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Table 410. Average science scores at the end of secondary school, by sex, average time spent studying science out of school, and country: 1995

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                       |    Average score in science |             Amount of daily out-of-school study time in science
                       |_____________________________|______________________________________________________________________
Country                |         |         |         |  Less than 1 hour |  One to two hours | Three or more hours|
                       |    Total|    Males|  Females|___________________|___________________|____________________|  Average
                       |         |         |         | Percent|Mean score| Percent|Mean score|  Percent|Mean score| hours\1\
_______________________|_________|_________|_________|________|__________|________|__________|_________|__________|_________
1                      |        2|        3|        4|       5|         6|       7|         8|        9|        10|       11
_______________________|_________|_________|_________|________|__________|________|__________|_________|__________|_________
Australia\2\ ..........|527 (9.8)|547(11.5)|513(9.4) | 58(1.8)|540 (9.5) | 35(1.7)| 575(6.9) |  7(1.0) | 588(33.0)|1.0(0.04)
Austria\2\ ............|520(5.6) |554(8.7) |501(5.8) | 87(1.4)|529 (6.0) | 11(1.4)| 526(13.8)|  1(0.3) |---   (†) |0.4(0.03)
Canada\2\ .............|532(2.6) |550(3.6) |518(3.8) | 57(2.1)|554 (4.2) | 35(1.8)| 567(6.8) |  8(0.9) | 537(18.0)|1.1(0.05)
Cyprus\2\ .............|448(3.0) |459(5.8) |439(3.0) | 80(1.1)|436 (3.7) | 16(0.9)| 483(10.7)|  4(0.6) | 552(11.8)|0.5(0.03)
Czech Republic ........|487(8.8) |512(8.8) |460(11.0)| 84(2.6)|520(11.6) | 14(2.3)| 571(11.5)|  3(0.5) | 583(13.6)|0.5(0.05)
                       |         |         |         |        |          |        |          |         |          |
Denmark\2\ ............|509(3.6) |532(5.4) |490(4.1) | 73(1.8)|555 (4.7) | 25(1.6)| 570(6.1) |  3(0.6) | 565(15.0)|0.7(0.03)
France\2\ .............|487(5.1) |508(6.7) |468(4.8) | 59(2.0)|497 (5.7) | 35(1.8)| 525(7.0) |  6(0.8) | 515(9.1) |1.0(0.04)
Germany\2\ ............|497(5.1) |514(7.9) |478(8.5) |--- (†) |---   (†) |--- (†) |---   (†) |---  (†) |---   (†) |---  (†)
Hungary ...............|471(3.0) |484(4.2) |455(4.3) | 67(1.2)|475 (3.9) | 27(0.9)| 486(4.9) |  6(0.6) | 497(11.5)|0.9(0.03)
Iceland\2\ ............|549(1.5) |572(2.7) |530(2.1) | 87(1.0)|566 (2.5) | 12(1.0)| 575(4.6) |  1(0.3) |---   (†) |0.4(0.01)
                       |         |         |         |        |          |        |          |         |          |
Italy\2\ ..............|475(5.3) |495(6.7) |458(5.6) | 70(2.8)|487 (6.3) | 25(2.5)| 482(9.7) |  5(1.2) | 462(13.9)|0.8(0.06)
Lithuania\2\ ..........|461(5.7) |481(6.4) |450(7.3) | 69(1.5)|465 (5.5) | 26(1.3)| 469(6.5) |  5(0.6) | 470(11.4)|0.8(0.03)
Netherlands\2\ ........|558(5.3) |582(5.7) |532(6.2) | 78(2.8)|593 (6.4) | 20(2.9)| 605(16.9)|  1(0.4) |---   (†) |0.7(0.03)
New Zealand ...........|529(5.2) |543(7.1) |515(5.2) | 80(1.1)|551 (6.3) | 18(1.1)| 581(6.6) |  3(0.5) | 553(15.3)|0.6(0.02)
Norway\2\ .............|544(4.1) |574(5.1) |513(4.5) | 74(2.4)|592 (7.1) | 23(2.2)| 598(10.8)|  3(0.7) | 583(23.8)|0.7(0.05)
                       |         |         |         |        |          |        |          |         |          |
Russian Federation\2\ .|481(5.7) |510(5.7) |463(6.7) | 61(1.6)|478 (6.0) | 30(1.3)| 488(7.0) | 10(0.8) | 501(8.0) |1.1(0.04)
Slovenia\2\ ...........|517(8.2) |541(12.7)|494(6.4) | 85(2.0)|528 (8.1) | 13(1.9)| 548(8.9) |  2(0.6) |---   (†) |0.5(0.04)
South Africa\2\ .......|349(10.5)|367(11.5)|333(13.0)| 47(1.6)|373(15.5) | 35(1.3)| 367(12.2)| 18(1.4) | 326(7.3) |1.5(0.05)
Sweden ................|559(4.4) |585(5.9) |534(3.5) | 81(1.9)|599 (7.4) | 17(1.8)| 632(10.1)|  2(0.5) |---   (†) |0.6(0.03)
Switzerland ...........|523(5.3) |540(6.1) |500(7.8) | 76(2.3)|564 (6.6) | 21(2.3)| 564(10.9)|  3(0.9) | 508(29.0)|0.7(0.04)
United States\2\ ......|480(3.3) |492(4.5) |469(3.9) | 76(2.1)|505 (4.3) | 21(2.1)| 517(5.7) |  2(0.4) |---   (†) |0.7(0.04)
_______________________|_________|_________|_________|________|__________|________|__________|_________|__________|_________

---Not available.
†Not applicable.
\1\Average hours based on: No time = 0; Less than 1 hour = .5; 1-2 hours = 1.5; 3-5 hours = 4; More than 5 hours = 7.
\2\Country did not meet all International Association for the Evaluation of Education Achievement's sampling specifications.

NOTE: End of secondary school is equivalent to 12th grade in the United States and a few other countries, but ranges from 9th to 14th grade among the survey countries. Possible scores range from 1 to 1,000. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Standard errors appear in parentheses.

SOURCE: International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Mathematics and Science Achievement in the Final Year of Secondary School: IEA's Third International Mathematics and Science Study, 1998, by Ina V.S. Mullis et. al. (This table was prepared October 1998.)