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Digest of Education Statistics: 2004
Digest of Education Statistics: 2004

NCES 2006-005
October 2005


Table 403. Percent of lesson time spent on various mathematics activities, yearly mathematics instructional time, and mathematics instructional time as a percent of total instructional time in 8th grade, by country: 2003

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                           | Percentage of time in mathematics lessons students spend on various activities in a typical week |      Students'|   Mathematics|
                           |__________________________________________________________________________________________________|        average| instructional|
                           | Reviewing|  Listening|   Working|    Working|   Listening|     Taking|Participating in|     Other|         yearly|     time as a|
Country                    | homework |to lecture-|  problems|problems on| to teachers|      tests|  classroom man-|   student|    mathematics|    percent of|
                           |          |      style|      with|  their own|re-teach and|and quizzes|   agement tasks|activities|  instructional|total instruc-|
                           |          |    presen-| teacher's|    without|     clarify|           |     not related|          | time, in hours|   tional time|
                           |          |    tations|  guidance|  teacher's|    content/|           | to the lesson's|          |               |              |
                           |          |           |          |   guidance|  procedures|           | content/purpose|          |               |              |
___________________________|__________|___________|__________|___________|____________|___________|________________|__________|_______________|______________|
1                          |         2|         3 |         4|          5|           6|          7|               8|         9|             10|            11|
___________________________|__________|___________|__________|___________|____________|___________|________________|__________|_______________|______________|
   International average ..|   11(0.1)|   19 (0.1)|   22(0.2)|   18 (0.2)|   11  (0.1)|   10 (0.1)|     5     (0.1)|   4 (0.1)|   123    (0.4)|    12    (#) |
                           |__________|___________|__________|___________|____________|___________|________________|__________|_______________|______________|
                           |          |           |          |           |            |           |                |          |               |              |
Armenia ...................|\1\10(0.5)|\1\14 (0.8)|\1\26(1.1)|\1\19 (0.9)|\1\13  (0.6)|\1\11 (0.6)|\1\  4     (0.3)|\1 4 (0.3)|    ‡        (†|    ‡        (|
Australia .................|    8(0.5)|   15 (0.8)|   23(1.2)|   28 (1.2)|    9  (0.4)|    7 (0.4)|     7     (0.6)|   3 (0.4)|\1\136    (2.9)|\1\ 13   (0.3)|
Bahrain ...................|   13(0.5)|   24 (0.9)|   17(0.5)|   12 (0.5)|   12  (0.3)|   13 (0.5)|     6     (0.5)|   6 (0.3)|   142    (0.8)|    16   (0.1)|
Belgium (Flemish) .........|    7(0.4)|   14 (1.0)|   26(1.0)|   20 (0.9)|   16  (0.8)|   11 (0.4)|     4     (0.3)|   2 (0.2)|\2\123    (2.2)|    13   (0.3)|
