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Digest of Education Statistics: 2004
Digest of Education Statistics: 2004

NCES 2006-005
October 2005


Table 394. Selected statistics for countries with populations over 10 million, by continent: Selected years, 1980 to 2000

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                  |Mid-year population in| Persons|                                          First level\2\                             |                                      Second level\3\                                          |                                      Third level\4\
                                  |       millions       |    per |_____________________________________________________________________________________|_______________________________________________________________________________________________|__________________________________________________________________________________________________
Country\1\                        |______________________| square |                Enrollment in thousands             |        Gross enrollment ratio\5|                       Enrollment in thousands             |        Gross enrollment ratio\5\  |                    Enrollment in thousands                |          Gross enrollment ratio\5\
                                  | 1980 |  1990 |   2000|kilomete|____________________________________________________|________________________________|___________________________________________________________|___________________________________|___________________________________________________________|______________________________________
                                  |      |       |       | in 2000|      1980 |         1990 |        1997 |       2000|    198|    199|      19|    200|          1980|          1990|          1997|         2000 |    1980|    1990|     1997|    200|          1980|          1990|          1997|          2000|     1980|      1990|    1997|    2000
__________________________________|______|_______|_______|________|___________|______________|_____________|___________|_______|_______|________|_______|______________|______________|______________|______________|________|________|_________|_______|______________|______________|______________|______________|_________|__________|________|________
1                                 |    2 |     3 |      4|       5|          6|             7|            8|          9|     10|     11|      12|     13|            14|            15|            16|            17|      18|      19|       20|     21|            22|            23|            24|            25|       26|        27|      28|      29
__________________________________|______|_______|_______|________|___________|______________|_____________|___________|_______|_______|________|_______|______________|______________|______________|______________|________|________|_________|_______|______________|______________|______________|______________|_________|__________|________|________
     World total\6\ ..............| 4,447|  5,282|  6,054|      47|    541,556|       596,853|      668,450|    587,775|     96|     99|     102|     97|       264,379|       315,008|       398,116|       390,616|      47|      52|       60|     65|        51,037|        68,613|        88,156|        87,090|       12|        14|      17|      14
                                  |______|_______|_______|________|___________|______________|_____________|___________|_______|_______|________|_______|______________|______________|______________|______________|________|________|_________|_______|______________|______________|______________|______________|_________|__________|________|________
Africa                            |      |       |       |        |           |              |             |           |       |       |        |       |              |              |              |              |        |        |         |       |              |              |              |              |         |          |        |
  Algeria\7\ .....................|    19|     25|     30|      13|      3,119|         4,189|  \8\   4,675|      4,721|     94|    100|\8\     |    112|         1,029|         2,176|   \8\   2,618|         2,991|      33|      61|\8\    63|     71|            79|           286|   \9\     347|          --- |        6|        11|\9\   12|    ---
  Angola .........................|     7|      9|     13|      10|      1,301|  \10\     990|         --- |\11\  1,178|    175|     92|    --- |\11\ 74|           191|           186|          --- |  \11\     400|      21|      12|      ---|\11\ 18|             2|             7|          --- |          --- |       # |         1|    --- |    ---
