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Digest of Education Statistics: 2004
Digest of Education Statistics: 2004

NCES 2006-005
October 2005


Table 361. Participation of employed persons, 17 years old and over, in career-related adult education during the previous 12 months, by selected characteristics of participants: 1995, 1999, and 2003

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                     |        1995         |                 1999             |                                     2003
                                     |_____________________|__________________________________|___________________________________________________________________
                                     |   Percent|    Number|     Percent of adults |    Number| Employed|    Percent of adults participating|   Number|     Number
                                     | of adults| of career|       participating   | of career| persons,|                                   |of career|  of career
Characteristic                       |  partici-|   or job-|_______________________|   or job-|       in|___________________________________|  or job-|    or job-
of                                   | pating in|   related|         In|           |   related|    thou-|         In|          |     In less|  related|    related
employed persons                     |    career|   courses|     career|         In|   courses|    sands|     career|        In|      formal|  courses|    courses
                                     |   or job-|    taken,|    or job-| apprentice|    taken,|         |    or job-|apprentice|work-related|taken, in|     taken,
                                     |   related|       per|    related|   programs|       per|         |    related|  programs|    learning|thousands|        per
                                     |   courses|  employee|    courses|           |  employee|         | courses\1\|          |  activities|         |employee\1\
_____________________________________|__________|__________|___________|___________|__________|_________|___________|__________|____________|_________|___________
1                                    |         2|         3|          4|          5|        6 |        7|          8|         9|          10|       11|         12
_____________________________________|__________|__________|___________|___________|__________|_________|___________|__________|____________|_________|___________
     Total ..........................|      31.1|       0.8|30.5 (1.14)| 2.2 (0.41)|0.7 (0.03)|  130,025|46.0 (0.70)|1.1 (0.14)|76.5  (0.70)|  119,948|  0.9(0.02)
                                     |__________|__________|___________|___________|__________|_________|___________|__________|____________|_________|___________
Sex                                  |          |          |           |           |          |         |           |          |            |         |
  Males .............................|      29.0|       0.7|28.3 (1.15)| 3.0 (0.45)|0.6 (0.03)|   67,453|42.7 (1.15)|1.6 (0.26)|76.1  (0.94)|   54,870|  0.8(0.03)
  Females ...........................|      33.4|       0.9|32.9 (1.14)| 1.4 (0.32)|0.8 (0.03)|   62,572|49.4 (0.99)|0.6 (0.11)|76.9  (1.05)|   65,078|  1.0(0.03)
                                     |          |          |           |           |          |         |           |          |            |         |
Age                                  |          |          |           |           |          |         |           |          |            |         |
  17 to 24 years ....................|      18.6|       0.4|19.1 (1.91)| 4.4 (1.41)|0.4 (0.06)|   16,113|33.9 (2.31)|2.6 (0.72)|83.2  (1.51)|    8,777|  0.5(0.06)
  25 to 29 years ....................|      31.2|       0.8|34.3 (2.44)| 3.7 (0.93)|0.8 (0.08)|   14,393|49.7 (2.62)|2.4 (0.74)|82.2  (2.44)|   13,059|  0.9(0.05)
  30 to 34 years ....................|      31.6|       0.8|34.4 (2.50)| 2.9 (0.82)|0.8 (0.08)|   13,691|48.4 (2.50)|1.6 (0.47)|76.6  (2.20)|   12,823|  0.9(0.06)
  35 to 39 years ....................|      35.1|       0.9|29.2 (2.15)| 1.6 (0.52)|0.7 (0.07)|   16,281|48.8 (2.32)|0.5 (0.23)|74.9  (1.98)|   15,841|  1.0(0.06)
  40 to 44 years ....................|      36.6|       0.9|36.4 (2.44)| 1.5 (0.60)|0.8 (0.07)|   19,794|46.1 (2.23)|0.9 (0.32)|77.3  (1.97)|   18,055|  0.9(0.06)
  45 to 49 years ....................|      39.6|       1.0|30.4 (2.42)| 1.8 (0.75)|0.7 (0.06)|   17,030|50.8 (2.15)|0.3 (0.11)|74.9  (2.58)|   18,360|  1.1(0.06)
  50 to 54 years ....................|      34.4|       0.9|34.7 (2.57)| 1.3 (0.54)|0.8 (0.07)|   13,296|52.5 (2.21)|0.6 (0.23)|77.6  (2.04)|   16,305|  1.2(0.08)
  55 to 59 years ....................|      26.7|       0.7|30.3 (2.83)| 0.8 (0.56)|0.6 (0.08)|    9,884|46.3 (2.49)|0.4 (0.19)|72.0  (2.42)|    9,990|  1.0(0.06)
  60 to 64 years ....................|      21.1|       0.5|27.2 (3.80)| 0.8 (0.82)|0.7 (0.15)|    5,318|37.8 (2.63)|0.1 (0.09)|64.1  (3.07)|    4,198|  0.8(0.08)
  65 and over .......................|      13.7|       0.4|20.3 (4.21)| 0.2 (0.25)|0.4 (0.08)|    4,226|---    (†) |---   (†) |---     (†) |    2,541|  ---  (†)
    65 to 69 years ..................|      --- |      --- |---    (†) |---    (†) |---   (†) |    2,379|33.5 (3.42)|0.6 (0.57)|66.3  (3.73)|    1,679|  0.7(0.08)
    70 years and over ...............|      --- |      --- |---    (†) |---    (†) |---   (†) |    1,847|22.3 (3.35)| #    (†) |55.8  (5.53)|      862|  0.5(0.09)
                                     |          |          |           |           |          |         |           |          |            |         |
Racial/ethnic group                  |          |          |           |           |          |         |           |          |            |         |
  White, non-Hispanic ...............|      33.2|       0.8|32.8 (0.98)| 1.7 (0.25)|0.6 (0.03)|   94,603|48.5 (0.85)|1.1 (0.18)|78.5  (0.77)|   92,576|  1.0(0.02)
  Black, non-Hispanic ...............|      26.2|       0.7|28.1 (2.34)| 4.1 (1.27)|1.0 (0.07)|   13,513|43.4 (2.19)|0.8 (0.31)|75.2  (1.98)|   12,385|  0.9(0.06)
  Hispanic ..........................|      18.1|       0.4|16.4 (1.83)| 4.3 (1.45)|0.5 (0.05)|   15,694|31.8 (2.32)|1.1 (0.31)|66.3  (2.69)|    9,356|  0.6(0.06)
  Asian/Pacific Islander ............|      25.5|       0.6|32.8 (4.84)|  #    (†) |0.4 (0.15)|    4,056|50.4 (4.77)|0.6 (0.51)|78.1  (4.89)|    3,393|  0.8(0.09)
  American Indian/Alaska Native .....|      34.0|       0.9|29.5(11.52)| 6.8 (5.57)|0.7 (0.52)|      760|40.0(15.14)|3.1 (3.28)|55.0 (17.49)|      498|  0.7(0.25)
                                     |          |          |           |           |          |         |           |          |            |         | 
Highest level of education           |          |          |           |           |          |         |           |          |            |         | 
   completed                         |          |          |           |           |          |         |           |          |            |         |
  Less than high school completion ..|       8.8|       0.1| 7.9 (2.29)| 2.5 (1.66)|0.4 (0.05)|   15,070|---    (†) |---   (†) |---     (†) |    3,000|  ---  (†)
    Eighth grade or less ............|      --- |      --- |---    (†) |---    (†) |---   (†) |    4,753| 9.9 (3.11)|0.2 (0.19)|49.4  (5.57)|      668|  0.1(0.05)