Botswana ..................|\1\13(0.9)|\1\16 (1.1)|\1\19(1.1)|\1\21 (1.2)|\1\11  (0.8)|\1\10 (0.7)|\1\  6     (0.5)|\1 5 (0.4)|    ‡        (†|    ‡        (|
                           |          |           |          |           |            |           |                |          |               |              |
Bulgaria ..................|   10(0.6)|   18 (1.3)|   26(1.0)|   16 (0.8)|   17  (0.9)|    8 (0.5)|     3     (0.4)|   2 (0.3)|\1\ 96    (1.7)|\1\ 11   (0.2)|
Chile .....................|   10(0.4)|   18 (0.8)|   21(0.9)|   18 (0.8)|   14  (0.7)|   11 (0.5)|     6     (0.4)|   3 (0.3)|\1\160    (4.1)|\1\ 14   (0.4)|
Chinese Taipei ............|   12(0.5)|   42 (1.3)|   13(0.6)|    7 (0.5)|    9  (0.4)|   10 (0.4)|     4     (0.3)|   3 (0.3)|   141    (2.0)|    13   (0.2)|
Cyprus ....................|\1\22(0.4)|\1\16 (0.5)|\1\20(0.5)|\1\14 (0.4)|\1\12  (0.4)|\1\10 (0.5)|\1\  5     (0.2)|\1 2 (0.2)|\2\ 75    (0.4)|     8   (0.1)|
Egypt .....................|   11(0.4)|   18 (1.0)|   17(0.8)|   15 (0.7)|   15  (0.8)|   11 (0.4)|     6     (0.3)|   7 (0.4)|    ‡        (†|    ‡        (|
                           |          |           |          |           |            |           |                |          |               |              |
England\3\ ................|\2\‡      |\2\‡       |\2\‡      |\2\‡       |\2\‡    (†) |\2\‡       |\2\ ‡        (†)|\2‡       |    ‡        (†|    ‡        (|
Estonia ...................|   10(0.4)|   12 (0.6)|   25(1.0)|   25 (0.8)|   11  (0.5)|   13 (0.6)|     3     (0.3)|   2 (0.3)|   125    (1.2)|    12   (0.2)|
Ghana .....................|\1\11(0.4)|\1\16 (0.9)|\1\20(0.8)|\1\18 (0.7)|\1\12  (0.7)|\1\12 (0.4)|\1\  7     (0.4)|\1 6 (0.3)|    ‡        (†|    ‡        (|
Hong Kong, SAR\4,5\ .......|    8(0.4)|   36 (1.5)|   18(0.7)|   16 (0.8)|    9  (0.7)|    6 (0.3)|     4     (0.5)|   4 (0.4)|\2\145    (5.2)|    15   (0.5)|
Hungary ...................|   12(0.4)|   13 (0.7)|   25(0.9)|   25 (1.0)|   10  (0.4)|   10 (0.4)|     3     (0.3)|   3 (0.3)|\2\112    (2.0)|    11   (0.2)|
                           |          |           |          |           |            |           |                |          |               |              |
Indonesia\6\ ..............|\1\12(0.5)|\1\25 (1.1)|\1\20(0.9)|\1\14 (0.9)|\1\12  (0.5)|\1\12 (0.7)|\1\  3     (0.4)|\1 3 (0.5)|\2\169    (4.4)|    13   (0.4)|
Iran, Islamic Republic ....|   12(0.6)|   17 (0.8)|   18(0.7)|   14 (0.7)|   15  (0.7)|   11 (0.5)|     6     (0.3)|   6 (0.6)|\2\115    (3.5)|    12   (0.4)|
Israel\7\ .................|\1\14(0.6)|\1\15 (0.8)|\1\22(0.7)|\1\21 (0.8)|\1\11  (0.4)|\1\10 (0.5)|\1\  5     (0.5)|\1 3 (0.3)|    ‡      (†) |    ‡        (|
Italy .....................|   15(0.6)|   22 (0.6)|   19(0.6)|   13 (0.6)|   13  (0.4)|   11 (0.5)|     4     (0.3)|   2 (0.3)|\1\132    (1.7)|\1\ 13   (0.2)|
Japan .....................|    7(0.6)|   29 (1.3)|   28(1.1)|   11 (1.0)|   15  (0.9)|    6 (0.4)|     2     (0.2)|   2 (0.4)|   107    (2.6)|    10   (0.2)|
                           |          |           |          |           |            |           |                |          |               |              |
Jordan ....................|   15(0.7)|   23 (1.0)|   17(0.8)|   13 (0.8)|   11  (0.5)|    9 (0.4)|     6     (0.4)|   6 (0.5)|   110    (0.9)|    12   (0.2)|
Korea, Republic of\8\ .....|\2\ 6(0.3)|\2\30 (1.2)|\2\19(0.6)|\2\20 (0.7)|\2\ 9  (0.4)|\2\ 8 (0.4)|\2\  5     (0.3)|\2 3 (0.5)|\2\109    (1.2)|     9   (0.1)|
Latvia ....................|\1\ 8(0.6)|\1\12 (0.7)|\1\25(1.1)|\1\22 (0.9)|\1\11  (0.6)|\1\15 (0.7)|\1\  2     (0.2)|\1 4 (0.4)|\2\122    (1.4)|    13   (0.3)|
Lebanon ...................|\2\24(1.6)|\2\17 (0.9)|\2\23(1.1)|\2\ 8 (0.8)|\2\10  (0.6)|\2\11 (0.6)|\2\  4     (0.4)|\2 4 (0.4)|    ‡      (†) |    ‡        (|
Lithuania\6\ ..............|    9(0.5)|    7 (0.6)|   30(1.2)|   26 (0.9)|   11  (0.7)|   14 (0.6)|     1     (0.2)|   2 (0.2)|\1\122    (0.9)|\1\ 11   (0.2)|
                           |          |           |          |           |            |           |                |          |               |              |
Macedonia, Republic of\7\ .|    7(0.3)|   37 (1.1)|   19(0.7)|   15 (0.7)|    6  (0.4)|    8 (0.4)|     3     (0.3)|   4 (0.3)|\1\ 80    (1.2)|\1\  9   (0.2)|
Malaysia ..................|   13(0.7)|   21 (1.0)|   21(0.9)|   16 (0.8)|    9  (0.5)|    8 (0.4)|     6     (0.4)|   6 (0.4)|   120    (1.4)|    12   (0.1)|
Moldova ...................|\2\ 9(0.6)|\2\15 (1.0)|\2\23(1.0)|\2\18 (0.9)|\2\11  (0.8)|\2\14 (0.8)|\2\  4     (0.7)|\2 5 (0.6)|    ‡      (†) |    ‡        (|
Morocco\6,9\ ..............|   ‡      |   ‡       |   ‡      |   ‡       |   ‡        |   ‡       |    ‡        (†)|  ‡   (†) |    ‡      (†) |    ‡        (|
Netherlands\4\ ............|   15(1.1)|   13 (0.7)|   21(2.0)|   28 (2.5)|    7  (0.5)|    8 (0.5)|     5     (0.5)|   4 (0.4)|\2\ 94    (1.4)|     9   (0.1)|
                           |          |           |          |           |            |           |                |          |               |              |
New Zealand ...............|    7(0.4)|   17 (0.8)|   24(1.1)|   23 (1.3)|    9  (0.4)|    8 (0.4)|     7     (0.5)|   4 (0.5)|   136    (1.7)|    14   (0.2)|
Norway ....................|    8(0.4)|   19 (0.6)|   26(1.2)|   25 (1.5)|   10  (0.4)|    6 (0.3)|     4     (0.3)|   3 (0.4)|   114    (2.3)|    13   (0.3)|
Palestinian National       |          |           |          |           |            |           |                |          |               |
   Authority ..............|\1\13(0.6)|\1\23 (1.0)|\1\18(0.8)|\1\16 (0.9)|\1\11  (0.5)|\1\ 9 (0.3)|\1\  6     (0.3)|\1 6 (0.4)|\2\127    (2.3)|    14   (0.3)|
Philippines ...............|\1\ 9(0.4)|\1\20 (0.9)|\1\16(0.8)|\1\15 (1.0)|\1\11  (0.5)|\1\16 (0.7)|\1\  7     (0.3)|\1 6 (0.4)|   193    (3.6)|    17   (0.4)|
Romania ...................|    9(0.4)|   24 (0.8)|   29(1.0)|   15 (0.7)|   10  (0.4)|    9 (0.5)|     3     (0.3)|   2 (0.2)|\1\120    (2.1)|\1\ 13   (0.3)|
                           |          |           |          |           |            |           |                |          |               |              |
Russian Federation ........|   11(0.2)|   20 (0.7)|   20(0.7)|   18 (0.7)|    8  (0.4)|   18 (0.5)|     1     (0.2)|   3 (0.3)|\1\128    (2.1)|\1\ 15   (0.3)|
Saudi Arabia ..............|\1\15(1.0)|\1\16 (1.6)|\1\13(1.0)|\1\ 8 (0.7)|\1\23  (2.2)|\1\12 (1.0)|\1\  6     (0.4)|\1 7 (0.8)|\2\110    (1.0)|    11   (0.2)|
Scotland\4\ ...............|\1\ 8(0.3)|\1\22 (0.7)|\1\26(1.3)|\1\22 (1.5)|\1\ 8  (0.5)|\1\ 4 (0.3)|\1\  6     (0.5)|\1 3 (0.5)|\2\142    (2.2)|    14   (0.2)|