  Burkina Faso ...................|     7|      9|     11|      41|        202|           504|  \9\     701|        901|     17|     33|\9\   40|     44|            28|            99|          --- |           199|       3|       7|      ---|     10|             2|             5|   \8\       9|          --- |       # |         1|\8\    1|    ---
  Cameroon .......................|     9|     11|     15|      32|      1,379|         1,964|  \8\   1,921|\12\  2,689|     98|    101|\8\   85|\12\108|           234|           500|          --- |          --- |      18|      28|\10\   27|    ---|            12|            33|          --- |            68|        2|         3|    --- |       5
  Cote d'Ivoire ..................|     8|     12|     16|      50|      1,025|         1,415|  \8\   1,736|      2,047|     75|     67|\8\   71|     79|           198|           361|   \8\     534|  \11\     664|      19|      22|       25|\11\ 23|            20|  \13\      30|  \10\      52|          --- |        3|      --- |    --- |    ---
  Democratic Rep. of the Congo ...|    27|     37|     51|      23|      4,196|         4,562| \10\   5,418|       --- |     92|     70|\10\  72|    ---|           862|  \13\   1,097|  \10\   1,514|          --- |      24|\13\  21|\10\   26|    ---|            28|            80|  \10\      93|          --- |        1|         2|\10\   2|    ---
  Egypt\7\ .......................|    44|     56|     64|      64|      4,663|         6,964|        7,499|\11\  7,856|     73|     94|     101|\11\100|         2,929|         5,507|   \8\   6,727|  \11\   8,324|      50|      76|       78|\11\ 86|           716|\14,15\    628|\14,15\    850|          --- |       16|        16|\9\   20|    ---
  Ethiopia .......................|    36|     48|     64|      64|      2,131|         2,466|  \8\   4,008|      6,651|     37|     33|\8\   43|     64|           426|           866|   \9\     819|  \11\   1,495|       9|      14|\8\    12|\11\ 18|            14|            34|   \8\      42|            87|       # |         1|\8\    1|       2
  Ghana\7\ .......................|    11|     15|     19|      84|\14\  1,378|         1,945| \10\   2,155|      2,478|     79|     75|\10\  79|     80|           693|          --- |          --- |         1,031|      41|      36|      ---|     36|             8|  \16\      10|          --- |            64|        2|         1|    --- |       3
  Kenya\7\ .......................|    17|     23|     30|      53|      3,927|         5,392|\9,17\  5,545|\11\  5,700|    115|     95|\9\   85|\11\ 94|           428|  \18\     618|\9,17\     632|  \11\   1,251|      20|      24|\9\    24|\11\ 31|            13|  \16\      35|          --- |            99|        1|         2|    --- |       3
  Madagascar .....................|     9|     13|     16|      27|      1,724|         1,571|  \9\   1,638|      2,308|    130|    103|\9\   92|    103|          --- |  \18\     323|  \18\     302|          --- |    --- |      18|\9\    16|    ---|            23|            36|            27|            31|        3|         3|\9\    2|       2
  Malawi .........................|     6|      9|     11|     117|        810|         1,401|  \9\   2,887|       --- |     60|     68|\9\  134|    ---|            26|            61|   \9\     142|  \11\     488|       5|       8|\9\    17|\11\ 36|             3|             5|   \9\       6|          --- |        1|         1|\9\    1|    ---
  Mali ...........................|     7|      8|     11|       9|        291|           395|          863|      1,127|     26|     26|      49|     61|          --- |            84|           188|          --- |       8|       7|       13|    ---|  \19\       4|             5|            14|          --- |        1|         1|       1|    ---
  Morocco\7\ .....................|    19|     24|     29|      64|      2,172|         2,484|  \8\   3,161|      3,842|     83|     67|\8\   86|     94|  \20\     797|         1,194|   \8\   1,442|          --- |\20\  26|      35|\8\    39|    ---|           112|           256|   \8\     312|           310|        6|        11|\8\   11|      10
  Mozambique\7\ ..................|    12|     14|     18|      22|\21\  1,387|         1,260|  \9\   1,415|      2,316|    ---|     67|\9\   60|     92|  \18\      90|           160|   \9\     185|           352|       5|       8|\9\     7|     12|  \17\       1|  \22\       5|   \8\       7|  \11\      10|       # |        # |\8\    1|\11\   1
  Niger ..........................|     6|      8|     11|       9|        229|           369|          482|        657|     25|     29|      29|     35|            39|            77|          --- |  \11\     108|       5|       7|      ---|\11\  6|             1|          --- |          --- |            13|       # |         1|    --- |       1
