Skip Navigation
Digest of Education Statistics
2004 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 374. Summary of federal funds for research, development, and R&D plant: Fiscal years 1996 to 2004
[In millions of current dollars]

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                                              |                                   Actual                                     |            Estimate
                                                              |______________________________________________________________________________|________________________________
Item                                                          |          |          |          |          |          |            |          |          |           | Percent
                                                              |     1996 |     1997 |     1998 |     1999 |     2000 |       2001 |     2002 |     2003 |       2004| change,
                                                              |          |          |          |          |          |            |          |          |           | 2003 to
                                                              |          |          |          |          |          |            |          |          |           |     2004
______________________________________________________________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|____________|__________|__________|___________|_________
1                                                             |        2 |        3 |        4 |        5 |        6 |          7 |        8 |        9 |        10 |      11
______________________________________________________________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|____________|__________|__________|___________|_________
Total outlays for research, development, and                  |          |          |          |          |          |            |          |          |           |
   R & D plant ...............................................| $67,756.1| $70,892.0| $72,295.6| $72,613.9| $74,077.0|   $79,692.2| $85,100.8| $95,139.5| $100,756.4|     5.9
  Research and development ...................................|  65,909.9|  68,897.2|  70,434.5|  70,585.2|  69,807.3|    75,335.7|  80,712.5|  89,964.1|   96,608.4|     7.4
  R & D plant ................................................|   1,846.2|   1,994.8|   1,861.1|   2,028.7|   4,269.7|     4,356.5|   4,388.3|   5,175.3|    4,148.0|   -19.9
                                                              |==========|==========|==========|==========|==========|============|==========|==========|===========|=========
Total obligations for research, development, and              |          |          |          |          |          |            |          |          |           |
   R & D plant ...............................................|  69,408.7|  71,744.7|  73,743.5|  77,386.6|  77,356.1|    84,003.0|  90,157.7| 101,008.1|  105,220.2|     4.2
                                                              |==========|==========|==========|==========|==========|============|==========|==========|===========|=========
  Research and development obligations .......................|  67,662.6|  69,829.9|  71,903.3|  75,340.8|  72,863.2|    79,933.2|  85,853.0|  95,755.8|  101,054.7|     5.5
                                                              |__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|____________|__________|__________|___________|_________
  Performers                                                  |          |          |          |          |          |            |          |          |           |
    Federal intramural\1\ ....................................|  16,596.4|  16,720.0|  17,114.0|  18,084.7|  17,149.8|    20,219.8|  21,044.8|  23,243.9|   24,164.1|     4.0
    Industrial firms .........................................|  30,361.4|  31,418.0|  31,839.7|  31,901.6|  27,735.5|    27,006.2|  29,538.2|  34,052.1|   37,671.0|    10.6
    FFRDCs\2\ administered by industrial firms ...............|   1,137.0|   1,128.2|   1,188.8|   1,328.1|   1,100.9|     1,186.6|   1,351.1|   1,583.1|    1,521.0|    -3.9
    Universities and colleges ................................|  11,944.7|  12,561.1|  13,365.9|  14,959.1|  16,815.1|    19,587.9|  21,290.1|  23,471.1|   23,833.1|     1.5
