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Digest of Education Statistics
2006 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 133. SAT score averages of college-bound seniors, by selected student characteristics: Selected years, 1995–96 through 2005–06 
Selected student characteristic 1995–96 1999–2000 2002–031  2003–04 2004–051  2005–06
Critical reading score Mathe-matics score Percentage distribution Critical reading score Mathe-matics score Percentage distribution Critical reading score Mathe-matics score Critical reading score Mathe-matics score Percentage distribution Critical reading score Mathe-matics score Critical reading score Mathe-matics score Writing score2 Percentage distribution
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
All students 505 508 100 505 514 100 507 519 508 518 100 508 520 503 518 497 100
High school rank                                  
Top decile 591 606 22 589 608 585 607 584 602 29 585 606 580 604 577 31
Second decile 530 539 22 528 543 522 539 522 537 24 523 540 516 537 511 25
Second quintile 494 496 28 493 500 486 494 486 494 22 488 499 484 498 476 20
Third quintile 455 448 24 455 453 449 449 449 451 20 452 455
Fourth quintile 429 418 4 425 419 420 417 422 421 4 425 424
Fifth quintile 411 401 1 408 401 410 410 415 418 1 426 430
Bottom three quintiles3  443 449 435 23
                                   
High school grade point average                                  
A+ (97–100) 617 632 6 610 628 7 607 625 606 620 6 607 625 602 621 599 7
A (93–96) 573 583 14 567 582 16 566 583 567 580 18 570 585 563 582 559 18
A- (90–92) 545 554 15 540 553 17 538 552 537 549 17 541 555 534 552 529 18
B (80–89) 486 485 49 482 486 47 480 485 480 486 47 484 491 479 489 471 46
C (70–79) 432 426 15 428 426 12 425 424 429 431 11 430 432 426 428 414 11
D, E, or F (below 70) 414 408 # 405 406 # 416 430 421 446 # 415 439 406 413 389 #
                                   
Intended college major                                  
Agriculture/natural resources 491 484 2 490 486 1 484 482 484 483 1 487 486 481 485 469 1
Architecture/environmental design 492 519 3 494 524 2 483 511 479 510 2 495 527 488 528 485 3
Arts: visual/performing 520 497 6 518 502 8 514 500 517 501 8 521 506 516 502 507 9
Biological sciences 546 545 6 544 548 5 543 553 544 552 6 547 558 540 554 532 6
Business and commerce 483 500 13 487 510 14 489 512 486 509 13 491 515 486 511 481 15
Communications 527 497 4 526 505 4 524 506 525 505 4 527 509 522 504 520 4
Computer or information sciences 497 522 3 499 533 6 503 535 504 532 5 508 535 503 534 482 4
Education 487 477 8 483 481 9 482 483 483 482 8 486 488 480 484 478 8
Engineering 525 569 8 523 573 8 525 574 525 573 9 529 579 519 577 506 8
Foreign/classical languages 556 534 # 558 539 1 564 545 570 545 1 575 551 572 549 563 1
General/interdisciplinary 576 553 # 562 545 # 547 539 547 533 # 546 535 542 532 532 #
Health and allied services 500 505 19 497 505 16 489 498 487 495 17 490 501 485 498 483 18
Home economics 458 452 # 462 462 # 462 462 460 461 # 463 466 462 466 461 #
Language and literature 605 545 1 608 552 1 603 550 603 547 2 606 552 597 541 584 2
Library and archival sciences 554 512 # 556 511 # 572 512 567 515 # 577 511 579 509 542 #
Mathematics 552 628 1 551 630 1 545 626 541 621 1 545 626 539 624 537 1
Military sciences 503 505 # 505 512 # 513 516 516 520 1 522 526 510 521 487 1
Philosophy/religion/theology 560 536 # 560 539 1 562 544 560 539 1 561 542 557 537 535 1
Physical sciences 575 595 1 569 592 1 563 588 564 587 2 565 591 557 589 542 2
Public affairs and services 458 448 3 459 454 3 462 458 464 459 3 465 463 462 461 454 3
Social sciences and history 532 509 11 532 513 11 531 514 534 515 10 540 522 539 519 525 9
Technical and vocational 435 441 1 442 452 1 441 450 443 453 1 445 456 437 454 421 1
Undecided 500 507 7 512 521 7 516 528 514 526 6 517 530 512 530 502 3
                                   
