```______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ | Mean score by content area |Index of time students spend doing mathematics homework (TMH) | | in a normal school week |_________________________________________________________|_______________________________________________________ Country | Mathe-|Number\1\| Algebra| Measure-| Geometry| Data\5\| High TMH\6\ | Medium TMH\7\ | Low TMH\8\ | matics| | \2\| ment\3\| \4\| |__________________|_________________|__________________ | overall| | | | | | Percent| Mean| Percent| Mean| Percent| Mean | | | | | | | | score| | score| | score ____________________________|________|_________|________|_________|_________|_________|________|_________|________|________|________|_________ 1 | 2| 3| 4| 5| 6| 7| 8| 9| 10| 11| 12| 13 ____________________________|________|_________|________|_________|_________|_________|________|_________|________|________|________|_________ International average ...|467(0.5)|467 (0.5)|467(0.5)|467 (0.5)|467 (0.5)|467 (0.5)| 26(0.2)|468 (0.8)| 54(0.2)|471(0.6)| 19(0.2)|456 (1.0) |________|_________|________|_________|_________|_________|________|_________|________|________|________|_________ Armenia ....................|478(3.0)|473 (3.1)|489(2.6)|488 (3.3)|481 (3.1)|419 (2.7)| 35(1.3)|490 (3.9)| 60(1.2)|478(3.7)| 4(0.4)|475 (7.5) Australia ..................|505(4.6)|498 (4.6)|499(4.4)|511 (4.3)|491 (4.8)|531 (3.8)| 19(1.6)|520 (6.0)| 50(1.5)|509(5.4)| 31(2.0)|497 (5.5) Bahrain ....................|401(1.7)|380 (1.9)|411(2.5)|388 (2.1)|438 (2.1)|414 (2.1)| 18(0.8)|387 (3.3)| 69(1.2)|409(2.0)| 13(1.1)|398 (4.9) Belgium (Flemish) ..........|537(2.8)|539 (2.7)|523(2.8)|535 (2.5)|527 (3.1)|546 (2.9)| 13(1.1)|542 (4.5)| 42(1.4)|546(3.2)| 44(2.0)|532 (3.7) Botswana ...................|366(2.6)|382 (2.2)|377(2.7)|377 (2.0)|335 (3.9)|375 (2.7)| 25(0.8)|385 (3.9)| 53(0.8)|368(2.6)| 22(0.9)|355 (3.0) | | | | | | | | | | | | Bulgaria ...................|476(4.3)|477 (4.1)|481(4.0)|473 (4.6)|484 (4.5)|458 (3.9)| 33(1.8)|482 (6.4)| 54(1.5)|478(4.6)| 14(1.5)|469 (5.4) Chile ......................|387(3.3)|390 (3.1)|384(3.1)|404 (2.9)|378 (3.3)|412 (3.4)| 10(0.7)|387 (6.9)| 43(1.0)|389(3.8)| 47(1.4)|388 (3.7) Chinese Taipei .............|585(4.6)|585 (4.6)|585(4.9)|574 (4.4)|588 (5.1)|568 (3.4)| 18(1.5)|611 (6.0)| 45(1.2)|594(4.4)| 37(2.0)|563 (5.6) Cyprus .....................|459(1.7)|464 (1.5)|455(1.7)|459 (2.2)|457 (2.4)|458 (1.7)| 21(0.8)|459 (2.8)| 70(0.7)|469(1.8)| 9(0.6)|438 (5.3) Egypt ......................|406(3.5)|421 (3.0)|408(3.9)|401 (3.3)|408 (3.6)|393 (3.2)| 26(0.8)|402 (4.3)| 60(1.0)|418(3.6)| 14(0.7)|419 (4.7) | | | | | | | | | | | | England\9\ .................