```_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ | Percent of students reported doing the same activity about half the lessons or more | Students' average yearly instructional time in hours |Science instructional time as a percent of total instructional time \1\ |______________________________________________________________________________________________|______________________________________________________________|________________________________________________________________________ | Watch the| Design or| Conduct an| Work in small| Write explana-| Relate what is| General| Earth| Chemistry| Biology| Physics| General| Earth| Chemistry| Biology | Physics Country | teacher| plan an| experiment| groups on an| tions about| being learned| integrated| science| | | | integrated| science| | | | demonstrate| experiment| or investiga-| experiment| what was ob-| in science| science| | | | | science| | | | |an experiment| or investi-| tion| or investiga-| served and why| to our daily| | | | | | | | | | | or investi-| gation| | tion| it happened| lives| | | | | | | | | | | gation| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | __________________________|_____________|______________|______________|_______________|_________________|________________|____________|___________|_____________|___________|___________|_____________|______________|_____________|______________|______________ 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6| 7| 8| 9| 10| 11| 12| 13| 14| 15| 16 | 17 __________________________|_____________|______________|______________|_______________|_________________|________________|____________|___________|_____________|___________|___________|_____________|______________|_____________|______________|______________ | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | International average .| 64 (0.2)| 49 (0.2)| 57 (0.3)| 59 (0.3)| 66 (0.2)| 57 (0.2)| 117 (0.7)| 55(0.6)| 61(0.8)| 61(0.8)| 68(0.6)| 12 (0.1)| 6 (0.1)| 7 (0.1)| 6 (0.1)| 7 (0.1) |_____________|______________|______________|_______________|_________________|________________|____________|___________|_____________|___________|___________|_____________|______________|_____________|______________|______________ | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Australia ................| 54 (1.6)| 49 (1.7)| 60 (2.2)| 68 (2.1)| 75 (1.5)| 42 (1.1)|\2\132 (3.6)| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | 13 (0.4)| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) Bahrain ..................| 83 (0.8)| 63 (0.8)| 64 (0.8)| 66 (1.1)| 68 (0.9)| 64 (0.9)| 119 (1.1)| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | 14 (0.1)| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) Belgium (Flemish) ........| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) |\2\ 52(3.2)| --- (†) |\2\ 55(3.3)|\2\ 58(2.7)| --- (†) | 5 (0.3)| --- (†) | 6 (0.3)| 6 (0.3) Botswana .................| 61 (0.9)| 45 (0.8)| 48 (1.0)| 50 (1.1)| 61 (0.9)| 71 (0.8)| ‡ (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | ‡ (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) Bulgaria .................| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) |\3\ 53(2.2)|\3\ 63(2.9)|\2\ 65(3.2)|\3\ 64(3.3)| --- (†) |\3\ 6 (0.2)|\3\ 8 (0.4)| 8 (0.4)|\3\ 8 (0.4) | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Chile ....................| 57 (1.3)| 56 (1.4)| 54 (1.5)| 61 (1.4)| 69 (1.0)| 62 (0.7)|\3\118 (2.2)| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) |\3\ 11 (0.3)| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) Chinese Taipei ...........|\4\ 48 (1.1)|\4\ 24 (0.9)|\4\ 36 (1.3)|\4\ 37 (1.5)|\4\ 37 (1.1)|\4\ 40 (1.0)| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) |\6\134(2.0)| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) |\6\ 12 (0.2) Cyprus ...................| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) |\2\ 53(0.7)|\2\ 34(1.6)| --- (†) |\2\ 52(0.8)| --- (†) | 6 (0.1)| 4 (0.2)| --- (†) | 6 (0.1) England ..................