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Digest of Education Statistics: 2006
Digest of Education Statistics: 2006

NCES 2007-017
July 2007


Table 23. Percentage of elementary and secondary school children whose parents were involved in school activities, by selected child, parent, and school characteristics: 1999 and 2003 
Child, parent, and school characteristic Percent of children in 1999 whose parents1  report that they . . . Percent of children in 2003 whose parents1  report that they . . . Percentage distribution of children, by parental reports of number of times spent helping with homework per week, 20032 
Attended a general school meeting Attended parent-teacher conference Attended a class event Volunteered at school Attended a general school meeting Attended parent-teacher conference Attended a class event Volunteered at school No help given Less than once per week 1 to 2 days a week 3 to 4 days a week 5 or more days a week
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
Total 78.3 (0.49) 72.8 (0.45) 65.4 (0.44) 36.8 (0.40) 87.7 (0.37) 77.1 (0.42) 69.9 (0.42) 41.8 (0.60) 4.9 (0.23) 24.6 (0.42) 33.9 (0.61) 25.2 (0.50) 11.4 (0.36)
Sex of child                                                    
Male 78.0 (0.62) 74.0 (0.60) 63.4 (0.62) 36.7 (0.65) 87.4 (0.49) 77.7 (0.63) 67.4 (0.75) 41.2 (0.87) 5.4 (0.36) 24.4 (0.58) 32.7 (0.74) 25.5 (0.69) 11.9 (0.49)
Female 78.6 (0.69) 71.5 (0.56) 67.4 (0.59) 37.0 (0.61) 87.9 (0.55) 76.5 (0.63) 72.6 (0.63) 42.4 (0.83) 4.4 (0.31) 24.8 (0.68) 35.1 (0.87) 24.9 (0.66) 10.8 (0.55)
                                                     
Race/ethnicity of child                                                    
White 80.5 (0.54) 73.6 (0.48) 71.6 (0.53) 42.7 (0.51) 88.7 (0.51) 76.4 (0.62) 74.1 (0.65) 48.4 (0.82) 4.8 (0.34) 29.2 (0.63) 34.0 (0.75) 23.1 (0.60) 8.9 (0.39)
Black 74.5 (1.12) 71.1 (1.23) 53.8 (1.29) 26.2 (1.21) 88.7 (0.85) 78.7 (1.35) 63.3 (1.54) 32.0 (1.65) 4.2 (0.59) 16.2 (1.15) 33.4 (1.48) 29.4 (1.51) 16.7 (1.14)
Hispanic 73.1 (1.18) 71.0 (1.05) 51.5 (1.02) 24.5 (0.90) 82.6 (1.05) 78.1 (1.10) 60.9 (1.36) 27.7 (1.23) 5.8 (0.57) 16.0 (0.89) 35.8 (1.30) 27.5 (1.13) 14.9 (0.91)
Other 76.7 (2.00) 73.2 (1.94) 62.4 (2.01) 30.7 (1.94) 87.5 (1.63) 77.6 (2.25) 68.5 (2.32) 37.2 (2.16) 5.6 (1.06) 22.2 (1.99) 28.4 (1.99) 30.5 (2.67) 13.3 (1.56)
                                                     