Degree-level goal                                  
Certificate program 434 439 1 439 453 1 441 456 441 456 1 445 463 443 462 435 1
Associate's degree 422 415 2 420 419 2 417 416 417 417 1 420 421 416 420 409 1
Bachelor's degree 476 476 23 478 483 25 475 481 474 479 24 481 487 477 487 469 25
Master's degree 514 518 29 515 526 31 513 524 511 520 29 516 526 512 525 505 30
Doctor's or related degree 548 552 24 547 554 22 542 552 540 547 21 542 552 539 553 532 20
Other 430 438 1 442 454 1 441 453 439 457 1 442 464 439 456 436 1
Undecided 502 503 20 508 514 19 514 523 513 521 23 517 527 515 528 508 22
                                   
Family income4                                   
Less than $10,000 429 444 4 425 447 420 444 422 450 5 426 458 429 457 427 4
$10,000, but less than $20,000 456 464 8 447 460 437 452 440 457 8 443 463 445 465 440 7
$20,000, but less than $30,000 482 482 10 471 478 460 467 459 467 10 463 474 462 474 454 8
$30,000, but less than $40,000 497 495 12 490 493 480 484 478 482 11 480 487 478 488 470 10
$40,000, but less than $50,000 509 507 10 503 505 495 498 493 496 9 496 500 493 501 483 8
$50,000, but less than $60,000 517 517 9 511 515 504 508 501 504 9 505 509 500 509 490 9
$60,000, but less than $70,000 524 525 7 517 522 511 514 507 510 8 511 515 505 515 496 8
$70,000, but less than $80,000 531 533 6 524 530 518 523 515 518 8 517 522 511 521 502 9
$80,000 to $100,000 541 544 7 536 543 529 536 527 530 12 529 534 523 534 514 13
More than $100,000 560 569 9 558 571 555 568 553 562 20 554 565 549 564 543 24
                                   
Highest level of parental education                                  
No high school diploma 414 439 4 413 442 4 413 443 415 445 5 419 452 418 445 418 4
High school diploma 475 474 31 472 477 33 470 475 469 474 33 471 479 467 478 460 31
Associate's degree 489 487 7 488 491 9 487 491 486 490 9 489 494 484 493 474 8
Bachelor's degree 525 529 25 525 533 29 525 534 523 531 28 527 536 522 536 514 30
Graduate degree 556 558 23 558 566 25 559 569 558 564 25 561 570 558 571 552 27
—Not available.
# Rounds to zero.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1 Percentage distribution not reported since this year had less than 80 percent combined unit and item response rate.
2 Writing data are based on students who took the SAT writing section, which was introduced in March 2005.
3 In 2005, the College Board reported third, fourth, and fifth quintiles as the bottom three quintiles instead of reporting them separately as in previous years.
4 Because income categories have not been adjusted for inflation over time, the distribution of students has shifted toward the higher income categories. Differences between specific categories over time should be interpreted with caution.
NOTE: Data are for seniors who took the SAT any time during their high school years through March of their senior year. If a student took a test more than once, the most recent score was used. The SAT was formerly known as the Scholastic Assess­ment Test and the Scholastic Aptitude Test. Possible scores on each part of the SAT range from 200 to 800. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding and survey item nonresponse.
SOURCE: College Entrance Examination Board, College-Bound Seniors: Total Group Profile [National] Report, selected years, 1995–96 through 2005–06, retrieved August 29, 2006, from http://www.collegeboard.com/about/news_info/cbsenior/yr2006/reports.html. (This table was prepared August 2006.)

2006 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest