10.1 13.1 11.6 10.2
Turkey 35.8 24.0 29.8 25.7 22.9 6.6 7.6 8.0 7.6 6.9 2.8 3.3 3.0 3.0 3.2 26.3 13.2 18.7 15.2 12.7
                                                 
United Kingdom 21.8 21.7 22.1 6.0 7.4 7.5 4.7 5.0 6.2 11.0 9.2 8.4
United States 13.5 14.5 13.8 13.7 13.0 13.7 4.5 4.2 4.0 3.8 3.4 3.4 2.8 3.4 3.2 3.1 3.4 4.0 6.3 6.9 6.7 6.8 6.2 6.4
—Not available.
1 Includes life sciences, physical sciences, mathematics/statistics, computer science, and engineering.
2 Includes life sciences and physical sciences.
3 Includes mathematics/statistics and computer science.
4 Data for Flemish Belgium only.
5 Data for 1985 are for the former West Germany.
NOTE: Data in this table refer to degrees classified by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) as International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED), level 5A, second award and ISCED 6. ISCED 5A, second award, corresponds to master's and first-professional degrees in the United States, and ISCED 6 corresponds to doctor's degrees.
SOURCE: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Education Online Database. Retrieved October 31, 2005, from http://stats.oecd.org/WBOS/Default.aspx. (This table was prepared November 2005.)