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Digest of Education Statistics
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Table 407. Average 4th-grade science scores in content areas and average time spent teaching science in school, by country: 2003

_______________________________________________________________________________________________
                        |             Science content areas     |       Average|Science instruc-
Country                 |_______________________________________|yearly science|  tional time as
                        |             |            |            | instructional|    a percent of
                        |         Life|    Physical|       Earth| time in hours|  total instruc-
                        |      science|     science|     science|              |  tional time\1\
________________________|_____________|____________|____________|______________|_______________
1                       |            2|           3|           4|             5|              6
________________________|_____________|____________|____________|______________|_______________
Armenia ................|     435(4.4)|    429(4.3)|    450(3.6)|    ‡     (†) |    ‡      (†)
Australia ..............| \2\ 523(3.8)|\2\ 518(3.9)|\2\ 518(4.1)|\3\ 45   (2.6)|     5    (0.3)
Austria ................|     --- (†) |    --- (†) |    --- (†) |   ---    (†) |   ---     (†)
Belgium (Flemish) ......|     524(1.7)|    507(2.3)|    522(1.7)|    ‡     (†) |    ‡      (†)
Canada .................|     --- (†) |    --- (†) |    --- (†) |   ---    (†) |   ---     (†)
                        |             |            |            |              |
Chinese Taipei .........|     540(1.6)|    554(2.0)|    559(2.6)|   84    (1.0)|    11    (0.2)
Cyprus .................|     482(2.1)|    479(2.3)|    487(2.5)|\3\ 46   (1.4)|     5    (0.2)
Czech Republic .........|     --- (†) |    --- (†) |    --- (†) |   ---    (†) |   ---     (†)
England ................| \2\ 532(3.1)|\2\ 546(3.2)|\2\ 535(3.5)|    ‡     (†) |    ‡      (†)
Greece .................|     --- (†) |    --- (†) |    --- (†) |   ---    (†) |   ---     (†)
                        |             |            |            |              |
Hong Kong, SAR\4\ ......| \2\ 535(2.6)|\2\ 548(2.7)|\2\ 536(2.7)|\3\ 77   (5.4)|     8    (0.5)
Hungary ................|     536(2.5)|    526(2.7)|    526(3.7)|\3\54    (1.0)|     6    (0.1)
Iceland ................|     --- (†) |    --- (†) |    --- (†) |   ---    (†) |   ---     (†)
Iran, Islamic Republic .|     424(4.6)|    419(4.5)|    428(3.0)|    ‡     (†) |    ‡      (†)
Ireland ................|     --- (†) |    --- (†) |    --- (†) |   ---    (†) |   ---     (†)
                        |             |            |            |              |
Israel .................|     --- (†) |    --- (†) |    --- (†) |   ---    (†) |   ---     (†)
Italy ..................|     521(3.5)|    512(3.5)|    519(3.7)|\5\73    (2.3)|\5\  8    (0.3)
Japan ..................|     530(1.3)|    557(1.7)|    535(1.9)|    81   (1.2)|     8    (0.2)
Korea, Republic of\6\ ..|     --- (†) |    --- (†) |    --- (†) |   ---    (†) |   ---     (†)
Kuwait .................|     --- (†) |    --- (†) |    --- (†) |   ---    (†) |   ---     (†)
                        |             |            |            |              |
Latvia .................|     531(2.3)|    532(2.6)|    534(2.9)|    ‡     (†) |    ‡      (†)
Lithuania ..............|\2,7\516(2.0)|\2,7512(2.5)|\2,7503(3.2)|    53   (1.6)|     6    (0.2)
Netherlands ............| \2\ 547(1.8)|\2\ 505(1.9)|\2\ 503(2.3)|\3\ 33   (1.8)|     3    (0.2)
New Zealand ............|     520(2.3)|    516(2.3)|    522(2.3)|\3\ 65   (3.5)|     7    (0.4)
Norway .................|     480(2.2)|    456(2.3)|    473(2.8)|\5\ 38   (1.8)|\5\  4    (0.2)
                        |             |            |            |              |
Phillipines ............|     330(9.0)|    343(9.6)|    324(9.2)|\5\176   (3.2)|\5\ 16    (0.4)
Portugal ...............|     --- (†) |    --- (†) |    --- (†) |   ---    (†) |   ---     (†)
Russian Federation .....|     526(4.7)|    527(5.2)|    527(6.0)|\3\ 33   (1.2)|     5    (0.2)
Scotland ...............| \2\ 506(3.1)|\2\ 503(2.6)|\2\ 498(2.6)|    ‡     (†) |    ‡      (†)
Singapore ..............|     506(3.1)|    503(2.6)|    498(2.6)|    64   (0.6)|     7    (0.1)
                        |             |            |            |              |
Slovenia ...............|     489(2.9)|    497(2.3)|    490(2.7)|\5\75    (2.2)|\5\  9    (0.3)
Thailand ...............|     --- (†) |    --- (†) |    --- (†) |   ---    (†) |   ---     (†)
Tunisia ................|     290(5.9)|    324(5.3)|    336(4.8)|    ‡     (†) |    ‡      (†)
United States ..........| \2\ 537(2.2)|\2\ 531(2.3)|\2\ 535(2.5)|\5\83    (3.0)|\5\  8    (0.3)
________________________|_____________|____________|____________|______________|________________

---Data not available.
†Not applicable.
‡Does not meet reporting standards.
\1\Computed as the ratio of science instructional time to the total instructional time averaged across students.
\2\Met guidelines for participation rates only after replacement schools were included.
\3\Data are available for at least 50 but less than 70 percent of the students.
\4\SAR=Special Administrative Region.
\5\Data are available for at least 70 but less than 85 percent of the students.
\6\Korea tested the same cohort of students as other countries, but later in 2003, at the beginning of the next school year.
\7\National Desired Population does not cover all of International Desired Population.

NOTE: Data are for 4th grade or equivalent in most countries. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Standard errors appear in parentheses.

SOURCE: International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), 2003, TIMSS 2003 International Mathematics Report, by Ina V.S. Mullis et al. (This table was prepared April 2005.)