    9th to 12th grade, no completion |      --- |      --- |---    (†) |---    (†) |---   (†) |   10,318|16.3 (2.32)|1.7 (1.00)|56.2  (3.97)|    2,332|  0.2(0.04)
  High school completion ............|      20.9|       0.4|21.4 (1.45)| 2.4 (0.59)|0.8 (0.03)|   34,412|33.2 (1.39)|1.0 (0.23)|68.7  (1.79)|   19,407|  0.6(0.03)
  Some vocational/technical .........|      32.3|       0.8|28.7 (5.76)| 5.1 (3.23)|0.9 (0.17)|    4,372|41.7 (3.26)|3.9 (1.40)|83.2  (2.39)|    4,299|  1.0(0.11)
  Some college ......................|      29.9|       0.7|29.0 (1.78)| 3.0 (0.71)|0.7 (0.06)|   26,448|45.6 (1.83)|1.7 (0.45)|78.4  (1.42)|   23,294|  0.9(0.05)
  Associate's degree ................|      39.2|       1.0|39.7 (3.07)| 2.6 (0.90)|0.9 (0.09)|    8,851|54.5 (2.74)|1.1 (0.41)|82.3  (2.09)|    9,966|  1.1(0.07)
  Bachelor's degree .................|      44.6|       1.2|43.8 (2.01)| 1.0 (0.31)|1.0 (0.06)|   24,024|64.2 (1.42)|0.4 (0.13)|86.6  (1.35)|   31,875|  1.3(0.05)
  Some graduate work (or study) .....|      50.2|       1.4|46.8 (4.17)| 1.4 (1.02)|1.2 (0.14)|   16,849|71.5 (1.87)|0.5 (0.20)|90.2  (1.08)|   28,107|  1.7(0.07)
    No degree .......................|      44.3|       1.2|54.2 (4.94)| 0.9 (0.65)|1.2 (0.14)|    2,466|68.3 (4.90)|0.1 (0.12)|86.7  (2.76)|    3,984|  1.6(0.15)
    Master's ........................|      50.5|       1.4|45.3 (2.97)| 0.9 (0.45)|1.1 (0.11)|    9,834|73.4 (2.44)|0.7 (0.34)|92.7  (1.05)|   17,108|  1.7(0.09)
    Doctor's ........................|      40.4|       1.0|34.4 (4.79)| 3.2 (1.45)|0.7 (0.12)|    1,727|58.9 (6.15)| #    (†) |84.3  (5.91)|    2,457|  1.4(0.25)
    Professional ....................|      67.6|       2.0|67.6 (6.98)| 1.4 (1.42)|1.9 (0.31)|    2,822|75.3 (4.63)|0.5 (0.34)|88.2  (4.01)|    4,558|  1.6(0.16)
                                     |          |          |           |           |          |         |           |          |            |         |
Urbanicity                           |          |          |           |           |          |         |           |          |            |         |
  Urban .............................|      32.4|       0.8|31.5 (1.67)| 2.3 (0.49)|0.7 (0.05)|  103,185|48.0 (0.75)|1.1 (0.15)|78.1  (0.72)|   99,576|  1.0(0.02)
    Urban, inside urbanized area ....|      33.3|       0.8|31.2 (0.99)| 2.4 (0.35)|0.7 (0.03)|   88,626|47.7 (0.88)|1.2 (0.17)|78.3  (0.78)|   85,210|  1.0(0.02)
    Urban, outside urbanized area ...|      27.9|       0.7|32.9 (2.48)| 1.8 (0.64)|0.8 (0.08)|   14,559|49.5 (2.19)|0.6 (0.24)|77.0  (2.21)|   14,366|  1.0(0.06)
  Rural .............................|      26.9|       0.7|27.1 (1.74)| 2.0 (0.65)|0.6 (0.05)|   26,841|38.2 (2.08)|1.2 (0.42)|70.1  (2.03)|   20,373|  0.8(0.05)
                                     |          |          |           |           |          |         |           |          |            |         |
Occupation                           |          |          |           |           |          |         |           |          |            |         |
  Executive, administrative,         |          |          |           |           |          |         |           |          |            |         |
     or managerial ..................|      42.9|       1.2|40.6 (2.06)| 1.2 (0.41)|1.0 (0.07)|   15,613|61.7 (2.13)|0.6 (0.31)|85.9  (1.83)|   20,867|  1.3(0.06)
  Engineers, surveyors, and          |          |          |           |           |          |         |           |          |            |         |
     architects .....................|      44.2|       1.1|52.1 (6.96)| 6.0 (4.34)|1.0 (0.16)|    2,376|66.8 (4.60)|1.4 (1.01)|92.0  (2.49)|    3,046|  1.3(0.13)
  Natural scientists and             |          |          |           |           |          |         |           |          |            |         |