Highest education level of parents                                                    
Less than high school 57.4 (1.77) 60.0 (1.78) 37.8 (1.68) 12.9 (1.05) 69.8 (2.04) 67.8 (2.50) 42.4 (2.42) 15.6 (2.04) 9.4 (1.30) 16.9 (1.85) 40.6 (2.86) 21.0 (1.90) 12.1 (1.66)
High school/GED 72.7 (1.00) 69.7 (0.87) 58.7 (0.93) 26.0 (0.88) 83.8 (0.91) 75.4 (0.93) 62.1 (1.28) 30.3 (1.27) 5.8 (0.55) 21.8 (0.87) 33.8 (0.96) 26.7 (1.00) 11.9 (0.75)
Vocational/technical or some college 78.0 (1.04) 72.8 (0.97) 66.0 (1.05) 35.7 (1.07) 88.5 (0.67) 78.0 (1.02) 69.1 (0.93) 38.8 (1.26) 4.1 (0.41) 24.3 (0.82) 34.1 (1.12) 26.1 (0.87) 11.5 (0.62)
Associate's degree 81.7 (1.14) 75.8 (1.39) 68.7 (1.57) 41.5 (1.53) 88.6 (1.27) 76.6 (1.68) 73.0 (1.76) 39.7 (1.67) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†) [3] (†)
Bachelor's degree 87.0 (0.73) 79.6 (0.84) 75.8 (0.93) 49.6 (1.10) 92.0 (0.75) 79.8 (0.89) 80.1 (0.95) 53.9 (1.29) 4.4 (0.54) 27.9 (1.15) 32.8 (1.20) 24.4 (1.03) 10.5 (0.75)
Graduate/professional degree 89.4 (0.70) 76.2 (1.09) 79.2 (0.98) 55.1 (1.21) 94.6 (0.74) 79.4 (0.99) 80.8 (1.09) 61.8 (1.57) 3.9 (0.50) 28.6 (1.11) 32.1 (1.15) 24.1 (1.08) 11.3 (0.91)
                                                     
Family income                                                    
Less than $5,000 67.0 (2.83) 66.7 (3.14) 47.4 (2.87) 17.6 (2.09) 77.7 (2.84) 72.4 (4.15) 55.6 (3.91) 27.3 (4.09) 3.7 (1.23) 17.0 (3.35) 38.1 (4.10) 25.9 (3.27) 15.2 (2.72)
$5,001 to 10,000 66.8 (2.13) 67.6 (2.25) 50.7 (2.23) 23.3 (1.91) 79.3 (3.26) 75.7 (3.28) 59.9 (3.60) 30.4 (3.35) 5.3 (1.56) 19.2 (2.98) 32.9 (3.14) 29.9 (2.54) 12.8 (1.82)
$10,001 to 15,000 67.1 (1.64) 70.0 (1.62) 49.9 (2.15) 20.4 (1.40) 80.0 (2.41) 75.6 (2.35) 53.4 (2.99) 22.5 (2.44) 5.5 (1.03) 16.5 (2.21) 35.9 (2.63) 27.1 (2.30) 15.1 (1.99)
$15,001 to 20,000 71.1 (1.76) 70.4 (1.52) 55.1 (1.89) 25.3 (1.70) 81.1 (2.60) 74.2 (2.23) 57.5 (2.28) 25.6 (2.84) 5.5 (1.10) 19.2 (1.74) 37.4 (2.63) 22.6 (2.00) 15.4 (2.04)
$20,001 to 25,000 70.6 (1.90) 67.0 (1.62) 53.4 (1.76) 26.2 (1.63) 83.5 (1.64) 79.1 (1.89) 62.4 (1.99) 27.0 (2.39) 7.7 (1.31) 17.0 (1.80) 32.1 (2.26) 30.4 (2.26) 12.8 (1.26)
$25,001 to 30,000 74.3 (1.35) 71.6 (1.31) 59.1 (1.71) 30.9 (1.69) 85.7 (1.46) 75.9 (2.41) 64.2 (2.23) 33.8 (2.86) 4.1 (0.91) 19.1 (1.78) 38.2 (2.95) 25.9 (2.36) 12.8 (1.45)
$30,001 to 35,000 79.0 (1.60) 73.8 (1.72) 67.6 (1.69) 37.9 (1.84) 84.5 (1.59) 76.3 (1.94) 64.7 (2.32) 33.5 (2.51) 6.4 (1.20) 19.9 (1.85) 34.9 (2.14) 27.5 (2.12) 11.2 (1.46)
$35,001 to 40,000 79.4 (1.38) 73.7 (1.38) 68.4 (1.64) 36.1 (1.84) 83.4 (2.50) 74.7 (2.10) 70.9 (2.41) 37.3 (3.50) 3.6 (0.89) 22.8 (2.21) 32.5 (2.32) 27.6 (2.32) 13.4 (1.67)
$40,001 to 50,000 81.6 (1.07) 75.1 (1.13) 72.8 (1.25) 40.1 (1.26) 87.5 (1.18) 79.3 (1.42) 68.5 (2.11) 40.0 (1.89) 4.3 (0.79) 24.7 (1.62) 31.5 (1.75) 28.1 (1.85) 11.4 (1.15)
$50,001 to 75,000 84.6 (0.78) 74.8 (0.91) 72.6 (0.90) 43.8 (1.05) 89.9 (0.79) 76.9 (0.96) 74.5 (1.04) 46.0 (1.27) 5.0 (0.49) 27.2 (1.07) 34.3 (1.11) 23.5 (1.04) 10.0 (0.64)
Over $75,000 88.5 (0.68) 77.3 (0.74) 79.3 (0.80) 54.9 (1.02) 93.9 (0.57) 78.6 (0.89) 79.3 (0.73) 56.8 (1.01) 4.4 (0.41) 30.8 (0.96) 32.4 (0.96) 23.0 (0.80) 9.5 (0.57)
                                                     
