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Digest of Education Statistics: 2006
Digest of Education Statistics: 2006

NCES 2007-017
July 2007


Table 124. Average scale score in mathematics, percentage attaining mathematics achievement levels, and selected statistics on mathematics education of 4th-graders in public schools, by state or jurisdiction: Selected years, 1992 through 2005 
State or jurisdiction Average scale score Percent of students, 2005 Percent of students, 2003
1992 2000 2003 2005 Attaining mathematics achievement levels Having 5 or more hours
of math instruction each week
Spending
30 minutes
or more
on math
homework
each day4
Watching
6 hours
or more of
television
each day
Below basic Basic or above1  Proficient
or above2 
Advanced3 
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
United States5  219 (0.8) 224 (1.0) 234 (0.2) 237 (0.2) 21 (0.2) 80 (0.2) 35 (0.2) 5 (0.1) 83 (0.4) 49 21 (0.2)
Alabama 208 (1.6) 217 (1.2) 223 (1.2) 225 (0.9) 34 (1.3) 66 (1.3) 21 (1.1) 2 (0.4) 92 (1.6) 47 22 (1.1)
Alaska (†) (†) 233 (0.8) 236 (1.0) 23 (1.1) 77 (1.1) 34 (1.7) 5 (0.6) 78 (2.9) (†)
Arizona 215 (1.1) 219 (1.3) 229 (1.1) 230 (1.1) 30 (1.3) 70 (1.3) 28 (1.6) 3 (0.7) 80 (3.2) 52 19 (1.0)
Arkansas 210 (0.9) 216 (1.1) 229 (0.9) 236 (0.9) 22 (1.2) 78 (1.2) 34 (1.4) 4 (0.5) 91 (1.8) 51 24 (1.0)
California6  208 (1.6) 213 (1.6) 227 (0.9) 230 (0.6) 29 (0.7) 71 (0.7) 28 (0.8) 4 (0.4) 87 (1.3) 56 20 (0.7)
                                           
Colorado 221 (1.0) (†) 235 (1.0) 239 (1.1) 20 (1.4) 81 (1.4) 39 (1.6) 6 (0.8) 88 (1.9) 50 15 (0.8)
Connecticut 227 (1.1) 234 (1.1) 241 (0.8) 242 (0.8) 16 (1.0) 84 (1.0) 43 (1.4) 7 (0.6) 86 (2.2) 42 21 (0.8)
Delaware 218 (0.8) (†) 236 (0.5) 240 (0.5) 16 (0.8) 84 (0.8) 36 (1.2) 4 (0.5) 85 (0.4) 49 25 (0.7)
District of Columbia 193 (0.5) 192 (1.1) 205 (0.7) 211 (0.8) 55 (1.2) 45 (1.2) 10 (0.8) 1 (0.3) 86 (0.5) 52 32 (1.0)
Florida 214 (1.5) (†) 234 (1.1) 239 (0.7) 18 (0.6) 82 (0.6) 37 (1.1) 5 (0.7) 86 (1.4) 50 26 (1.0)
                                           
Georgia 216 (1.2) 219 (1.1) 230 (1.0) 234 (1.0) 24 (1.3) 76 (1.3) 30 (1.5) 4 (0.5) 90 (2.1) 48 23 (1.1)
Hawaii 214 (1.3) 216 (1.0) 227 (1.0) 230 (0.8) 27 (1.1) 73 (1.1) 27 (1.3) 3 (0.4) 78 (3.0) 58 23 (1.1)
Idaho6  222 (1.0) 224 (1.4) 235 (0.7) 242 (0.7) 14 (0.8) 86 (0.8) 40 (1.6) 5 (0.6) 77 (2.5) 49 14 (0.6)
Illinois6  (†) 223 (1.9) 233 (1.1) 233 (1.0) 26 (1.2) 74 (1.2) 32 (1.5) 5 (0.8) 69 (2.9) 50 21 (0.9)
Indiana6  221 (1.0) 233 (1.1) 238 (0.9) 240 (0.9) 16 (0.9) 84 (0.9) 38 (1.7) 5 (0.6) 78 (2.8) 50 23 (0.9)
                                           
Iowa6  230 (1.0) 231 (1.2) 238 (0.7) 240 (0.7) 15 (1.0) 85 (1.0) 37 (1.3) 4 (0.4) 72 (3.2) 46 17 (1.0)
Kansas6  (†) 232 (1.6) 242 (1.0) 246 (1.0) 12 (0.7) 88 (0.7) 47 (1.6) 8 (0.8) 92 (1.5) 48 19 (1.1)
Kentucky 215 (1.0) 219 (1.4) 229 (1.1) 232 (0.9) 25 (1.2) 75 (1.2) 26 (1.4) 3 (0.5) 68 (3.3) 49 24 (0.8)
Louisiana 204 (1.5) 218 (1.4) 226 (1.0) 230 (0.9) 26 (1.3) 74 (1.3) 24 (1.3) 2 (0.4) 92 (2.0) 43 24 (1.2)
Maine6  232 (1.0) 230 (1.0) 238 (0.7) 241 (0.8) 16 (0.9) 84 (0.9) 39 (1.4) 5 (0.6) 77 (2.8) 46 15 (0.9)
                                           