     mathematicians .................|      59.7|       1.7|46.0 (6.61)| 1.4 (0.90)|0.8 (0.14)|    2,405|60.7 (5.89)| #    (†) |93.4  (2.05)|    2,894|  1.2(0.13)
  Social scientists and workers,     |          |          |           |           |          |         |           |          |            |         |
     lawyers ........................|      59.5|       1.8|56.9 (5.66)| 0.7 (0.65)|1.7 (0.24)|    2,875|77.7 (3.90)|0.8 (0.81)|87.5  (3.02)|    5,518|  1.9(0.15)
  Teachers, elementary/secondary ....|      53.9|       1.5|52.1 (3.53)| 0.4 (0.24)|1.2 (0.11)|    7,102|76.5 (2.43)|0.2 (0.10)|88.7  (1.53)|   12,734|  1.5(0.19)
  Teachers, postsecondary ...........|      41.6|       1.0|35.6 (5.85)| 2.1 (1.30)|0.7 (0.14)|    1,731|65.7 (5.63)|0.6 (0.48)|94.4  (2.28)|    2,543|  1.8(0.09)
  Physicians, dentists,              |          |          |           |           |          |         |           |          |            |         |
     veterinarians ..................|      68.6|       2.0|65.2(11.99)| 4.5 (4.50)|1.5 (0.50)|    1,049|88.5 (4.11)| #    (†) |96.1  (2.15)|    2,093|  2.0(0.24)
  Registered nurses, pharmacists ....|      72.8|       2.2|72.2 (5.04)| 0.2 (0.17)|1.8 (0.21)|    3,309|84.9 (2.80)|0.3 (0.33)|90.2  (3.12)|    6,229|  1.9(0.11)
  Writers, artists, entertainers,    |          |          |           |           |          |         |           |          |            |         |
     and athletes ...................|      23.4|       0.5|30.6 (6.21)| 2.5 (1.34)|0.6 (0.18)|    2,820|35.1 (4.84)|0.4 (0.30)|69.4  (5.20)|    1,729|  0.6(0.11)
  Health technologists and           |          |          |           |           |          |         |           |          |            |         |
     technicians ....................|      50.0|       1.4|41.8 (6.00)| 5.2 (3.48)|1.0 (0.19)|    2,581|59.4 (6.12)|1.7 (1.06)|84.6  (4.18)|    3,728|  1.4(0.21)
  Technologists, except health ......|      43.8|       1.1|37.6 (4.87)| 4.0 (2.84)|1.0 (0.15)|    5,371|51.9 (3.47)|1.8 (0.72)|84.4  (2.84)|    6,251|  1.2(0.14)
  Marketing and sales occupations ...|      25.2|       0.6|21.1 (2.27)| 1.7 (0.73)|0.4 (0.06)|   15,258|38.7 (2.36)|0.2 (0.10)|79.0  (2.39)|    9,759|  0.6(0.05)
  Administrative support,            |          |          |           |           |          |         |           |          |            |         |
     including clerical .............|      30.8|       0.7|27.4 (2.02)| 0.9 (0.32)|0.6 (0.05)|   19,535|45.1 (2.20)|0.4 (0.19)|74.2  (2.29)|   15,201|  0.8(0.04)
  Service occupations ...............|      22.6|       0.6|21.0 (2.15)| 2.3 (0.71)|0.5 (0.07)|   17,838|37.2 (2.04)|1.0 (0.25)|66.8  (1.98)|   13,773|  0.8(0.06)
  Agriculture, forestry, and         |          |          |           |           |          |         |           |          |            |         |
     fishing ........................|      12.4|       0.3|12.2 (4.09)| 6.9 (6.56)|0.2 (0.07)|    2,232|33.9 (6.19)|1.6 (1.40)|62.0  (6.22)|    1,172|  0.5(0.09)
  Mechanics and repairers ...........|      29.1|       0.7|15.0 (3.40)| 6.1 (2.26)|0.3 (0.09)|    4,212|32.1 (3.84)|3.6 (1.32)|81.0  (3.19)|    2,819|  0.7(0.11)
  Construction and extractive        |          |          |           |           |          |         |           |          |            |         |
     occupations ....................|      18.6|       0.3|13.2 (3.16)| 6.0 (2.41)|0.2 (0.06)|    6,470|22.1 (2.87)|4.7 (1.72)|65.9  (4.43)|    2,287|  0.4(0.06)
  Precision production ..............|      25.6|       0.6|18.3 (6.52)|11.9 (5.25)|0.4 (0.12)|    1,702|22.5 (6.15)|6.6 (5.84)|70.5  (9.38)|      760|  0.5(0.13)