  Nigeria\7\ .....................|    72|     96|    127|     139|     12,117|        13,607| \10\  16,191|       --- |    109|     91|\10\  98|    ---|         1,865|         2,908|  \10\   4,451|          --- |      18|      25|\10\   33|    ---|           150|\16,23\    208|          --- |          --- |        3|\22,23   4|    --- |    ---
  Senegal ........................|     6|      8|     10|      49|        420|           708|        1,027|      1,160|     46|     59|      71|     75|            96|          --- |           216|  \11\     263|      11|      16|       16|\11\ 18|            14|            19|          --- |  \11\    --- |        3|         3|    --- |    ---
  South Africa ...................|    29|     37|     43|      35|\17\  4,353|         6,952|  \9\   8,159|      7,445|     90|    122|\9\  133|    111|          --- |         2,742|  \10\   3,571|         4,142|    --- |      74|\9\    95|     87|          --- |  \24\     439|  \10\     618|           645|     --- |        13|\9\   19|      15
  Sudan\7\ .......................|    19|     24|   --- |    --- |      1,464|         2,043|  \8\   3,000|      2,800|     50|     53|\8\   51|     59|           384|           732|   \8\     406|          --- |      16|      24|\8\    21|    ---|            29|  \16\      60|          --- |          --- |        2|         3|    --- |    ---
  Tunisia ........................|     6|      8|     10|      62|      1,054|         1,406| \25\   1,440|      1,374|    102|    113|     118|    117|           293|           565|          --- |  \11\   1,143|      27|      45|       64|     78|            32|            69|          --- |           207|        5|         9|    --- |      22
  Uganda .........................|    13|     17|     22|     111|\26\  1,292|\17,26\  2,470|  \9\   2,912|      6,559|     50|     74|\9\   74|    136|\18,26\     73|\18,26\    245|\18,26\    256|          --- |       5|      13|\9\    12|    ---|             6|            18|\8,27\      35|            63|        1|         1|\8\    2|       3
  United Republic of Tanzania ....|    19|     25|     34|      38|      3,368|         3,379|        4,058|\11\  4,280|     93|     70|      66|\11\ 63|            79|           167|           235|  \11\     279|       3|       5|        6|\11\  6|          --- |  \13\       7|            18|            22|        0|         0|       1|    ---
  Zambia .........................|     6|      8|     10|      14|      1,042|         1,461|         --- |      1,590|     90|     99|    --- |     78|           102|           190|          --- |  \11\     283|      16|      24|      ---|\11\ 24|          --- |            15|          --- |  \11\      25|        1|         2|    --- |\11\   2
  Zimbabwe .......................|     7|     10|     12|      31|      1,235|         2,116|        2,511|      2,461|     85|    116|     112|     95|            75|           661|           806|           844|       8|      50|       50|     44|             8|            49|\8,14\      47|  \11\      49|        1|         5|\8\    7|\11\   4
                                  |      |       |       |        |           |              |             |           |       |       |        |       |              |              |              |              |        |        |         |       |              |              |              |              |         |          |        |
Asia                              |      |       |       |        |           |              |             |           |       |       |        |       |              |              |              |              |        |        |         |       |              |              |              |              |         |          |        |
  Afghanistan\7\ .................|    16|     15|   --- |    --- |      1,116|           623|  \9\   1,312|        500|     34|     27|\9\   49|     15|           137|           182|   \9\     513|          --- |      10|       9|\8\    22|    ---|          --- |            24|          --- |            20|     --- |         2|    --- |       1
  Bangladesh .....................|    88|    110|    130|     997|      8,240|        11,940|         --- |     17,668|     61|     72|    --- |    100|         2,659|         3,593|          --- |        10,329|      18|      19|      ---|     46|           240|           434|          --- |           879|        3|         4|    --- |       7
  Cambodia .......................|     6|      9|     12|      68|      1,328|         1,330|        2,012|\12\  2,431|    ---|    121|     113|    110|  \18\      18|           264|           313|           397|    --- |      32|       24|     19|             1|             7|             9|            25|     --- |         1|       1|       3
