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Digest of Education Statistics: 2004
Digest of Education Statistics: 2004

NCES 2006-005
October 2005


Table 413. Percent of graduate degrees awarded in science, by field and country: Selected years, 1985 to 2002

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                    |                             |                             |   Mathematics and computer  |
Country             |    All science degrees\1\   |     Natural sciences\2\     |           science\3\        |             Engineering
                    |_____________________________|_____________________________|_____________________________|_____________________________
                    |1985|1990|1996|1999|2000|2002|1985|1990|1996|1999|2000|2002|1985|1990|1996|1999|2000|2002|1985|1990|1996|1999|2000|2002
____________________|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____
1                   |  2 |  3 |  4 |  5 |   6|   7|   8|   9|  10|  11|  12|  13|  14|  15|  16|  17|  18|  19|  20|  21|  22|  23|  24|  25
____________________|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____
Australia ..........|--- |--- |14.0|17.9|15.2|16.2|--- |--- | 5.4| 6.3| 4.0| 3.3|--- |--- | 3.8| 3.8| 4.9| 7.9|--- |--- | 4.7| 7.7| 6.3| 5.1
Austria ............|43.3|37.7|38.8|38.4|39.2|39.8|14.2|12.3|17.5|15.0|16.7|18.7| 7.3| 4.6| 4.7| 3.6| 4.7| 4.8|21.7|20.8|16.6|19.8|17.7|16.3
Belgium\4\ .........|--- |--- |--- |17.6|--- |20.6|--- |--- |--- | 7.0|--- | 9.5|--- |--- |--- | 2.4|--- | 5.4|--- |--- |--- | 8.3|--- | 5.6
Canada .............|19.7|20.0|22.3|23.0|22.4|--- | 7.5| 7.8| 7.7| 7.9| 7.4|--- | 2.8| 3.4| 3.5| 3.6| 4.1|--- | 9.4| 8.8|11.2|11.5|10.9|---
Czech Republic .....|--- |--- |--- |21.3|21.0|12.9|--- |--- |--- | 5.6| 5.3| 3.8|--- |--- |--- | 6.3| 7.9| 4.1|--- |--- |--- | 9.3| 7.7| 5.1
                    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |
Denmark ............|16.0|22.2|12.3|--- |30.2|27.8| 4.1| 5.8| 3.1|--- | 9.8|11.3| 2.7| 4.8| 1.5|--- | 2.5| 3.4| 9.2|11.6| 7.8|--- |15.4|13.1
Finland ............|47.6|30.6|28.3|31.1|28.7|28.1|24.0|14.7|11.6| 8.5|11.3|10.1| 6.3| 5.4| 4.0| 3.9| 2.4| 3.1|17.2|10.5|12.7|18.7|14.9|14.8
France .............|--- |--- |--- |21.0|26.4|35.5|--- |--- |--- | 6.4|13.5|18.1|--- |--- |--- | 1.6| 5.6| 8.5|--- |--- |--- |13.0| 7.3| 8.9
Germany\5\ .........|27.7|33.2|38.6|38.9|38.1|36.3|18.7|23.5|25.5|25.2|24.9|22.6| 1.8| 2.3| 3.5| 4.0| 3.7| 3.7| 7.2| 7.4| 9.5| 9.8| 9.5| 9.9
Hungary ............|--- |--- |--- |13.5| 9.9|12.4|--- |--- |--- | 4.8| 1.7| 2.6|--- |--- |--- | 1.2| 0.7| 2.5|--- |--- |--- | 7.6| 7.5| 7.3
                    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |
Iceland ............|--- |--- |--- |30.7|35.9|21.6|--- |--- |--- |20.0|19.4|11.7|--- |--- |--- |--- |--- | 1.8|--- |--- |--- |10.7|16.5| 8.1
Ireland ............|31.4|34.5|23.1|24.8|28.1|20.3|18.9|19.5|10.9| 4.0| 6.9| 4.9| 2.6| 5.8| 3.0|16.0|15.2|10.3| 9.9| 9.3| 9.2| 4.8| 6.0| 5.1
Italy ..............|--- |--- |--- |13.1|11.7|10.2|--- |--- |--- | 1.0| 0.3| 2.0|--- |--- |--- | 6.5| 5.8| 3.3|--- |--- |--- | 5.6| 5.7| 4.9
