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Digest of Education Statistics: 2006
Digest of Education Statistics: 2006

NCES 2007-017
July 2007


Table 400. Average eighth-grade mathematics scores, by content areas, index of time students spend doing mathematics homework in a normal school week, and country: 2003 
Country Average score by content area Index of time students spend doing mathematics homework (TMH) in a normal school week
Mathematics overall Number1  Patterns and relationships2  Measurement3  Geometry4  Data5  High TMH6  Medium TMH7  Low TMH8 
Percent Mean score Percent Mean score Percent Mean score
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
International average9 467 (0.5) 467 (0.5) 467 (0.5) 467 (0.5) 467 (0.5) 467 (0.5) 26 (0.2) 468 (0.8) 54 (0.2) 471 (0.6) 19 (0.2) 456 (1.0)
Armenia 478 (3.0) 473 (3.1) 489 (2.6) 488 (3.3) 481 (3.1) 419 (2.7) 35 (1.3) 490 (3.9) 60 (1.2) 478 (3.7) 4 (0.4) 475 7.5)
Australia 505 (4.6) 498 (4.6) 499 (4.4) 511 (4.3) 491 (4.8) 531 (3.8) 19 (1.6) 520 (6.0) 50 (1.5) 509 (5.4) 31 (2.0) 497 5.5)
Bahrain 401 (1.7) 380 (1.9) 411 (2.5) 388 (2.1) 438 (2.1) 414 (2.1) 18 (0.8) 387 (3.3) 69 (1.2) 409 (2.0) 13 (1.1) 398 4.9)
Belgium (Flemish) 537 (2.8) 539 (2.7) 523 (2.8) 535 (2.5) 527 (3.1) 546 (2.9) 13 (1.1) 542 (4.5) 42 (1.4) 546 (3.2) 44 (2.0) 532 3.7)
Botswana 366 (2.6) 382 (2.2) 377 (2.7) 377 (2.0) 335 (3.9) 375 (2.7) 25 (0.8) 385 (3.9) 53 (0.8) 368 (2.6) 22 (0.9) 355 3.0)
                                                 
Bulgaria 476 (4.3) 477 (4.1) 481 (4.0) 473 (4.6) 484 (4.5) 458 (3.9) 33 (1.8) 482 (6.4) 54 (1.5) 478 (4.6) 14 (1.5) 469 5.4)
Chile 387 (3.3) 390 (3.1) 384 (3.1) 404 (2.9) 378 (3.3) 412 (3.4) 10 (0.7) 387 (6.9) 43 (1.0) 389 (3.8) 47 (1.4) 388 3.7)
Chinese Taipei 585 (4.6) 585 (4.6) 585 (4.9) 574 (4.4) 588 (5.1) 568 (3.4) 18 (1.5) 611 (6.0) 45 (1.2) 594 (4.4) 37 (2.0) 563 5.6)
Cyprus 459 (1.7) 464 (1.5) 455 (1.7) 459 (2.2) 457 (2.4) 458 (1.7) 21 (0.8) 459 (2.8) 70 (0.7) 469 (1.8) 9 (0.6) 438 5.3)
Egypt 406 (3.5) 421 (3.0) 408 (3.9) 401 (3.3) 408 (3.6) 393 (3.2) 26 (0.8) 402 (4.3) 60 (1.0) 418 (3.6) 14 (0.7) 419 4.7)
                                                 
England10  (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) †)
Estonia 531 (3.0) 523 (3.1) 528 (2.6) 528 (3.0) 540 (2.6) 535 (2.8) 28 (1.3) 519 (4.0) 66 (1.3) 538 (3.2) 7 (1.2) 523 10.3)
Ghana 276 (4.7) 289 (5.1) 288 (4.8) 262 (3.7) 278 (4.3) 293 (4.1) 24 (0.9) 288 (5.8) 56 (0.9) 280 (4.5) 20 (1.0) 275 7.5)
Hong Kong, SAR11,12  586 (3.3) 586 (3.2) 580 (3.2) 584 (3.3) 588 (3.6) 566 (3.0) 32 (1.9) 600 (3.5) 49 (1.5) 587 (3.6) 19 (1.5) 566 7.6)
Hungary 529 (3.2) 529 (3.6) 534 (3.1) 525 (3.1) 515 (3.1) 526 (2.9) 20 (1.2) 516 (5.8) 77 (1.2) 537 (3.1) 3 (0.5) 501 14.1)
                                                 
