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Digest of Education Statistics: 2004
Digest of Education Statistics: 2004

NCES 2006-005
October 2005


Table 378. Unemployment rate of persons 16 years old and over, by age, sex, race/ethnicity, and educational attainment: 2002, 2003, and 2004

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                     |           Percent unemployed, 2002\1\     |             Percent unemployed, 2003\1\     |             Percent unemployed, 2004\1\
                                     |___________________________________________|_____________________________________________|_____________________________________________
Sex, race/ethnicity, and             |       16- to 24-year-olds\2\   |        25|         16- to 24-year-olds\2\   |        25|         16- to 24-year-olds\2\   |        25
educational attainment               |________________________________|     years|__________________________________|     years|__________________________________|     years
                                     |     Total|  16 to 19|  20 to 24|   old and|      Total|   16 to 19|  20 to 24|   old and|      Total|   16 to 19|  20 to 24|   old and
                                     |          |     years|     years|      over|           |      years|     years|      over|           |      years|     years|      over
_____________________________________|__________|__________|__________|__________|___________|___________|__________|__________|___________|___________|__________|__________
1                                    |         2|         3|         4|         5|          6|          7|         8|         9|         10|         11|         1|         13
_____________________________________|__________|__________|__________|__________|___________|___________|__________|__________|___________|___________|__________|__________
All persons                          |          |          |          |          |           |           |          |          |           |           |          |
All education levels ................|12.0(0.16)|16.5(0.31)| 9.7(0.18)| 4.6(0.04)|12.4 (0.30)|17.4 (0.52)|10.0(0.37)| 4.8(0.09)|11.9 (0.29)|17.0 (0.51)| 9.4(0.36)| 4.4(0.08)
  Less than high school completion ..|18.4(0.36)|19.0(0.44)|17.0(0.61)| 8.4(0.18)|19.1 (0.58)|19.6 (0.65)|18.2(1.25)| 8.8(0.29)|18.8 (0.57)|20.0 (0.66)|16.4(1.19)| 8.5(0.29)
  High school completion, no college |12.6(0.29)|15.9(0.58)|11.1(0.33)| 5.3(0.08)|13.4 (0.62)|17.4 (1.23)|12.0(0.72)| 5.5(0.16)|12.4 (0.60)|15.8 (1.16)|11.1(0.69)| 5.0(0.15)
  Some college, no degree ...........| 7.7(0.24)| 9.2(0.60)| 7.3(0.27)| 4.8(0.11)| 7.8 (0.48)|10.3 (1.15)| 7.3(0.53)| 5.2(0.22)| 7.8 (0.48)| 9.1 (1.07)| 7.5(0.53)| 4.5(0.20)
  Associate's degree ................| 7.2(0.59)|  ‡   (†) | 7.1(0.59)| 4.0(0.13)| 6.8 (1.25)|  ‡    (†) | 6.6(1.26)| 4.0(0.28)| 6.1 (1.16)|  ‡    (†) | 5.9(1.17)| 3.7(0.26)
  Bachelor's or higher degree .......| 5.8(0.39)|  ‡   (†) | 5.8(0.39)| 2.9(0.06)| 6.1 (0.84)|  ‡    (†) | 6.1(0.84)| 3.1(0.13)| 5.6 (0.79)|  ‡    (†) | 5.6(0.79)| 2.7(0.12)
                                     |          |          |          |          |           |           |          |          |           |           |          |
Male                                 |          |          |          |          |           |           |          |          |           |           |          |
All education levels ................|12.8(0.23)|18.1(0.45)|10.2(0.25)| 4.7(0.06)|13.4 (0.43)|19.3 (0.75)|10.6(0.53)| 5.0(0.13)|12.6 (0.43)|18.4 (0.74)|10.1(0.52)| 4.4(0.12)