    FFRDCs\2\ administered by universities and colleges ......|   3,447.7|   3,701.1|   3,890.2|   3,896.5|   4,053.2|     4,617.7|   4,641.2|   4,852.3|    5,067.9|     4.4
    Other nonprofit institutions .............................|   2,886.9|   2,962.1|   3,155.1|   3,608.8|   4,216.6|     5,138.8|   5,739.1|   6,266.9|    6,579.0|     5.0
    FFRDCs\2\ administered by nonprofit institutions .........|     754.5|     821.0|     603.0|     913.3|   1,231.5|     1,269.1|   1,404.8|   1,406.4|    1,430.8|     1.7
    State and local governments ..............................|     246.7|     261.1|     447.5|     357.5|     224.0|       450.6|     452.2|     528.6|      474.4|   -10.2
    Foreign ..................................................|     287.4|     257.5|     299.1|     291.3|     336.7|       456.5|     391.6|     351.4|      313.5|   -10.8
                                                              |          |          |          |          |          |            |          |          |           |
    Research obligations .....................................|  28,265.1|  29,365.6|  30,922.3|  33,527.5|  38,470.5|    44,713.7|  48,006.7|  52,568.5|   54,071.8|     2.9
  Performers                                                  |          |          |          |          |          |            |          |          |           |
    Federal intramural\1\ ....................................|   7,528.2|   7,667.2|   7,964.7|   8,685.8|   9,449.6|    11,130.9|  11,857.4|  12,618.0|   13,427.3|     6.4
    Industrial firms .........................................|   4,291.3|   4,392.1|   4,635.1|   4,579.8|   4,801.2|     5,262.3|   5,786.8|   6,549.4|    6,398.0|    -2.3
    FRDCs\2\ administered by industrial firms ................|     696.2|     759.6|     844.1|     879.3|     700.3|       822.3|     937.3|   1,052.5|    1,071.9|     1.8
    Universities and colleges ................................|  10,673.7|  11,173.2|  11,741.0|  13,203.8|  16,015.9|    18,657.1|  20,285.4|  22,379.8|   22,933.6|     2.5
    FFRDCs\2\ administered by universities and colleges ......|   2,386.0|   2,598.9|   2,743.0|   2,554.1|   2,773.2|     3,096.3|   3,219.4|   3,409.2|    3,469.2|     1.8
    Other nonprofit institutions .............................|   2,179.5|   2,294.9|   2,425.2|   2,806.7|   3,719.8|     4,577.9|   4,723.0|   5,230.7|    5,468.5|     4.5
    FFRDCs\2\ administered by nonprofit institutions .........|     195.8|     217.5|     214.5|     469.5|     696.1|       739.4|     749.6|     780.1|      797.4|     2.2
    State and local governments ..............................|     187.4|     144.0|     240.1|     232.4|     162.5|       308.7|     275.5|     340.6|      306.5|   -10.0
    Foreign ..................................................|     126.8|     118.1|     114.5|     116.1|     152.0|       118.9|     172.3|     208.1|      199.4|    -4.2
                                                              |          |          |          |          |          |            |          |          |           |
  Fields of science                                           |          |          |          |          |          |            |          |          |           |
    Life sciences ............................................|  12,099.7|  12,661.3|  13,557.6|  15,422.5|  17,964.7|    23,057.3|  25,476.8|  28,441.9|   29,340.5|     3.2
     Psychology ..............................................|     513.0|     545.4|     591.0|     632.6|   1,626.7|       741.9|     905.9|   1,009.4|    1,050.4|     4.1
     Physical sciences .......................................|   3,964.4|   4,148.7|   4,209.7|   4,066.2|   4,787.9|     4,600.8|   4,983.2|   5,105.3|    5,417.0|     6.1
     Environmental sciences ..................................|   2,997.0|   3,045.7|   3,062.0|   3,095.3|   3,328.8|     3,251.7|   3,418.3|   3,689.8|    3,761.6|     1.9
     Mathematics and computer sciences .......................|   1,554.1|   1,671.8|   1,836.8|   1,980.6|   2,205.6|     2,610.6|   2,630.7|   2,738.2|    2,828.8|     3.3
     Engineering .............................................|   5,679.6|   5,690.3|   5,895.4|   6,263.4|   6,346.4|     8,197.0|   8,274.9|   9,074.0|    9,127.1|     0.6