Indonesia13  411 (4.8) 421 (4.6) 418 (4.5) 394 (4.9) 413 (4.6) 418 (4.0) 37 (1.1) 435 (4.3) 48 (0.8) 406 (5.3) 15 (0.8) 391 7.3)
Iran, Islamic Republic of 411 (2.4) 416 (2.3) 412 (3.1) 399 (2.6) 437 (3.1) 404 (2.6) 24 (1.2) 420 (3.8) 52 (0.9) 414 (2.8) 25 (1.1) 403 3.4)
Israel14  496 (3.4) 504 (3.3) 498 (3.2) 480 (3.4) 488 (3.7) 492 (3.3) 33 (1.4) 498 (3.9) 55 (1.3) 505 (4.1) 12 (0.9) 479 6.3)
Italy 484 (3.2) 480 (3.2) 477 (3.4) 500 (3.2) 469 (3.5) 490 (3.0) 54 (1.4) 484 (3.8) 40 (1.1) 487 (3.6) 7 (0.7) 471 8.0)
Japan 570 (2.1) 557 (2.3) 568 (2.0) 559 (2.0) 587 (2.1) 573 (1.9) 6 (0.7) 565 (10.1) 36 (1.5) 566 (2.8) 58 (1.9) 576 2.1)
                                                 
Jordan 424 (4.1) 413 (4.4) 434 (4.4) 418 (4.4) 446 (4.0) 430 (3.5) 25 (0.8) 425 (4.7) 64 (1.1) 437 (4.1) 11 (0.9) 411 4.9)
Korea, Republic of15  589 (2.2) 586 (2.1) 597 (2.2) 577 (2.0) 598 (2.6) 569 (2.0) 11 (1.0) 582 (4.3) 46 (1.6) 592 (2.6) 43 (2.0) 590 2.8)
Latvia 508 (3.2) 507 (3.2) 508 (3.2) 500 (3.0) 515 (3.3) 506 (3.8) 33 (1.3) 502 (4.7) 61 (1.3) 516 (3.0) 6 (0.7) 508 9.3)
Lebanon 433 (3.1) 430 (3.3) 448 (3.1) 430 (3.7) 459 (3.0) 394 (4.0) 42 (1.7) 436 (3.5) 52 (1.7) 437 (3.5) 5 (0.6) 412 7.6)
Lithuania13  502 (2.5) 500 (2.7) 501 (2.4) 492 (3.0) 506 (2.5) 502 (2.5) 32 (1.4) 493 (3.1) 63 (1.3) 509 (3.0) 5 (0.8) 490 8.7)
                                                 
Macedonia, Republic of14  435 (3.5) 438 (3.5) 442 (3.6) 434 (3.6) 442 (3.7) 419 (3.6) 26 (1.1) 440 (4.5) 61 (1.3) 444 (3.9) 13 (1.3) 439 6.0)
Malaysia 508 (4.1) 524 (4.0) 495 (3.9) 504 (4.5) 495 (4.8) 505 (3.2) 33 (1.3) 515 (4.4) 56 (1.1) 510 (4.5) 11 (0.8) 485 5.9)
Moldova 460 (4.0) 463 (3.8) 464 (4.2) 468 (4.0) 463 (4.7) 428 (3.4) 38 (1.4) 472 (4.3) 57 (1.3) 458 (4.6) 5 (0.5) 437 8.3)
Morocco13,16,17  387 (2.5) 384 (2.7) 400 (2.8) 376 (3.4) 415 (2.3) 374 (2.5) 34 (1.5) 390 (4.5) 52 (1.1) 392 (3.2) 14 (1.0) 380 4.8)
Netherlands11  536 (3.8) 539 (3.6) 514 (4.0) 549 (3.7) 513 (4.1) 560 (3.1) 19 (1.3) 540 (5.2) 62 (1.4) 542 (4.4) 19 (1.7) 518 6.5)
                                                 
New Zealand 494 (5.3) 481 (6.0) 490 (5.2) 500 (4.8) 488 (4.6) 526 (5.1) 14 (1.1) 488 (5.1) 49 (1.8) 505 (6.0) 37 (2.1) 492 7.2)
Norway 461 (2.5) 456 (2.3) 428 (2.7) 481 (2.9) 461 (2.8) 498 (2.5) 26 (1.3) 454 (4.0) 52 (1.3) 466 (2.5) 22 (1.3) 472 3.5)
Palestinian National Authority 390 (3.1) 385 (3.6) 392 (3.5) 386 (2.8) 423 (3.1) 390 (2.8) 27 (1.1) 393 (3.5) 65 (1.1) 398 (3.5) 8 (0.6) 371 6.6)
Philippines 378 (5.2) 393 (5.1) 400 (5.2) 372 (4.8) 344 (5.3) 390 (4.5) 24 (0.9) 390 (5.4) 54 (1.0) 382 (5.5) 22 (1.2) 361 6.6)
Romania 475 (4.8) 474 (4.9) 480 (4.7) 485 (4.7) 476 (4.9) 445 (4.6) 68 (1.6) 492 (4.5) 28 (1.4) 451 (6.4) 3 (0.4) 437 13.0)
                                                 
Russian Federation 508 (3.7) 505 (4.0) 516 (3.2) 507 (3.9) 515 (4.2) 484 (3.2) 53 (1.2) 509 (4.4) 45 (1.2) 511 (3.4) 2 (0.2) †)
Saudi Arabia 332 (4.6) 307 (5.3) 331 (4.7) 338 (3.4) 382 (4.3) 339 (3.8) 15 (1.0) 315 (8.1) 62 (1.6) 335 (4.6) 23 (1.6) 345 5.7)
Scotland11  498 (3.7) 484 (4.2) 488 (3.9) 508 (3.6) 491 (3.3) 531 (3.7) 8 (0.8) 493 (5.8) 46 (2.1) 507 (4.5) 46 (2.5) 496 4.1)
Serbia13  477 (2.6) 477 (2.8) 488 (2.5) 475 (2.5) 471 (3.0) 456 (2.6) 25 (1.3) 466 (4.1) 54 (1.2) 481 (3.5) 20 (1.7) 497 3.5)
Singapore 605 (3.6) 618 (3.5) 590 (3.5) 611 (3.6) 580 (3.7) 579 (3.2) 38 (1.1) 621 (3.1) 51 (0.9) 604 (3.8) 11 (0.8) 566 7.8)
                                                 
Slovak Republic 508 (3.3) 514 (3.3) 505 (3.3) 508 (3.7) 501 (3.6) 495 (2.9) 11 (0.9) 495 (6.4) 81 (1.4) 511 (3.4) 8 (1.3) 500 7.7)
Slovenia 493 (2.2) 498 (2.0) 487 (2.3) 496 (2.3) 483 (2.5) 494 (2.3) 25 (1.1) 482 (2.9) 71 (1.2) 500 (2.5) 4 (0.8) 463 8.8)
South Africa 264 (5.5) 274 (5.4) 275 (5.1) 298 (4.7) 247 (5.4) 296 (5.3) 21 (0.8) 275 (8.1) 58 (0.8) 270 (6.3) 20 (1.0) 260 5.4)
Sweden 499 (2.6) 496 (2.6) 480 (3.0) 512 (2.6) 467 (3.4) 539 (3.0) 4 (0.5) 453 (7.0) 38 (1.4) 494 (3.5) 58 (1.5) 509 2.7)
Tunisia 410 (2.2) 419 (2.3) 405 (2.4) 407 (2.2) 427 (2.0) 387 (2.2) 39 (1.1) 410 (2.7) 50 (1.1) 414 (2.2) 11 (0.9) 414 4.3)
United States16  504 (3.3) 508 (3.4) 510 (3.1) 495 (3.2) 472 (3.1) 527 (3.2) 31 (1.0) 518 (4.1) 60 (0.9) 506 (3.2) 9 (0.9) 461 6.3)
†Not applicable.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1 Topic includes whole numbers; fractions and decimals; integers; and ratio, proportion, and percent.
2 Topic includes patterns, algebraic expressions, equations and formulas, and relationships.
3 Topic includes attributes and units and tools, techniques, and formulas.
4 Topic includes lines and angles, two- and three-dimensional shapes, congruence and similarity, locations and spatial relationships, and symmetry and transformations.
5 Topic includes data collection and organization, data representation, data interpretation, and uncertainty and probability.
6 High level indicates more than 30 minutes of mathematics homework assigned 3–4 times a week.
7 Medium level includes all possible combinations of responses not included in the high or low level categories (see below for details on the low level).
8 Low level indicates no more than 30 minutes of mathematics homework assigned no more than twice a week.
9 The international average of 467 may sometimes appear as 466. In that case, the TIMSS 2003 average for eighth-graders published in the National Center for Education Statistics report reflects the deletion of England from the average.
10 Did not satisfy guidelines for sample participation rates.
11 Met guidelines for sample participation rates only after replacement schools were included.
12 SAR = Special Administrative Region.
13 National Desired Population does not cover all of International Desired Population.
14 National Defined Population covers less than 90 percent of National Desired Population.
15 Korea tested the same cohort of students as other countries, but later in 2003, at the beginning of the next school year.
16 Nearly satisfied guidelines for sample participation rates only after replacement schools were included.
17 Response rate for the TMH index was at least 70 but less than 85 percent of the students, with missing data having not been explicitly accounted for in the analysis.
NOTE: TMH index data are provided by students. Data are for eighth grade or equivalent in most countries. Possible scores range from 1 to 1,000. Standard errors appear in parentheses. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), 2003, TIMSS 2003 International Mathematics Report, by Ina V.S. Mullis et al. (This table was prepared April 2005.)