Maryland 217 (1.3) 222 (1.2) 233 (1.3) 238 (1.0) 21 (1.3) 79 (1.3) 38 (1.5) 7 (1.0) 95 (1.2) 42 25 (1.1)
Massachusetts 227 (1.2) 233 (1.2) 242 (0.8) 247 (0.8) 9 (0.7) 91 (0.7) 49 (1.5) 8 (0.7) 89 (1.9) 47 19 (0.7)
Michigan6  220 (1.7) 229 (1.6) 236 (0.9) 238 (1.2) 21 (1.5) 79 (1.5) 38 (1.7) 5 (0.7) 73 (3.0) 46 22 (0.9)
Minnesota6  228 (0.9) 234 (1.3) 242 (0.9) 246 (1.0) 12 (0.9) 88 (0.9) 47 (1.7) 8 (0.8) 81 (2.7) 48 15 (0.8)
Mississippi 202 (1.1) 211 (1.1) 223 (1.0) 227 (0.9) 31 (1.4) 69 (1.4) 19 (1.2) 1 (0.3) 91 (1.5) 51 24 (1.0)
                                           
Missouri 222 (1.2) 228 (1.2) 235 (0.9) 235 (0.9) 21 (1.3) 79 (1.3) 31 (1.3) 3 (0.5) 83 (2.5) 49 21 (1.0)
Montana6  (†) 228 (1.7) 236 (0.8) 241 (0.8) 15 (1.1) 85 (1.1) 38 (1.4) 4 (0.5) 73 (2.0) 49 13 (0.7)
Nebraska 225 (1.2) 225 (1.8) 236 (0.8) 238 (0.9) 20 (1.0) 80 (1.0) 36 (1.3) 5 (0.6) 75 (2.5) 51 19 (1.1)
Nevada (†) 220 (1.0) 228 (0.8) 230 (0.8) 28 (1.0) 72 (1.0) 26 (1.2) 3 (0.4) 92 (1.3) 47 19 (0.8)
New Hampshire 230 (1.2) (†) 243 (0.9) 246 (0.9) 11 (0.9) 89 (0.9) 47 (1.5) 6 (0.6) 69 (2.9) 45 15 (0.8)
                                           
New Jersey 227 (1.5) (†) 239 (1.1) 244 (1.1) 14 (1.1) 86 (1.1) 45 (1.7) 8 (0.9) 78 (3.6) 45 20 (1.1)
New Mexico 213 (1.4) 213 (1.5) 223 (1.1) 224 (0.8) 35 (1.5) 65 (1.5) 19 (1.1) 2 (0.4) 76 (2.0) 55 18 (0.8)
New York6  218 (1.2) 225 (1.4) 236 (0.9) 238 (0.9) 19 (1.0) 81 (1.0) 36 (1.3) 5 (0.5) 77 (2.2) 47 23 (1.0)
North Carolina 213 (1.1) 230 (1.1) 242 (0.8) 241 (0.9) 17 (1.1) 83 (1.1) 40 (1.4) 7 (0.8) 86 (2.4) 50 20 (0.8)
North Dakota 229 (0.8) 230 (1.2) 238 (0.7) 243 (0.5) 11 (0.8) 89 (0.8) 40 (1.5) 4 (0.6) 63 (0.6) 48 14 (0.7)
                                           
Ohio6  219 (1.2) 230 (1.5) 238 (1.0) 242 (1.0) 16 (1.2) 84 (1.2) 43 (1.5) 7 (0.7) 79 (2.6) 45 21 (1.0)
Oklahoma 220 (1.0) 224 (1.0) 229 (1.0) 234 (1.0) 21 (1.2) 79 (1.2) 29 (1.5) 2 (0.4) 75 (2.4) 48 21 (1.0)
Oregon6  (†) 224 (1.8) 236 (0.9) 238 (0.8) 20 (0.9) 80 (0.9) 37 (1.3) 6 (0.6) 77 (2.8) 49 16 (0.8)
Pennsylvania 224 (1.3) (†) 236 (1.1) 241 (1.2) 18 (1.2) 82 (1.2) 42 (1.6) 6 (0.8) 85 (2.5) 41 23 (1.0)
Rhode Island 215 (1.5) 224 (1.1) 230 (1.0) 233 (0.9) 24 (1.3) 76 (1.3) 31 (1.2) 4 (0.5) 87 (1.8) 44 19 (1.0)
                                           