| ‡ (†) | ‡ (†) | ‡ (†) | ‡ (†) | ‡ (†) | ‡ (†) | ‡ (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | ‡ (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) Egypt ....................| 80 (0.7)| 61 (1.0)| 62 (1.0)| 60 (0.8)| 71 (0.7)| 73 (0.7)| ‡ (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | ‡ (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Estonia ..................| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | ‡ (†) | 55(2.9)| 65(3.9)| 80(4.8)| 59(1.8)| ‡ (†) | 5 (0.3)| 6 (0.4)| 8 (0.5)| 6 (0.2) Ghana ....................| 73 (1.2)| 54 (1.3)| 55 (1.3)| 54 (1.5)| 64 (1.5)| 75 (1.0)| ‡ (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | ‡ (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) Hong Kong, SAR\5\.........| 66 (1.2)| 35 (1.0)| 71 (1.5)| 75 (1.2)| 67 (1.2)| 61 (0.8)|\2\103 (4.0)| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | 11 (0.4)| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) Hungary ..................| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) |\2\ 58(2.5)|\2\ 59(2.1)|\2\ 61(2.8)|\2\ 57(2.5)| --- (†) | 6 (0.2)| 5 (0.2)| 6 (0.2)| 5 (0.2) Indonesia ................| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) |\2\ 93(3.6)|\2\ 93(3.3)| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | 7 (0.3)| 7 (0.3) | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Iran, Islamic Republic ...| 87 (1.0)| 66 (1.4)| 77 (1.2)| 73 (1.5)| 78 (1.0)| 70 (1.0)|\2\106 (3.7)| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | 11 (0.4)| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) Israel ...................| 73 (1.6)| 56 (1.4)| 63 (1.6)| 52 (1.8)| 76 (1.3)| 56 (1.0)| ‡ (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | ‡ (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) Italy ....................| 26 (1.3)| 16 (0.9)| 13 (0.8)| 12 (0.8)| 32 (1.4)| 35 (1.1)|\2\ 69 (1.1)| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | 7 (0.1)| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) Japan ....................| 66 (1.5)| 51 (1.7)| 75 (1.7)| 79 (1.6)| 69 (1.5)| 27 (1.1)|\3\ 99 (1.5)| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) |\3\ 9 (0.1)| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) Jordan ...................| 67 (1.5)| 56 (1.4)| 55 (1.7)| 53 (1.6)| 66 (1.3)| 70 (1.1)| 135 (0.8)| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | 15 (0.2)| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | | | | | | | | | | | | | --- | | | Korea, Rep. of ...........| 31 (1.0)| 14 (0.8)| 20 (1.1)| 39 (1.3)| 44 (1.3)| 36 (0.9)|\2\103 (2.7)| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | 9 (0.2)| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) Latvia ...................| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | ‡ (†) |\2\ 64(4.2)|\2\ 56(4.1)| --- (†) | --- (†) | ‡ (†) | 7 (0.4)| 6 (0.4) Lebanon ..................| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | ‡ (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | ‡ (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) Lithuania ................| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) |\3\ 59(0.4)|\3\ 65(1.2)|\3\ 46(3.5)|\3\ 60(0.8)| --- (†) |\3\ 6 (0.1)|\3\ 6 (0.2)|\3\ 4 (0.4)|\3\ 6 (0.1) Macedonia ................| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) |\3\ 53(1.4)|\3\ 64(2.5)|\3\ 59(2.0)|\3\ 79(1.5)| --- (†) |\3\ 6 (0.2)|\3\ 7 (0.3)|\3\ 7 (0.3)|\3\ 9 (0.2) | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Malaysia .................| 83 (1.1)| 46 (1.3)| 71 (1.7)| 77 (1.3)| 73 (1.0)| 72 (1.0)| 119 (1.8)| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | 12 (0.2)| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) Moldova ................. | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | ‡ (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | ‡ (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) Morocco ................. | 82 (1.2)| 62 (1.3)|\3\ 61 (1.2)| 50 (1.3)| 74 (1.0)|\3\ 65 (1.2)| --- (†) |\7\--- (†) |\8\ --- (†) |\7\ ‡ (†) |\8\ ‡ (†) | --- (†) |\7\--- (†) |\8\--- (†) |\7\ ‡ (†) |\8\ ‡ (†) Netherlands ..............| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) |\2\ 54(1.7)|\8\ --- (†) |\2\ 58(1.8)|\2, 68(2.4)| --- (†) | 5 (0.1)|\8\--- (†) | 5 (0.2)|\8\ 6 (0.2) New Zealand ..............| 60 (2.0)| 50 (2.1)| 56 (2.5)| 66 (2.3)| 73 (1.8)| 45 (1.3)| 132 (2.4)| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | 14 (0.3)| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Norway ...................| 40 (1.5)| 34 (1.6)| 49 (2.2)| 49 (2.2)| 56 (1.9)| 31 (0.9)| 92 (2.5)| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | 11 (0.3)| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) Palestinian National | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Authority .............| 70 (1.2)| 56 (1.2)| 57 (1.0)| 54 (1.5)| 66 (1.2)| 69 (0.9)|\2\101 (1.8)| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | 11 (0.2)| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) Phillipines\9\ ...........| 74 (0.9)| 58 (1.2)| 57 (1.0)| 62 (1.1)| 72 (1.0)| 76 (0.8)| 202 (4.2)| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | 18 (0.5)| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) Romania ..................| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) |\3\ 60(1.1)|\3\ 67(2.4)|\3\ 38(2.6)|\3\ 67(2.4)| --- (†) |\3\ 6 (0.2)|\3\ 7 (0.2)|\3\ 4 (0.3)|\3\ 7 (0.3) Russian Federation .......| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) |\3\ 49(0.7)|\3\ 59(1.2)|\3\ 49(0.8)|\3\ 49(0.9)| --- (†) |\3\ 6 (0.1)|\3\ 7 (0.2)|\3\ 6 (0.1)|\3\ 6 (0.1) | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Saudi Arabia .............| 68 (1.3)| 50 (1.3)| 51 (1.4)| 43 (1.4)| 60 (1.3)| 67 (1.0)|\2\106 (1.6)| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | 11 (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) Scotland .................| 69 (1.4)| 54 (1.3)| 74 (1.4)| 81 (1.2)| 83 (1.1)| 47 (1.0)| ‡ (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | ‡ (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) Serbia ...................| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) |\2\ 53(2.2)|\2\ 61(3.7)|\2\ 53(1.0)|\2\ 56(2.5)| --- (†) | 7 (0.3)| 8 (0.5)| 7 (0.1)| 7 (0.3) Singapore ................| 49 (0.9)| 31 (0.6)| 55 (1.0)| 57 (0.8)| 68 (0.8)| 58 (0.7)| 107 (1.9)| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | 12 (0.2)| --- (†) | --- (†) | (†) | --- (†) Slovak Republic ..........| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) |\3\ 66(3.9)|\3\ 76(3.8)|\3\ 72(5.2)|\3\ 70(4.5)| --- (†) |\3\ 7 (0.4)|\3\ 8 (0.4)|\3\ 8 (0.5)|\3\ 7 (0.4) | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Slovenia .................| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | 59(1.1)| 56(0.7)|\3\ 57(0.5)| --- (†) | --- (†) | 6 (0.1)| 5 (0.1)|\3\ 5 (0.1) South Africa .............| 72 (1.1)| 64 (1.2)| 63 (1.1)| 70 (1.1)| 73 (0.7)| 77 (0.7)| ‡ (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | ‡ (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) Sweden ...................| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) |\3\131 (7.6)| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | 14 (0.8)| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) Tunisia ..................| 79 (0.7)| 65 (1.0)| 69 (1.0)| 55 (1.2)| 73 (0.8)| 54 (0.9)| ‡ (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | ‡ (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) United States ............| 57 (1.3)| 48 (1.2)| 55 (1.4)| 65 (1.5)| 65 (1.4)| 51 (0.9)|\2\135 (2.2)| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) |\2\ 13 (0.2)| --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) | --- (†) __________________________|_____________|______________|______________|_______________|_________________|________________|____________|___________|_____________|___________|___________|_____________|______________|_____________|______________|_____________```