     Social sciences .........................................|     674.2|     696.3|     806.1|     854.9|   1,050.3|     1,008.6|   1,038.5|   1,176.3|    1,202.9|     2.3
     Other sciences ..........................................|     783.0|     906.1|     963.7|   1,212.1|   1,160.2|     1,245.8|   1,278.4|   1,333.6|    1,343.6|     0.8
                                                              |          |          |          |          |          |            |          |          |           |
      Basic research obligations .............................|  14,462.4|  14,942.2|  15,613.0|  17,443.7|  19,569.8|    21,958.1|  23,668.3|  25,599.9|   26,643.1|     4.1
                                                              |__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|____________|__________|__________|___________|_________
  Performers                                                  |          |          |          |          |          |            |          |          |           |
    Federal intramural\1\ ....................................|   2,689.2|   2,688.6|   2,917.8|   3,255.2|   3,621.8|     4,193.8|   4,460.0|   4,880.5|    5,354.9|     9.7
    Industrial firms .........................................|   1,131.0|   1,166.7|   1,119.7|   1,082.8|   1,356.5|       917.1|   1,231.9|   1,434.6|    1,648.0|    14.9
    FFRDCs\2\ administered by industrial firms ...............|     272.8|     294.7|     326.4|     313.4|     171.3|       175.1|     239.6|     269.5|      278.2|     3.2
    Universities and colleges ................................|   7,406.1|   7,695.8|   7,952.2|   9,107.1|  10,056.7|    11,792.2|  12,668.2|  13,568.1|   13,723.5|     1.1
    FFRDCs\2\ administered by universities and colleges ......|   1,522.0|   1,600.0|   1,642.3|   1,565.5|   1,674.0|     1,762.1|   1,805.2|   1,911.3|    1,989.0|     4.1
    Other nonprofit institutions .............................|   1,235.2|   1,289.6|   1,397.6|   1,650.0|   1,985.3|     2,441.7|   2,531.7|   2,729.1|    2,852.7|     4.5
    FFRDCs\2\ administered by nonprofit institutions .........|      76.5|      88.4|     121.8|     354.9|     521.6|       540.5|     563.4|     594.7|      594.1|    -0.1
    State and local governments ..............................|      80.2|      68.4|      84.9|      61.4|      75.7|        71.5|      71.5|      91.5|       93.0|     1.5
    Foreign ..................................................|      49.5|      49.9|      50.4|      53.4|     106.9|        64.0|      96.8|     120.5|      109.9|    -8.8
                                                              |          |          |          |          |          |            |          |          |           |
  Fields of science                                           |          |          |          |          |          |            |          |          |           |
    Life sciences ............................................|   6,911.0|   7,203.8|   7,853.4|   9,197.1|  10,049.0|    12,835.5|  14,024.1|  15,190.1|   15,428.4|     1.6
    Psychology ...............................................|     281.5|     293.9|     312.0|     347.3|     817.8|       292.9|     464.6|     511.3|      526.3|     2.9
    Physical sciences ........................................|   2,901.7|   2,976.4|   2,941.4|   3,089.8|   3,470.6|     3,327.1|   3,405.9|   3,661.8|    3,937.1|     7.5
    Environmental sciences ...................................|   1,531.2|   1,543.5|   1,528.7|   1,615.7|   1,838.4|     1,663.0|   1,833.3|   1,964.5|    2,093.1|     6.5
    Mathematics and computer sciences ........................|     622.0|     661.4|     705.5|     734.9|     798.3|       957.8|     998.7|   1,065.7|    1,123.6|     5.4
    Engineering ..............................................|   1,606.6|   1,583.0|   1,594.4|   1,639.7|   1,764.2|     1,911.5|   1,864.9|   2,053.0|    2,334.1|    13.7
    Social sciences ..........................................|     230.0|     221.0|     224.8|     246.5|     308.0|       278.4|     361.7|     402.2|      399.3|    -0.7
    Other sciences ...........................................|     378.3|     459.3|     452.7|     572.5|     523.6|       691.7|     715.2|     751.3|      801.2|     6.6