  Less than high school completion ..|18.7(0.47)|20.8(0.62)|15.1(0.72)| 7.8(0.22)|19.3 (0.78)|21.1 (0.91)|16.3(1.57)| 8.2(0.40)|18.8 (0.79)|21.4 (0.93)|14.7(1.51)| 7.6(0.40)
  High school completion, no college |12.7(0.39)|16.4(0.82)|11.3(0.44)| 5.4(0.12)|14.0 (0.86)|19.6 (1.81)|12.1(0.97)| 5.7(0.24)|12.7 (0.83)|16.4 (1.68)|11.4(0.95)| 5.1(0.23)
  Some college, no degree ...........| 8.1(0.37)| 9.8(0.95)| 7.8(0.39)| 4.7(0.15)| 8.3 (0.72)|11.0 (1.79)| 7.7(0.78)| 5.4(0.32)| 8.7 (0.73)|10.2 (1.70)| 8.4(0.81)| 4.4(0.29)
  Associate's degree ................| 8.0(0.88)|  ‡   (†) | 7.6(0.87)| 4.3(0.20)| 7.8 (1.99)|  ‡    (†) | 7.6(2.01)| 4.4(0.43)| 5.7 (1.73)|  ‡    (†) | 5.6(1.74)| 4.0(0.41)
  Bachelor's or higher degree .......| 6.9(0.67)|  ‡   (†) | 7.0(0.67)| 3.0(0.09)| 6.7 (1.36)|  ‡    (†) | 6.8(1.37)| 3.2(0.19)| 5.9 (1.26)|  ‡    (†) | 5.9(1.28)| 2.7(0.17)
                                     |          |          |          |          |           |           |          |          |           |           |          |
Female                               |          |          |          |          |           |           |          |          |           |           |          |
All education levels ................|11.1(0.22)|14.9(0.43)| 9.1(0.25)| 4.6(0.06)|11.4 (0.39)|15.6 (0.67)| 9.3(0.48)| 4.6(0.11)|11.0 (0.40)|15.5 (0.70)| 8.7(0.49)| 4.4(0.11)
  Less than high school completion ..|17.9(0.54)|17.0(0.62)|20.7(1.12)| 9.5(0.31)|18.9 (0.80)|17.9 (0.87)|22.1(1.93)| 9.8(0.41)|18.9 (0.84)|18.4 (0.93)|20.1(1.97)|10.0(0.44)
  High school completion, no college |12.3(0.43)|15.4(0.83)|10.9(0.50)| 5.1(0.12)|12.7 (0.84)|15.1 (1.55)|11.7(1.00)| 5.2(0.20)|12.1 (0.87)|15.2 (1.61)|10.6(1.02)| 4.9(0.21)
  Some college, no degree ...........| 7.3(0.33)| 8.8(0.77)| 6.8(0.36)| 5.0(0.15)| 7.5 (0.61)| 9.8 (1.42)| 6.8(0.67)| 4.9(0.28)| 7.1 (0.62)| 8.4 (1.37)| 6.8(0.70)| 4.7(0.28)
  Associate's degree ................| 6.7(0.79)|  ‡   (†) | 6.6(0.80)| 3.7(0.17)| 6.1 (1.49)|  ‡    (†) | 5.9(1.49)| 3.7(0.33)| 6.3 (1.57)|  ‡    (†) | 6.2(1.58)| 3.4(0.33)
  Bachelor's or higher degree .......| 5.1(0.48)|  ‡   (†) | 5.0(0.48)| 2.8(0.09)| 5.5 (0.99)|  ‡    (†) | 5.6(0.99)| 2.9(0.17)| 5.3 (1.00)|  ‡    (†) | 5.3(1.01)| 2.7(0.18)
                                     |          |          |          |          |           |           |          |          |           |           |          |
White, non-Hispanic                  |          |          |          |          |           |           |          |          |           |           |          |
All education levels ................| 9.8(0.18)|13.5(0.34)| 7.7(0.20)| 3.9(0.05)|10.2 (0.35)|14.4 (0.60)| 8.0(0.42)| 4.0(0.09)| 9.8 (0.34)|14.1 (0.60)| 7.6(0.41)| 3.6(0.09)
  Less than high school completion ..|15.6(0.43)|15.4(0.48)|16.4(0.97)| 7.5(0.26)|16.7 (0.73)|16.4 (0.78)|18.1(2.06)| 7.6(0.39)|16.2 (0.73)|16.3 (0.78)|15.7(1.93)| 7.7(0.40)
  High school completion, no college |10.5(0.33)|13.2(0.65)| 9.2(0.38)| 4.5(0.09)|10.9 (0.73)|13.8 (1.39)| 9.7(0.85)| 4.6(0.17)|10.6 (0.71)|13.5 (1.34)| 9.3(0.84)| 4.3(0.17)
  Some college, no degree ...........| 6.3(0.26)| 8.0(0.65)| 5.8(0.28)| 4.2(0.12)| 6.7 (0.54)| 8.9 (1.29)| 6.2(0.60)| 4.3(0.23)| 6.7 (0.54)| 8.2 (1.21)| 6.4(0.60)| 3.7(0.21)
  Associate's degree ................| 6.0(0.63)|  ‡   (†) | 5.6(0.62)| 3.5(0.14)| 5.1 (1.29)|  ‡    (†) | 4.8(1.29)| 3.5(0.29)| 4.9 (1.26)|  ‡    (†) | 4.8(1.25)| 3.3(0.28)
  Bachelor's or higher degree .......| 5.3(0.43)|  ‡   (†) | 5.2(0.42)| 2.7(0.07)| 5.5 (0.91)|  ‡    (†) | 5.5(0.92)| 2.8(0.14)| 5.0 (0.86)|  ‡    (†) | 4.9(0.86)| 2.5(0.13)