  Production workers ................|      14.8|       0.3|23.0 (3.17)| 2.4 (1.18)|0.5 (0.08)|    8,044|27.6 (3.04)|1.9 (0.66)|63.6  (3.27)|    3,843|  0.5(0.07)
  Transportation, material moving ...|      15.8|       0.3|18.4 (3.62)| 1.6 (0.95)|0.3 (0.06)|    4,657|25.8 (3.39)|0.5 (0.28)|59.5  (4.27)|    1,721|  0.4(0.05)
  Handler, equipment, cleaners,      |          |          |           |           |          |         |           |          |            |         |
     helpers, and laborers ..........|      11.7|       0.2| 6.8 (3.45)| 1.7 (1.35)|0.2 (0.12)|    2,711|15.9 (4.27)|1.4 (1.06)|63.5  (7.07)|      784|  0.3(0.11)
  Miscellaneous occupations .........|      38.8|       1.0|14.2 (4.62)| 3.7 (2.33)|0.3 (0.08)|      133|63.0(21.53)| #    (†) |96.9  (3.35)|      198|  1.5(0.61)
                                     |          |          |           |           |          |         |           |          |            |         | 
Annual household income              |          |          |           |           |          |         |           |          |            |         |
  $10,000 or less ...................|      12.6|       0.2| 9.5 (3.09)| 1.9 (1.54)|0.2 (0.05)|    4,812|---    (†) |---   (†) |---     (†) |    1,408|  ---  (†)
    $5,000 or less ..................|      --- |      --- |---    (†) |---    (†) |      (†) |    1,829|19.4 (4.50)|1.8 (1.26)|70.9  (5.79)|      570|  0.3(0.09)
    $5,001 to $10,000 ...............|      --- |      --- |---    (†) |---    (†) |      (†) |    2,983|17.5 (2.85)|0.4 (0.28)|61.6  (5.77)|      838|  0.3(0.04)
  $10,001 to $15,000 ................|      15.1|       0.4| 8.3 (1.88)| 2.5 (1.69)|0.1 (0.03)|    5,718|20.1 (3.00)|0.2 (0.18)|70.4  (3.46)|    1,679|  0.3(0.05)
  $15,001 to $20,000 ................|      20.1|       0.4|16.3 (2.75)| 1.9 (0.94)|0.3 (0.05)|    5,160|22.7 (3.44)|1.1 (0.39)|61.7  (6.96)|    1,937|  0.4(0.07)
  $20,001 to $25,000 ................|      20.4|       0.5|18.8 (2.79)| 4.4 (2.12)|0.4 (0.08)|    6,373|29.4 (2.73)|0.9 (0.53)|64.1  (3.38)|    3,402|  0.5(0.07)
  $25,001 to $30,000 ................|      24.7|       0.5|22.2 (2.73)| 2.7 (1.24)|0.5 (0.07)|    7,165|27.7 (2.60)|0.7 (0.29)|70.5  (3.18)|    3,721|  0.5(0.07)
  $30,001 to $40,000 ................|      30.2|       0.8|26.6 (2.82)| 2.3 (0.95)|0.6 (0.07)|   15,835|40.4 (2.43)|1.2 (0.37)|71.9  (2.34)|   12,740|  0.8(0.06)
  $40,001 to $50,000 ................|      34.7|       0.8|32.3 (2.34)| 2.6 (0.76)|0.7 (0.07)|   12,653|47.9 (2.50)|1.4 (0.42)|76.9  (2.00)|   11,985|  1.0(0.07)
  $50,001 to $75,000 ................|      40.0|       1.0|36.6 (1.86)| 2.5 (0.59)|0.9 (0.06)|   31,465|49.3 (1.57)|1.7 (0.38)|75.9  (1.39)|   31,471|  1.0(0.04)
  More than $75,000 .................|      45.2|       1.3|42.5 (1.79)| 1.2 (0.33)|1.0 (0.06)|   40,844|60.5 (1.36)|0.8 (0.28)|85.5  (1.05)|   51,604|  1.3(0.04)
_____________________________________|__________|__________|___________|___________|__________|_________|___________|__________|____________|_________|___________

---Not available.
†Not applicable.
#Rounds to zero.
\1\Estimates are not directly comparable to 1995 and 1999 due to wording in questions.

NOTE: Data do not include persons enrolled in high school or below. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Race/ethnicity categories may not sum to totals because they do not include an "other" race/ethnicity category. Standard errors appear in parentheses.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, The Adult Education Survey (AE-NHES:1995) and (AE-NHES:1999) and The Adult Education for Work-Related Reasons Survey (AEWR-NHES:2003) of the National Household Education Surveys Program. (This table was prepared April 2005.)