| ‡ | ‡ (†) | ‡ (†) | ‡ (†) | ‡ | ‡ (†) | ‡ | ‡ | ‡ | ‡ | ‡ | ‡ (†) Estonia ....................|531(3.0)|523 (3.1)|528(2.6)|528 (3.0)|540 (2.6)|535 (2.8)| 28(1.3)|519 (4.0)| 66(1.3)|538(3.2)| 7(1.2)|523(10.3) Ghana ......................|276(4.7)|289 (5.1)|288(4.8)|262 (3.7)|278 (4.3)|293 (4.1)| 24(0.9)|288 (5.8)| 56(0.9)|280(4.5)| 20(1.0)|275 (7.5) Hong Kong, SAR\10,11\ ......|586(3.3)|586 (3.2)|580(3.2)|584 (3.3)|588 (3.6)|566 (3.0)| 32(1.9)|600 (3.5)| 49(1.5)|587(3.6)| 19(1.5)|566 (7.6) Hungary ....................|529(3.2)|529 (3.6)|534(3.1)|525 (3.1)|515 (3.1)|526 (2.9)| 20(1.2)|516 (5.8)| 77(1.2)|537(3.1)| 3(0.5)|501(14.1) | | | | | | | | | | | | Indonesia\12\ ..............|411(4.8)|421 (4.6)|418(4.5)|394 (4.9)|413 (4.6)|418 (4.0)| 37(1.1)|435 (4.3)| 48(0.8)|406(5.3)| 15(0.8)|391 (7.3) Iran, Islamic Republic .....|411(2.4)|416 (2.3)|412(3.1)|399 (2.6)|437 (3.1)|404 (2.6)| 24(1.2)|420 (3.8)| 52(0.9)|414(2.8)| 25(1.1)|403 (3.4) Israel\13\ .................|496(3.4)|504 (3.3)|498(3.2)|480 (3.4)|488 (3.7)|492 (3.3)| 33(1.4)|498 (3.9)| 55(1.3)|505(4.1)| 12(0.9)|479 (6.3) Italy ......................|484(3.2)|480 (3.2)|477(3.4)|500 (3.2)|469 (3.5)|490 (3.0)| 54(1.4)|484 (3.8)| 40(1.1)|487(3.6)| 7(0.7)|471 (8.0) Japan ......................|570(2.1)|557 (2.3)|568(2.0)|559 (2.0)|587 (2.1)|573 (1.9)| 6(0.7)|565(10.1)| 36(1.5)|566(2.8)| 58(1.9)|576 (2.1) | | | | | | | | | | | | Jordan .....................|424(4.1)|413 (4.4)|434(4.4)|418 (4.4)|446 (4.0)|430 (3.5)| 25(0.8)|425 (4.7)| 64(1.1)|437(4.1)| 11(0.9)|411 (4.9) Korea, Republic of\14\ .....|589(2.2)|586 (2.1)|597(2.2)|577 (2.0)|598 (2.6)|569 (2.0)| 11(1.0)|582 (4.3)| 46(1.6)|592(2.6)| 43(2.0)|590 (2.8) Latvia .....................|508(3.2)|507 (3.2)|508(3.2)|500 (3.0)|515 (3.3)|506 (3.8)| 33(1.3)|502 (4.7)| 61(1.3)|516(3.0)| 6(0.7)|508 (9.3) Lebanon ....................|433(3.1)|430 (3.3)|448(3.1)|430 (3.7)|459 (3.0)|394 (4.0)| 42(1.7)|436 (3.5)| 52(1.7)|437(3.5)| 5(0.6)|412 (7.6) Lithuania\12\ ..............|502(2.5)|500 (2.7)|501(2.4)|492 (3.0)|506 (2.5)|502 (2.5)| 32(1.4)|493 (3.1)| 63(1.3)|509(3.0)| 5(0.8)|490 (8.7) | | | | | | | | | | | | Macedonia, Republic of\13\ .|435(3.5)|438 (3.5)|442(3.6)|434 (3.6)|442 (3.7)|419 (3.6)| 26(1.1)|440 (4.5)| 61(1.3)|444(3.9)| 13(1.3)|439 (6.0) Malaysia ...................|508(4.1)|524 (4.0)|495(3.9)|504 (4.5)|495 (4.8)|505 (3.2)| 33(1.3)|515 (4.4)| 56(1.1)|510(4.5)| 11(0.8)|485 (5.9) Moldova ....................|460(4.0)|463 (3.8)|464(4.2)|468 (4.0)|463 (4.7)|428 (3.4)| 38(1.4)|472 (4.3)| 57(1.3)|458(4.6)| 5(0.5)|437 (8.3) Morocco\12,15,16\ ..........|387(2.5)|384 (2.7)|400(2.8)|376 (3.4)|415 (2.3)|374 (2.5)| 34(1.5)|390 (4.5)| 52(1.1)|392(3.2)| 14(1.0)|380 (4.8) Netherlands\10\ ............