                                     |          |          |          |          |           |           |          |          |           |           |          |
Black, non-Hispanic                  |          |          |          |          |           |           |          |          |           |           |          |
All education levels ................|22.7(0.59)|30.1(1.16)|19.3(0.68)| 7.7(0.17)|23.8 (1.10)|33.2 (1.78)|19.9(1.41)| 8.3(0.35)|22.4 (1.07)|32.0 (1.75)|18.6(1.36)| 8.1(0.35)
  Less than high school completion ..|35.0(1.30)|34.9(1.62)|35.2(2.15)|13.6(0.63)|36.8 (1.88)|35.9 (2.12)|38.2(4.07)|13.9(1.02)|37.1 (1.88)|38.7 (2.15)|34.9(3.94)|15.5(1.07)
  High school completion, no college |22.6(0.97)|28.0(2.00)|20.7(1.10)| 8.8(0.30)|24.7 (2.11)|34.0 (4.38)|22.0(2.39)| 9.4(0.63)|21.9 (2.03)|28.0 (4.03)|19.9(2.34)| 8.7(0.60)
  Some college, no degree ...........|14.6(0.97)|15.7(2.62)|14.4(1.04)| 6.9(0.34)|14.6 (1.90)|21.1 (4.95)|13.5(2.05)| 8.6(0.81)|14.2 (1.85)|16.2 (4.46)|13.9(2.03)| 8.4(0.81)
  Associate's degree ................|13.3(2.42)|  ‡   (†) |13.6(2.46)| 6.0(0.49)|13.6 (5.71)|  ‡    (†) |12.8(5.68)| 6.1(1.09)| 6.9 (4.20)|  ‡    (†) | 7.2(4.42)| 5.9(1.07)
  Bachelor's or higher degree .......| 4.9(1.43)|  ‡   (†) | 5.0(1.46)| 4.2(0.28)| 6.8 (3.46)|  ‡    (†) | 6.8(3.47)| 4.3(0.62)| 8.8 (3.63)|  ‡    (†) | 8.8(3.67)| 4.2(0.60)
                                     |          |          |          |          |           |           |          |          |           |           |          |
Hispanic origin\3\                   |          |          |          |          |           |           |          |          |           |           |          |
All education levels ................|12.9(0.40)|20.0(0.88)| 9.9(0.42)| 6.1(0.15)|12.8 (0.78)|20.0 (1.44)|10.2(0.93)| 6.4(0.30)|12.3 (0.75)|20.4 (1.43)| 9.3(0.87)| 5.7(0.28)
  Less than high school completion ..|16.7(0.68)|22.9(1.19)|12.2(0.78)| 7.7(0.27)|16.1 (1.19)|23.0 (1.75)|11.5(1.66)| 8.2(0.52)|16.2 (1.19)|24.0 (1.77)|10.9(1.61)| 7.5(0.51)
  High school completion, no college |11.4(0.66)|17.3(1.59)| 9.5(0.70)| 5.9(0.27)|12.4 (1.50)|18.3 (3.47)|10.8(1.64)| 5.9(0.55)|11.6 (1.43)|17.2 (3.30)|10.0(1.56)| 5.2(0.51)
  Some college, no degree ...........| 8.6(0.75)|11.9(2.04)| 7.9(0.80)| 5.7(0.37)| 7.7 (1.48)| 9.7 (3.57)| 7.3(1.62)| 5.8(0.81)| 8.0 (1.45)|10.6 (3.56)| 7.4(1.59)| 5.1(0.75)
  Associate's degree ................| 7.5(1.85)|  ‡   (†) | 6.9(1.84)| 5.0(0.54)|10.0 (4.49)|  ‡    (†) |10.2(4.58)| 5.3(1.18)| 8.0 (3.69)|  ‡    (†) | 8.1(3.77)| 4.2(1.05)
  Bachelor's or higher degree .......| 8.4(1.85)|  ‡   (†) | 8.5(1.87)| 3.4(0.30)|11.1 (4.86)|  ‡    (†) |11.1(4.87)| 4.1(0.71)| 5.0 (3.22)|  ‡    (†) | 5.0(3.22)| 3.5(0.64)
_____________________________________|__________|__________|__________|__________|___________|___________|__________|__________|___________|___________|__________|__________

†Not applicable.
‡Reporting standards not met.
\1\The unemployment rate is the percent of individuals in the labor force who are not working and who made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the prior 4 weeks. The labor force includes both employed and unemployed persons.
\2\Excludes persons enrolled in school.
\3\Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

NOTE: Some data have been revised from previously published figures. Standard errors appear in parentheses.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Office of Employment and Unemployment Statistics, previously unpublished tabulations of annual averages from the March Current Population Survey. (This table was prepared May 2005.)