  China ..........................|   999|   1155|   1261|     135|    146,270|       122,414|      139,954|    125,757|    113|    125|     123|    114|        56,778|        52,386|        71,883|        90,723|      46|      49|       70|     68|         1,663|         3,822|         6,075|        12,144|        2|         3|       6|      13
  Hong Kong, China (SAR) .........|     5|      6|      7|    --- |        540|           525|  \9\     468|        494|    107|    102|\9\   94|    109|           469|\18,28\    431|   \9\     474|           478|      64|      80|\9\    73|     78|  \16\      12|  \13\      85|  \23\      97|           128|       10| \13\   19|\23\  22|      25
  India ..........................|   689|    851|   1016|     342|     73,873|        99,118|  \8\ 110,390|       --- |     83|     97|\8\  100|    ---|        32,748|  \18\  54,180|   \8\  68,872|          --- |      30|      44|\8\    49|    ---|         3,545|         4,951|   \8\   6,060|          --- |        5|         6|\8\    7|    ---
  Indonesia ......................|   151|    183|    210|     116|     25,537|        29,754|  \8\  29,236|     28,690|    107|    115|\8\  113|    110|         5,722|        10,965|   \8\  14,210|        14,828|      29|      44|\8\    56|     57|           543|  \13\   1,773|   \9\   2,303|         3,018|        4|         9|\8\   11|      15
  Iran, Islamic Republic of ......|    39|     59|     64|      39|      4,799|         9,370|  \8\   9,238|      7,968|\29\ 98|    112|\8\   98|     86|         2,718|         5,085|   \8\   8,777|         9,091|\29\  45|      55|\8\    77|     78|\14,29\    184|  \14\     312|\8,14\     579|           734|\29\    5|        10|\8\   18|      10
  Iraq ...........................|    13|     18|   --- |    --- |      2,616|         3,328|  \9\   2,904|       --- |    113|    111|\9\   85|    ---|         1,033|  \18\   1,024|   \9\   1,160|          --- |      57|      47|\9\    42|    ---|           107|  \29\     170|          --- |          --- |        9| \29\   12|    --- |    ---
  Japan ..........................|   117|    124|    127|     337|     11,827|         9,373|        7,855|      7,395|    101|    100|     101|    101|         9,558|        11,026|  \10\   9,879|         8,606|      93|      97|\9\   103|    102|         2,412|  \13\   2,899|  \10\   3,918|         3,972|       31|        30|\10\  41|      48
  Kazakhstan .....................|    15|     17|     15|       6|      1,064|         1,197|  \8\   1,342|      1,190|     84|     87|\8\   98|     99|         1,996|         2,144|   \8\   1,921|         2,032|      93|      98|\8\    87|     88|           525|           537|  \10\     483|  \11\     446|       34|        40|\9\   33|\11\  31
  Korea, North (DPR) .............|    18|     20|   --- |    --- |       --- |          --- |         --- |       --- |    ---|    ---|    --- |    ---|          --- |          --- |          --- |         2,032|    --- |    --- |      ---|    ---|          --- |          --- |          --- |          --- |     --- |      --- |    --- |    ---
  Korea, South (Republic of) .....|    38|     43|     47|     479|      5,658|         4,869|        3,794|      4,030|    110|    105|      94|    101|         4,286|         4,560|   \8\   4,662|         3,959|      78|      90|\8\   102|     94|           648|         1,691|   \8\   2,542|         3,003|       15|        39|      68|      78
  Malaysia .......................|    14|     18|     23|      71|      2,009|         2,456| \17\   2,841|      3,018|     93|     94|     101|     98|         1,084|         1,456|  \14\   1,795|         2,205|      48|      56|       64|     70|            58|           121|   \9\     211|           549|        4|         7|\9\   12|      28
  Myanmar ........................|    34|     41|     46|      69|      4,148|         5,385|  \9\   5,414|      4,782|     91|    106|\9\  121|     89|         1,066|         1,281|  \18\   1,923|  \11\   2,318|      22|      23|\10\   30|\11\ 39|           163|  \13\     196|\10,30\    245|           553|        5|         4|\10\   5|      12
  Nepal\7\ .......................|    14|     19|     24|     167|      1,068|         2,789|  \8\   3,448|      3,623|     86|    108|\8\  113|    118|           512|           709|   \8\   1,121|  \11\   1,350|      22|      33|\8\    42|\11\ 51|  \14\      34|            94|   \8\     106|           103|        3|         5|\8\    5|       5
  Pakistan .......................|    85|    119|    138|     179|\31\  5,474|  \31\  11,451|         --- |\32\ 14,562|     40|     61|    --- |\32\ 75|         2,166|         4,345|          --- |  \32\   5,772|      14|      23|      ---|\32\ 25|  \29\     268|          --- |          --- |          --- |\29\    2|         3|    --- |    ---
  Philippines ....................|    48|     61|     76|     253|\14\  8,034|        10,427|       12,159|     12,760|    112|    111|     117|    113|         2,929|         4,034|         4,980|         5,386|      64|      73|       78|     77|         1,276|         1,709|   \9\   2,022|         2,432|       24|        28|\9\   29|      31
  Saudi Arabia ...................|    10|     16|     21|      10|        927|         1,877|  \8\   2,256|      2,308|     61|     73|\8\   76|     68|           349|           893|   \8\   1,543|         1,914|      29|      44|\8\    61|     68|            62|           154|   \8\     274|          --- |        7|        12|\8\   16|    ---
  Sri Lanka\7\ ...................|    15|     17|     19|     300|      2,081|         2,112|  \8\   1,844|       --- |    103|    106|\8\  109|    ---|         1,267|         2,082|   \9\   2,314|          --- |      55|      74|\9\    75|    ---|  \29\      59|\13,33\     55|\9,33\      64|          --- |        3|         5|\9\    5|    ---
  Syrian Arab Republic ...........|     9|     12|     16|      88|      1,556|         2,452|  \8\   2,690|      2,835|    100|    108|\8\  101|    109|           604|           914|   \8\     958|         1,125|      46|      52|\8\    42|     43|           140|           222|  \10\     216|          --- |       17|        18|\10\  16|    ---
  Thailand .......................|    47|     56|     61|     119|      7,393|         6,957|        5,928|      6,179|     99|     99|\8\   87|     95|         1,920|         2,230|         4,097|         5,577|      29|      30|\8\    56|     82|  \19\     911|  \22\   1,156|         1,522|         2,096|       15| \22\   19|\8\   22|      35
  Turkey .........................|    44|     56|     65|      85|      5,656|         6,862|  \8\   6,389|\11\  8,015|     96|     99|\8\  107|\11\101|         2,218|         3,808|   \8\   4,761|          --- |      35|      47|\8\    58|    ---|           246|           750|   \8\   1,434|         1,607|        5|        13|\8\   21|      24
  Uzbekistan .....................|    16|     21|     25|      60|      1,391|         1,778| \10\   1,906|       --- |     81|     81|\10\  78|    ---|         2,879|         3,195|  \10\   3,319|          --- |     105|      99|\10\   94|    ---|           516|           603|          --- |          --- |       28|        30|    --- |    ---
  Viet Nam .......................|    54|     67|     79|     241|      7,887|         8,862|       10,431|      9,751|    109|    103|     113|    106|  \18\   3,847|   \6\   3,236|  \18\   6,642|         8,321|      42|      32|       57|     67|           115|           130|   \8\     509|           750|        2|         2|\8\    7|      10
  Yemen ..........................|     8|     12|     18|      33|       --- |  \23\   2,679|  \8\   2,700|\11\  2,644|    ---|\23\ 79|\8\   70|\11\ 79|          --- |  \23\     212|   \8\     354|          --- |    --- |\23\  23|\8\    34|    ---|          --- |  \13\      53|   \8\      66|          --- |     --- | \13\    4|\8\    4|    ---
                                  |      |       |       |        |           |              |             |           |       |       |        |       |              |              |              |              |        |        |         |       |              |              |              |              |         |          |        |
Europe                            |      |       |       |        |           |              |             |           |       |       |        |       |              |              |              |              |        |        |         |       |              |              |              |              |         |          |        |
  Belarus\7\ .....................|    10|     10|     10|      48|        750|           615|  \8\     625|\11\    551|    104|     95|\8\   98|\11\109|           760|           968|   \8\   1,065|  \11\     981|      98|      93|\8\    93|\11\ 84|           340|           335|   \8\     329|           438|       39|        48|\8\   44|      56
  Belgium ........................|    10|     10|     10|     312|        842|           719|  \9\     743|        772|    104|    101|\9\  103|    105|           836|           769|   \9\   1,059|          --- |      91|     103|\9\   146|    ---|           196|           276|   \9\     358|           359|       26|        40|\9\   56|      58
  Czech Republic .................|    10|     10|     10|     133|        647|           546|  \9\     542|        631|    96 |    96 |\9\  104|    104|  \29\   1,161|         1,268|   \9\   1,191|         1,004|      99|      91|\9\    99|     95|  \34\     118|  \34\     118|   \8\     207|           260|       17|        16|\8\   24|      30
  France .........................|    54|     57|     59|     107|      4,610|         4,149|  \9\   4,005|      3,838|    111|    108|\8\  105|    105|         5,014|         5,522|   \8\   5,980|         5,876|      85|      99|\8\   111|    108|         1,077|         1,699|   \8\   2,062|         2,032|       25|        40|\8\   51|      54