Serbia\6\ .................|    7(0.4)|   25 (1.4)|   23(1.2)|   20 (1.2)|    9  (0.5)|    7 (0.4)|     3     (0.3)|   5 (0.5)|\2\107    (1.5)|    13   (0.2)|
Singapore .................|   11(0.4)|   27 (0.7)|   19(0.6)|   15 (0.5)|    9  (0.3)|    8 (0.3)|     6     (0.4)|   4 (0.4)|   114    (1.6)|    13   (0.2)|
                           |          |           |          |           |            |           |                |          |               |              |
Slovak Republic ...........|    8(0.3)|   17 (0.7)|   27(0.9)|   17 (0.7)|   13  (0.5)|   12 (0.4)|     3     (0.3)|   3 (0.3)|\1\126    (1.9)|\1\ 14   (0.3)|
Slovenia ..................|   11(0.4)|   21 (0.8)|   24(0.7)|   22 (0.9)|   10  (0.6)|    6 (0.3)|     2     (0.2)|   4 (0.4)|   116    (1.3)|    11   (0.1)|
South Africa ..............|\2\15(0.9)|\2\13 (0.7)|\2\19(0.9)|\2\18 (0.9)|\2\11  (0.6)|\2\12 (0.6)|\2\  7     (0.4)|\2 5 (0.4)|    ‡      (†) |    ‡        (|
Sweden ....................|    4(0.4)|   11 (0.6)|   37(1.8)|   28 (1.8)|    9  (0.3)|    6 (0.3)|     3     (0.3)|   3 (0.4)|\1\ 91    (1.6)|\1\ 10   (0.2)|
Tunisia ...................|\1\18(0.9)|\1\14 (1.0)|\1\17(0.9)|\1\18 (0.9)|\1\14  (0.8)|\1\13 (0.7)|\1\  4     (0.4)|\1 4 (0.5)|    ‡      (†) |    ‡        (|
                           |          |           |          |           |            |           |                |          |               |              |
United States\9\ ..........|   13(0.5)|   18 (0.7)|   21(0.6)|   18 (0.6)|   11  (0.3)|   11 (0.4)|     5     (0.3)|   4 (0.4)|\2\135    (2.2)|    13   (0.2)|
___________________________|__________|___________|__________|___________|____________|___________|________________|__________|_______________|______________
|
†Not applicable.
#Rounds to zero.
‡Reporting standards not met.
\1\Data available for at least 70 but less than 85 percent of students, with missing data having not been explicitly accounted for in the analysis.
\2\Data available for at least 50 but less than 70 percent of students, with missing data having not been explicitly accounted for in the analysis.
\3\Did not satisfy guidelines for sample participation rates.
\4\Met guidelines for sample participation rates only after replacement schools were included.
\5\SAR=Special Administrative Region.
\6\National Desired Population does not cover all of International Desired Population.
\7\National Defined Population covers less than 90% of National Desired Population.
\8\Korea tested the same cohort of students as other countries, but later in 2003, at the beginning of the next school year.
\9\Nearly satisfied guidelines for sample participation rates only after replacement schools were included.

NOTE: Percentage of time in mathematics lessons students spend on various activities in a typical week provided by teachers. Mathematics instructional time provided by teachers and total instructional time provided by schools. Data are for 8th grade or equivalent in most countries. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Standard errors appear in parentheses.

SOURCE: International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), 2003, TIMSS 2003 International Mathematics Report, by Ina V.S. Mullis et al. (This table was prepared April 2005.)