                                                              |          |          |          |          |          |            |          |          |           |
Applied research obligations .................................|  13,802.7|  14,423.4|  15,309.3|  16,083.7|  18,900.7|    22,755.6|  24,338.4|  26,968.6|   27,428.7|     1.7
  Performers                                                  |          |          |          |          |          |            |          |          |           |
    Federal intramural\1\ ....................................|   4,839.0|   4,978.7|   5,046.9|   5,430.6|   5,827.8|     6,937.2|   7,397.4|   7,737.4|    8,072.4|     4.3
    Industrial firms .........................................|   3,160.3|   3,225.5|   3,515.4|   3,497.0|   3,444.6|     4,345.2|   4,554.9|   5,114.8|    4,750.0|    -7.1
    FFRDCs\2\ administered by industrial firms ...............|     423.4|     464.9|     517.7|     565.8|     528.9|       647.2|     697.7|     783.0|      793.7|     1.4
    Universities and colleges ................................|   3,267.6|   3,477.4|   3,788.9|   4,096.7|   5,959.2|     6,864.9|   7,617.2|   8,811.6|    9,210.2|     4.5
    FFRDCs\2\ administered by universities and colleges ......|     864.0|     998.8|   1,100.7|     988.6|   1,099.2|     1,334.2|   1,414.1|   1,497.9|    1,480.2|    -1.2
    Other nonprofit institutions .............................|     944.3|   1,005.3|   1,027.7|   1,156.7|   1,734.5|     2,136.2|   2,191.3|   2,501.6|    2,615.8|     4.6
    FFRDCs\2\ administered by nonprofit institutions .........|     119.4|     129.2|      92.6|     114.6|     174.5|       198.9|     186.2|     185.5|      203.3|     9.6
    State and local governments ..............................|     107.3|      75.5|     155.2|     171.0|      86.9|       237.1|     204.0|     249.1|      213.5|   -14.3
    Foreign ..................................................|      77.4|      68.2|      64.1|      62.8|      45.1|        54.9|      75.6|      87.6|       89.6|     2.3
                                                              |          |          |          |          |          |            |          |          |           |
  Fields of science                                           |          |          |          |          |          |            |          |          |           |
    Life sciences ............................................|   5,188.7|   5,457.6|   5,704.1|   6,225.3|   7,915.7|    10,221.8|  11,452.7|  13,251.9|   13,912.0|     5.0
    Psychology ...............................................|     231.5|     251.5|     279.0|     285.3|     808.9|       449.0|     441.3|     498.1|      524.1|     5.2
    Physical sciences ........................................|   1,062.7|   1,172.4|   1,268.3|     976.4|   1,317.3|     1,273.6|   1,577.4|   1,443.4|    1,479.9|     2.5
    Environmental sciences ...................................|   1,465.8|   1,502.2|   1,533.2|   1,479.5|   1,490.3|     1,588.6|   1,585.0|   1,725.3|    1,668.5|    -3.3
    Mathematics and computer sciences ........................|     932.1|   1,010.5|   1,131.4|   1,245.7|   1,407.3|     1,652.8|   1,632.0|   1,672.5|    1,705.2|     2.0
    Engineering ..............................................|   4,073.0|   4,107.3|   4,301.0|   4,623.7|   4,582.2|     6,285.5|   6,410.0|   7,021.0|    6,793.0|    -3.2
    Social sciences ..........................................|     444.2|     475.3|     581.3|     608.3|     742.3|       730.2|     676.9|     774.1|      803.6|     3.8
    Other sciences ...........................................|     404.7|     446.8|     510.9|     639.6|     636.6|       554.1|     563.3|     582.3|      542.4|    -6.8
                                                              |          |          |          |          |          |            |          |          |           |
Development obligations ......................................|  39,397.5|  40,464.3|  40,981.0|  41,813.1|  34,392.7|    35,219.5|  37,846.3|  43,187.3|   46,982.9|     8.8
  Performers                                                  |          |          |          |          |          |            |          |          |           |
    Federal intramural\1\ ....................................|   9,068.1|   9,052.7|   9,149.3|   9,398.9|   7,700.2|     9,088.9|   9,187.4|  10,625.9|   10,736.8|     1.0