Child attending public schools 76.8 (0.54) 71.4 (0.50) 63.5 (0.48) 33.8 (0.41) 86.7 (0.40) 75.9 (0.45) 68.0 (0.47) 38.5 (0.64) 4.9 (0.24) 24.7 (0.46) 34.2 (0.64) 25.1 (0.51) 11.1 (0.37)
Elementary (kindergarten to grade 8) 81.7 (0.57) 80.9 (0.45) 66.9 (0.55) 38.1 (0.48) 90.9 (0.40) 85.1 (0.42) 71.7 (0.57) 42.8 (0.74) 1.6 (0.17) 16.5 (0.55) 34.7 (0.75) 32.4 (0.67) 14.8 (0.51)
Secondary (grades 9 to 12) 65.8 (0.99) 50.1 (1.10) 55.9 (0.97) 24.0 (0.77) 76.9 (1.06) 54.8 (1.02) 59.4 (1.06) 28.5 (0.98) 12.7 (0.64) 44.2 (0.92) 32.9 (0.97) 7.9 (0.51) 2.4 (0.34)
                                                     
Child attending private schools 91.4 (0.80) 85.0 (0.95) 81.7 (1.09) 63.8 (1.35) 95.7 (0.61) 86.6 (1.03) 85.6 (1.23) 68.7 (1.57) 4.6 (0.89) 23.7 (1.58) 31.4 (1.54) 26.4 (1.78) 13.9 (1.05)
Elementary (kindergarten to grade 8) 93.0 (0.73) 90.2 (0.81) 84.2 (1.11) 68.8 (1.37) 96.6 (0.69) 91.6 (0.92) 88.4 (1.22) 73.4 (1.90) 1.5 (0.47) 17.5 (1.64) 29.9 (1.68) 33.0 (2.23) 18.1 (1.45)
Secondary (grades 9 to 12) 85.9 (2.09) 66.9 (2.74) 73.0 (2.62) 46.3 (3.23) 93.0 (1.56) 72.2 (2.54) 77.6 (2.93) 55.2 (2.78) 13.4 (2.66) 41.0 (3.23) 35.7 (3.41) 7.8 (1.68) 2.1 (0.78)
† Not applicable.
1 The respondent was the parent most knowledgeable about the child's education. Responding parents reported on their own and their spouse's, or other household adults', activities.
2 Excludes children who do not have homework and children who never do homework.
3 Included under vocational/technical or some college.
NOTE: Includes children enrolled in kindergarten through grade 12. Excludes homeschooled children. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic origin. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Standard errors appear in parentheses.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Parent and Family Involvement in Education: 200203; and Parent Survey (Parent:1999) and Parent and Family Involvement in Education Survey (PFI:2003) of the National Household Education Surveys Program, unpublished tabulations. (This table was prepared January 2006.)