Japan ..............|50.1|54.6|--- |42.4|51.7|39.9| 9.5| 9.5|10.2|--- |--- |--- |--- |--- |--- |--- | 0.0|--- |40.5|45.1|44.4|42.4|41.9|39.9
Korea, Republic of .|--- |--- |--- |48.3|48.4|47.5|--- |--- |--- | 8.8| 8.5| 8.7|--- |--- |--- | 4.1| 5.7| 4.6|--- |--- |--- |35.4|34.3|34.2
                    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |
Mexico .............|--- |--- |--- |22.7|31.4|31.9|--- |--- |--- |14.3|18.9|21.6|--- |--- |--- | 2.0| 4.1| 2.1|--- |--- |--- | 6.4| 8.4| 8.2
Netherlands ........|--- |28.9|18.6|17.6|--- |12.2|20.6|17.7| 4.4|--- |--- | 5.9|--- | 1.5| 3.7| 8.7|--- |--- | 7.5| 9.7|10.6| 8.8| 1.2| 6.3
New Zealand ........|45.1|22.6|16.7|24.4|20.5|17.8|24.6|13.8|12.7|13.4|11.6| 7.8| 5.4| 4.7| 1.1| 1.5| 1.4| 5.8|15.1| 4.0| 3.0| 9.4| 7.5| 4.2
Norway .............|40.1|33.4|38.3|21.0|22.0|16.3|17.9| 8.0| 8.7|15.0|14.9|10.8| 3.5| 2.1| 1.9| 4.3| 4.6| 4.2|18.7|23.3|27.7|--- | 2.5| 1.3
Poland .............|--- |--- |--- | 3.1| 3.3| 3.4|--- |--- |--- | 0.6| 0.7| 0.6|--- |--- |--- | 0.9| 0.7| 0.5|--- |--- |--- | 1.7| 1.9| 2.3
                    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |
Portugal ...........|--- |--- |--- |--- |39.3|--- |--- |--- |--- |--- |11.7|--- |--- |--- |--- |--- | 9.4|--- |--- |--- |--- |--- |18.2|---
Spain ..............|35.6|26.9|36.0|40.1|36.1|36.8|28.6|19.7|24.8|24.8|23.9|24.4| 1.8| 1.4| 4.1| 4.2| 5.4| 5.5| 5.1| 5.7| 7.1|11.1| 6.8| 6.9
Sweden .............|48.0|48.5|32.3|41.5|40.5|36.2|21.2|19.4| 9.2|14.4|14.3|13.4| 6.8| 9.2| 5.9| 4.1| 4.0| 3.4|20.0|19.9|17.1|23.0|22.2|19.4
Switzerland ........|30.7|30.2|40.1|41.5|42.7|34.4|20.3|22.0|25.8|11.4|11.7|10.7| 2.8| 1.7| 4.1|17.0|19.5|11.9| 7.6| 6.5|10.1|13.1|11.6|11.9
Turkey .............|35.8|24.0|--- |29.8|25.7|25.0| 6.6| 7.6|--- | 8.0| 7.6| 7.6| 2.8| 3.3|--- | 3.0| 3.0| 3.2|26.3|13.2|--- |18.7|15.2|14.2
                    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |
United Kingdom .....|--- |--- |--- |21.8|21.7|22.3|--- |--- |--- | 6.0| 7.4| 7.3|--- |--- |--- | 4.7| 5.0| 6.3|--- |--- |--- |11.0| 9.2| 8.6
United States ......|13.5|14.5|13.8|13.7|13.0|12.8| 4.5| 4.2| 4.0| 3.8| 3.4| 3.2| 2.8| 3.4| 3.2| 3.1| 3.4| 3.5| 6.3| 6.9| 6.7| 6.8| 6.2| 6.1
____________________|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____|____

---Not available.
\1\Includes life sciences, physical sciences, mathematics/statistics, computer science, and engineering.
\2\Includes life sciences and physical sciences.
\3\Includes mathematics/statistics and computer science.
\4\Data for Flemish Belgium only.
\5\Data for 1985 are for the former West Germany.

NOTE: Data in this table refer to degrees classified by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) as International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED), level 5A, second award and ISCED 6. ISCED 5A, second award, corresponds to master's and first-professional degrees in the United States, and ISCED 6 corresponds to the doctor's degrees.

SOURCE: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Education Database. Retrieved May 18, 2005, from http://stats.oecd.org/WBOS/Default.aspx; and previously unpublished tabulations. (This table was prepared May 2005.)