South Carolina 212 (1.1) 220 (1.4) 236 (0.9) 238 (0.9) 19 (1.1) 82 (1.1) 36 (1.5) 5 (0.6) 86 (2.3) 47 25 (0.9)
South Dakota (†) (†) 237 (0.7) 242 (0.5) 14 (0.8) 86 (0.8) 41 (1.3) 4 (0.4) 71 (0.6) 55 14 (0.8)
Tennessee 211 (1.4) 220 (1.4) 228 (1.0) 232 (1.2) 26 (1.5) 74 (1.5) 28 (1.7) 3 (0.5) 82 (2.3) 50 23 (0.9)
Texas 218 (1.2) 231 (1.1) 237 (0.9) 242 (0.6) 13 (0.6) 87 (0.6) 40 (0.9) 5 (0.4) 92 (1.1) 53 19 (0.9)
Utah 224 (1.0) 227 (1.3) 235 (0.8) 239 (0.8) 17 (1.0) 83 (1.0) 37 (1.5) 4 (0.6) 72 (2.5) 46 15 (0.8)
                                           
Vermont6  (†) 232 (1.6) 242 (0.8) 244 (0.5) 13 (0.8) 87 (0.8) 44 (1.1) 6 (0.6) 86 (0.6) 47 14 (0.9)
Virginia 221 (1.3) 230 (1.0) 239 (1.1) 241 (0.9) 17 (1.1) 83 (1.1) 39 (1.5) 6 (0.8) 77 (2.6) 46 23 (1.0)
Washington (†) (†) 238 (1.0) 242 (0.9) 16 (1.1) 84 (1.1) 42 (1.5) 6 (0.7) 86 (2.1) 51 17 (0.9)
West Virginia 215 (1.1) 223 (1.3) 231 (0.8) 231 (0.7) 25 (1.1) 75 (1.1) 25 (1.3) 2 (0.3) 82 (2.5) 47 22 (0.9)
Wisconsin6  229 (1.1) (†) 237 (0.9) 241 (0.9) 16 (1.2) 84 (1.2) 40 (1.4) 5 (0.6) 77 (2.7) 49 17 (0.7)
Wyoming 225 (0.9) 229 (1.1) 241 (0.6) 243 (0.6) 13 (0.9) 87 (0.9) 43 (1.4) 5 (0.7) 88 (0.4) 56 15 (0.7)
Department of Defense
 dependents schools7 
(†) (†) (†) 239 (0.5) 15 (1.0) 85 (1.0) 35 (1.2) 3 (0.4) 74 (0.5) (†)
Domestic schools (†) 228 (1.4) 237 (0.7) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 51 21 (1.2)
Overseas schools (†) 226 (0.9) 237 (0.5) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 52 18 (0.6)
Other jurisdictions                                          
American Samoa (†) 152 (2.5) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
Guam 193 (0.8) 184 (1.7) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
Virgin Islands (†) 181 (1.8) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)
—Not available.
† Not applicable.
1 The basic level denotes partial mastery of prerequisite knowledge and skills that are fun­damental for proficient work at the 4th-grade level.
2 This level represents solid academic mastery for 4th-graders. Students reaching this level have demonstrated competency over challenging subject matter, including subject-matter knowledge, application of such knowledge to real-world situations, and analytical skills appropriate to the subject matter.
3 This level signifies superior performance.
4 Percentage of students who report spending 30 minutes, 45 minutes, 1 hour, and over 1 hour on mathematics homework each day.
5 Based on a nationally representative sample. Forty-three jurisdictions (states, the District of Columbia, and Department of Defense schools) participated in the 2000 State Assess­ment of 4th-graders and met student and school participation criteria for reporting results. Fifty-three jurisdictions participated in the 2003 and 2005 state assessments and met stu­dent and school participation criteria for reporting results.
6 Did not meet one or more of the guidelines for school sample participation rates in 2000. Data are subject to appreciable nonresponse bias.
7 The definition of the nationally representative sample changed in 2005; it now includes all of the Department of Defense schools.
NOTE: Excludes students unable to be tested due to limited proficiency in English or due to a disability. Data for 2000, 2003, and 2005 are for situations where student accommoda­tions for the testing were permitted. Scale ranges from 0 to 500. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Standard errors appear in parentheses.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), The Nation's Report Card: Mathematics, 2000; The Nation's Report Card: Mathematics Highlights, 2003 and 2005; and NAEP Data Explorer (http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/nde/), retrieved October 2005. (This table was prepared October 2005.)