  Germany\35\ ....................|    78|     79|     82|     235|      3,636|         3,431|  \8\   3,859|      3,519|    ---|    101|\8\  104|    104|         8,457|         7,398|   \8\   8,382|         8,388|    --- |      98|\8\   104|     99|         1,624|         2,049|   \8\   2,132|          --- |       27|        34|\8\   47|    ---
  Greece .........................|    10|     10|     11|      82|        901|           813|  \8\     652|        636|    103|     98|\8\   93|     99|           740|           851|   \8\     818|           743|      81|      93|\8\    95|     98|           121|           283|   \8\     363|           478|       17|        36|\8\   47|      63
  Hungary\7\ .....................|    11|     10|     10|     109|      1,162|         1,131|  \9\     507|        490|     96|     95|\9\  103|    102|           357|           514|   \9\   1,112|          --- |      70|      79|\9\    98|    ---|           101|           102|   \9\     195|           331|       14|        14|\9\   24|      40
  Italy\7\ .......................|    56|     57|     58|     196|      4,423|         3,056|  \8\   2,810|      2,810|    100|    103|\8\  101|    101|         5,308|         5,118|   \8\   4,602|         4,473|      72|      83|\8\    95|     96|         1,118|         1,452|   \8\   1,893|         1,812|       27|        32|\8\   47|      50
  Netherlands\7\ .................|    14|     15|     16|     469|      1,333|         1,082|  \8\   1,231|      1,282|    100|    102|\8\  108|    108|         1,391|         1,402|   \8\   1,416|         1,403|      93|     120|\8\   132|    124|           360|           479|   \8\     469|           504|       29|        40|\8\   47|      55
  Poland\7\ ......................|    36|     38|     39|     127|      4,167|         5,189|  \9\   5,021|      3,221|    100|     98|\9\   96|    100|         1,674|         1,888|   \9\   2,539|         3,974|      77|      81|\9\    98|    101|           589|           545|   \9\     720|         1,775|       18|        22|\9\   25|      56
  Portugal .......................|    10|     10|     10|     109|      1,240|         1,020|         --- |        802|    123|    123|    --- |    121|  \36\     398|           670|          --- |           813|      37|      67|      ---|    114|            92|           186|          --- |           388|       11|        23|    --- |      50
  Romania\7\ .....................|    22|     23|     22|      97|      3,308|         1,253|  \8\   1,405|      1,090|    104|     91|\8\  103|     99|         1,148|         2,838|   \8\   2,212|         2,249|      94|      92|\8\    78|     82|           193|           193|   \8\     412|           533|       12|        10|\8\   23|      27
  Russian Federation .............|   139|    148|    146|       9|      6,009|         7,596| \10\   7,849|      5,702|    102|    109|\10\ 107|    109|        12,991|        13,956|  \23\  13,732|        13,858|      96|      93|\23\   87|     83|         5,700|         5,100|  \10\   4,458|         7,224|       46|        52|\10\  43|      64
  Spain\7\ .......................|    38|     39|     39|      79|      3,610|         2,820| \17\   2,610|      2,505|    109|    109|\8\  109|    105|         3,977|         4,755|   \8\   3,852|         3,183|      87|     104|\8\   120|    116|           698|         1,222|   \8\   1,684|         1,834|       23|        37|\8\   51|      59
  Ukraine\7\ .....................|    50|     52|     50|      86|      3,592|         3,991| \23\   2,659|       --- |    102|     89|\23\ 87 |    ---|         3,406|         3,408|  \23\   4,731|          --- |      94|      93|\23\   91|    ---|         1,684|         1,652|   \9\   1,541|          --- |       42|        47|\9\   42|    ---
  United Kingdom\7\ ..............|    56|     58|     60|     247|      4,911|         4,533|  \8\   5,328|      4,596|    103|    104|\8\  116|     99|         5,342|         4,336|   \8\   6,549|         8,374|      83|      85|\8\   129|    156|           827|         1,258|   \9\   1,821|         2,067|       19|        30|\8\   52|      60
                                  |      |       |       |        |           |              |             |           |       |       |        |       |              |              |              |              |        |        |         |       |              |              |              |              |         |          |        |
North America                     |      |       |       |        |           |              |             |           |       |       |        |       |              |              |              |              |        |        |         |       |              |              |              |              |         |          |        |