    Industrial firms .........................................|  26,070.1|  27,025.8|  27,204.6|  27,321.8|  22,934.4|    21,744.0|  23,751.4|  27,502.7|   31,273.0|    13.7
    FFRDCs\2\ administered by industrial firms ...............|     440.7|     368.6|     344.7|     448.8|     400.6|       364.3|     413.7|     530.5|      449.1|   -15.4
    Universities and colleges ................................|   1,271.0|   1,387.9|   1,624.8|   1,755.3|     799.3|       930.8|   1,004.7|   1,091.4|      899.4|   -17.6
    FFRDCs\2\ administered by universities and colleges ......|   1,061.6|   1,102.1|   1,147.2|   1,342.3|   1,279.9|     1,521.4|   1,421.8|   1,443.1|    1,598.7|    10.8
    Other nonprofit institutions .............................|     707.4|     667.2|     729.9|     802.0|     496.8|       560.8|   1,016.1|   1,036.2|    1,110.5|     7.2
    FFRDCs\2\ administered by nonprofit institutions .........|     558.7|     603.4|     388.5|     443.7|     535.4|       529.7|     655.2|     626.3|      633.4|     1.1
    State and local governments ..............................|      59.3|     117.1|     207.4|     125.1|      61.5|       141.9|     176.7|     188.0|      168.0|   -10.6
    Foreign ..................................................|     160.5|     139.3|     184.6|     175.2|     184.7|       337.6|     219.2|     143.3|      114.1|   -20.4
                                                              |          |          |          |          |          |            |          |          |           |
R & D plant obligations ......................................|   1,746.1|   1,914.8|   1,840.2|   2,045.8|   4,492.8|     4,069.8|   4,304.7|   5,252.3|    4,165.5|   -20.7
                                                              |__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|____________|__________|__________|___________|_________
  Performers                                                  |          |          |          |          |          |            |          |          |           |
    Federal intramural\1\ ....................................|     405.1|     608.3|     475.3|     483.3|     573.3|       520.4|     414.8|     971.6|      406.6|   -58.1
    Industrial firms .........................................|     465.4|     389.8|     487.7|     544.7|   2,814.6|     2,179.8|   2,524.9|   2,381.5|    2,431.0|     2.1
    FFRDCs\2\ administered by industrial firms ...............|      43.9|      60.5|      45.6|     172.8|      27.6|        41.8|     109.1|     144.6|      168.3|    16.4
    Universities and colleges ................................|     243.1|     238.6|     139.5|     141.2|     213.5|       284.7|     241.1|     703.1|      265.7|   -62.2
    FFRDCs\2\ administered by universities and colleges ......|     497.8|     548.8|     663.6|     615.5|     613.8|       615.9|     583.3|     573.9|      614.0|     7.0
    Other nonprofit institutions .............................|      23.4|      16.7|      10.9|      12.2|      55.5|        27.9|      29.1|     139.6|       26.8|   -80.8
    FFRDCs\2\ administered by nonprofit institutions .........|      66.1|      52.0|      12.1|      70.7|     193.5|       357.5|     388.8|     326.3|      241.4|   -26.0
    State and local governments ..............................|       1.0|      --- |      --- |       5.3|       0.9|         1.4|       2.0|       0.0|        0.0|       †
    Foreign ..................................................|       0.5|       0.1|       5.5|      --- |       0.1|        40.4|      11.7|      11.6|       11.7|     0.9
______________________________________________________________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|____________|__________|__________|___________|_________

---Not available.
†Not applicable.
\1\Includes costs associated with the administration of intramural and extramural programs by federal personnel as well as actual intramural performance.
\2\Federally funded research and development centers.

NOTE: Some data have been revised from previously published figures. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.

SOURCE: National Science Foundation, Federal Funds for Research and Development, various years. (This table was prepared July 2004.)