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Digest of Education Statistics: 2004
Digest of Education Statistics: 2004

NCES 2006-005
October 2005


Table 401. Average 4th-grade mathematics scores, by content areas, index of time students spend doing mathematics homework in a normal school week, and country: 2003

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                            |                     Mean score by content area                    |Index of time students spend doing mathematics homework (TMH)
                            |                                                                   |                  in a normal school week
                            |___________________________________________________________________|_____________________________________________________________
Country                     |Mathematics|Number\1\|    Patterns| Measure-| Geometry\4\|  Data\5\|    High TMH\6\    |    Medium TMH\7\   |     Low TMH\8\
                            |    overall|         |   and rela-|  ment\3\|            |         |___________________|____________________|____________________
                            |           |         |tionships\2\|         |            |         | Percent|Mean score|  Percent|Mean score|  Percent|Mean score
____________________________|___________|_________|____________|_________|____________|_________|________|__________|_________|__________|_________|__________
1                           |          2|        3|           4|        5|           6|        7|       8|         9|       10|        11|       12|        13
____________________________|___________|_________|____________|_________|____________|_________|________|__________|_________|__________|_________|__________
   International average ...| 495  (0.8)|495 (0.7)| 495   (0.7)|495 (0.7)| 495   (0.7)|495 (0.6)|18 (0.2)|489  (1.3)| 56 (0.3)| 500 (0.9)| 26 (0.3)| 494 (1.6)
                            |___________|_________|____________|_________|____________|_________|________|__________|_________|__________|_________|__________
Armenia\9\ .................| 456  (3.5)|473 (3.0)| 461   (4.1)|465 (3.1)| 431   (3.8)|417 (3.6)|33 (1.3)|467  (5.1)| 65 (1.3)| 465 (3.5)|  2 (0.3)|  ‡   (†)
Australia\10\ ..............| 499  (3.9)|479 (4.3)| 495   (3.7)|514 (3.7)| 524   (3.7)|525 (3.6)| 7 (0.8)|486 (13.0)| 43 (2.1)| 500 (4.6)| 50 (2.1)| 505 (4.4)
Belgium (Flemish) ..........| 551  (1.8)|549 (1.9)| 542   (1.9)|550 (1.4)| 533   (1.8)|548 (2.2)| 9 (0.7)|538  (3.9)| 48 (1.7)| 549 (2.7)| 43 (2.0)| 557 (2.0)
Chinese Taipei .............| 564  (1.8)|568 (1.8)| 555   (2.4)|557 (1.6)| 553   (2.5)|564 (2.3)|11 (0.6)|546  (3.5)| 62 (1.1)| 569 (2.0)| 27 (1.2)| 561 (2.7)
Cyprus .....................| 510  (2.4)|514 (2.7)| 519   (2.4)|506 (2.3)| 505   (2.3)|509 (2.3)|14 (0.6)|494  (4.6)| 76 (0.9)| 521 (2.4)| 10 (0.6)| 497 (5.3)
                            |           |         |            |         |            |         |        |          |         |          |         |
England\10\ ................| 531  (3.7)|519 (4.1)| 523   (3.9)|535 (3.3)| 542   (3.7)|552 (3.4)| 4 (0.6)|489 (14.3)| 37 (1.8)| 531 (4.8)| 59 (1.9)| 540 (4.2)
Hong Kong, SAR\10,11\ ......| 575  (3.2)|574 (3.3)| 568   (3.5)|563 (2.7)| 557   (2.9)|562 (2.3)|24 (1.0)|575  (3.8)| 71 (0.9)| 580 (3.2)|  5 (0.5)| 530 (5.6)
Hungary ....................| 529  (3.1)|524 (2.9)| 545   (3.7)|532 (2.7)| 514   (3.3)|513 (3.2)|17 (0.9)|515  (4.9)| 78 (1.1)| 538 (3.1)|  5 (0.9)| 535(10.6)
Iran, Islamic Republic .....| 389  (4.2)|410 (3.7)| 394   (3.9)|398 (3.2)| 416   (3.9)|356 (4.4)|31 (2.3)|404  (5.1)| 52 (1.8)| 391 (5.0)| 17 (2.3)| 376 (8.1)
Italy ......................| 503  (3.7)|502 (3.6)| 496   (4.3)|504 (3.4)| 522   (3.5)|497 (3.0)|24 (1.1)|496  (5.2)| 52 (1.1)| 504 (4.5)| 24 (1.6)| 512 (3.6)
                            |           |         |            |         |            |         |        |          |         |          |         |
Japan ......................| 565  (1.6)|556 (2.0)| 554   (1.4)|568 (1.6)| 559   (1.9)|593 (1.6)| 8 (0.6)|543  (4.6)| 57 (1.8)| 568 (2.3)| 35 (2.1)| 565 (2.7)
Latvia .....................| 536  (2.8)|531 (2.6)| 532   (3.4)|545 (2.6)| 523   (2.2)|526 (2.7)|25 (1.1)|525  (4.1)| 71 (1.1)| 546 (2.7)|  4 (0.6)| 517 (9.1)
Lithuania\12\ ..............| 534  (2.8)|535 (2.9)| 531   (3.0)|540 (2.7)| 524   (2.2)|517 (2.5)|29 (1.2)|527  (3.8)| 66 (1.3)| 545 (3.1)|  5 (0.6)| 510(10.7)
Moldova, Rep. of ...........| 504  (4.9)|507 (4.7)| 521   (5.1)|505 (4.0)| 501   (4.9)|477 (4.3)|31 (2.0)|518  (6.3)| 66 (1.9)| 504 (5.4)|  3 (0.6)| 494(10.9)
Morocco\13\ ................| 347  (5.1)|359 (4.7)| 360   (4.7)|345 (5.5)| 362   (4.9)|355 (5.0)|22 (1.3)|362  (5.9)| 58 (1.9)| 365 (4.8)| 20 (2.1)| 353(12.3)
                            |           |         |            |         |            |         |        |          |         |          |         |
Netherlands\10\ ............| 540  (2.1)|536 (2.2)| 527   (2.4)|545 (2.2)| 521   (3.2)|553 (2.4)| 1 (0.2)| ‡    (†) | 10 (0.8)| 508 (6.6)| 89 (0.9)| 546 (1.8)
New Zealand ................| 493  (2.2)|475 (2.3)| 495   (2.9)|503 (2.0)| 517   (1.8)|522 (2.0)| 7 (0.4)|489  (6.7)| 41 (1.1)| 491 (3.3)| 52 (1.3)| 504 (3.1)
Norway\14\ .................| 451  (2.3)|440 (2.2)| 439   (2.7)|475 (2.2)| 478   (2.2)|479 (2.3)|12 (1.0)|447  (4.7)| 56 (1.8)| 462 (3.2)| 32 (2.1)| 467 (4.0)
Philippines ................| 358  (7.9)|380 (7.4)| 382   (7.0)|330 (7.8)| 335   (8.8)|384 (7.5)|17 (0.8)|349  (7.0)| 52 (1.7)| 362 (6.7)| 31 (1.9)| 372(15.7)
Russian Federation .........| 532  (4.7)|532 (4.6)| 531   (5.0)|538 (3.8)| 528   (4.8)|505 (4.1)|38 (1.3)|531  (5.3)| 59 (1.2)| 537 (4.7)|  2 (0.4)|  ‡   (†)
                            |           |         |            |         |            |         |        |          |         |          |         |
Scotland\10\ ...............| 490  (3.3)|475 (3.3)| 495   (2.9)|499 (3.1)| 511   (2.5)|516 (2.7)| 6 (0.8)|477  (6.8)| 40 (2.0)| 488 (4.2)| 54 (2.2)| 498 (3.4)
Singapore ..................| 594  (5.6)|612 (6.0)| 579   (5.4)|566 (4.6)| 570   (5.5)|575 (3.9)|40 (1.5)|604  (6.0)| 49 (1.3)| 595 (5.8)| 11 (0.6)| 575 (7.2)
Slovenia ...................| 479  (2.6)|461 (2.7)| 490   (2.7)|497 (2.8)| 498   (2.2)|486 (2.7)|14 (0.9)|466  (6.7)| 76 (1.2)| 490 (2.6)| 10 (0.9)| 455 (8.6)
Tunisia\13\ ................| 339  (4.7)|360 (4.1)| 330   (4.7)|308 (5.5)| 346   (5.1)|308 (4.7)|22 (2.2)|373  (8.6)| 50 (2.8)| 365 (6.3)| 28 (3.0)| 365 (8.0)
United States\10\ ..........| 518  (2.4)|516 (2.6)| 524   (2.7)|500 (2.1)| 518   (2.2)|549 (2.0)|12 (0.6)|504  (4.0)| 63 (1.3)| 524 (2.7)| 25 (1.5)| 520 (3.5)
____________________________|___________|_________|____________|_________|____________|_________|________|__________|_________|__________|_________|__________