  Canada .........................|    25|     28|     31|       3|      2,185|         2,376|  \9\   2,448|      2,456|     99|    103|\9\  102|    100|         2,323|         2,292|   \9\   2,505|         2,621|      88|     101|\9\   105|    106|  \37\   1,173|         1,917|   \9\   1,763|         1,212|       57|        95|\9\   88|      59
  Cuba ...........................|    10|     11|   --- |    --- |      1,469|           888|  \8\   1,095|      1,007|    106|     98|\8\  106|    102|         1,146|         1,002|   \8\     713|           837|      81|      89|\8\    81|     85|           152|           242|   \8\     112|           178|       17|        21|\8\   12|      25
  Guatemala ......................|     7|      9|     11|     105|        803|         1,165|        1,545|      1,909|     71|     78|      88|    102|           172|  \13\     295|           385|           504|      19|\13\  23|       26|     37|            51|  \22\      70|   \9\      80|          --- |        8| \22\    8|\9\    8|    ---
  Mexico .........................|    68|     83|     98|      51|     14,666|        14,402|  \8\  14,651|     14,793|    120|    114|\8\  114|    113|         4,742|         6,704|   \8\   7,914|         9,357|      49|      53|\8\    64|     75|           930|         1,311|   \8\   1,612|         2,048|       14|        15|\8\   16|      21
  United States ..................|   230|    254|    282|      31|     20,420|        22,429|  \9\  24,046|     25,298|     99|    102|\9\  102|    101|        21,585|        19,270|   \9\  21,474|        23,087|      91|      93|\9\    97|     95|        12,097|        13,710|   \9\  14,262|        13,596|       56|        75|\9\   81|      73
                                  |      |       |       |        |           |              |             |           |       |       |        |       |              |              |              |              |        |        |         |       |              |              |              |              |         |          |        |
South America                     |      |       |       |        |           |              |             |           |       |       |        |       |              |              |              |              |        |        |         |       |              |              |              |              |         |          |        |
  Argentina ......................|    28|     33|     37|      14|      3,917|         4,965|        5,153|      4,898|    106|    106|\8\  113|    120|         1,327|         2,160|   \8\   2,594|         3,832|      56|      71|\8\    77|     97|           491|  \13\   1,008|  \10\   1,070|          --- |       22| \13\   38|\10\  36|    ---
  Brazil .........................|   122|    148|    170|      20|     22,598|        28,944|       34,229|     20,212|     98|    106|     125|    155|         2,819|         3,499|         6,405|        26,097|      33|      38|       62|    108|         1,409|  \38\   1,540|\8,38\   1,869|         2,781|       11|        11|\8\   15|      17
  Chile ..........................|    11|     13|     15|      20|      2,185|         1,991|  \8\   2,242|      1,799|    109|    100|\8\  101|    103|           538|           720|   \8\     739|         1,391|      53|      73|\8\    75|     85|           145|  \13\     262|           381|           452|       12| \13\   21|      31|      38
  Colombia .......................|    27|     33|     42|      41|      4,168|         4,247|\8,17\  4,917|      5,221|    112|    102|\8\  113|    112|         1,733|  \13\   2,378|   \8\   3,318|         3,569|      39|      50|\8\    67|     70|           272|           487|   \8\     644|           934|        9|        13|\8\   17|      23
  Ecuador ........................|     8|     10|     13|      46|      1,534|         1,846|\8,39\  1,888|      1,955|    117|    116|\8\  127|    115|           592|\18,40\    786|          --- |           936|      53|      55|\10\   50|     57|           270|           207|          --- |          --- |       35|        20|    --- |    ---
  Peru ...........................|    17|     22|     26|      20|      3,161|         3,855|        4,163|      4,338|    114|    118|     123|    127|         1,203|         1,698|         1,970|  \11\   2,376|      59|      67|       72|\11\ 86|           306|           678|           658|          --- |       17|        30|      26|    ---
  Venezuela ......................|    15|     20|     24|      27|      3,158|         4,053|  \8\   4,262|\11\  3,347|     93|     96|\8\   91|\11\102|           222|           281|   \8\     378|  \11\   1,544|      21|      35|\8\    40|     59|           307|           550|          --- |  \11\     681|       21|        29|    --- |\11\  29