|536(3.8)|539 (3.6)|514(4.0)|549 (3.7)|513 (4.1)|560 (3.1)| 19(1.3)|540 (5.2)| 62(1.4)|542(4.4)| 19(1.7)|518 (6.5) | | | | | | | | | | | | New Zealand ................|494(5.3)|481 (6.0)|490(5.2)|500 (4.8)|488 (4.6)|526 (5.1)| 14(1.1)|488 (5.1)| 49(1.8)|505(6.0)| 37(2.1)|492 (7.2) Norway .....................|461(2.5)|456 (2.3)|428(2.7)|481 (2.9)|461 (2.8)|498 (2.5)| 26(1.3)|454 (4.0)| 52(1.3)|466(2.5)| 22(1.3)|472 (3.5) Palestinian National | | | | | | | | | | | | Authority ...............|390(3.1)|385 (3.6)|392(3.5)|386 (2.8)|423 (3.1)|390 (2.8)| 27(1.1)|393 (3.5)| 65(1.1)|398(3.5)| 8(0.6)|371 (6.6) Philippines ................|378(5.2)|393 (5.1)|400(5.2)|372 (4.8)|344 (5.3)|390 (4.5)| 24(0.9)|390 (5.4)| 54(1.0)|382(5.5)| 22(1.2)|361 (6.6) Romania ....................|475(4.8)|474 (4.9)|480(4.7)|485 (4.7)|476 (4.9)|445 (4.6)| 68(1.6)|492 (4.5)| 28(1.4)|451(6.4)| 3(0.4)|437(13.0) | | | | | | | | | | | | Russian Federation .........|508(3.7)|505 (4.0)|516(3.2)|507 (3.9)|515 (4.2)|484 (3.2)| 53(1.2)|509 (4.4)| 45(1.2)|511(3.4)| 2(0.2)| ‡ (†) Saudi Arabia ...............|332(4.6)|307 (5.3)|331(4.7)|338 (3.4)|382 (4.3)|339 (3.8)| 15(1.0)|315 (8.1)| 62(1.6)|335(4.6)| 23(1.6)|345 (5.7) Scotland\10\ ...............|498(3.7)|484 (4.2)|488(3.9)|508 (3.6)|491 (3.3)|531 (3.7)| 8(0.8)|493 (5.8)| 46(2.1)|507(4.5)| 46(2.5)|496 (4.1) Serbia\12\ .................|477(2.6)|477 (2.8)|488(2.5)|475 (2.5)|471 (3.0)|456 (2.6)| 25(1.3)|466 (4.1)| 54(1.2)|481(3.5)| 20(1.7)|497 (3.5) Singapore ..................|605(3.6)|618 (3.5)|590(3.5)|611 (3.6)|580 (3.7)|579 (3.2)| 38(1.1)|621 (3.1)| 51(0.9)|604(3.8)| 11(0.8)|566 (7.8) | | | | | | | | | | | | Slovak Republic ............|508(3.3)|514 (3.3)|505(3.3)|508 (3.7)|501 (3.6)|495 (2.9)| 11(0.9)|495 (6.4)| 81(1.4)|511(3.4)| 8(1.3)|500 (7.7) Slovenia ...................|493(2.2)|498 (2.0)|487(2.3)|496 (2.3)|483 (2.5)|494 (2.3)| 25(1.1)|482 (2.9)| 71(1.2)|500(2.5)| 4(0.8)|463 (8.8) South Africa ...............|264(5.5)|274 (5.4)|275(5.1)|298 (4.7)|247 (5.4)|296 (5.3)| 21(0.8)|275 (8.1)| 58(0.8)|270(6.3)| 20(1.0)|260 (5.4) Sweden .....................|499(2.6)|496 (2.6)|480(3.0)|512 (2.6)|467 (3.4)|539 (3.0)| 4(0.5)|453 (7.0)| 38(1.4)|494(3.5)| 58(1.5)|509 (2.7) Tunisia ....................|410(2.2)|419 (2.3)|405(2.4)|407 (2.2)|427 (2.0)|387 (2.2)| 39(1.1)|410 (2.7)| 50(1.1)|414(2.2)| 11(0.9)|414 (4.3) | | | | | | | | | | | | United States\15\ ..........|504(3.3)|508 (3.4)|510(3.1)|495 (3.2)|472 (3.1)|527 (3.2)| 31(1.0)|518 (4.1)| 60(0.9)|506(3.2)| 9(0.9)|461 (6.3) ____________________________|________|_________|________|_________|_________|_________|________|_________|________|________|________|_________```