†Not applicable.
‡Reporting standards not met.
\1\Topic includes whole numbers; fractions and decimals; integers; and ratio, proportion, and percent.
\2\Topic includes patterns, equations and formulas, and relationships.
\3\Topic includes attributes and units and tools, techniques, and formulas.
\4\Topic includes lines and angles, two- and three-dimensional shapes, congruence and similarity, locations and spatial relationships, and symmetry and transformations.
\5\Topic includes data collection and organization, data representation, and data interpretation.
\6\High level indicates more than 30 minutes of mathematics homework assigned 3-4 times a week.
\7\Medium level includes all possible combinations of responses not included in the high or low level categories (see below for details on the low level).
\8\Low level indicates no more than 30 minutes of mathematics homework assigned no more than twice a week.
\9\Response rate for the TMH index was at least 70 but less than 85 percent of the students, with missing data having not been explicitly accounted for in the analysis.
\10\Met international guidelines for participation rates only after replacement schools were included.
\11\SAR=Special Administrative Region.
\12\National Desired Population does not cover all of the International Desired Population.
\13\Response rate for the TMH index was at least, 50 but less than 70 percent of the students, with missing data having not been explicitly accounted for in the analysis.
\14\Students had received 4 years of formal schooling, but 1st grade is called "First grade/preschool."

NOTE: TMH index data are provided by students. Data are for 4th-grade students or equivalent in most countries. Possible scores range from 1 to 1,000. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Standard errors appear in parentheses.

SOURCE: International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), 2003, TIMSS 2003 International Mathematics Report, by Ina V.S. Mullis et al. (This table was prepared March 2005.)