                                  |      |       |       |        |           |              |             |           |       |       |        |       |              |              |              |              |        |        |         |       |              |              |              |              |         |          |        |
Oceania                           |      |       |       |        |           |              |             |           |       |       |        |       |              |              |              |              |        |        |         |       |              |              |              |              |         |          |        |
  Australia\7\ ...................|    15|     17|     19|       2|      1,718|         1,583|        1,856|      1,906|    112|    108|     101|    102|         1,100|         1,278|         2,368|         2,589|      71|      82|      153|    161|  \41\     324|  \41\     485|         1,042|           845|       25|        36|      80|      63
__________________________________|______|_______|_______|________|___________|______________|_____________|___________|_______|_______|________|_______|______________|______________|______________|______________|________|________|_________|_______|______________|______________|______________|______________|_________|__________|________|________

---Not available.


#Rounds to zero.
\1\Selection based on total population for midyear 1997.
\2\First-level enrollment generally consists of elementary school, grades 1-6.
\3\Second-level enrollment includes general education, teacher training (at the second level), and technical and vocational education. This level generally corresponds to secondary education in the United States, grades 7-12.
\4\Third-level enrollment includes college and university enrollment, and technical and vocational education beyond the high school level. There is considerable variation in reporting from country to country.
\5\Data represent the total enrollment of all ages in the school level divided by the population of the specific age groups that correspond to the school level. The year shown in this column is the one in which the school or academic year starts. Adjustments have been made for the varying lengths of first and second level programs. Ratios may exceed 100 because some countries have many students from outside the normal age range.
\6\Enrollment totals and ratios exclude Democratic People's Republic of Korea. Data do not include adult education or special education provided outside regular schools.
\7\Classification or data coverage of levels have been revised. Data by level may not be comparable over time.
\8\Data for 1996-97.
\9\Data for 1995-96.
\10\Data for 1994-95.
\11\Estimated by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics.
\12\Policy change: introduction of free universal primary education.
\13\Data for 1991-92.
\14\Excludes private institutions.
\15\Data refer to universities and exclude Al Azhar.
\16\Excludes non-university institutions (such as teacher training colleges and technical colleges) and excludes distance-learning universities.
\17\Estimated.
\18\General education enrollment only. Excludes teacher training and vocational education enrollments.
\19\Data for 1981-82.
\20\Does not include professional schools.
\21\Includes initiation classes where students learn Portuguese.
\22\Data for 1992-93.
\23\Data for 1993-94.
\24\Not including the former Independent States of Transke, Bophuthatswana, Venda, and Ciskei.
\25\Public education only.
\26\Data refer to government aided and maintained schools only.
\27\Not including private non-university institutions.
\28\Day schools only.
\29\Data for 1985-86.
\30\Does not include medical science.
\31\Includes preprimary education.
\32\National estimation.
\33\Excludes some non-university institutions.
\34\Includes full-time students only.
\35\Data include both former East and West Germany.
\36\As from 1980, change in structure.
\37\Not including part-time students at community colleges.
\38\Not including ISCED level 7.
\39\Data refer to the end of school year.
\40\Including vocational education.
\41\Data do not include Vocational Education and Training Institutes (VETS).

NOTE: Some data have been revised from previously published figures. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.

SOURCE: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), Statistical Yearbook, 1999; United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), Global Education Digest, 2003;

World Bank, World Development Indicators, 2000; World Bank, World Development Report, 2002; U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, International Data Base. Retrieved on May 6, 2005 from http://www.census.gov/ipc/www/idbnew.html. (This table was prepared May 2005.)